• Title, Summary, Keyword: total amino acid

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Studies on the Amino Acid Constituents of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino (돌외 (Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino)의 아미노산(酸) 조성(組成)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Sun-Hee;Park, Won-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 1988
  • This study was carried out in order to analyse the amino acid constituents of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino (G. P. M. ) produced in Korea and Japan. Total and free amino acids of those were analysed by HPLC. Total amino acid contents of G. P. M. produced in Korea were similar to that of produced in Japan. The Histidine content of G. P. M. produced in Korea was more rich than that of produced in Japan. The content of glutamic acid was the most rich among in kinds of amino acids in both hind of G. P. M. G. P. M. in Korea contained the least methionine and G. P. M. from Japan contained the least cystine.

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The Total Acid, Free Amino Acids Contents and Sensory Characteristics of Demi-glace Sauce based on Omija added Quantity (오미자 첨가량에 따른 Demi-glace 소스의 총산과 아미노산 함량 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun-Duk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to examine contents of total acid and free amino acids in the Demi-glace with added quantity of Omija extracts. Firstly, The level of Total acid content of Demi-glace sauces was $1.08{\sim}1.89%$ and Omija extracts was $2.77{\sim}7.24%$. The more Omija extracts added, there was the higher total acid contents. Sauces and extracts of 5% Omija was the highest. Secondly, Total free amino acids contents of control was 2518.52mg%, and Omija sauces was $2261.52{\sim}2894.14mg%$. 2% Omija sauces was the highest among them. Hydroxyproline of total 34 free amino acids was the highest, and Glutamic acid 158.42mg%, Proline 78.90mg% was next in order. Arginine was the highest with $27.40{\sim}34.40mg%$ among 9 essential amino acids contents. Glutamic acid was the highest contents with $123.18{\sim}158.42mg%$. Compared to control's(0.41mg%), Omija added group was $20.63{\sim}27.82mg%$ and it was the highest increase. While other 15 amino acid was analyzed, Hydroxyproline was the highest contents with $1,737.22{\sim}2,205.80mg%$. Compared to control group(15.63mg%), proline was $57.01{\sim}78.90mg%$ Omija added group and it was increased with the highest contents. In essential amino acid, flavor enhancing amino acid and other amino acid were increased and the highest contents with 2% added Omija sauce. Thirdly, sensory characteristics of Demi-glace sauces based on overall preference, It was find that 2% added Omija was the best. 2% added was the best for color, flavor, taste, texture, overall acceptability(P<.001). In terms of Demi-glace sauces' gender preference, male and female people liked 2% added Omija color, flavor, taste, texture, overall acceptability. It was find that there was no significant differences between male and female.

Variation of free Sugar and Amino Acid Contents of Pears During the Ripening Period (배의 성숙 중 유리당과 유리아미노산 함량 변화)

  • 최옥자;박혜령;조성효
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.250-254
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    • 1998
  • A variation of free sugar and amino acid contents of pears during the ripening period was determined by HPLC and amino acid analyzer. The research results are as follws: Fructose, glucose and sucrose were present in the pears. The contents of fructose was the highest, followed by glucose and sucrose in order. The contents of total sugar in Shingo and Youngsan was similar, but the contents of frucose in Shingo was lower and the contents of sucrose was higher than that of Youngsan (p<.001). During the ripening period, the contents of fructose and glucose gradually increased during the harvesting season and then somewhat decreased. The contents of sucrose increased continually, while the contents of total free sugar reached the maximum during the harvesting season, it was 10.41%, 10.29% in Shingo and Youngsan and then decreased gradually. The contents of total free amino acid in Shingo was higher than that of Youngsan. A variation ratio and the composition of amino acid in Shingo and Youngsan during the ripening period didn't make a significant difference. The major free amino acid of the pears was in the order of aspartic acid, serine, threonine, histidine, glutamic acid, valine, arginine, and alanine. During the ripening period, aspartic acid, threonin, serine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, histidine, and Iysine increased gradually. Glutamic acid, alanine, valine, arginine didn't show much change. The contents of total free amino acid increased during the ripening period.

