• Title, Summary, Keyword: tobacco smoking

Search Result 425, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Passive Smoking and Attitudes towards Tobacco Control Programs among Iranian Dental Students

  • Keshavarz, Hooman;Jafari, Ahmad;Khami, Mohammad Reza;Virtanen, Jorma Ilmari
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.3635-3639
    • /
    • 2013
  • Background: Conclusive evidence exists about associations between several life-threatening diseases and passive smoking. The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of passive smoking among Iranian dental students, to assess their attitudes towards tobacco control programs, and to explore the association between these two and tobacco use. Methods: In eight randomly selected dental schools, all fourth-year students were surveyed by means of a self-administered anonymous questionnaire in December 2010. The Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) questionnaire served as the data collection instrument. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) was assessed during the previous week. Chi-square test, logistic regression, and linear regression served for statistical analyses. Results: The response rate was 84% (325 students, 66% female). Exposure to ETS was reported by 74% of the participants. Men were significantly more exposed to ETS at home, and in other places than were women. Most of the students agreed on queried tobacco control policies. The lowest agreement (72%) was for banning smoking in coffee shops and teahouses. A logistic regression model showed that adjusted for gender, passive smoking at home is significantly associated with current tobacco use. A linear regression model suggested that the total score of attitudes is significantly associated with passive smoking at home, passive smoking in other places, tobacco use experience, and current tobacco use. Conclusions: The study reports high exposure to ETS among dental students, and its association with current tobacco use and attitudes towards tobacco control.

Influence of Experiences of Witnessing Tobacco Advertising and Preferences of Tobacco Companies' Social Responsibility on Current and Future Smoking Intentions in Adolescents (담배광고 목격경험과 담배회사의 사회공헌활동에 대한 선호도가 청소년의 현재 흡연과 미래 흡연의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Sung Rae;Shin, Sun Hwa;Lee, Bok Keun;Yang, Jin Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-43
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: To evaluate the influence of experiences of witnessing tobacco advertising and preferences of tobacco companies' social responsibility (CSR) on current and future smoking intentions in adolescents. Methods: Data were collected from 700 adolescents living in Korea representing 7 metropolitan cities and 8 provinces in the method of proportional random sampling. The Gallup's data collection system was adopted using 1:1 face to face interviews. The witness of tobacco advertising was determined by 'yes', or 'no' responses to three survey items and to four survey items for preferences of tobacco CSR. For statistical analysis, ${\chi}^2$ test, Fisher's exact test and logistic regression were used. Results: 98.4% of the adolescents had experiences of witnessing tobacco advertising. POP (OR=103.44, 95% CI: 8.22~1301.45) and magazine advertisement (OR=6.07, 95% CI: 1.34~22.58) had a significant effect on their current smoking. Also, POP (${\beta}$=.24, p<.001) and movie advertisement (${\beta}$=.42, p<.001) had a significant effect on their future smoking intentions. As for the preferences of tobacco CSR, cultural-art support activities (${\beta}$=.15, p=.025) and environmental purifying campaigns (${\beta}$=-.15, p=.034) had a significant effect on their future smoking intentions. Conclusion: Witness of tobacco advertising and positive responses to tobacco CSR are associated with current and future smoking intentions in adolescents.

Socioeconomic Inequality in the Prevalence of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco use in India

  • Thakur, Jarnail Singh;Prinja, Shankar;Bhatnagar, Nidhi;Rana, Saroj;Sinha, Dhirendra Narain;Singh, Poonam Khetarpal
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.11
    • /
    • pp.6965-6969
    • /
    • 2013
  • Background: Tobacco consumption has been identified as the single biggest cause of inequality in morbidity and mortality. Understanding pattern of socioeconomic equalities in tobacco consumption in India will help in designing targeted public health control measures. Materials and Methods: Nationally representative data from the India Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) conducted in 2009-2010 was analyzed. The survey provided information on 69,030 respondents aged 15 years and above. Data were analyzed according to regions for estimating prevalence of current tobacco consumption (both smoking and smokeless) across wealth quintiles. Multiple logistic regression analysis predicted the impact of socioeconomic determinants on both forms of current tobacco consumption adjusting for other socio-demographic variables. Results: Trends of smoking and smokeless tobacco consumption across wealth quintiles were significant in different regions of India. Higher prevalence of smoking and smokeless tobacco consumption was observed in the medium wealth quintiles. Risk of tobacco consumption among the poorest compared to the richest quintile was 1.6 times higher for smoking and 3.1 times higher for smokeless forms. Declining odds ratios of both forms of tobacco consumption with rising education were visible across regions. Poverty was a strong predictor in north and south Indian region for smoking and in all regions for smokeless tobacco use. Conclusions: Poverty and poor education are strong risk factors for both forms of tobacco consumption in India. Public health policies, therefore, need to be targeted towards the poor and uneducated.

