• 제목/요약/키워드: tobacco yield

검색결과 16건 처리시간 0.109초

나지작과 피복재배시 기상요소, 토양수분 및 잎담배 수량과의 관계 (The relation between weather factors, soil water, and yield of tobacco leaf in non-mulching and mulching cultivations)

  • 김윤동
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 1983
  • In order to investigate the relation between weather factors, soil water, and tobacco yield grown by nonnulching and mulehing cultivations, a regression analysis was conducted for data collected from 8 years (1971 to 1978) for a flue-cured variety of Hicks. The soil water was calculated by Smith's method. 1 . Tobacco yield was largely correlated to soil water deficit during draught time for nonmulclung cultivation; $Y=6.146+8.6185\times-0.0925$\times2(R=0.935)^{***})$ 2. Tobacco yield was more largely correlated to soil water in flexible draght time interval than in fixed time interval during maximum growing phase.3. This field test was supposed that the optimal soil water condition was 65%field caps city. In this condition tobacco yield was 197. 1-216.5kg/10a for non-mulching cultivation. But the soil water deficit in draught season was little matter for mulching cultivation. The relation between xield and evaporation during May to June was Y: -1199.55+9.4 353$\times$:O. 0155$\times$2 (R=0.904") Maximum tobacco yield was expected to 223.6-251.4kg/10a for mulching cultivation. 5 . Tobacco required high temperature and light even in drying season (maximum growing phase) for mulching cultivation.tion.

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기상요인에 의한 잎담배 수량예측 (Prediction of Tobacco Yield by Means of Meteorological Factors During Growing Season)

  • 이철환;변주섭
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to determine the time and methods of predicting tobacco yield. by analysis of climatic factors in the period of tobacco season during 8 years from 1979 to 1986 at the Daegu district, south eastern part of Korean peninsular. The results obtained are summarised as follows: 1. Climatic factors of each month which have influence on tobacco yield were the amount of rainfall in May and sunshine hours in July. Among climatic factors at tobacco growth stages, the precipitation yield. But these meteorological factors had different effect on variety. 2. Between tobacco yields and climatic factors by even values of each month, tobacco yield was estimated by equations, flue cured tobacco :Y=190.6-5.230X1+ 0.474$\times$2 + 0.142X3(Xl : Minimum temperature of April, X2: Precipitation during May, X3:Sunshine duration on July), air cured tobacco : Y= 195.3-0.447Xl + 0.363$\times$2 + 0.l12$\times$3(Xl :Maximum temperature of May, X2:Precipitation during May. X3: Sunshine duration on July). While between tobacco yield and climatic factors at different growth stage, predicting equation of yield could be derived, flue cured tobacco : Y=205.8+0.510Xl +0.289$\times$2 + 0.305$\times$3 (Xl :Average temperature during the early growth stage, X2 :Precipitation during the early and maximum growth stage, X3 : Sunshine hours during the leaf and tips maturing stage), air cured tobacco Y=194.T-0.498Xl 10.615$\times$2+0.121$\times$3(Xl ;Maximum temperature during the transplanting time, X2 : Precipitation during the maximum growth stage, X3 : Sunshine hours during the leaf and tips maturing stage).

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건엽중 및 엽면적에 의한 잎담배 수량예측 (Prediction of Yield from Leaf weight and Leaf area)

  • 이철환;이병철
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to determine the time and methods of predicting tobacco yield, by studying the relationship of yield components to yield. 1. The relationship between each position in leaf dry weight and approached gradually each other and also correlation coefficient of top leaf was higher than that of lower leaf. The leaf dry weight per plant was highly correlated with leaf area from 16th leaf position on stalk. Leaf dry weight of each leaf position on stalk was highly correlated with leaf dry weight per plant at 14 to 16th leaf position. 2. The correlation coefficient between leaf dry weight and leaf area per plant was higher at the late growth stage than at the early growth stage, and higher between the near stages. Correlation coefficient between leaf dry weights was higher than that of leaf areas. 3. Flue-cured tobacco yield be estimated from leaf dry weight per plant at 50 to 55 days after transplanting. 4. Air-cured tobacco yield could be predicted from leaf dry weight per plant at 60 days after transplanting.

