• Title, Summary, Keyword: total amino acid

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Compositions of Fatty Acid, Free Amino Acid and Total Amino Acid of Lespedeza x chiisanensis T. LEE (지리산 싸리의 지질 구성 지방산과 유리 아미노산 및 구성 총 아미노산 조성에 관하여)

  • 김종균
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.586-591
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    • 1993
  • The compositions of amino acid in the protein and fatty acid in the lipid of Lespedeza x chiisanensis T. LEE were analyzed by HPLC and GC, respectively. The contents of crude oil and protein from the extracts were 11.13% and 5.18%, respectively. The amount of free anino acids in the protein was 443.14mg/100g, and 94.84mg/100g of essential amino acid were contained in the free amino acid. The amount of total amino acids in the protein was 3159.85mg/100g, and 1068.18mg/100g of essential amino acid were contained in the total amino acid. The compositions of fatty acid in the lipid were $C_{18\;:\;2}=45.05%,\;C_{18\;:\;3}=18.71%,\;C_{19}=14.70%,C_{18\;:\;1}=6.81%,\;C_{16}=4.35%,\;C_{16\;:\;1}=1.59%$ in order, respectively. 72.44% of unsaturated fatty acids were contained in the lipid.

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A Study on the Amino Acid Contents of Edible Mushrooms (식용(食用)버섯류(類)의 아미노산(酸)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Pyo, Myoung-Yun;Ro, Ihl-Hyeob
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 1975
  • Free amino acids in extracts and total amino acids in hydrolysates of eleven species of edible mushrooms were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer (Technicon PNC-1 Type). All these 11 species of mushroom can be repesented for convenience sake as follows. S-1; Agaricus campestris Fr. S-2: Agaricus campestris S-3; Pholiota nameko(I. Ito) S. Ito et Imai S-4; Auricularia auricula-judae(Fr.) $Qu{\acute{e}}l$ S-5; Tremella fuciformis Berk. S-6; Tricholoma matsutake(S. Ito et Imai) Sing. S-7; Pleurotus ostreatus Fr. $Qu{\acute{e}}l$ S-8; Lentinus edodes Berk Sing. S-9; Ramaria botrytis (Pers.) Ricken S-10; Coprinus comatus(Fr.) S.F, Gray S-11; Gyrophora esculenta The results obtained from this study are as follows. 1) 17 kinds of amino acid, including 7 kinds of essential amino acid in human nutrition except tryptophan were identified and quantified. 2) Of all free amino acids contained in mushrooms, glutamic acid is the richest, and then comes Ala, Thr, Pro and Lys in that order. There were no found Cys'and His in S-9;His in S-1; Met and Arg in S-11; Cys and Met in S-5;Pro, Cys, Met, Lys and Arg in S-4. Of all total amino acids which are closely related with nutritional valuation, glutamic acid is the richest, and then comes Asp, Ala, Arg, Leu, Thr, Gly in that order. Especially S-1 and S-2 contain high quantity $o{\acute{i}}$ proline in both free and total amino acids. 3) Cotents of ammonia in extracts of mushrooms in decreasing order in S-1, S-10, S-8, S-2, S-7, S-6, and S-2, S-6, S-8, S-9, S-1 in hydrolysates of mushrooms. 4) Gross Contents of free amino acid in extracts is high in decreasing order in S-10, S-1, S-7, S-6, S-8, and total amino acid in hydrolysates is high in S-10, S-2, S-2, S-8, S-1, S-9, S-6. 5) Besides 17 kinds of amino acid, 5 kinds of unknown amino acid are found in extracts and hydrolysates.

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A Studies on the Chemical Composition of Apricot Seed (살구씨의 화학적 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 이성민;임효진
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1992
  • For the effective utilization of apricot seed resources of food protein and lipid, the general composition, amino acid composition and chemical characteristics were analysed. The skinned and non-skinned apricot seed contained 53.9% and 48.0% of crude lipid, 24.7% and 26.8% of crude protein, respectively. There were no significant difference in the amino acid composition among skinned and non-skinned apricot seed, The major amino acids were glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine, tyrosine and threonine, holding 14.6 to 16.9%, 12.4 to 13.7%, 9.2 to 12.1%, 7.2 to 7.5% and 7.0 to 7.2% of total amino acid content, respectively. The sum of these ammo acids occupied about 50% to total amino acids. While the quantities of methionine, histidine, and Lysine were poor content. The essential amino acids occupied about 30% to total amino acids. The acid, iodine and saponification value of apricot seed oil were 0.7 to 7.1, 80.8 to 107.5 and 182.7 to 208.4, respectively. These values were significant difference in skinned and non-skinned apricot seed.