Evaluation of a Specially Designed Tobacco Control Program to Reduce Tobacco Use among School Children in Kerala

  • Philip, Phinse Mappalakayil;Parambil, Neetu Ambali;Bhaskarapillai, Binukumar;Balasubramanian, Satheesan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.3455-3459
    • /
    • 2013
  • Background: Smoking and smokeless tobacco use are almost always initiated and established during adolescence. More than 80% of adult smokers begin smoking before 18 years of age. The main objective of the present study is to assess the feasibility of preventing adolescent tobacco use with the help of a specially designed tobacco control program. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey on tobacco use and related health effects was conducted using a structured questionnaire in 13 randomly selected schools in Kannur district of Kerala. These students were followed for a period of one academic year with multiple spaced interventions such as anti-tobacco awareness classes, formation of anti-tobacco task forces, inter-school competitions, supplying IEC (information, education and communication) materials and providing a handbook on tobacco control for school personnel. Final evaluation was at the end of one year. Results: There were 4,144 school children who participated in the first phase of the study. The prevalence of tobacco smoking and chewing habits were 9.85% and 2.24% respectively. Ninety-one percent had parental advice against tobacco use and only 3.79% expressed desire for future tobacco use. The final evaluation witnessed a sharp decline in the current tobacco use as 4.68%. We observed a statistically significant difference towards the future use of tobacco (p<0.001) and awareness about the ill effects of passive smoking (p<0.001) among boys and girls. Further a significantly increased knowledge was observed among boys compared to girls about tobacco and oral cancer (p=0.046). Conclusions: The comprehensive school based tobacco control project significantly reduced the tobacco use pattern in the target population. School tobacco projects incorporating frequent follow ups and multiple interventions appear more effective than projects with single intervention.

Comparison of the Factors for Attempts to Quit Smoking by Adolescent using Tobacco Cigarettes only and those Adolescents using Tobacco Cigarettes Together with Electronic Cigarettes (궐련 흡연 청소년과 전자담배를 중복 사용하는 흡연 청소년의 금연시도 영향요인 비교)

  • Park, Min Hee;Song, Hye Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.340-353
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to compare and analyze the smoking-related social-ecological factors affecting attempts to quit smoking by adolescents using tobacco cigarettes only and also those adolescents using tobacco cigarettes along with electronic cigarettes. Methods: This study, as secondary analysis research, used the raw data from the 14th Korea youth risk behavior survey 2018. The data was analyzed by frequency analysis, the Rao-scott χ2-test and logistic regression analysis when considering the complex sample's analysis. Results: On logistic regression analysis, during their first smoking period, intense physical activities and having friends who smoked were associated with significantly more attempts to quit smoking by cigarettes smokers, and their first smoking period and experiences of undergoing smoking cessation education were associated with significantly more attempts to quit smoking for dual smokers of both tobacco cigarettes and electronic ones. Conclusion: As a result of this study, we identified the need to differentiate different types of smoking cessation counseling and education according to the types of smoking in adolescents.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Chewing Gutka, Areca Nut, Snuff and Tobacco Smoking Among the Young Population in the Northern India Population

  • Goyal, Gaurav;Bhagawati, Basavaraj T
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.17 no.11
    • /
    • pp.4813-4818
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of chewing gutka,areca nut, snuff and tobacco smoking among the young population in the Northern India Population between the age of 15 to 22 years. Methods: The study was approved by the ethical committee. A total of 10 school and colleges located in the rural and urban areas was selected. A total of 1500 young individuals aged between 15 to 22 years were selected. A self-administered questionnaire was designed comprised of 14 closed ended questions about Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards consumption of areca nut, gutka and tobacco smoking that were filled by the participants. Descriptive statistics were obtained and mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentages were calculated. Data was analyzed by using SPSS. Result: A total of 1050 out of 1500 students responded to the questionnaire. A total of 227 subjects agreed that they are consuming the tobacco. Out of this, 196 (86.34%) were boys and 31 (13.65%) were girls who agreed in consumption of tobacco product. Out of 196, 150 boys (76.5%) practices the habit of smoking 1 -5 times a day and 46 (23.4% ) practice the habit of chewing areca nut and gutkha 1 - 5 times a day. Out of 31 girls, 25 girls (80.6%) practices the habit of smoking 1 -5 times a day and 6 (19.4%) practice the habit of chewing areca nut and gutkha 1 - 5 times a day. Out of 740 subjects, 530 were boys and 210 girls have full knowledge of deleterious long term effects of tobacco consumption. Conclusion:The present study concluded that young population of North India lack Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding consumption of areca nut, gutka and tobacco smoking. Here is an urgent need to take effective steps, especially on launching community awareness programs for the school children and public to educate them about the consequences of tobacco use, and on assessing their effectiveness in curbing the problem.