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잎담배 수량에 영향하는 기상요소에 대한 고찰 (Studies on the Effect of Weather Factors upon the Tobacco Yields)

  • 허일
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 1968
  • (1) 소사연초시험장에서 1952~1964까지 13개년 시행한 황색종품종비교시험에 표준품종으로 공시된 Yellow Pryor품종의 성적과 경기도농촌진흥원 기상관측자료와의 상관계수를 산출하여 잎담배 수량에 미치는 기상적 영향을 고찰함과 동시 이를 기초로 중회귀방정식을 유도하여 추정치를 산출하고 실수량과 비교검토하였다. (2) 담배는 기상재해를 많이 받을 수 있는 개화결실이란 과정을 거치지 않고 다만 영양체증가에만 의존하는 작물인데도 타곡실작물과 거의 비등한 년차적 변이계수를 갖는다는 것은 본작물이 생유기간에 기상의 영향을 많이 받는다는 것을 알 수 있다. (3) 수량의 구성요소중 엽수가 크게 작용하며 (4=+0.736) 엽수의 증감은 5월의 일조(r=+0.745) 및 5~6월의 기상의 종합적인 영향(R=0.8376)이 크게 작용하는 것 같다. (4) 따라서 수량의 증감은 5월의 일조(r=0.717) 5월의 기온(r=0.329) 및 6월의 강우(r=0.421)에 보다 크게 영향을 받는다. (5) 이들 3요인을 기초로 하여 수량의 추정식 Y=441.664-31.255$X_1$+1.190$X_2$-0.031$X_3$을 산출할 수 있으며 이 식은 유의하고 (R=0.8074 df=7) 상식에 그해의 $X_1$, $X_2$, $X_3$을 대입하면 기상조건만을 고려할 때 그 해의 추정수량을 계산할 수가 있다.

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지상원격측정 센서의 반사율 지표를 활용한 사경재배 연초의 생체량 및 질소영양 평가 (Evaluation of Biomass and Nitrogen Nutrition of Tobacco under Sand Culture by Reflectance Indices of Ground-based Remote Sensors)

  • 강성수;정현철;전상호;홍순달
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.70-78
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    • 2009
  • 질소 스트레스 조건에서 재배된 연초 (Nicotiana tabacum L.)의 생체량 및 질소영양 상태와 원격측정센서 반사율 지표의 상호관계로부터 센서의 반사율 지표를 활용한 연초의 질소 덧거름 시비량 결정 및 수량 예측을 위한 도구로서의 활용 가능성을 평가하였다. 이식 후 30일째의 rNDVI와 gNDVI, 그리고 40일째의 반사율 지표들은 건물중 및 질소흡수량과 밀접한 정의 상관(P<0.05)을 보였다. 40일째 분광방사계의 gNDVI와 Crop Circle passive 센서의 aNDVI는 각각 건물중을 85%와 84%, 질소흡수량을 85%와 92% 설명하였다. 수량 및 수확기 질소 흡수량은 정식 후 35일, 40일, 45일, 50일, 수확기에 측정된 엽록소 측정값 및 반사율 지표와 고도로 유의성 있는 정의 상관을 보였다. 정식 후 40일째 분광방사계에 의한 gNDVI 지표는 연초 수량변동의 72% 설명 가능한 관계를 나타냈다. 따라서 연초의 경우 이식 후 40일째에 측정한 gNDVI 반사율 지표는 실시간에 비파괴적으로 수량을 예측할 수 있음을 시사하였다. 그리고 40일째 gNDVI로 계산한 충족지수는 질소시비수준의 73%를 설명할 수 있었다. 따라서 반사율 지표를 이용한 충족지수는 연초의 질소영양상태를 추정하여 위치별 변량시비가 가능한 방법으로 활용 가능할 것으로 판단되었다.

