• Title, Summary, Keyword: total SOD

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Physiological activitive of Grifola frondosa by log cultivation and bottle cultivation (원목재배와 병재배 잎새버섯(Grifola frondosa)의 생리활성)

  • Kim, Jong-Bong;Seo, Hye-Young
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2015
  • This research was carried out to determine the differences of physiological activites between Grifola frondosa of log cultivation(LC) and Grifola frondosa of bottle cultivation(BC). Total flavonoids content, total phenolics content, electron donating ability(EDA), nitrite-scavenging ability(NSA), SOD-like activity and inhibitory effect of Xanthine oxidase were examined. The highest value of total flavonoid content is $5.96{\pm}0.81mg/g$ in water extract from Grifola frondosa of log cultivation at $40^{\circ}C$ (LC-W40) but, one of total phenolics compound is $44.53{\pm}0.89mg/g$ in water extract from Grifola frondosa of bottle cultivation at $40^{\circ}{\cdots}$ (BC-W40). The EDA using DPPH of BC-W40 extract showed the highest value of $97.14{\pm}0.71%$. Nitrite-scavenging ability was $62.55^{\circ}{\ae}0.36%$ in extract from Grifola frondosa of BC-W40 at pH 1.2. The value was SOD-like activity showed the highest value of $18.95^{\circ}{\ae}1.39%$ in extract from LC-W40. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity was the highest value of $54.31{\pm}0.40%$ in extract from Grifola frondosa BC-W40, and dependent on concentrations. These results showed that a the antioxidant effects of Grifola frondosa is excellent. However, physiological activities of Grifola frondosa were not depend on caltivation method regulary, and were different according to kind of solvents, concentraitions and physialogical factors examined such as EDA, SOD-like activity and NSA.

Effect of Maengjong-Juk Extract Coated Rice Supplementation on Antioxidative System in Rabbit Fed High Cholesterol Diet (맹종죽 추출물 코팅쌀 식이가 고콜레스테롤 섭취 토끼의 항산화 시스템에 미치는 영향)

  • 이민자;김은영;문갑순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.973-980
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    • 2004
  • To evaluate the antioxidative effect of rice coated with maengjong-juk extract in vivo system, rice coated with maengjong-juk extract diets were fed to NZW rabbit for 16 weeks and lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, activities of antioxidative enzymes and total glutathione content in tissues were measured. TBARS contents in liver and spleen were significantly decreased in maengjong-juk extract diet group compared to control group, while those in kidney and heart tissue were not significantly different. Maengjong-juk extract diet suppressed the protein oxidation significantly in liver, spleen, kidney and heart tissues. Hepatic total SOD, Cu$.$Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD activities of maengjong-juk extract diets were significantly higher than those of control diet. GSH-Px and catalase activities of maengjong-juk extract diet were higher than those of control, while GR activities show no significant difference between the two groups. Total hepatic glutathione content was significantly increased by maengjong-juk extract diet. According to this study, many antioxidative materials and phytochemicals in maengjong-juk extracts seems to protect tissues from oxidative stress by stimulating antioxidative systems in atherosclerotic rabbit fed high cholesterol diet.

The Effects of Panax Ginseng Extract on Antioxidative Enzyme Activity in Ovariectomized Rats (인삼 추출물이 난소를 절제한 백서의 항산화효소 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 하배진;황일영
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.349-356
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    • 2002
  • In order to observe the bioactivity of ovariectomized rats, nonovariertoized (sham) group, ovariectomized (Ovx) group, ovariectomized ginseng total saponin (GTS)-treated (Ovx+ GTS) group and ovariectomized ginseng water extract (GW)-treated (Ovx+CW) group were made. We measured AST (L-aspartate aminotransferase) and ALT (L-alanin aminotransferase) in sera, and MDA (malondialdehyde:lipid peroxidation), SOD (superoxide dismutase), catalase, total-glutathione (GSH + GSSG) and GPx (glutathione peroxidase) in liver tissue total homogenates of rat. AST activity of serum in Ovx group was 2.11 times increased, but ALT activity was not changed compared to Sham group. In AST activity, they tend to decrease significantly in each substance such as GTS and GW administered group. Lipidperoxides of each fraction in Ovx group were highly increased compared to Sham group. Extracts of ginseng-treated group markedly inhibited lipid peroxidation by 62% ∼72%. And as the result of the measurements of SOD, catalase, total-glutathione and GPx which are antioxidant enzyme, antioxidant enzymes in Ovx group much lower than in Sham group. But they were significantly increased in each substance such as GTS and GW, administered group. Based on the results, it is supposed that more produced free radicals decreased antioxidant enzyme. And it is also thought that extracts of ginseng can inhibit aging by reducing antioxidant enzyme.