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Studies on the Constituents of Higher Fungi of Korea (한국산 고등 균류의 성분에 관한 연구)

  • 이규선
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.23 no.3_4
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 1979
  • Free amino acids in extracts and total amino acids in hydrolysates of eight species of higher fungi were analyzed by an amino acid autoanalyzer. Twenty amino acids were analyzed in eight species of higher fungi. 1) of all free amino acids contained in higher fungi, alanine is the richest, and then comes glutamic acid, serine, arginine, proline and histidine in that order. Of all total amino acids contained in higher fungi, glutamic acid is the richest, and then comes proline, valine, aspartic acid, alanine, leucine in that order. Especially Russula fragilis and Lepiota procera contain large quantity of glutamic acid. 2) Gross contents of free amino acids in the extracts is high in order of Lepiota procera, Phylloporus rhodoxanthus, Russula fragilis, Tylopilus felleus and total amino acids in hydrolysates is high in Phylloporus rhodoxanthus, Lepiota procera, Russula fragilis, Lentinus lepideus. 3) Total amount of essential amino acids in the extracts was high in Lepiota procera, Phylloporus rhodoxanthus, Tylopilus felleus, Xylaria hypoxylon, Lentinus lepideus, Russula fragilis, Lactarius piperatus and Calocybe gambosa and in the hydrolysates of Phylloparus rhodoxanthus, Russula fragilis, Lepiota procera, Tylopilus felleus, Lentinus lepideus, Lactarius piperatus, Calocybe gambosa and Xylaria hypoxylon in that order, respectively.

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Studies on the Drug Development of Coicis Semen(I) -Aminoacid Contents in Coicis Semen- (의이인(薏苡仁)(Coicis Semen)의 의약품개발(醫藥品開發)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)(I) -아미노산(酸)의 함량(含量)에 대하여-)

  • Yong, Jae-Ick
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.7 no.1_4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1977
  • Free amino acid in ethanol extracts and total amino acid hydrolysates of Coicis semen were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer. The sample A (unpolished Coicis Semen) and sample B(polished Coicis Semen) are used in this experiments. The results obtained from this study are as follows: 1) 17 kinds of free amino acid (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, Ala, Val, Cys, Met, Ileu, Lew, Try, Phe, Lys, His, Arg,) including 7 kinds of essential amino acid (Val, Lew, Ileu, Thr, Lys, Met, Phe,) as human nutrition were identified and quantified but tryptophan. 2) Total free amino acids of sample A is more than about 3 folds that of sample B. 3) The distribution of free amino acids contained in sample A, threonine is the richiest and then comes Ala, Glu, Asp, and Pro, in that order. In sample B, glutamic acid is the richiest and then comes Thr, Asp, Ala, and Gly, in that order. 4) 17 kinds of total amino acid (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, Ala, Val, Cys, Met, Ileu, Lew, Tyr, Pher, Lys, including 7 kinds of essential amino acid (Val, Leu, Ileu, Thr, Lys, Met, Phe,) in human nutrition except tryptophan were identified and quanified. 5) Total amino acid content of sample A is more than about 1.06 folds that of sample B. 6) Total amino acid content of sample A in acid hydrolysates is more than about 1.06 folds that of sample B in acid hydrolysates. 7) Unknown chromatogram of ethanol extracts and acid hydrolysates of Coicis Semen were identified as Ornitine.

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Properties of Chemical Components of Camellia japonica L. loaves According to Picking Time (동백잎의 채취시기에 따른 화학적 성분 특성)

  • Kim, Bong-Sun;Choi, Ok-Ja;Shim, Ki-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.681-686
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the chemical component of Camellia japonica L. according to picking time. Leaves of Camellia japonica L. were picked in April and May,2003. Free sugars (fructose, glucose and sucrose) and organic acids (citric acid, tartaric acid, succinic acid, acetic acid) were present in the Camellia japonica L. leaf. The contents of total free sugars and organic acids increased as picking time was delayed. The major components of free amino acids were aspartic acid, glutamic acid and histidine, and those of total amino acids were histidine and alanine. The contents of total free amino acids and total amino acids were decreased as picking time was delayed, while the ratio of essential amino acids to the total amino acids increased. The amount of minerals (P, Ca, K, Na and Fe), chlorophyll and total polyphenol increased as picking time was delayed.