연초재배기간중(煙草栽培期間中) 증산량(蒸散量) 및 수량(收量) 2. 연초생육기간(煙草生育期間)동안의 강수량(降水量), 일조시간(日照時間) 및 증발량등(蒸發量等)과 연초수량(煙草收量)과의 상호관계(相互關係) (The Interrelationships between Yield, Transpiration of the Tobacco Plant, and Seasonal Meteorological Factors during the Growing Season 2. Interrelationship between Tobacco Yield and Meteorological Factors including Precipitation, Duration of Sunshine, and Evaporation during the Growing Season)

  • 홍순달;김재정;조성진;이윤환
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.285-289
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    • 1989
  • 연초주요재배지역(煙草主要栽培地域)인 수원(水原), 충주(忠州), 대구(大邱) 및 전주(全州)에서 1976년(年)부터 1985년(年)까지 토양수분변화(土壤水分變化)에 밀접한 관계를 갖는 강우양(降雨量), 일조시간(日照時間) 및 증발량(蒸發量)의 생육단계별(生育段階別) 분포량(分布量)과 잎담배(Burley 21)수량(收量)과의 상호관계(相互關係)를 비교검토(比較檢討)하였다. 연초식물(煙草植物)의 증산(蒸散)으로 수분(水分)이 가장 많이 소모(消耗)되는 이식후(移植後) 40일(日) 에서 60일(日) 사이는 5월(月) 중순(中旬)에서 6월(月) 상순(上旬)의 한발기에 해당되었으며 이러한 생육중반기(生育中半期)의 기상요인(氣象要因)들은 전생육기간(全生育期間)(80일(日))의 기상요인(氣象要因)들보다 잎담배수양(收量)과 훨씬 더 밀접한 상관(相關)을 보였다. 특(特)히 이식후(移植後) 41일(日)에서 80일(日)사이의 기상요인(氣象要因)들과 고도의 유의성있는 상관(相關)을 나타내는 빈도가 높았다. 이와같은 결과(結果)로부터 연초식물(煙草植物)의 증산(蒸散)에의해 수분요구풍(水分要求豊)이 현저하게 증대(增大)되는 생육중반기(生育中半期)는 잎담배생산성(生産性)에 민감하게 영향을 주는 중요생육시기(重要生育時期)라는 것이 입증되었다.

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석회시용량과 시용시기가 경작지 토양산도 변화와 잎담배 수량 및 품질에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Lime Amount and Application Time on Soil pH Change, Yield, and Quality of Leaf Tobacco)

  • 정훈채;김용연;황건중
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to improve the tobacco field condition and to determine the effect of lime amount and application time on soil pH, yield, and quality of leaf tobacco. Lime was applied to the tobacco field by determined amounts according to different pH level. The changes of soil pH, growth of tobacco, yield, and quality of KF109 and Br21 tobacco were surveyed by time lapse. The target pH value in tobacco field soil can be reached at 6 weeks after lime application, and then the soil pH was lowered slightly after that time. The lime amount needed to reach target pH was decreased 40 % in the same tobacco field after 1 year. Though the initial growth rate of flue-cured tobacco in the field of pH 7.0 was lower than that of conventional tobacco field, the field of pH 7.0 showed the highest yield after the maximum growth stage. The quality of cured leaf tobacco in the field of pH 7.0 applied lime at spring season was slightly lowered compared with that in conventional. This results indicated that the best pH condition in tobacco field for the best tobacco growth was 6.5 and the proper time of lime application was fall season of previous year by application of the whole quantity.

