• Title, Summary, Keyword: tree growth response

Search Result 73, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Growth Response of Pinus densiflora to Hydrologic Conditions in the Central Korea (수문 요인에 대한 중부 지역 소나무의 생장 반응)

  • Kim, Je-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-71
    • /
    • 1999
  • Main concern is to figure out the growth response of Pinus densiflora to hydrologic conditions in the central Korea. Continuous measurements were carried out with six trees with dendrometers in the Chungbuk National University experimental forest (Wolak-san) during 1995~1996. Surrounding hydrological conditions reflected by the solar radiation, air temperature, precipitation, soil water were included in measurements. Their effects on the biological response of trees was investigated and expressed as response functions. With these response functions, tree growth model was developed. Soil water availability was more related to the tree growth than air temperature. Limited number of biological measurements with dendrometer could permit determination of dynamics of radial tree growth to the hydrological conditions. Tree growth model could be used to check and revise the statistical transfer function of dendrohydrology.

  • PDF

Relationships between Climate and Tree-Ring Growths of Mongolian Oaks with Various Topographical Characteristics in Mt. Worak, Korea (지형적 특성에 따른 월악산 신갈나무의 연륜생장과 기후와의 관계)

  • Seo, Jeong-Wook;Park, Won-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.36-45
    • /
    • 2010
  • To analyze the relationship between climatic factors (monthly mean temperature and total precipitation) and tree-ring growths of Quercus mongolica Fischer (Mongolian oak) with different topographic sites in Mt. Worak, more than 10 trees were selected from each of seven stands. Two cores from each tree were measured for ring width. After crossdating, each ring-width series was double standardized by fitting first a negative exponential or straight regression line and secondly a 60-year cubic spline. Seven stands were categorized in two groups using cluster analysis for tree-ring index patterns. Cluster I (four stands) was located in higher elevation (550-812 m) with aspects of east, west and northwest, and cluster II (three stands) was located in rather lower election (330-628 m) with aspects of north and northwest. The aspects of two clusters were not significantly different. Response-function analysis showed a significant positive response to March precipitation for both clusters. It indicates that moisture supply during early spring season is important to radial growth because the cambial growths of ring-porous species, such as Mongolian oak, start before leaf growth. Cluster II showed a positive response to the precipitation of middle and late growing season, too.

Thinning Intensity and Growth Response in a Quercus acuta Stand (붉가시나무림의 솎아베기 강도에 따른 생장 반응 효과)

  • Jung, Su Young;Ju, Nam Gyu;Lee, Kwang Soo;Yoo, Byung Oh;Park, Yong Bae;Yoo, Seok Bong;Park, Joon Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.104 no.4
    • /
    • pp.536-542
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study was examined for the growth response of tree diameter and volume to thinning treatments from different thinning intensities using three long-term thinning trials for Japanese Evergreen Oak (Quercus acuta Thunb.) stands in Wando island, Korea. After thinning in 1999, annual tree growth of diameter and volume was highest in heavy thinned stands for individual tree and this growth pattern of thinning response showed similar tendency to the individual tree growth response in light thinned stands. By increasing diameter growth, the value of H/D ratio (HDR) as an indicator of stem form was properly decreased and improved up to 80%. Although there is significant growth response of basal area in both heavily and lightly thinned stands, the growth potential both of heavily and lightly thinned stands in total stand volume is not likely to reach at the level of unthinned stands because of basal area growth loss associated with both light and heavy thinnings.

Analysing the Relationship Between Tree-Ring Growth of Quercus acutissima and Climatic Variables by Dendroclimatological Method (연륜기후학적 방법에 의한 상수리나무의 연륜생장과 기후인자와의 관계분석)

  • Moon, Na Hyun;Sung, Joo Han;Lim, Jong Hwan;Park, Ko Eun;Shin, Man Yong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.93-101
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to analyze the relationship between tree-ring growth of Quercus acutissima and climatic variables by dendroclimatological method. Annual tree-ring growth data of Quercus acutissima collected by the $5^{th}$ National Forest Inventory (NFI5) were organized to analyze the spatial distribution of the species growth pattern. To explain the relationship between tree-ring growth of Quercus acutissima and climatic variables, monthly temperature and precipitation data from 1950 to 2010 were compared with tree-ring growth data for each county. When tree-ring growth data were analyzed through cluster analysis based on similarity of climatic conditions, four clusters were identified. In addition, index chronology of Quercus acutissima for each cluster was produced through cross-dating and standardization procedures. The adequacy of index chronologies was tested using basic statistics such as mean sensitivity, auto correlation, signal to noise ratio, and expressed population signal of annual tree-ring growth. Response function analysis was conducted to reveal the relationship between tree-ring growth and climatic variables for each cluster. The results of this study are expected to provide valuable information necessary for estimating local growth characteristics of Quercus acutissima and for predicting changes in tree growth patterns caused by climate change.