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Monitoring of Dynamic Changes in Maillard Reaction Substrates by Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 Maillard 반응기질의 동적변화 모니터링)

  • Lee, Gee-Dong;Kim, Jeong-Sook;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 1996
  • Four-dimensional response surface methodology was used for monitoring dynamic changes in substrates during Maillard reaction. The coefficients of determination ($R^2$) of response surface regression equations for the changes in amino acids during Maillard reaction were 0.9478 for total amino acids and above 0.90 for each amino acid. $R^2$ of regression equations for the changes in sugars during Maillard reaction were 0.9250 for glucose and 0.6490 for fructose. The contents of total amino acids gradually decreased with increasing reaction temperature and pH of the solvent. Browning color intensity increased with rising reaction temperature, showing maximum color intensity at around $145^{\circ}C$. Each amino acid showed a decreasing tendency in its contents, which was similarly found in total amino acids. Four-dimensional response surface methodology indicated that the increased temperature during Maillard reaction was the most influential factor in decreasing substrates, such as aspartic acid, threonine and glucose. While the reaction time and pH of solvent little affected the changes in the above-mentioned substrates during Maillard reaction.

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Analyses of Free Amino Acids in Different Parts of Bean Sprouts by Different Cooking Methods and from Different Merchants

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Lee, Kyung-Ae;Kim, Yong-Ho;Kim, Hee-Seon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.316-322
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to quantitatively analyze free amino acids in the bean sprouts of three different merchants by the parts and the cooking methods in order to evaluate the nutritional and sensory values of bean sprouts. Three merchant bean sprouts were analyzed from total, cotyledon and hypocotyls. Aspartic acid was the most common acid isolated from bean sprouts from all three merchants and was found more in the hypocotyls than the cotyledon. On the other hand, arginine, the second most common amino acid, was found more in the cotyledon than the hypocotyls while valine, the third or fourth most common amino acid in total bean sprout, occurred in a greater amount in hypocotyls than in cotyledons. After cooking, was the most concentrated amino acid in the liquid portion of both boiled bean sprouts and bean sprout soup was glutamic acid. Total bean sprouts from merchant C showed significantly higher contents of the most abundant amino acids, such as aspartic acid, arginine, alanine, serine, glutamic acid, isoleucine, leucine and tyrosine (p<0.05). After cooking, bean sprouts from merchant B showed less of a decrease in amino acid content in the solid parts than the products from merchants A and C. In conclusion, aspartic acid was the major amino acid in bean sprouts, regardless of the source, but after cooking, glutamic acid became the most abundant amino acid in the liquid part. Additionally, the pattern of release of the amino acids from the solid beans to the liquid portion during cooking was different with each merchant.

Amino Acid, Amino Acid Metabolite, and GABA Content of Three Domestic Tomato Varieties

  • Ahn, Jun-Bae
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2016
  • To determine the nutritional value of domestic tomatoes, the levels of amino acids, amino acid metabolites, and the bioactive compound ${\gamma}-aminobutyric-acid$ (GABA) were analyzed in three domestic tomato varieties (Rafito, Momotaro, and Medison). Eighteen free amino acids were found, and total free amino acid content was 3,810.21~4,594.56 mg/100 g (dry weight). L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) was the most abundant amino acid, ranging from 1,866.60 mg/100 g for Momotaro to 2,417.45 mg/100 g for Medison. The next most abundant amino acids were L-glutamine (L-Gln) and L-aspartic acid (L-Asp). The three tomato varieties had a good balance of all the essential amino acids except tryptophan. Total essential amino acid content was 274.26~472.71 mg/100 g (dry weight). The following amino acid metabolites were found: L-carnitine (L-Car), hydroxylysine (Hyl), o-phosphoethanolamine (o-Pea), phosphoserine (p-Ser), ${\beta}-alanine$ (${\beta}-Ala$), N-methyl-histidine (Me-His), ethanolamine (EtNH2),and L-citrulline(L-Cit). Large quantities of GABA were found in all three varieties: 666.95-868.48 mg/100g (dry weight). These results support the use of these tomato varieties as nutritious food materials.