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담배 수량과 생율시기별 건엽중과의 관계 (Relationship between Tobacco Yield and Leaf Dry Weight at Different Growing Season)

  • 김정환
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.477-482
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    • 1993
  • 담배재배기간중 잎담배수량에 영향을 주는 양적형질의 변화량과 주당엽건물이나 엽면적과의 관계, 최종수량과의 상관등을 구명하여 담배 생산성 연구의 기초자료로 이용코자 시험한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 주당엽건물량에 미치는 엽위별 엽면적의 영향력을 최대엽과 인접 4매엽면적의 합이 가장 높았으며 다음은 주당엽면적, 14매째의 엽면적순으로 나타났다. 2. 주당엽건물량에 미치는 엽이별엽건물량의 영향력은 14매째의 엽건물량이 가장 높았으며 다음은 최대엽과 인접 4매 엽면적의 합 순으로 나타났다. 3. 황색종잎담배 최종수량은 이식후 70일째의 건엽물량과 가장 깊은 관계가 있고 이식후일수 경과가 적은 시기일수록 상관도가 낮았다. 4. 버어리종 담배의 최종수량은 이식후 50일째 까지의 엽건물량과는 유의성 관계가 없었고 이후 65일일째 까지는 5% 수준에서 70일째에서는 1% 수준에서, 유의성관계가 인정되었다.

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석탄회 시용이 연초의 수량 및 품질에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Fly Ash on the Yield and Quality of Tobacco)

  • 홍순달;석영선
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.92-101
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of fly ash on the yield and quality and to determine the optimum application amount of fly ash for tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L). Two kinds of fly ash, anthracite and bituminous coal, were treated with different levels of 0, 20, 40, 60 MT/ha. Dry weights of tobacco at middle and topping growth stage were increased with application of fly ash, showing the highest dry weight at 40 MT/ha in both kinds of fly ash. It was showed that the bituminous coal had a little more effective for yield than that of anthracite. Comparing with the control, yields of tobacco applied with fly ash were significantly increased about 17.7% and 17.1% by the application of bituminous coal and anthracite, respectively. Quality of flue-cured leaves was better by application of fly ash than that of the control. The quality index was given the highest at 40 MT/ha for bituminous coal increasing by 24.6% and at 60 MT/ha fur anthracite increasing by 13.4% compared with the control. The economical efficiency considered of the yield and quality of tobacco was the highest at 40 MT/ha of bituminous. Soil pH, contents of available P2O5, organic matter, exchangeable Ca2+ and Mg2+ of soil during the growing season were increased by application of fly ash, showing more effectiveness in bituminous than that in anthracite. By the application of fly ash, the nutrients availability and the acidity of soil were reformed and they caused significantly the increase of growths yield, and quality of tobacco. By the application of lime reforming soil acidity, growth response, yields and quality of tobacco were not increased compared to the control, although the effect of reforming soil pH was remarkable.

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석탄회 시용이 연초 생육과 토양중 중금속 함량에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Application of Fly Ash on Tobacco Growth and on Accumulation of Heavy Metal in Soil)

  • 홍순달;석영선;송범헌
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 1998
  • Pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fly ash on growth responses and on accumulation of the heavy metals in soil. Two kinds of fly ash, anthracite and bituminous coal, were treated with different levels of 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 kg/pot(20L). Tobacco growth was better by application of fly ash than that by the control. However, the early stage of growth by application of bituminous coal, 1.2 kg/pot, was decreased due to the boron toxicity occurred by fly ash. Generally, tobacco yield was significantly increased with applying fly ash, showing the highest yield at 1.2 kg/pot for anthracite and at 0.8 kg/pot for bituminous coal. The content of total nitrogen in leaves was higher with fly ash than that of the control, while the content of calcium in leaves was low, Contents of heavy metal and the other minerals were not significantly different between the control and the treatment of fly ash. Soil pH after experiment was linearly increased with application level of fly ash, indicating that the application of bituminous coal was more effective than that of anthracite. Contents of available phosphate, exchangeable $Ca^{2+}$+ and $Mg^{2+}$ in soil were increased by application of fly ash, especially with bituminous coal. Contents of Cu, Cr, and Ni were increased with application level of bituminous coati even if the contents were still lower than critical levels for farming land. The other heavy metals were similar between the control and the application of fly ash.

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