• Title/Summary/Keyword: tobacco yield

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The relation between weather factors, soil water, and yield of tobacco leaf in non-mulching and mulching cultivations (나지작과 피복재배시 기상요소, 토양수분 및 잎담배 수량과의 관계)

  • 김윤동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 1983
  • In order to investigate the relation between weather factors, soil water, and tobacco yield grown by nonnulching and mulehing cultivations, a regression analysis was conducted for data collected from 8 years (1971 to 1978) for a flue-cured variety of Hicks. The soil water was calculated by Smith's method. 1 . Tobacco yield was largely correlated to soil water deficit during draught time for nonmulclung cultivation; $Y=6.146+8.6185\times-0.0925$\times2(R=0.935)^{***})$ 2. Tobacco yield was more largely correlated to soil water in flexible draght time interval than in fixed time interval during maximum growing phase.3. This field test was supposed that the optimal soil water condition was 65%field caps city. In this condition tobacco yield was 197. 1-216.5kg/10a for non-mulching cultivation. But the soil water deficit in draught season was little matter for mulching cultivation. The relation between xield and evaporation during May to June was Y: -1199.55+9.4 353$\times$:O. 0155$\times$2 (R=0.904") Maximum tobacco yield was expected to 223.6-251.4kg/10a for mulching cultivation. 5 . Tobacco required high temperature and light even in drying season (maximum growing phase) for mulching cultivation.tion.

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Prediction of Tobacco Yield by Means of Meteorological Factors During Growing Season (기상요인에 의한 잎담배 수량예측)

  • 이철환;변주섭
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to determine the time and methods of predicting tobacco yield. by analysis of climatic factors in the period of tobacco season during 8 years from 1979 to 1986 at the Daegu district, south eastern part of Korean peninsular. The results obtained are summarised as follows: 1. Climatic factors of each month which have influence on tobacco yield were the amount of rainfall in May and sunshine hours in July. Among climatic factors at tobacco growth stages, the precipitation yield. But these meteorological factors had different effect on variety. 2. Between tobacco yields and climatic factors by even values of each month, tobacco yield was estimated by equations, flue cured tobacco :Y=190.6-5.230X1+ 0.474$\times$2 + 0.142X3(Xl : Minimum temperature of April, X2: Precipitation during May, X3:Sunshine duration on July), air cured tobacco : Y= 195.3-0.447Xl + 0.363$\times$2 + 0.l12$\times$3(Xl :Maximum temperature of May, X2:Precipitation during May. X3: Sunshine duration on July). While between tobacco yield and climatic factors at different growth stage, predicting equation of yield could be derived, flue cured tobacco : Y=205.8+0.510Xl +0.289$\times$2 + 0.305$\times$3 (Xl :Average temperature during the early growth stage, X2 :Precipitation during the early and maximum growth stage, X3 : Sunshine hours during the leaf and tips maturing stage), air cured tobacco Y=194.T-0.498Xl 10.615$\times$2+0.121$\times$3(Xl ;Maximum temperature during the transplanting time, X2 : Precipitation during the maximum growth stage, X3 : Sunshine hours during the leaf and tips maturing stage).

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Prediction of Yield from Leaf weight and Leaf area (건엽중 및 엽면적에 의한 잎담배 수량예측)

  • 이철환;이병철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to determine the time and methods of predicting tobacco yield, by studying the relationship of yield components to yield. 1. The relationship between each position in leaf dry weight and approached gradually each other and also correlation coefficient of top leaf was higher than that of lower leaf. The leaf dry weight per plant was highly correlated with leaf area from 16th leaf position on stalk. Leaf dry weight of each leaf position on stalk was highly correlated with leaf dry weight per plant at 14 to 16th leaf position. 2. The correlation coefficient between leaf dry weight and leaf area per plant was higher at the late growth stage than at the early growth stage, and higher between the near stages. Correlation coefficient between leaf dry weights was higher than that of leaf areas. 3. Flue-cured tobacco yield be estimated from leaf dry weight per plant at 50 to 55 days after transplanting. 4. Air-cured tobacco yield could be predicted from leaf dry weight per plant at 60 days after transplanting.