Composition of Lipid and Amino Acid in Semisulcospira gottschei Tissues (다슬기중 지방질 및 아미노산 조성)

  • 심태흠;한규석;이태준;정의호;이해금
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 1994
  • This study was performed to investigate the detailed lipid content, lipid composition and amino acid composition of Semisulcospira gottschei tissues. Lipids of Semisulcospira gottschei tissues were extracted by the mixture of chloloform-methanol, fractionated into neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids by silicic acid column chromatography and the composition of these lipid classes were determined by TLC and GLC. the amino acids in Semisulcospira gottschei tissues was analyzed by the amino acid auto analyzer. The total lipids content was 1.4% and the main components of the total lipids were neutral lipids 67.9%, glycolipids 19.3% and phospholipids 12.8%, respectively. The main fatty acids of total lipids were palmitic acid (20.5%), palmitoleic acid (16.45) and linolenic acid+eicosenoic acid (15.0%) and linoleic acid(13.1%), the main fatty acids of glycolipids were palmitic acid (41.9%), palmitoleic acid (19.7%) and oleic acid (11.7%), and the main fatty acids of phospholipids were linolenic acid+eicosenoic acid (55.1%), oleic acid (17.3%) and palmitic acid (11.4%). The main amino acids were glutamic acid (16.0%) and aspartic acid (11.1%).

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Amino Acid Profiles of Tropical Legumes, Cooper (Glycine wightii), Tinaroo (Neonotonia wightii) and Siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum), at Pre-blooming and Blooming Stages

  • Tokita, Norio;Shimojo, Masataka;Masuda, Yasuhisa
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.651-654
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    • 2006
  • An experiment was conducted to investigate amino acid composition of three tropical legumes (Cooper (Glycine wightii), Tinaroo (Neonotonia wightii) and Siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum)) at two different stages (pre-blooming and blooming stages). Chemical composition and totally 16 amino acids of these plants were analysed for comparison of their composition among species at different growing stages and characterizing the amino acid pattern of these legumes. Crude protein content of the plants ranged from 16% to 27% on a dry matter basis. The total amount of 16 amino acids analyzed in this experiment was highest at 89.7 mg/16 g N in Cooper at pre-blooming and lowest at 80.9 mg/16 g N in Glycine at blooming stage. Total amount of amino acids in each legume species tended to slightly decrease with their maturity but no statistical difference was found. The percentage of aspartic acid, glutamic acid and proline in the total amount of amino acids was dominant at 9% to 13%, and that of methionine was less than 1.6%. In this experiment it was concluded that three tropical legumes were rich in crude protein content and characterized by 16 different amino acids with lower sulfur-containing amino acid as methionine.

Changes in Taste Component of Cheonggukjang prepared with Germinated Soybeans by the Addition of Smoking Process (훈연공정을 첨가하여 제조한 발아콩 청국장의 맛 성분 변화)

  • Park, Hwa-Young;Choi, Won-Seok;Choi, Ung-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.499-506
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the taste components of cheonggukjang made with germinated soybeans, which is produced by the addition of a smoking process. The total organic acid content of smoked cheonggukjang made with germinated soybeans (SCGS) was four times higher than that of non-smoked cheonggukjang made with non-germinated soybeans (NCNS). The total organic acid content of SCGS was lower than that of non-smoked cheonggukjang made with germinated soybeans (NCGS). The total free sugar content of NCGS and SCGS was approximately three times higher than that of NCNS. The total free amino acid content of NCGS was significantly decreased compared with that of NCNS, whereas the total free amino acid content of SCGS was 1.2 times higher than that of NCGS. The essential amino acid content of SCGS was significantly increased compared with that of NCGS. The ratio of glutamic acid to the total free amino acid in NCNS and SCGS was 19.6%. Similarly, the ratio of glutamic acid to the total free amino acid in NCGS was 19.1%. There were no significant differences in the total fatty acid content of NCNS, NCGS, and SCGS. The sensory evaluation of appearance, aroma, taste, and overall quality of SCGS was significantly increased compared with that of NCNS and NCGS. These results suggest that smoked cheonggukjang made with germinated soybeans could be utilized for the development of a novel fermented food.

Changes of Alcohol, Free Amino Acid, Non-Volatile Organic Acid and fatty Acid Composition during Brewing of Backilju (백일주 양조중 알코올, 유리아미노산, 비휘발성유기산 및 지방산조성의 변화)

  • 박석규;박필숙;김귀영;강우원;이영근
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 1994
  • Changes in taste components of Backilju, an traditional alcoholic beverage of Korea, were investigated. Ethanol(17%) was the most abundant, and then isoamylalcohol(23mg%) and methanol(8mg%) were also detected in a small amount in Backilju. Major non-volatile organic acids were lactic and malic acid, followed by citric, fumaric and succinic acid. Arginine, phenylalanine and glutamic acid were major free amino acids and essential amino acid content was 230∼560 mg%, which was 45∼48% of total free amino acids. The major fatty acid of total lipid was palmitic acid(37∼43%). It has been found that the Backilju contained more free amino acids and alcohols than other Korean Yokjus.

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