Changes in Smoking Status among Current Male Smokers and Factors Associated with Smoking Cessation Success (성인남성 흡연자의 흡연행태 변화와 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Jin-Seok;Kim, Yang-Jung;Kim, Won-Nyon;Hwang, Seung-Sik;Kim, Yong-Ik
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.339-345
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objectives: This study (a) investigated the rate of smoking cessation sucess for current male smokers, and (b) identified the factors that are associated with the smoking cessation success. Methods: Data were collected from four follow-up surveys of 700 current male smokers. The follow-up period was from December 2004 to June 2005. Success of smoking cessation was defined as "maintaining a smoking cessation status for six months". The demographic and socioeconomic factors included age, the household income level and, occupation. The smoking behavioral factors were composed of the amount of smoking, the duration of smoking, the age of initiating smoking, the willingness to quit, the frequency of trying to quit smoking and the smoker's attitude toward the anti-smoking policies. Results: The proportion of quitters increased from 6.6% to 11.0% during the follow-up period. The majority of quitters answered that the increase of tobacco price acted as cue to achieve smoking cessation. The age-standardized experience and success rate of smoking cessation were 16.0% (95% C.I.=13.0% to, 19.0%) and 4.5% (95% C.I.=3.0% to, 6.0%), respectively. On the multivariate analysis, success for smoking cessation was associated with the willingness to quit smoking, low prior tobacco consumption, and agreement on the tobacco price increase. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the recent anti-smoking policies provided an opportunity to quit smoking. The results of this study can be used to establish evidence for further anti-smoking policies.

Factors Affecting the Experience of Dual Use of Conventional and heat-not-burn Tobacco among Adolescents with Smoking Experience: 14th(2018) Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey (흡연경험이 있는 청소년들의 일반담배와 가열담배의 복합흡연경험 영향요인: 제14차 청소년건강행태조사를 기반으로)

  • Bin, Sung-Oh
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the factors affecting the dual smoking experience of conventional and heat-not-burn tobacco among adolescents with smoking experience. Methods: The study selected 8,691 people with experience in smoking. Data analysis used SPSS 25.0. Logistic regression was performed to identify the factors affecting the dual smoking experience. Results: In this study, the dual smoking experience rate of conventional and heat-not-burn tobacco was 16.3%. The dual smoking experience rate was 5.09 times higher than the number of smokers among friends. The lower the smoking age, the higher the smoking rate, and the longer the smoking days, the higher the dual smoking rate of heat-not-burn cigarettes. Conclusion: We need a peer-to-peer group arbitration program rather than a separate anti-smoking arbitration program for smokers.

A Study on The Effect of The Tobacco Price Raise on The Smoking Rate and Smoking Attributable Death (담배 가격인상이 흡연률과 흡연귀속사망에 미칠 영향에 대한 연구 -대도시 일부 사무직 근로자를 대상으로-)

  • Kang, Jonw-Won;Kim, Joung-Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.697-707
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study was performed to estimate the quantity of the effects of tobacco price raise on the smoking rate, and the smoking attributable deaths in Korea. The data were collected by questionnaire survey from 538 male of male workers. The questionnaire contained items on age, sex, living place, status of education, smoking history, the intention to quit smoking when the tobacco price be raised. The questionnaire, were distributed to the offices of enterprises, hospitals, research centers, and public agencies and then collected. Data were analyzed by using the age specific smoking rate, relative risks of eight major smoking related diseases, vital statistics, and the population attributable risk of deaths of smoking males. On the other hand, the impact of the tobacco price raise on the population attributable risk of death due to smoking in Korea was estimated by applying the presumed smoking rate after the price raise. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The smoking rate of male white color workers in large cities was 59.5%. 2. The proportion of male smokers who has the intention to quit smoking when the tobacco price be raised was 61.5%. 3. The proportion of male smokers who has the intention to quit smoking if the price of tobacco be raised was proportional to the degree of increasing tobacco price. It is estimated that if the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now, the presumed smoking rate goes down as low as 26.7%. If the tobacco price be raised 20% each year, presumed smoking rate is 46.2%. 4. The number of attributable male death of smoking estimated by using 8 major smoking related diseases(lung cancer, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) was 25,863 death each year. That is 20.1% of total age over 20 male deaths. 5. f the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now and all smokers who has intention to quit smoking quits smoking, 12,336 lives, or 47.7% of smoking related deaths could be saved. 6. IF the actual practice rate of quitting smoking among male smokers with intention to stop smoking when the price of tobacco be raised is 10%, 25%, or 50%, then the expected decrease of death numbers when the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now can be 1,112, 3,483, 5,796 respectively.

  • PDF

Attitudes to Smoking Cessation Interventions and Importance of Participation in Tobacco Control Policy Among Clinical Nurses (임상 간호사의 금연중재에 대한 태도와 금연정책 참여의 중요성에 대한 인식)

  • Shin, Sung-Rae;Kim, Aee-Lee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.294-303
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: To describe nurses' attitude to smoking cessation interventions and importance of participation in tobacco control policy. Method: The participants were 841 nurses practicing in hospitals of 400 beds or more and 103 members of a professional nurse's academic society. The hospitals were systematically selected to cover the whole country. The questionnaire was adopted from the 'Oncology Nurses' Tobacco Control Survey' and used after translation, Results: Nurses who were older, married, had higher positions, more education, more experience, and who worked in an OPD setting had higher mean score for attitude to the involvement of nurses in smoking cessation interventions. More than 80% of nurses agreed on the importance of nurses' participation and involvement in tobacco control policy. However, only 65.4% of nurses stated that supporting laws to increase cigarette price was important. Conclusion: Clinical nurses' attitudes to smoking cessation interventions were positive and participants supported the importance of participation in tobacco control policies.

  • PDF