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Studies on the Effect of Weather Factors upon the Tobacco Yields (잎담배 수량에 영향하는 기상요소에 대한 고찰)

  • Il Hou
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 1968
  • Effects of weather factors on leaf tobacco yield were studied from the yield data of flue-cured yellow tobacco variety Yellow pryer and weather recordes for 13 years from 1952 to 1964. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Leaf tobacco yield variation was large and larger coefficient of variance was calculated. 2. Yield of leaf tobacco was correlated largely to leaf number, with simple correlation coefficient r=0.736. Leaf number was correlated largely to sunshine hours during May with r=0.745, and multiple correlation coefficient R=0.837 between leaf number and multiple weather factors during May to June. 3. Leaf tobacco yield was largely affected by the sunshine hours (r=0.717) and temperature (r=0.329) in May and precipitation (r=0.421) in June. 4. From the study of partial regression of leaf tobacco yield on weather factors a formulation Y=441.664-31.255$X_1$+1.19$Y_2$-0.031$X_3$ was calculated for the estimation of leaf tobacco yield. Here R=0.8074 d.f.=7 was significant.

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Evaluation of Biomass and Nitrogen Nutrition of Tobacco under Sand Culture by Reflectance Indices of Ground-based Remote Sensors (지상원격측정 센서의 반사율 지표를 활용한 사경재배 연초의 생체량 및 질소영양 평가)

  • Kang, Seong-Soo;Jeong, Hyun-Cheol;Jeon, Sang-Ho;Hong, Soon-Dal
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.70-78
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    • 2009
  • Remote sensing technique in agriculture can be used to identify chlorophyll content, biomass, and yield caused from N stress level. This study was conducted to evaluate biomass, N stress levels, and yield of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) under sand culture in a plastic film house using ground-based remote sensors. Nitrogen rates applied were 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, and 140 percent of N concentration in the Hoagland's nutrient solution. Sensor readings for reflectance indices were taken at 30, 35, 40, 45, 50 and 60 days after transplanting(DAT). Reflectance indices measured at 40th DAT were highly correlated with dry weight(DW) of tobacco leaves and N uptake by leaves. Especially, green normalized difference vegetation index(gNDVI) from spectroradiometer and aNDVI from Crop Circle passive sensor were able to explain 85% and 84% of DW variability and 85% and 92% of N uptake variability, respectively. All the reflectance indices measured at each sampling date during the growing season were significantly correlated with tobacco yield. Especially the gNDVI derived from spectroradiometer readings at the 40th DAT explained 72% of yield variability. N rates of tobacco were distinguished by sufficiency index calculated using the ratio of reflectance indices of stress to optimum plot of N treatment. Consequently results indicate that the reflectance indices by ground-based remote sensor can be used to predict tobacco yield and recommend the optimum application rate of N fertilizer for top dressing of tobacco.

The Interrelationships between Yield, Transpiration of the Tobacco Plant, and Seasonal Meteorological Factors during the Growing Season 2. Interrelationship between Tobacco Yield and Meteorological Factors including Precipitation, Duration of Sunshine, and Evaporation during the Growing Season (연초재배기간중(煙草栽培期間中) 증산량(蒸散量) 및 수량(收量) 2. 연초생육기간(煙草生育期間)동안의 강수량(降水量), 일조시간(日照時間) 및 증발량등(蒸發量等)과 연초수량(煙草收量)과의 상호관계(相互關係))

  • Hong, Soon-Dal;Kim, Jai-Joung;Cho, Seong-Jin;Lee, Yun-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.285-289
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    • 1989
  • Interrelationships between yields of Burley 21 variety and meteorological factors such as precipitation, duration of sunshine, and evaporation in Suweon, Chungju, Daegu, and Jeonju were investigated during the growing seasons from 1976 to 1985. Cultivation period from the 41st to the 60th day after transplanting which showed the highest transpiration by the tobacco plant was corresponding to relatively dry season in Korea from the middle of May to early of June. The meteorological factors during the middle stage of the tobacco growth, especially the 41st to the 80th day after transplanting, seemed to have higher correlation with tobacco yield, than any other periods. This result implied that the middle stage of the growth when tobacco plant consume more soil moisture by transpiration proved to be a important growth stage having a great influence upon tobacco productivity.

