• Title/Summary/Keyword: trypsin

Search Result 813, Processing Time 0.062 seconds

A Simple Method for Detection of Trypsin Inhibitors in Soybean (Glycine max) (대두 Trypsin Inhibitor의 간이검정법)

  • Jo, Ku-Hyung;Lee, Chun-Yung;Hong, Jong-Uek;Kim, In-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.339-344
    • /
    • 1986
  • The specific reaction of trypsin inhibitors with trypsin to form stable complexes was successfully applied for detection of trypsin inhibitors in soybean. Soybean extract was treated with $Ca^{++}$ to remove globulin fraction, followed by digestion with trypsin and fractionated by chromatography on Sephadex G-50. The void volume fraction contained the trypsin-trypsin inhibitor complexes as well as trypsin. The trypsin inhibitors were then detected by their molecular weight differences on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, in which the complexes dissociate into trypsin and its inhibitors. With the method proposed, trypsin inhibitors were indentified by their ability forming the stable complexes with trypsin and their anti-tryptic moiety. The formation of the complexes with trypsin was further confirmed by two dimensional electrophoresis and DEAE-Sephadex A-25 chromatography. Employing the proposed method, it was found that soybean (Glycine max cv. Hill) contained 7 trypsin inhibitors.

  • PDF

Trypsins from the Dark Fleshed Fish(Anchovy, Mackerel, Yellowfin Tuna and Albacore) 1. Purification and Optimal Reaction Conditions (혈합육어(멸치, 고등어, 황다랭이 및 날개다랭이)의 Trypsin 1. 정제와 반응조건)

  • 변재형;조득문;허민수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.448-457
    • /
    • 1993
  • Deterioration of fish muscle is known to occur more quickly in the dark fleshed fish than in the white fleshed fish, causing by their high intestinal proteolytic activity. Muscle degradation which suffer post-mortem autoproteolysis is affected by trypsin with its unique activation function towards other enzymes. To compare physicochemical and enzymatic properties for the trypsins of the dark fleshed fish, trypsins from the viscera of anchovy (Engraulis japonica), and the pyloric caeca of mackerel (Scomber japonicus), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) and albacore (Thunnus alalunga) were purified through ammonium sulfate fractionation, benzamidine-Sepharose 6B, DEAE-Sephadex A-50, and Sephadex G-75 chromatography Two trypsins from mackerel (designated mackerel trypsin A and mackerel trypsin B), and one each from anchovy, yellowfin tuna and albacore were isolated as electrophoretical homogeneity, The purities of anchovy trypsin, mackerel trypsin A and B, yellowfin tuna trypsin, and albacore trypsin increased to 78.1, 4.8, 9.3, 120, and 160-fold, respectively, compared to crude enzyme solutions. Molecular weights of the trypsins from the dark fleshed fish estimated by SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis were ranged from 22kDa to 26kDa. The trypsins contained higher amount of glycine, serine and aspartic acid, and less amount of tryptophan, methionine, lysine and tyrosine. Optimal conditions for amidotici reactions of the enzymes were pH 8.0 and 45$^{\circ}C$ for anchovy trypsin, pH 8.0 and 5$0^{\circ}C$ for mackerel trypsin A and B, pH 9.0 and 55$^{\circ}C$ for yellowfin tuna trypsin, and pH 9.0 and 5$0^{\circ}C$ for albacore trypsin. It was supposed that the habitat temperature of the dark fleshed fish is slightly connected with the optimal reaction temperature of the trypsins of the fish.

  • PDF

Comparative Studies on the Enzymatic Properties of Trypsins from Cat-shark and Mackerel -1. Purifications and Reaction Conditions of the Trypsins- (복상어와 고등어의 Trypsin에 관한 비교 효소학적 연구 -1. Trypsin의 정제와 반응조건-)

  • PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;CHO Deuk-Moon;HEU Min-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.273-288
    • /
    • 1991
  • To elucidate the physiological and biochemical differences between chondrichthyes and osteichthyes, the properties of the specific digestive enzymes in cat-shark, Cephaloscyllium umbratile, and mackerel, Scomber japonicus, were studied. Homogenous trypsin proved through the disc-electrophoresis, SDS-PAG electrophoresis and gel filtration was obtained from the pancreas of cat-shark by $50-70\%$ saturated ammonium sulphate fractionation, DEAE-Sephadex A-50 column chromatography, benzamidine-Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography and Sephadex G-75-120 gel filtration. Two types of trypsins were also obtained from the pyloric caeca of mackerel by $30-70\%$ saturated ammonium sulphate fractionation and the slightly modified procedure from the method adopted in the purification of cat-shark trypsin. The two trypsins, designated trypsin A and B, were proved their homogeneity by disc- and SDS-PAG electrophoresis and gel filtration. The molecular weights of the trypsins were estimated to be 31,700 for cat-shark trypsin, 30,000 for mackerel trypsin A and 29,000 for mackerel trypsin B by SDS-PAG electrophoresis, but those were estimated to be 21,500 for cat-shark trypsin, 23,700 for mackerel trypsin A and 21,500 for mackerel trypsin B by gel filtration. The trypsins exhibited their optimum conditions at pH 9.0 and on temperature ranged from $45^{\circ}C\;to\;50^{\circ}C$ for cat-shark, and at pH 8.0 and a temperature of $50^{\circ}C$ for mackerel trypsin A and B, respectively. The cat-shark trypsin was stable at pH 10.0 and the temperature below $10^{\circ}C$, whereas the mackerel trypsin A and B, were stable in the range over pH 7.0 to pH 9.0 below $10^{\circ}C$ and at pH 8.0 below $35^{\circ}C$, respectively. The mackerel trypsins were severely inhibited by some heavy metal ions such as $Ag^{2+},\;Cu^{2+}\;and\;Hg^{2+}$ compared to cat-shark trypsin. All of the enzymes were also inhibited by antipain, leupeptin, TLCK(tosyllysine chloromethyl ketone) and SBTI(soybean trypsin inhibitor) remarkably. The inhibitory effects of PMSF(phenylmethane sulphonylfluoride), DFP(diisopropyl fluorophosphate) and benzamidine were indicated that these enzymes belong to serine-proteases.

  • PDF

Comparative Studies on the Enzymatic Properties of Trypsins from Cat-shark and Mackerel -2. Enzymatic Properties of the Trypsins- (복상어와 고등어의 Trypsin에 관한 비교효소학적 연구 -2. 정제 Trypsin의 효소적 성질-)

  • PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;CHO Deuk-Moon;HEU Min-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.383-391
    • /
    • 1992
  • A comparative study of enzymatic properties between the trypsin from the cat-shark Cephaloscyllium umbratile ( C-T) and the two trypsins from the mackerel Scomber japonicus $(M-T_A\;and\;M-T_B)$ was carried out following after the previous paper(Pyeun et al., 1991). Trypsin from cat-shark(C-T) showed the higher heat stability compared to the others $(M-T_A\;and\;M-T_B)$ and its denaturation constant$(K_D)$ was $10.68\times10^{-4}\;sec^{-1}\;at\;55^{\circ}C$ with BA-p-NA substrate. The activation energies(Ea) of the trypsins measured at a temperature range from $30^{\circ}C\;to\;50^{\circ}C$ were estimated to be 4.07 kcal/mole for C-T, 11.61 kcal/mole for $M-T_A$, and 8.43kcal/mole for $M-T_B$, respectively. The Km values were $24.9\times10^{-5}\;M\;for\;C-T,\;5.37\times10^{-5}\;M\;for\;M-T_A,\;and\;9.65\times10^{-5}\;M\;for\;M-T_B$. On the other hand, the Ki values for TLCK and DFP determined by Dixon plot were $1.50\times10^{-6}\;M\;and\;9.28\times10^{-6}\;M\;for\;C-T\;2.86\times10^{-6}\;M\;and\;2.11\times10^{-4}\;M\;for\;M-T_A\;and\;3.90\times10^{-6}\;M\;and\;1.60\times10^{-4}\;M\;for\;M-T_B$ Similar amino acid profiles were showed between three trypsins each other, with few exceptions of $M-T_B$ containing higher amount of arginine, and the smaller amount of tryptophan in C-T than the others.

  • PDF

Kinetic Analyses for Enzymatic Properties of Trypsins Purified from Dark-Fleshed Fish (혈합육어 Trypsin의 효소적 성질에 대한 반응속도론적 해석)

  • CHO Deuk-Moon;HEU Min-Soo;KIM Hyeung-Rak;KIM Doo-Sang;PYEUN Jae-Hyeung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.64-70
    • /
    • 1996
  • Kinetic properties of typsins purified from dark-fleshed fish (anchovy, mackerel, yellowfin tuna, and albacore) were examined and analyzed on $benzoyl-_{D,L}-arginine-p-nitroanilide\;(BAPNA)$. The values of Km' and $k_{cat}$ of the purified trypsins from the four dark-fleshed fish were found to be $49.3{\mu}M$ and $90.9\;min^{-1}$ for anchovy, $53.7{\mu}M$ and $61.2min-^{-1}$ for mackerel A, $96.5{\mu}M$ and $76.6min^{-1}$ for mackerel B, $62.8{\mu}M$ and $46.6min^{-1}$ for yellowfin tuna, and $98.3{\mu}M$ and $47.7min^{-1}$ for albacore, respectively. The values of $K_i$ on $tosyl-_L-lysine$ chloromethyl ketone (TLCK) were determined to be $20.90{\mu}M$ for anchovy trypsin, $2.86{\mu}M$ for mackerel trypsin A, $3.90{\mu}M$ for mackerel trypsin B, $0.96{\mu}M$ for yellowfin tuna trypsin, and $1.82{\mu}M$ for albacore trypsin. Thus yellowfin tuna trypsin was the most sensitive to TLCK among all trypsins. The activities and catalytic efficiency of the trypsins purified from the temperate zone fish, anchovy and mackerel, were higher than those of the trypsins purified from yellowfin tuna and albacore which migrate widely from the tropic zone to the temperate zone.