Optimization of Extraction Conditions of Sarcodon aspratus by Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 능이버섯 추출물의 추출조건 최적화)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Jung, Sung-Keun;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.464-469
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    • 2015
  • Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to monitor extraction characteristics of extracts from Sarcodon aspratus. Based on a central composite design, independent variables were microwave power (30~150 W), ethanol concentration (0~100%), and extraction time (1~9 min). Dependent variables were yield, electron-donating ability, total phenol contents, and SOD-like activity. Coefficients of determination ($R^2$) for dependent variables ranged from 0.80 at 0.97. The maximum extraction yield was 50.28% under conditions of 125.1 W microwave power, 18.67% ethanolic concentration, and 7.06 min extraction time. The maximum extraction electron-donating ability was 22.14% under conditions of 31.09 W, 45.76%, and 4.32 min. The maximum extraction total polyphenol content was 30.54 mg tannic acid equivalent/g at 122.54 W, 48.05%, and 8.36 min. The maximum extraction SOD-like activity was 33.44% at 121.17 W, 47.42%, and 8.41 min. Based on superimposition of four dimensional RSM with respect to extraction yield, electron-donating ability, total polyphenol content, and SOD-like activity obtained under various extraction conditions, optimum ranges of extraction conditions were found to be microwave power of 78~88 W, ethanol concentration of 39~57%, and extraction time of 3.5~9 min.

Effect of Genistein on Activity and Expression of Antioxidant Enzyme in Hamster ovary cells (Genistein이 햄스터 난소세포의 항산화효소활성과 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Hye;Kim, An-Keun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2007
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in the metabolic process of oxygen in cells. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in cells systemize the antioxidant enzymes to control the oxidative stress. Genistein is one of the isoflavonoids, and its role in controlling cellular oxidative stress is presently the active issue at question. In this study; we analyzed genistein-induced survival rates of the CHO-K1 cells, activities of antioxidant enzymes, ROS levels, and expression levels of antioxidant enzyme genes in order to investigate the effect of genistein on cellular ROS production and antioxidative systems in CHO-K1 cells. As results, the survival rate of cells was decreased as the dose of genistein increases (12.5${\sim}$200 ${\mu}$M). Genistein increased cellular ROS levels, while it reduced total SOD activities and the expression of CuZnSOD. In conclusion, we suggest that genistein may induce oxidative stress via down-regulation of SOD.

The Study of Hepatic Antioxidative Enzyme Activity and Eletrophoresis in Mice After Treatment with Paraquat and/(or) Ginseng Saponins (Paraquat를 투여한 생쥐 간에서 홍삼 사포닌의 항상화 효소 활성과 전기영동에 관한 연구)

  • Chun, Chul;Kim, Dong-Jo;Sung, Kum-Soo;Kim, Jong-Hwan;Kim, Ji-Sik;Chang, Che-chul
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2001
  • This study examined effects of the active ingredients from ginseng on paraquat(PQ) toxitity. Mice were given PQ(25mg/kg, ip) and then they were given total saponins (TS; 5mg/kg, orally), protopanaxadiol (PD; 5mg/kg, orally) and protopanaxatriol(PT; 5mg/kg, orally) per day for periods of 1,3 & 7 days. We measured the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), electrophoretic isozyme band, catalase (CAT) were compared in the liver of mouse that dose with PQ and/or TS, PD and PT. The activities of SOD, CAT were generally higher in PQ+PD group than others groups. Especially the activity of SOD was the highest in PQ+PD group than others groups. SOD isozyme separated into three bands by electrophoresis. One band was located to near the anode side and two bands were cathode side. As the results of treated with KCN, we were confiremed that the Cu, Zn-SOD was located to near the anode side but the Mn-SOD were cathode side. Our results suggested that an antioxidant effect of ginseng saponins elevated a protection ability to an oxidative damage by direct action of SOD, CAT and reinforced the synthetic ability of endogenous antioxidant material in living organism. Particularly, PD was a effective antioxidant compared with others.

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Hepatotoxicity Reducing Effect of Ethanol Extracts from Fermented Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura in Ethanol-treated Rats (발효 이고들빼기(Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura) 에탄올 추출물이 알코올 투여로 손상시킨 흰쥐의 간독성 해소 효과)

  • Kim, Mee-Jung;Lee, Hyun-Koo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to investigate the hepatotoxicity reducing effect of ethanol extracts from Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura (YD) fermented by Aspergillus oryzae, which is well known as a Korean traditional meju microbe. Experimental rats were divided into 4 diets groups (six rats/group) (NC: normal control group, EC: ethanol supplemented control group, ENY: ethanol extracts 0.5% supplemented diets of the non-fermented YD group, EFY: ethanol extracts 0.5% supplemented diets of the fermented YD group). After feeding them for four weeks, the activities GOT and GPT in serum, contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol, LPO and GSH, and activities of XO (O type) enzyme, SOD and GST in liver tissue were observed. Compared to the NC group, the GOT and GPT activities in the EC group were markedly increased by 87.91% and 57.02%, and the contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were increased by 77.51%, 18.56% and 193.86%, respectively. On the other hand, the GSH content was decreased by 29.52%. The activities of SOD and GST which are anti-oxidation-related enzymes, were decreased by 42.78% and 0.94%, respectively, compared to the NC group, but the XO (O type) enzyme activity was significantly increased by 70.83%. These results confirmed that the liver tissue and anti-oxidation system of the EC group had been damaged. Compared to the EC group, the GOT and GPT activities of the ENY and EFY groups were significantly decreased by 24.73~41.99% and 22.91~30.11%, respectively. The contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were decreased by 16.65~33.33%, 22.44~23.11% and 63.34~66.13%, respectively, but the GSH content was significantly increased by 24.61~35.60%. The GST activity was not significantly affected, but the SOD activity was significantly increased by 214.94~261.19%. The XO (O type) enzyme activity was significantly decreased by 40.34~51.20%. Compared to the ENY group, the GOT and GPT activities of the EFY group were significantly decreased by 22.93% and 9.34%, respectively. The plasma contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were decreased by 20.01%, 0.86% and 7.59%, respectively. The SOD activity was significantly increased by 21.52%, and the XO (O type) enzyme activity was decreased by 18.19%. Given decreasde TG, total cholesterol, LPO contents of liver tissue, GOT, GPT and XO activity, and increased SOD activity, these study results that ethanol extracts from fermented Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura may be effective in reducing hepatotoxicity.