Comparison of the Composition of Free Sugars , Amino Acids and Minerals in Black Omija (Schizandra nigra Max) (흑오미자의 유리당, 아미노산 및 무기질 조성)

  • 신수철
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.47-50
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    • 1998
  • For the quantitiative determination of chemical and taste components in black omija(Schizandra nigra Max) and omija(S.chinensis), compositions of free sugars, free amino acids, total amino acids, and minerals were analyzed. Among the total free sugars in black omija and omija, glucose and frutose were major free sugars and sucrose was little amount. The most abundant free amino acid in black imija was histidine and that in imija was serine. The major free amino acid in black omija and omija were histidine, serine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. The major total amino acids in black omija and omija were glutamic acid, arginine , leucine and histidine. The limiting amino acid of each omija was S-containing amino acids. The abuntdant minerals in black omija and omija were K and Ca.

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Study on Amino Acid Contents in Deer Horn (녹용중(鹿茸中)의 아미노산(酸) 함량(含量)에 관(關)하여 (제 1 편)(第 1編))

  • Yong, Jae-Ick
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.4-9
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    • 1976
  • Free amino acids in water extracts and total amino acids in hydrolystates of Deer Horn were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer (Technicon PNC-1 Type). The results obtained from this study are as follows ; 1) 17 kinds of amino acid, including 7 kinds of essential amino acid in human nutrition except tryptophan were identified and quantified. 2) Of all free amino acid contained in water extract, glutamic acid is the richest, and then comes Ala, Gly, Leu, Lys, valin in that order. Of all total amino acid which are closely related with nutritional valuation glycin is the richest, and then comes Glu, Lys, Ala, Leu, Ala, Pro, in that order. 3) Besides 17 kinds of amino acid, one kinds of unknown amino acid are found in water extracts and hydrolysates.

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Quantitative Analysis of Total Aimno Acids and Free Sugars in Lycii fructus (진도산(珍島産) 구기자(枸杞子)의 아미노산조성(組成)과 유리당(遊離糖)의 분석(分析))

  • Lee, Mung-Yul;Sheo, Hwa-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.249-252
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    • 1986
  • This quantitative analysis was carried out in order to investigate the isolation and identification of total amino acids and free sugars in Lycii fructus by using amino acid autoanalyzer and HPLC. 17 kinds of amino acids were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer, that is, aspartic acid, proline, glyclne, analine, cystine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, phenyla lanine, histidine, lysine, arginine, threonine, serine and glutamic acid. Threonine (3,745mg/100g) was the richest among them and total amounts of the essential amino acid, which was 53.93% of total amino acids, was 10,773mg/100g. Free sugars isolated by HPLC wet·e glucose, fructose and saccharose.

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A Study on the flavor constituents of the Coriander(Coriandrum sativum L) (고수의 향미성분에 관한 연구)

  • 김경자;최옥자;김용두;강성구;황금희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.80-90
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate to proximate compositions, free sugars, organic acids, amino acids, and volatiles from the fresh leaf, root and seed of coriander. The research results are as follows: Moisture was 79.93% in the leaf, 81.89% in the root. Crude protein, crude lipid and crude ash were the highest in the seed. Ascorbic acid was 65.4mg% in the leaf and 37.83mg% in the root. Glucose, fructose and sucrose were the major free sugars. Glucose was 7.92mg% and fructose 7.51mg% in the leaf. Sucrose was 17.34mg% in the root, highest level. Among organic acids, malic acid was 354.55mg% in the leaf, the highest level. The content rate of organic acids was high in the order of leaf, seed and root. The content rate of total amino acid was high in the order of seed, root and leaf. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid were high in the leaf and root. Glutamic acid and proline were high in the seed. The content rate of free amino acid is the same as that of total amino acid. Glutamic acid and serine were high in the leaf and seed. Glutamic acid and treonine were high in the root. The contents of total amino acid in each parts of the coriander was higher than that of free amino acid, The composition of amino acid in the total amino acid and free amino acid was different. The volatile constituents were extracted by steam distillation method and analyzed by GC-Mass. The content of the volatile constituents was 45.31mg% in the leaf, (E)-2-decenal was the highest, followed by decanal, 2-dodecenal, (E)-2-decen-1-ol in order, aldehyde and alcohol was major constituents. The content of the volatile constituents was 36.01mg% in the root and 54.37mg% in the seed. linalool was the highest in the root and seed. it was 22.27 %, 53.67% in root and seed.

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