• Title, Summary, Keyword: total amino acid

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Studies on the Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Compositions in the Seed and Pulpy Substance of Feral Peach (Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) (야생 돌복숭아 씨와 과육의 아미노산 및 지방산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2007
  • Amino acid and fatty acid compositions of the physiological activity substance in the seed and pulpy substance of feral peach (Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) were analyzed for the use as an biohealth functional processed products. The proximate compositions in the vacuum freeze dried seed and pulpy substance of feral peach were carbohydrate 63.92% and 75.11%, crude protein 27.85% and 12.77%, moisture 3.61% and 4.69%, crude fat 1.21% and 4.80%, crude ash 3.41% and 2.63%, respectively. Total amino acid contents in the protein of feral peach seed were 3,444.35 mg%, and the major amino acids were aspartic acid(681.10 mg%), glutamic acid(495.48 mg%), alanine(283.66 mg%), serine(251.36 mg%), proline(229.80 mg%), lysine(192.31 mg%) and leucine(191.34 mg%), respectively. Total amino acid contents in the protein of feral peach pulpy substance were 1,064.02 mg%, and the major amino acids followed aspartic acid(250.15 mg%), glutamic acid(129. 63 mg%), lysine, proline, leucine, alanine and serine, in a decreasing order. The richest total amino acid content contained in feral peach seed and pulpy substance was aspartic acid, followed by glutamic acid. The amount of free amino acids of feral peach seed were 6,215.34 ms%, and the major free amino acids were glutamic acid(827.25 mg%), threonine, valine and $\beta-aminobutyric$ acid, respectively. Free amino acid contents of pulpy substance were 683.82 mg%, and the major free amino acids were glutamic acid(339.49 mg%), serine proline, alanine and $\gamma-amino-n-butyric$ acid. Especially, in the case of glutamic acid, it was highest. The compositions of major total fatty acid in the lipid feral peach (Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) seed and pulpy sabstance were linoleic acid($C_{18:2}$, n-6) and linolenic acid($C_{18:3}$, n-3), particularly.

Contents of Free Amino Acids and Total Amino Acids in Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinus edodes (양송이, 느타리, 표고버섯의 유리아미노산 및 전아미노산 조성)

  • Hong, Jai-Sik;Kim, Young-Hoi;Kim, Myung-Kon;Kim, Young-Soo;Sohn, Hee-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.58-62
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    • 1989
  • Free amino acids in water-extracts and total amino acids in hydrolysates of three cultivated mushrooms, Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinus edodes were analyzed by amino acid analyzer to know the compositional differences depending on species and portions (pileus and stipe). Eighteen amino acids were identified and quantified. The total nitrogen and protein nitrogen contents were in the range of 1.67-6.24% and 0.88-2.42% (dry basis), respectively. The considerable differences were often found among species and portions of mushrooms. All of them were found to be higher in the pileus part. The free amino acids conents in water-extracts were in the range of 10.04-37.85mg/g(dry weight) and the total amino acids contents in hydrolysates were in the range of 53.37-120.15mg/g(dry weight). Glutamic acid, serine, histidine, and alanine were dominent in the free amino acids pool and glutamic, aspartic acid, histidine, and alanine were in the total amino acids pool.

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Changes in Amino Acid Composition of Some Fish Meat By Heating Conditions (수종 어육의 가열조건에 따른 아미노산 조성의 변화)

  • 심기환;이종호;하영래;서권일;문주석;주옥수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.933-938
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    • 1994
  • A study was amino acid contents by heating conditions of mackerel, pacific saury , yellow croaker, and brown sole investigated. In fresh fishes, total amino acid contents showed higher amount in brown sole and yellow croaker, than those of pacific saury and mackerel. The amino acid contents among the tested samples were higher Glx , leucine, lysine and arginine in order. During heating of samples the amino acid contents decreased. There appeared to be a proportional relationship of the heating temperature to decrease of amino acid. The amino acid contents of steamed samples significantly decreased than those of others. During warming and rewarming samples after storage at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours , amino acid contents slightly decreased.