  • PDF

Comparative Studies on the Enzymatic Properties of two Trypsin-like Enzymes from Menhaden, Brevoortia tyranus (혈합육어 멘헤이든의 장기조직분포Trypsin-유사효소에 관한 비교효소학적 연구)

  • PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;KIM Hyeung-Rak;GODBER J. S.
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.12-24
    • /
    • 1990
  • Two trypsin-like enzymes, designated trypsin A and 3, purified from the intestine of menhaden by $(NH_4)_2SO_4$ fractionation, Benzamidine-Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography, DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-75 gel filtration chromatography. The two trypsins were subjected to compare the enzymatic properties of the trypsin-like enzymes from the other dark fleshed fishes. Both trypsins catalysed the hydrolysis of N$\alpha$-benzoyl-DL-arginine-p-nitroanilide and they were remarkably inhibited by several well known trypsin-inhibitors, tosyllysyl chloromethyl ketone, soybean trypsin inhibitor, be-nzamidine, leupeptin and antipain, etc. Therefore, it was ascertained that the two enzymes are serine-type trypsins. The molecular weights of these enzymes were about 25,000 and 26,200, respectively, ;Is determined by SDS-PAG electrophoresis and by Sephadex G-100 gel filtration, and the molecular weights of these two enzymes are somewhat fewer than those from the other dark fleshed fishes. Both enzymes had less basic amino acids such as arginine and Iysine, whereas they had slightly high contents of neutral amino acids, glycine, alanine and tryptophane. The enzymes showed a pH optimum of $8\~11$ at $60^{\circ}C$ against the $N\alpha$-benzoyl-DL-argi-nine-p-nitroanilide substrate and they were quite unstable above $40^{\circ}C$ and under the atidic pH region. The Km constant of the two enzymes against the $N\alpha$-benzoyl-DL-arginine-p-nitroanilide was $1.4\times10^{-4}M$ for trypsin A and $4.3\times10^{-5}M$ for trypsin B, respectively.

  • PDF

Trypsins from the Dark Fleshed Fish(Anchovy, Mackerel, Yellowfin Tuna and Albacore) 2. Enzymatic Properties and Thermal Stabilities (혈합육어(멸치, 고등어, 활다랭이 및 날개다랭이)의 Trypsin 2. 성질과 열 안정성)

  • 조득문;허민수;변재형
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.458-464
    • /
    • 1993
  • In the present paper enzymatic properties of the trypsins from the four dark fleshed fish were compared with each other and thermal stabilities of the enzymes were also investigated. The trypsins from the dark fleshed fish showed their activity only in BA-p-NA substrate of the amide substrates such as BA-p-NA and SP-p-NA, and BAEE and TAME of the ester substrate such as ATEE, BAEE, BTEE, and TAME. The enzymes were strongly inhibited by the serine protease inhibitors such as antipain, leupeptin, TLCK, DFP and SBTI, and were also inhibited by such metal ions as Cu$^{2+}$ and Hg$^{2+}$, but fairly activated by $Mg^{2+}$. Denaturation constants of the enzymes were 13.4$\times$10$^{-4}$ sec$^{-1}$ for anchovy trypsin, 47.18$\times$10$^{-4}$ sec$^{-1}$ for mackerel trypsin A, 34.06$\times$10$^{-4}$ sec$^{-1}$ mackerel trypsin B, 42.28$\times$10$^{-4}$ sec$^{-1}$ for yellowfin tuna trypsin and 16.6$\times$10$^{-4}$ sec$^{-1}$ for albacore trypsin at 55$^{\circ}C$. The activation energies of the trypsins at a temperature range of 3$0^{\circ}C$ to 5$0^{\circ}C$ were estimated to be 13.91 ㎉/mole for anchovy trypsin, 11.61㎉/mo1e and 8.43㎉/mole for mackerel trypsin A and for mackerel typsin B, 4.35㎉/mole for yellowfin tuna trypsin, and 3.76㎉/mole for albacore trypsin.

