• Title, Summary, Keyword: thiol group

Search Result 109, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Aminolysis of Aryl Thiol-2-furoates and Thiol-2-thiophenates in Acetonitrile

  • 오혁근;이준용;이익춘
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1198-1202
    • /
    • 1998
  • Aminolysis of aryl thiol-2-furoates and thiol-2-thiophenates with benzylainines are investigated in acetonitrile at 50.0 ℃. Relatively large selectivity parameters, ρx(βx), ρz(βx) and ρxz (> 0) together with the valid reactivity-selectivity principle are consistent with a stepwise acyl transfer mechanism with rate-limiting expulsion of the leaving group, thiophenolate anion, from the tetrahedral intermediate, T±. The first-order kinetics with respect to the benzylamine concentration and the relatively large secondary kinetic isotope effect involving deuterated benzylamine nucleophiles suggest a four-center type transition state in which concurrent leaving group departure and proton transfer are involved.

  • PDF

STM Tip Catalyzed Adsorption of Thiol Molecules and Functional Group-Selective Adsorption of a Bi-Functional Molecule Using This Catalysis

  • Min, Yeong-Hwan;Jeong, Sun-Jeong;Yun, Yeong-Sang;Park, Eun-Hui;Kim, Do-Hwan;Kim, Se-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.197-197
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, in contrast with cases in which Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) tip-induced reactions were instigated by the tunneling electrons, the local electric field, or the mechanical force between a tip and a surface, we found that the tungsten oxide (WO3) covered tungsten (W) tip of a STM acted as a chemical catalyst for the S-H dissociative adsorption of phenylthiol and 1-octanethiol onto a Ge(100) surface. By varying the distance between the tip and the surface, the degree of the tip-catalyzed adsorption could be controlled. We have found that the thiol head-group is the critical functional group for this catalysis and the catalytic material is the WO3 layer of the tip. After removing the WO3 layer by field emission treatment, the catalytic activity of the tip has been lost. 3-mercapto isobutyric acid is a chiral bi-functional molecule which has two functional groups, carboxylic acid group and thiol group, at each end. 3-Mercapto Isobutyric Acid adsorbs at Ge(100) surface only through carboxylic acid group at room temperature and this adsorption was enhanced by the tunneling electrons between a STM tip and the surface. Using this enhancement, it is possible to make thiol group-terminated surface where we desire. On the other hand, surprisingly, the WO3 covered W tip of STM was found to act as a chemical catalyst to catalyze the adsorption of 3-mercapto isobutyric acid through thiol group at Ge(100) surface. Using this catalysis, it is possible to make carboxylic acid group-terminated surface where we want. This functional group-selective adsorption of bi-functional molecule using the catalysis may be used in positive lithographic methods to produce semiconductor substrate which is terminated by desired functional groups.

  • PDF

Activation of Dihaloalkanes by Thiol-dependent Mechanisms

  • Guengerich, F. Peter
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-27
    • /
    • 2003
  • Dihaloalkanes constitute an important group of chemicals because of their widespread use in industry and agriculture and their potential for causing toxicity and cancer. Chronic toxic effects are considered to depend upon bioactivation, either by oxidation or thiol conjugation. Considerable evidence links genotoxicity and cancer with glutathione conjugations reactions, and some aspects of the mechanisms have been clarified with 1,2-dihaloalkanes and dihalomethanes. Recently the DNA repair protein $O^6$-alkylguanine transferase has been shown to produce cytotoxicity and genotoxicity by mans of a thiol-dependent process with similarities to the glutathione reactions.

