• Title, Summary, Keyword: total amino acid

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Changes of Nitrogen Compouds and Free Amino Acid of Mung-bean Sprout (녹두나물 성장과정중의 실소화합물과 유리아미노산의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 김경자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1981
  • The changes of various nitrogenfractions and free amino acid composition were investigated at various growing stages. The results are summarized as follows 1) Total nitrogen, water soluble protein nitrogen, and true protein nitrogen were decreased with growth. 2) Free amino acid increased with sprout-growth. the content of free amino acid were about 74.4%(combined Ser, Asp, Arg, Val) after 4 day sprout. It is belived that serine, aspartic acid, arginine and valine play an important role as taste compounds in mungbean sprout. 3) 16kinds of amino acid, including essential amino acids in human nutrition except tryptophan and cystin were quantified.

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Varietal Difference in Amino Acid Composition of Polished Barley (피맥품종별(皮麥品種別) 정맥중(精麥中) 아미노산(酸) 조성(組成))

  • Park, Hoon;Yang, Cha-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 1976
  • The amino acid compositions of polished barley grain were investigated for 16 varieties by using amino acid autoanalyzer and simple correlation analysis between them and between protein and amino acid per protein was done. 1) Limiting amino acid is lysine, leucine and phenylalanine are high but threonine and tyrosine are low. Total essential amino acids is high. 2) Protein is significantly correlated negatively with lysine arginine, total basic amino acids (at p=0.01) and threonine, alanine, aspartic acid (at p=0.05) and positively with phenylalanine (at p=0.01) proline and cystine (at p=0.05). 3) Lysine is positively and significantly correlated with arginine and aspartic acid indicating that aspartic acid is probable precursor of lysine and that high yielding varieties or fertilization for high yielding decrease aspartic acid pool resulting low lysine. 4) Lysine content is positively correlated with dye binding capacity (at p=0.01). 5) Tryptophan is positively (at p=0.01) and significantly correlated with histidine, total basic amino acids and arginine. 6) In essential amino acids lysine, tryptophan, threonine and valine simultaneously increase or decrease while aromatic amino acids, sulfur contained amino acids, isoleucine and leucine do so together.

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The Variation of the Contents of Free Amino Acids and the Carbohydrates in the Whole Plant of Fagopyrum escullentum Moench during the Stages of Growing (모밀(Fagopyrum esculentum Moench)생장과정중의 유리 Amino 산과 당질의 성장에 관하여)

  • 황희자
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 1964
  • At the different growing stages of Fagopyrum esculentum Moench planted at the green house and out doors, the contents of free amino acids in the whole plants,were determined quantitatively by spot-extract colorimetric method (J. Awapara method) using the chromatograms obtained by the ion-exchange resin and paper chromatographic method. And the contents of carbohydrate in the whole plant were determined by Bertrand method. The results were summarized as follows. 1. Almost same kinds of free amino acids were detected in the both plants. 2. Concentrations of most amino acids was increased progressively during growth; further growth was accompanied by decreased concentrations. 3. Rate of growth and increasing of total amino acid content of green house plant is greater than that of out dorrs plant. 4. At the same stages of gwoth, total free amino acid content of green house plant is higher than that of out doors plant but sugar content is lower. 5. There was rapidly increasing of sugar content and decreasing of total free amino acid content except asparagine during mature of seeds.

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Seasonal Variation in the Dietary Fiber, Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Contents of Porphyra yezoensis (채취시기별 방사무늬김(Porphyra yezoensis)의 식이섬유, 아미노산 및 지방산 함량 변화)

  • Shin, Dong-Min;An, Se-Ra;In, Seo-Kyoung;Koo, Jae-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.337-342
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    • 2013
  • Porphyra yezoensis is potentially an excellent source of dietary fiber, amino acids, and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) because this red seaweed is available in large quantities and is rich in polysaccharides, proteins, and n-3 fatty acids. This study determined the insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), soluble dietary fiber (SDF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), amino acid, and fatty acid contents of P. yezoensis harvested monthly from November 2011 to March 2012. The total dietary fiber (TDF) and IDF contents ranged from 27.2-34.9% and 18.5-26.9%, respectively, and were greater in March than November. The SDF content ranged from 4.9-8.4% and did not differ significantly during growth. Galactose and 3,6-anhydro galactose were the major sugars in IDF and SDF. The higher levels of galactose and 3,6-anhydro galactose in IDF might be due to associated porphyran-type polysaccharides. Mannose and xylose were also major sugars in IDF. The total amino acid contents decreased gradually from November to March. The total amino acid composition of Porphyra was dominated by alanine, glutamic acid, arginine, and aspartic acid. No significant changes in the fatty acid profile were observed throughout the study period. The dominant fatty acid during all seasons was EPA, which comprised as much as 50% of the total fatty acid content.