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Effect of Lime Amount and Application Time on Soil pH Change, Yield, and Quality of Leaf Tobacco (석회시용량과 시용시기가 경작지 토양산도 변화와 잎담배 수량 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 정훈채;김용연;황건중
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to improve the tobacco field condition and to determine the effect of lime amount and application time on soil pH, yield, and quality of leaf tobacco. Lime was applied to the tobacco field by determined amounts according to different pH level. The changes of soil pH, growth of tobacco, yield, and quality of KF109 and Br21 tobacco were surveyed by time lapse. The target pH value in tobacco field soil can be reached at 6 weeks after lime application, and then the soil pH was lowered slightly after that time. The lime amount needed to reach target pH was decreased 40 % in the same tobacco field after 1 year. Though the initial growth rate of flue-cured tobacco in the field of pH 7.0 was lower than that of conventional tobacco field, the field of pH 7.0 showed the highest yield after the maximum growth stage. The quality of cured leaf tobacco in the field of pH 7.0 applied lime at spring season was slightly lowered compared with that in conventional. This results indicated that the best pH condition in tobacco field for the best tobacco growth was 6.5 and the proper time of lime application was fall season of previous year by application of the whole quantity.

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Relationship between Tobacco Yield and Leaf Dry Weight at Different Growing Season (담배 수량과 생율시기별 건엽중과의 관계)

  • 김정환
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.477-482
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    • 1993
  • The study was conducted to investigate the relationships between tobacco leaf yield and changes of leaf dry matters by tobacco growing season. In flue-cured tobacco, leaf yield was high significantly correlated with leaf dry matters from 50 days to 70 days after transplanting. In Burley tobacco, leaf yield was affected differently by the leaf dry matters according to the different growing season. High significant correlation was noted between yield and leaf dry matters at 70 days after transplanting, and having low significant correlation with leaf dry matters at 55, 60, 65 days after transplanting.

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Effect of Fly Ash on the Yield and Quality of Tobacco (석탄회 시용이 연초의 수량 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 홍순달;석영선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.92-101
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of fly ash on the yield and quality and to determine the optimum application amount of fly ash for tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L). Two kinds of fly ash, anthracite and bituminous coal, were treated with different levels of 0, 20, 40, 60 MT/ha. Dry weights of tobacco at middle and topping growth stage were increased with application of fly ash, showing the highest dry weight at 40 MT/ha in both kinds of fly ash. It was showed that the bituminous coal had a little more effective for yield than that of anthracite. Comparing with the control, yields of tobacco applied with fly ash were significantly increased about 17.7% and 17.1% by the application of bituminous coal and anthracite, respectively. Quality of flue-cured leaves was better by application of fly ash than that of the control. The quality index was given the highest at 40 MT/ha for bituminous coal increasing by 24.6% and at 60 MT/ha fur anthracite increasing by 13.4% compared with the control. The economical efficiency considered of the yield and quality of tobacco was the highest at 40 MT/ha of bituminous. Soil pH, contents of available P2O5, organic matter, exchangeable Ca2+ and Mg2+ of soil during the growing season were increased by application of fly ash, showing more effectiveness in bituminous than that in anthracite. By the application of fly ash, the nutrients availability and the acidity of soil were reformed and they caused significantly the increase of growths yield, and quality of tobacco. By the application of lime reforming soil acidity, growth response, yields and quality of tobacco were not increased compared to the control, although the effect of reforming soil pH was remarkable.

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Effects of Application of Fly Ash on Tobacco Growth and on Accumulation of Heavy Metal in Soil (석탄회 시용이 연초 생육과 토양중 중금속 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Dal;Seok, Yong-Seon;Song, Beom-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 1998
  • Pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fly ash on growth responses and on accumulation of the heavy metals in soil. Two kinds of fly ash, anthracite and bituminous coal, were treated with different levels of 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 kg/pot(20L). Tobacco growth was better by application of fly ash than that by the control. However, the early stage of growth by application of bituminous coal, 1.2 kg/pot, was decreased due to the boron toxicity occurred by fly ash. Generally, tobacco yield was significantly increased with applying fly ash, showing the highest yield at 1.2 kg/pot for anthracite and at 0.8 kg/pot for bituminous coal. The content of total nitrogen in leaves was higher with fly ash than that of the control, while the content of calcium in leaves was low, Contents of heavy metal and the other minerals were not significantly different between the control and the treatment of fly ash. Soil pH after experiment was linearly increased with application level of fly ash, indicating that the application of bituminous coal was more effective than that of anthracite. Contents of available phosphate, exchangeable $Ca^{2+}$+ and $Mg^{2+}$ in soil were increased by application of fly ash, especially with bituminous coal. Contents of Cu, Cr, and Ni were increased with application level of bituminous coati even if the contents were still lower than critical levels for farming land. The other heavy metals were similar between the control and the application of fly ash.

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