Synthesis and Characterization of Chelating Resins Containing Thiol Croups (티올기를 함유하는 킬레이트 수지의 합성 및 특성)

  • 박인환;방영길;김경만;주혁종
    • Polymer(Korea)
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.330-339
    • /
    • 2003
  • Three kinds of macro-reticular bead-typed chelating resins having thiol groups were obtained from basic resins like poly(strene-co-divinylbenzene) (PSD) and poly(styrene-co-methyl methacrylate-co-divinylbenzene) (PSMD): the chelating resin (I) was prepared by chloromethylation of phenyl rings of PSD followed by thiolation using thiourea. The chelating resin (ll) was designed to provide enough space to chelate heavy metal ions; one chloromethyl group was obtained by chlorination of hydroxymethyl group provided by reduction of carboxylic ester group of PSMD and another chloromethyl group was obtained by direct chloromethylation of pendent phenyl group using chloromethyl methyl ether. Both of chloromethyl groups were thiolated by using thiourea. The chelating resin (III) was prepared by chlorosulfonation of phenyl rings of PSD followed by thiolation using sodium hydrosulfide. The adsorbtivity toward heavy metal ions was evaluated. The hydrophobic chelating resin (I) with thiol groups showed highly selective adsorption capacity f3r mercury ions. However, the chelating resin (II) with thiol groups showed mere effective adsorption capacity toward mercury ions than chelating resin (I) with thiol groups, and showed some adsorption capacity for other heavy metal ions like Cu$\^$2+/, Pb$\^$2+/, Cd$\^$2+/ and Cr$\^$3+/. On the other hand, the chelating resin (III) which have hydrophilic thiosulfonic acid groups was found to be effective adsorbents for some heavy metal ions such as Hg$\^$2+/, Cu$\^$2+/, Ni$\^$2+/, Co$\^$2+/, Cr$\^$3+/ and especially Cd$\^$2+/ and Pb$\^$2+/.

Effect of $eta$-Mercaptoethanol and Cysteamine with Buffalo Rat Liver Cells(BRLC) on Development and Intracellular Glutathione Concentrations of Bovine IVM/IVF Embryos ($eta$-Mercaptoethanol과 Cysteamine 첨가와 Buffalo Rat 간세포 공동배양이 소 체외수정란의 체외발육과 세포내 Glutathione 농도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 박동헌;양부근;황환섭;정희태;박춘근;김종복;김정익
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.277-282
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effects of thiol compounds, $\beta$-mercaptoethanol($\beta$-ME) and cystearrone with buffalo rat liver cell(BRLC) co-culture on the development and intracellular glutathione(GSH) concentrations of bovine embryos produced by in vitro inaturation(IVM) and in vitro fertilization(IVF). Bovine IVM /IVF embryos developed to 2~8 cell stage were co-cultured with BRLC in GRlaa with or without thiol compounds. The developmental rate beyond morulae stage in CRlaa containing 0, 10,25 and 50$\pi$M $\beta$-ME with BRLG were 63.0, 74.0, 72.3 and 77.1%, respectively. And the developmental rate with 0, 25, 50 and 75$\pi$M cystearnine with BRLC were 69.6, 77.6, 81.0 and 76.8%, respectively. The developmental rate beyond morulae stage of GRlaa containing thiol compound with BRLG group was higher than that of control group. The intracellular GSH concentrations of blastocysts cultured for 5 days in GRlaa containing 0 and 50$\pi$M $\beta$-ME or cysteamine with BRLG were 81.2 and 86.4, 83.2 and 84.2pM, respectively. The intracellular GSH concentrations of blastocysts in GRlaa containing thiol compounds with BRLG was slightly higher than that of control group The cell numbers of blastocysts were not difference in all experimental groups. These results indicate that thiol compounds with BRLG co-culture was increased the percentage of developed into morulae and blastocysts, and intracellular GSII concentrations of blastocysts embryos.