Effect of Climate Factors on Tree-Ring Growth of Larix leptolepis Distributed in Korea (기후인자가 일본잎갈나무의 연륜생장에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Lim, Jong Hwan;Sung, Joo Han;Chun, Jung Hwa;Shin, Man Yong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.105 no.1
    • /
    • pp.122-131
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to analyze the effect of climatic variables on tree-ring growth of Larix leptolepis distributed in Korea by dendroclimatological method. For this, annual tree-ring growth data of Larix leptolepis collected by the $5^{th}$ National Forest Inventory were first organized to analyze yearly growth patterns of the species. To explain the relationship between tree-ring growth of Larix leptolepis and climatic variables, monthly temperature and precipitation data from 1950 to 2010 were compared with tree-ring growth data for each county. When tree-ring growth data were analyzed through cluster analysis based on similarity of climatic conditions, six clusters were identified. In addition, index chronology of Larix leptolepis for each cluster was produced through cross-dating and standardization procedures. The adequacy of index chronologies was tested using basic statistics such as mean sensitivity, auto correlation, signal to noise ratio, and expressed population signal of annual tree-ring growth. Response function analysis was finally conducted to reveal the relationship between tree-ring growth and climatic variables for each cluster. The results of this study are expected to provide valuable information necessary for estimating local growth characteristics of Larix leptolepis and for predicting changes in tree growth patterns caused by climate change.

Climate and Growth Relationship in Blue Pine (Pinus wallichiana) from the Western Himalaya, India (인도 서히말리아산 블루파인(Pinus wallichiana)의 연륜생장과 기후와의 관계)

  • Yadav, R. R.;Amalava, B.
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.95-102
    • /
    • 1997
  • Ring width chronologies of blue pine (pinus wallichiana) from two mesic sites, Kanasar(2, 400 m) and Gangotri(3, 000 m), in the western Himalayan region. India were developed to understand tree growth-climate relationship and its applicability in proxy climate studies. The resoponse function analyses of the two chronologies show that the site conditions play an important role in modulating the effect of climatic variables on tree growth. Winter temperature, prior to the growth year, has been found to play positive influence on blue pine growth at both sites. Summer temperature also has very similar response except for June and August. June temperature has negative influence at the lower in contrary to at the higher site. Low August temperature favors tree growth to precipitation has been found to vary which could be due to different precipitation regime at the two sites. Winter precipitation is important for tree growth at the higher, whereas summer at the lower sits. The present study suggests that the tree ring materials of blue pine from the temperate Himalayan regions could be used to develop chronologies for the reconstruction of seasonal climatic variables.

  • PDF

Estimating Radial Growth Response of Major Tree Species using Climatic and Topographic Condition in South Korea (기후와 지형 조건을 반영한 우리나라 주요 수종의 반경 생장 반응 예측)

  • Choi, Komi;Kim, Moonil;Lee, Woo-Kyun;Gang, Hyeon-u;Chung, Dong-Jun;Ko, Eun-jin;Yun, Byung-Hyun;Kim, Chan-Hoe
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-137
    • /
    • 2014
  • The main purpose of this study is to estimate tradial growth response and to predict the potential spatial distribution of major tree species(Pinus densiflora, Quercus mongolica, Quercus spp., Castanea crenata and Larix kaempferi) in South Korea, considering climate and topographic factors. To estimate radial growth response, $5^{th}$ National Forest Inventory data, Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) and climatic data such as temperature and precipitation were used. Also, to predict the potential spatial distribution of major tree species, RCP 8.5 Scenario was applied. By our analysis, it was found that the rising temperature would have negative impacts on radial growth of Pinus densiflora, Castanea crenata and Larix kaempferi, and positive impacts on that of Quercus mongolica, Quercus spp.. Incremental precipitation would have positive effects on radial growth of Pinus densiflora and Quercus mongolica. When radial growth response considered by RCP 8.5 scenario, it was found that the radial growth of Pinus densiflora, Castanea crenata and Larix kaempferi would be more vulnerable than that of Quercus mongolica and Quercus spp. to temperature. According to the climate change scenario, Quercus spp. including Quercus mongolica would be expected to have greater abundance than its present status in South Korea. The result of this study would be helpful for understanding the impact of climatic factors on tree growth and for predicting the distribution of major tree species by climate change in South Korea.