Relationship Among Body Mass Index, Nutrient Intake and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Postmenopausal Women

  • Lee, Haeng-Shin;Lee, Da-Hong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2007
  • To elucidate the relationship among body mass index, nutrient intake and blood antioxidant capacity in the postmenopausal period, 60 women residing in Iksan area were recruited. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated base on height and weight, and food and nutrient intakes were estimated by 24-hour recalls of 3 non-consecutive days. Parameters of antioxidant capacity including the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and total antioxidant capacity (TA) were measured in fasting blood samples from the subjects. The average age, height, weight and BMI of the subjects were 65 years, 151.1cm, 59.5 kg and 26.0 m/kg$^2$, respectively. The macronutrient intake rate of carbohydrate : protein : fat were 65:17.5:17.5; the mean intakes of energy and protein were 1532.7 kcal (86.3% of RDA) and 67.1 g (122.0% of RDA) respectively. The mean intakes of phosphorus, vitamin A, niacin and vitamin C were higher than Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for Koreans. On the other hand, calcium and riboflavin intakes were only 84.6% and 70.4% of RDA. Among the parameters of antioxidant capacity, SOD activity was significantly lower in lean subjects (BMI<20) than in the normal or overweight subjects (BMI${\geq}$20) (p<0.05). TAs of the subjects with the highest intakes of vegetables and fruits were significantly higher than those of subjects with lower intakes (p<0.05). Antioxidant capacity was compared among subjects according to 3 different nutrient intake levels according percentage of RDA for Koreans for selected nutrients with the following results: The high protein and niacin groups exhibited significantly lower TA status than those of the other intake groups (p<0.05). In conclusion, the low BMI was associated with lower SOD activity in postmenopausal women. Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables was associated with higher TA. When protein and niacin intakes were excessive, SOD activity and TA tended to be low. SOD and TA, among antioxidant indexes, seemed to be mostly influenced by other factors. Therefore, more studies on the effects of nutritional intake and the activity of antioxidant enzyme should be conducted.

Physiological Activities of Mistletoe Extracts from Viscum album L. (추출용매에 따른 겨우살이 추출물의 생리활성 효과)

  • Ju, Min-Jeong;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.529-534
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    • 2009
  • Physiological activities of mistletoe extracts were examined. Total polyphenol contents, electro-donating ability, SOD-like activity, nitrite-scavenging ability and tyrosinase of mistletoe extracted with water, 50%, and 100% ethanol were determined. Total polyphenol contents of powder extracts were higher than slice extracts. EDAs showed over 90% at powder extracts. Especially mistletoe extracts with 50% ethanol were higher than water extracts. SOD-like activities of water, 50% and 100% ethanol extracts of all samples were $23.71{\sim}33.4%$ lower than those of 1.0% and 0.1% L-ascorbate solutions. Nitrite-scavenging activities at pH 1.2 were the most effective in water, 50% and 100% ethanol extracts. The results will be useful for understanding the physiolosical activities of mistletoe extracts.

Optimization of Extraction Conditions for Extracts from Cucurbita moschata Duch. by Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 늙은 호박 추출물의 추출조건 최적화)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.449-454
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    • 2010
  • Extraction characteristics of pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) and the functional properties of the corresponding extracts were monitored by the response surface methodology (RSM). The maximum electron donating ability was found as 24.57% at the conditions of 33.13 watt microwave power, 53.67% ethanol concentration and 3.76 min extraction time. The maximum tyrosinase inhibition was 96.59% at 56.21 watt, 68.02% and 7.97 min. The SOD-like activity was 45.57% at 36.00 watt, 71.51% and 5.28 min. The total polyphenol content was 85.02% at 127.39 watt, 76.18% and 2.68 min. Based on superimposition of four dimensional RSM with respect to electron donating ability, tyrosinase inhibition, SOD-like activity and total polyphenol contents obtained under the various extraction conditions, the optimum ranges of extraction conditions were found to be microwave power of 72~144 watt, ethanol concentration of 0~38% and extraction time of 6~9 min.