  • PDF

Comparison of Enzymatic Activity and Cleavage Characteristics of Trypsin Immobilized by Covalent Conjugation and Affinity Interaction (공유결합과 친화력결합에 의한 고정화 Trypsin의 효소역가와 절단특성 비교)

  • Jang, Dae-Ho;Seong, Gi-Hun;Lee, Eun-Kyu
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.279-285
    • /
    • 2006
  • We investigated the effects of immobilization chemistry on the yield of immobilization and the bioactivity of the immobilized enzymes. Trypsin as a model protein and macroporous polymer beads(Toyopearl AF 650M, Tosho Co., Japan) was used as a model matrix. Four methods were used to immobilize trypsin; covalent conjugation by reductive amination(at pH 10.0 and pH 4.0) and affinity interaction via streptavidin-biotin, and double-affinity interaction via biotin-streptavidin-biotin system. The covalent conjugation immobilized $3{\sim}4$ mg/ml-gel, ca. 3-fold higher than the affinity method. However, the specific activity of the covalently(pH 10.0) and affinity-immobilized trypsin(via streptavidin-biotin) are ca. 37% and 50%, respectively, of that of the soluble enzyme(on the low-molecular-weight BAPNA substrate). When the molecular size of a substrate increased, the affinity-immobilized trypsin showed higher clavage activity on insulin and BSA. This result seemed to indicate the streptavidin-biotin system allowed more steric flexibility of the immobilized trypsin in its interaction with a substrate molecule. To confirm this, we studied the molecular flexibility of immobilized trypsin using quartz crystal microbalance-dissipation. Self-assembled monolayers were formed on the Q-sensor surface by aminoalkanethiols, and gultaraldehyde was attached to the SAMs. Trypsin was immobilized in two ways: reductive amination(at pH 10.0) and the streptavidin-biotin system. The dissipation shift of the affinity-immobilized trypsin was $0.8{\times}10^{-6}$, whereas that of the covalently attached enzyme was almost zero. This result confirmed that the streptavidin-biotin system allowed higher molecular flexibility. These results suggested that the bioactivity of the immobilized enzyme be strongly dependent on its molecular flexibility.

Trypsin Inhibitor from Streptomyces sp. (Part 2) Biological Activities or the Inhibitor (Streptomyces 속 균주가 생성하는 Trypsin Inhibitor (제2보) 저해물질의 생물학적 작용상)

  • Yi, Dong-Heui;Seu, Jung-Hwn
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.283-288
    • /
    • 1982
  • Trypsin inhibitor produced by Streptomyces sp. was investigated its reactive characteristics against trypsin. The mode of inhibition against trypsin was mixed type of non-competitive and competitive with casein, and enzyme-inhibitor complex was formed rapidly. The inhibitory activity was increased by the addition of isoleucine and depressed by silver, mercuric or cupric ion. And when egg albumin or hemoglobin was used as substrate for trypsin, the inhibition ratio was changed. The inhibitor inhibited coagulation of blood of bovine.

  • PDF

The effect of trypsin and chymotrypsin on the chemotaxis and activation of eosinophil (Trypsin과 chymotrypsin이 호산구 화학주성 및 활성화에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Myung-Goo;Kim, Myung-Bin;Kim, Jin-Hwan;Yun, Taek Joong;Choi, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Dong-Hwan;Mo, Eun-Kyung;Park, Myung-Jae;Hyun, In-Gyu;Jung, Ki-Suck
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.359-366
    • /
    • 1996
  • Background : Eosinophilic leukocytes are prominent cellular participants in the pathogenesis of allergic disease and asthma. Chemotaxis is still a very useful method in evaluating the response of human eosinophil to novel modulators. Degranulated mast cells and activated T lymphocytes are responsible for the pathophysiology of asthma and tryptase is one of most important proteases released after activation of mast cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the actions of trypsin and chymotrypsin on eosinophils in terms of chemotaxis and activation. Method : Eosinophils were isolated by negative immunoselection from the peripheral blood of atopic donors. Chemotaxis was studied by using micro-Boyden chambers and ECP release was assayed by fluoroimmunoassay. Results : Eosinophil showed a chemotactic response to trypsin. Maximal chemotactic response was with $1000{\mu}g/ml$ trypsin ($56.52{\pm}14.50$/HPF) which was comparable to PAP. But chymotrypsin showed no significant chemotactic response to eosinophils. Trypsin at the concentration of 10, 100, $1000{\mu}g/ml$ induced secretion of ECP, which at the concentration of $10{\mu}g/ml$ represented about 2.7 times of the spontaneous rate of release. Soybean protease inhibitor reduced trypsin induced ECP release. Conclusion : Trypsin can induce chemotactic response to eosinophils and activation of eosinophils that can induce secretion of ECP. On the contrary, chymotrypsin showed no direct effect on eosinophils. We propose a role of trypsin on the chemotaxis and activation of eosinophils.

  • PDF