Growth and Physiological Responses of Quercus acutissima Seedling under Drought Stress

  • Lim, Hyemin;Kang, Jun Won;Lee, Solji;Lee, Hyunseok;Lee, Wi Young
    • Plant Breeding and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.363-370
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, Quercus acutissima seedlings were subjected to drought for 30 days then analyzed to determine their response to water deficit. The growth phenotype, chlorophyll fluorescence response, fresh weight, dry weight, photosynthetic pigment levels, soluble sugar content, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured to evaluate the effects of drought on plant growth and physiology. The growth phenotype was observed by infrared (IR) digital thermal imaging after 30 days of drought treatment. The maximum, average, and minimum temperatures of drought-treated plant leaves were $1-2^{\circ}C$ higher than those of the control. In contrast, the fresh and dry weights of the dehydrated leaves were generally lower than those of the control. There were no significant differences between treatments in terms of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, and carotenoid levels. Nevertheless, for the drought treatment, the $F_v/F_m$ and $F_v/F_o$ ratios (chlorophyll fluorescence response) were lower than those for the control. Therefore, photosynthetic activity was lower in the dehydrated plants than the control. The drought-stressed Q. acutissima S0536 had lower soluble sugar (glucose and fructose) and higher MDA levels than the controls. These findings may explain the early growth and physiological responses of Q. acutissima to dehydration and facilitate the selection of drought-resistant tree families.

Measurement of Tree Growth Characteristics and Acoustics Emission Signals by Partial Discharge in XLPE (XLPE의 부분방전에 의한 트리진전 특성과 음향방출신호 측정)

  • Kim, Seung-Gyu;Lee, Sang-Woo;Lee, Kwang-Sik;Kim, Yeong-Hun;Kim, Geum-Yong;Kim, In-Sik;Kim, Lee-Koo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1954-1956
    • /
    • 2000
  • In this paper, when void of XLPE was existed, electrical tree was growth in branch-type, and it was growth in bush-type when void of XLPE was not existed. Moreover, charge magnitude of partial discharge by deterioration time of XLPE sample was about proportion to output voltage of AE signals. When void was existed, charge magnitude of partial discharge, the output voltage Vp-p value of AE signals were increased with increasing deterioration time. However, when void were not existed, charge magnitude of partial discharge, the output voltage Vp-p value of AE signals were increased in fast deterioration time, but it were decreasing at after in middle deterioration time. Frequency spectrum response of AE signal was about 100-250[kHz].

  • PDF

Effects of Organic Manure on Seedling Growth and Nodulation Capabilities of Five Popular Leguminous Agroforestry Tree Components of Bangladesh

  • Uddin, Mohammad Belal;Mukul, Sharif Ahmed;Hossain, Mohammed Kamal
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.212-219
    • /
    • 2012
  • An experiment was set to understand the seedlings growth and nodulation capabilities of five potentially important leguminous agroforestry tree species of Bangladesh in response to application of organic fertilizer. Study was carried out in nursery bed on the seedlings of Acacia mangium Willd., Acacia hybrid, Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth, Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. and Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. after sowing their seeds in polybags filled with different medium. Farmyard manure or decomposed cow dung was applied as the source of organic fertilizer with other potting media. The growth and nodulation performance of seedlings of the selected species were measured three moths after the first seed was emerged. The different soil: organic manure ratios' used during the experiment were, 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1. The effects of organic fertilizer on growth and nodulation were compared to that of seedlings grown in control. The results revealed a positive correlation between seedling growth and the different doses of organic fertilization (i.e. seedling growth was enhanced significantly with different treatments containing higher proportion of organic fertilizer). In few cases a negative effect was observed after applying higher levels of organic manure. It was also apparent that the nodulation in terms of nodule number and size was inhibited significantly by the application of organic fertilizer.