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On the Chemical Analysis of Amino Acid of Yellow Corvenia (참조기의 아미노산 분리정량)

  • 차월석;김종균김연순
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.157-161
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    • 1989
  • The contents of total amino acid and free amino acid in the protein of yellow corvenia were analysed quantitively by HPLC. The results were as follow; The contents of free amino acid of yellow corvenia flesh and yellow covenia roe were 323.0mg/100g and 932.5mg/100g, respectively. The contents of total amino acids of yellow corvenia flesh and yellow covenia roe were 33,2620.0mg/100g and 64,861.0mg/100g, respectively. The contents of essential amino acid of yellow corvenia flesh and yellow corvenia roe were 12,196.0mg/100g and 13,143.0mg/100g, respectively.

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The Analysis of Proximate Composition, Minerals and Amino Acid Content of Red Alga Pyropia dentata by Cultivation Sites

  • Jung, Sang-Mok;Kang, Seul-Gi;Kim, Kwang-Tae;Lee, Han-Joo;Kim, A-Reum;Shin, Hyun-Woung
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the proximate composition of Pyropia dentata was compared by the analysis of minerals and amino acids that were produced at Seocheon, Chungcheongnam-do and at Wando and Jangheung, Jeollanam-do. Moisture, ash and crude proteins were analyzed using the AOAC method, and crude lipid was analyzed using the Soxhlet method, and inorganic analysis was performed using ICP-OES. Amino acid was used for the amino acid analyzer. The proximate composition analysis, moisture content, maximum values were displayed in Wando while the maximum content of ash appeared at Jangheung's Pyropia. Crude proteins was appeared at Seocheon's Pyropia and the maximum amount of crude lipid, carbohydrate was appeared in Wando's Pyropia. Inorganic analysis, calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, cobalt, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, zinc were analyzed from the Seocheon's Pyropia, however, cobalt, chromium, and nickel was not detected in Wando's Pyropia. For amino acid analysis, a total of 17 amino acids were detected: leucine, valine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and the amount of alanine accounted for about 57 % of total amino acids(26.1-28.7 %). The proximate composition, minerals, and amino acid of Pyropia dentata were different depending on the coastal ecological habitats.

Compositions of Nitrogen Compound and Amino Acid in Soybean Paste(Doenjang) Prepared with Different Microbial Sources (미생물 급원을 달리한 숙성 된장의 질소성분과 아미노산 조성)

  • Park, Jung-Sook;Lee, Myung-Yul;Kim, Jung-Soo;Lee, Taik-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.609-615
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    • 1994
  • Fermented traditional soybean paste(doenjang), koji soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae, natto soybean paste by Bacillus natto and koji & natto soybean paste by Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus natto were analyzed for compositions of amino acids and contents of nitrogens. Amino type nitrogen was the highest in fermenting for 90 days as $271{\sim}868\;mg/100g$, and its contents were in the order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste in all samples tested. In compositions of total amino acids, glutamic and aspartic acids were rich in koji soybean paste but big differences were not observed in all samples. But some differences were observed in free amino acid compositions in all samples, that is, glutamic acid, tyrosine, lysine and aspartic acid were detected more abundantly. Sum of free amino acids for 90 days were in order of koji soybean paste>traditional soybean paste>koji & natto soybean paste>natto soybean paste. The ratios of free to total amino acids were $3.28{\sim}19.81%$ for 45 days, but increased to $10.88{\sim}25.10%$ for 90 days, and in order of traditional doenjang>koji doenjang>koji & natto doenjang>natto doenjang. Methionine and histidine showed higher ratios of free to total amino acid but lower in glutamic acid and aspartic acid. These results suggest that koji and traditional soybean paste of having high ratios of free amino acids to free and total amino acids may be more favorable in soybean paste fermentation.

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Serum Free Amino Acid Levels in Korean Adult Males and Females (한국 성인 남자 및 여자의 혈청 유리 아미노산의 정상치)

  • Yoon, Tai-Heon;Im, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.421-426
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    • 1984
  • Mean values for the fasting serum levels of the individual amino acids are given for 34 adult males and 35 adult females, ranging in age from 20 to 39 years. Threonine plus glutamine, alanine and lysine accounted for about 40% of total amino acids, and total essential amino acids was significantly lower than total nonessential amino acids. There were highly significant differences between men and women in the mean serum amino acid levels. Men had significantly .higher levels than women for most of the amino acids except lysine and histidine. Total essential amino acids, and the molar ratios of total essential to total nonessential amino acids and total amino acids showed significantly higher levels in men than in women. The molar ratios of each essential amino acid to total essential amino acids were also examined.