The amino acid contents of wild mushrooms in Korea (국내 야생수집 버섯의 아미노산 함량 분석)

  • An, Gi-Hong;Cho, Jae-Han;Han, Jae-Gu
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2020
  • Fifteen species of wild mushrooms, which are classified as edible, medicinal, poisonous, or unknown types, were analyzed for their free amino acid contents. The average total amino acid content was 1,120.0 mg/kg in the edible type, 1,037.8 mg/kg in the medicinal type, and 1,010.8 mg/kg in the poisonous or unknown type, respectively. The edible type wild mushrooms showed the highest average content of total essential amino acids; conversely, the poisonous or unknown type showed the lowest content. Leucopaxillus giganteus (OK811) showed the highest total amino acid (1,212.4 mg/kg) and essential amino acid (490.2 mg/kg) contents among edible type, while Pycnoporus sanguineus (OK1071) showed the highest total amino acid (1,233.7 mg/kg) and essential amino acid (412.8 mg/kg) contents among the medicinal type. Among the poisonous or unknown type, Hypholoma fasciculare (OK826) showed the highest total amino acid (1,223.4 mg/kg) and essential amino acid (442.8 mg/kg) contents. The amino acid contents of wild mushrooms are fundamental data for the screening of useful genetic resources with nutritionally superior properties.

Amino Acid Analysis and Antioxidation Activity in Allium wakegi Araki (쪽파(Allium wakegi Araki)의 아미노산 분석과 항산화 활성)

  • 류상현;송원섭
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2004
  • The antioxidative activation of Allium wakegi Araki appeared differently according to parts, and the callus cultured with the addition of 2,4-D 1.0mg/L showed the activation of 280 $\mu\textrm{g}$ (RC$\sub$50/), and the bulbs and shoots in the natural condition showed 296 $\mu\textrm{g}$ (RC$\sub$50/), and 301 $\mu\textrm{g}$ (RC$\sub$50/). The total amino acid content was 59.779 mg% in the natural leaves and the leaves of bulbs, and was 73.725 mg% in the cultured callus(2,4-D 0.5mg/L). The total amino acid content of cultured callus was higher, but the content proportion of essential amino acid to the total amino acid in the natural bulbs was higher, which was 39.462 mg%.

The Content Analysis of Amino Acids Including GABA of Chlorella protothecoides under Mixtrophic Culture (혼합영양 배양에서 Chlorella protothecoides의 GABA를 포함한 아미노산 함량 분석)

  • Jeong, Yu Jeong;Kim, Seong Hak;Min, Hee Gyung;Kim, Sung Chun
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2018
  • Chlorella is quantitatively and qualitatively high in protein with balanced essential amino acid profiles, vitamins and minerals. ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ acid (GABA) is broadly distributed in nature and fulfills multi-physiological functions including effect such as a health-promoting functional compound. To improve the GABA production, Chlorella protothecoides were grown through the modified mixtrophic culture medium containing 2L of sterilized bristol medium with 0.01% urea and 4.0% glucose in a 5L fermenter. The results showed that nineteen kinds of amino acid including GABA at C. protothecoides sample were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Glutamic acid in total concentration (%) of amino acid is the most abundant amino acid (33.10%), followed by alanine (20.48%) and GABA (17.48%). Three amino acids including GABA were responsible for more than 70% total concentration in C. protothecoides sample including eight essential and nine non-essential amino acids: aspartic acid, asparagine, serine, glutamine, histidine, glycine, threonine, arginine, tyrosine, valine, methionine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine. As a result of this experiment, it is expected that Chlorella will be developed to a critical product having high value as, GABA, functional food materials.