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Amino Acid Imbalance-Biochemical Mechanism and Nutritional Aspects

  • Park, Byung-Chul
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1361-1368
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    • 2006
  • Amino acid imbalances refer to the deleterious effects that occur when a second-limiting amino acid or mixture of amino acid lacking a particular limiting amino acid is supplemented in diets marginal in one or more indispensable amino acids. In spite of variation in the conditions that have been used to induce amino acid imbalances, such as protein level in the diet, the extent of difference in total nitrogen content between basal and imbalanced diets, and kinds of amino acids used as imbalancing agents, the conspicuous common features of amino acid imbalances have been a decreased concentration of the limiting amino acid in blood, depression of feed intake and weight gain, and increased dietary content of the limiting amino acid needed to correct the imbalances. There is strong evidence that a decrease in the concentration of a limiting amino acid detected in the anterior prepyriform cortex of the brain is followed by behavioral effects, especially a decrease in feed intake. This might be due to the competition between the limiting amino acid and the amino acids in the imbalancing mixture for transport from blood into brain. One of the biochemical responses of animals fed amino acid imbalanced diets is a rapid decrease in the concentration of the limiting amino acid, which are due in part to an increase in catabolism of the limiting amino acid by the increased activities of enzymes involved in the catabolism of the amino acid. Practically, specific amino acid imbalances could be induced in swine and poultry diets that have been supplemented with lysine, methionine, tryptophan when threonine, isoleucine, valine, etc. are potentially third- or fourth-limiting in diets. In these cases supplementation of the limiting amino acid could be beneficial in preventing the decrease of feed intake that could otherwise occur as a result of amino acid imbalance.

Proximate, Saponin and Amino Acid Compositions in Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) Seeds and Defatted Camellia Seeds (동백종실(Camellia japonica L.)과 유박의 일반성분, 사포닌 및 아미노산 조성)

  • 강성구;김용두;최옥자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.227-231
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    • 1998
  • To furnish basic data for the utilizatin of camellia(Camellia japonica L.) seeds as a raw material of industrial products, major chemical components of camellia and defatted camellia seeds were investigated. The moisture, crude ash, crude fat and crude protein contents of camellia seeds were 4.06%, 1.83%, 65.75% and 8.44%, respectively. Defatted camellia seeds indicates that it contains 10.31% moisture, 5.28% crude ash and 17.49% crude protein while no crude fat was detected. The curde ginseng saponin, crude saikosaponin and red ginseng saponin contents of camellia seeds were 108.0mg%, 0.4mg% and 40.3mg%, respectively. Total amino acid contents of camellia seeds and defatted camellia seeds were 7,851mg% and 13,002mg%, respectively, and the major amino acids were glutamic acid, arginine, aspartic acid and leucine. The ratio of essential/total amino acid of camellia seeds was 0.29.

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Quality Assessment of Commercial Doenjang Prepared by Traditional Method (시판 전통식 된장의 품질평가)

  • 박석규;서권일;최성희;문주석;이영환
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2000
  • To standardize quality characteristics of commercial doenjang prepared by traditional method, general components, organic acids, amino acids and fatty acid composition were investigated. Moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, titratable acidity (expressed as milliliter of 0.1 N NaOH), acid value and salinity were 54.7%, 13.8%, 8.0%, 14.4mL, 45.7mg/g and 11.8%, respectively. The content of amino type nitrogen was 345.3mg% (w/w) in the range of 207.6 to 443.5mg% being 1.1~2.2-fold for all samples. Average value of Hunter color for L(lightness), a(redness) and b(yellowness) were 37.4, +9.7 and +21.3, respectively. Browning index value(expressed as optical density at 425 nm) of water-soluble compound(2.58) was above 7.1 times higher than that of the water-insoluble compound(0.38). Total contents of free and total amino acid were 3.81 and 9.72%, respectively, and then the former(1.1~3.7 times) was more different in all samples tested than that of the latter(1.1~2.0 times). Among amino acids, glutamic acid was abundant and its content of free and total amino acids was 0.57 and 1.24%, respectively. Of organic acids, lactic acid was the most abundant being 0.34%(average) and ranged from 0.15 to 0.86%. Linoleic acid(52.17%, as area%) was the highest content of the total fatty acids. Unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were 83.89 and 61.189%, respectively. Polyunsaturated fatty acid was markedly different among all samples and ranged from 51.52 to 64.91%.

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