Physicochemical Properties of Domestic Cherry Tomato Varieties (국내산 방울토마토의 이화학적 특성)

  • Ahn, Jun-Bae
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to determine the nutritional value of domestic cherry tomato varieties (Summerking, Qutiquti, and Minichal). The levels of amino acids, amino acid derivatives, and ${\gamma}-aminobutyric-acid$ (GABA) were analyzed using ion chromatography. In domestic cherry tomatoes, eighteen free amino acids were found including L-glutamic acid (L-Glu), L-glutamine (L-Gln), and L-aspartic acid (L-Asp). L-Glu was the most abundant amino acid, ranging from 1,533.17 mg/100 g to 1,920.65 mg/100 g (dry weight). The next abundant amino acids were L-Gln, ranging from 784.68 mg/100 g to 1,164.36 mg/100 g and L-Asp, ranging from 320.73 mg/100 g to 387.22 mg/100 g. Domestic cherry tomatoes contained eight essential amino acids except tryptophan and the total essential amino acid content was 297.30~432.43 mg/100 g (dry weight), which was 8.92~10.61% of total free amino acid. Several amino acid derivatives were found: L-carnitine (L-Car), hydroxylysine (Hyl), o-phosphoethanolamine (o-Pea), phosphoserine (p-Ser), ${\beta}-alanine$ (${\beta}-Ala$), N-methyl-histidine (Me-His), ethanolamine ($EtNH_2$), and L-citrulline (L-Cit). L-Car, transporting long-chain fatty acid into mitocondrial matrix, was the most abundant amino acid derivative in all domestic cherry tomatoes. A high level of GABA (313.18~638.57 mg/100 g), known as a neurotransmitter, was also found in all three domestic cherry tomatoes. These results revealed that domestic cherry tomatoes have a good balance of nutrient and bioactive compounds. Therefore, cherry tomatoes can be used as a functional food material.

Free amino acid, fatty acid composition and mineral content in dried alaska pollack and the changes of mineral content according to cooking time (북어의 아미노산, 지방산, 무기질 함량 및 조리시간별 무기질 함량 변화에 대하여)

  • 주은정
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1985
  • This study designed not only to elucidate free amino acid, fatty acid composition and mineral content in dried alaska pollack but also to examine calcium, magnesium, poassium and sodium contents in its cooking broth according to each boiling time such as 2.5, 5, 10, 20, and 30 minutes. RESULTS : 1. Glutamic acid in dried alaska pollack was the most abundant free amino acid and was followed in order of aspartic acid, lysin, leucine and histidine. They composed of 50.95% of the total amino acid contents. 2. In dried alaska pollack the most abundant fatty acid was palmitic acid. Essential fatty acid content was 26.57% of the total fatty acid. 3. The calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium contents in dried alaska pollack showed 10.721 mg%, 9.235mg%, 4072.5mg% and 2299.8% respectively. The amount of magnesium and potassium in cooking broth arrived at the highest level when 20 minute boiling was undertaken and the quantities of magnesium and sodium were the highest when 30 minute boiling was made.

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Studies on the Nutritional Components and Amino Acid Compositions of Krill (Euphausia superba) (크릴(Euphausia superba)의 영양성분 및 아미노산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Soo;Kim, Min-A;Duan, Yishan;Kang, Dong-Soo;Jang, Seong-Ho;Ryu, Jae-Young;Lee, Chun-Sik;Lee, Won-Ki
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.165-170
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    • 2014
  • Despite abundant nutritions, krill is barely used for human consumption. The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional component and amino acid composition of krill and further utilizes it for food resource. Proximate compositions of krill meal were consisted of crude protein 58.85%, ash 13.89%, crude fat 12.45%, carbohydrate 11.01% and moisture 3.80%. The amount of total amino acid was 54.74 g%, and the major amino acids were glutamic acid (7.71 g%), aspartic acid (6.20 g%), leucine (4.72 g%), lysine (4.41 g%), arginine (6.49 g%) and alanine (3.25 g%), respectively. Total essential amino acid content was 21.87%, and the major amino acids were leucine (4.72 g%), lysine (4.41 g%) and isoleucine (2.90 g%), respectively. Content of total free amino acid in krill meal was 20224.30 mg/kg, and the major free amino acids were taurine (4501 mg/kg), arginine (3130.60 mg/kg), proline (2302.90 mg/kg), alanine (2088.10 mg/kg), glycine (1606.40 mg/kg) and lysine (1197.40 mg/kg). Especially, taurine was the most abundant of all free amino acids. Thus, these data indicate that krill seems to be abundant protein source food.