  • PDF

Curcumin-induced Growth Inhibitory Effects on HeLa Cells Altered by Antioxidant Modulators

  • Hong, Jung-Il
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1029-1034
    • /
    • 2007
  • Curcumin (diferuloyl methane), originated rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. has been suggested as an anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agent. In the present study, modulation of cytotoxic effects of curcumin on HeLa cells by different types of antioxidants was investigated. Cytotoxic effects of curcumin were significantly enhanced in the presence of superoxide dismutase (SOD) by decreasing $IC_{50}$ to 15.4 from $26.0\;{\mu}M$ after 24 hr incubation; the activity was not altered by catalase. The effect of curcumin was significantly less pronounced in the presence of 4 mM N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Low concentration (<1 mM) of NAC, however, increased the efficacy of curcumin. Cysteine and ${\beta}$-mercaptoethanol that have a thiol group, showed the similar biphasic patterns as NAC for modulating curcumin cytotoxicity, which was, however, constantly enhanced by ascorbic acid, a non-thiol antioxidant. In the presence of SOD, ascorbic acid, and 0.5 mM NAC, cellular levels of curcumin were significantly increased by 31-66%, whereas 4 mM NAC decreased the level. The present results indicate that thiol reducing agents showed a biphasic effect in modulating cytotoxicity of curcumin; it is likely that their thiol group is reactive with curcumin especially at high concentrations.

Synthesis and Properties of Side Chain Liquid Crystalline Polymers with Siloxane Flexible Chain

  • Park, Jong-Ryul;Bang, Moon-Soo;Choi, Jae-Kon
    • Elastomers and Composites
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.173-179
    • /
    • 2017
  • Side-chain liquid crystalline polymers having polysiloxane skeletons were synthesized by a thiol-ene reaction, using two kinds of mesogenic groups: a cholesteryl group for induction into a cholesteric liquid crystal phase and a triazomesogenic group for imparting light-sensitivity. All the synthesized polymers were crystalline, except the one with a single cholesteryl group. Crystallinity, glass transition temperature, and melt transition temperature increased with increasing content of the azomesogenic group. The polymer (P-C10A0) with a single cholesteryl group has a cholesteric phase, the one (P-C0A10) with a single azomesogenic group has a smectic phase, and those with both types of mesogenic groups showed both smectic and cholesteric phases. The temperature ranges of the two liquid crystalline phases in the co-polymers were independent of the contents of the two types of mesogenic groups. The rate of photoisomerization of the light-sensitive azobenzene group in the polymer decreased with increasing azobenzene content due to steric hindrance between the azomesogenic groups.

Can the Thiol/Disulfide Imbalance Be a Predictor of Colchicine Resistance in Familial Mediterranean Fever?

  • Omma, Ahmet;Sandikci, Sevinc Can;Kucuksahin, Orhan;Alisik, Murat;Erel, Ozcan
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
    • /
    • v.32 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1588-1594
    • /
    • 2017
  • Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a chronic autoinflammatory condition characterized by fever attacks and recurrent polyserositis. Subclinical inflammation that persists during attack-free periods can result in oxidative stress (OS) damage. Thiol groups bind to reactive oxygen radicals and protect cells and tissues from OS damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between thiol-disulfide balance and colchicine resistance in FMF patients during an attack or attack-free period. A newly developed spectrophotometric method was used to measure native thiol (NT) and disulfide (DS) levels in FMF patients and an age-sex matched group of healthy controls. NT and DS levels were compared in FMF patients 1) with vs. without colchicine resistance; and 2) during an attack (FMF-AP) vs. attack-free period (FMF-AFP). A total of 118 FMF patients and 60 healthy controls were studied. NT (P < 0.001) and total thiol (TT) (P < 0.001) levels in FMF patients were significantly lower compared to healthy controls. NT (P = 0.030) and TT (P = 0.010) levels of FMF-AP patients were significantly lower than that of FMF-AFP patients. FMF-AP patients had significantly higher DS levels than FMF-AFP patients (P = 0.039). Compared to FMF patients without colchicine resistance, elevated levels of DS (P = 0.019) but not NT (P = 0.620) and TT (P = 0.718) were found in those with colchicine resistance. Thiol-disulfide homeostasis is altered in FMF patients during an attack period and this imbalance may be associated with colchicine resistance.

Effect of Cadmium Treatment on the Total Thiol Groups, Glutathione and Phytochelatin Contents in Oenanthe javanica (카드늄을 처리한 미나리 (Oenanthe javanica)에서 전체 Thiol 잔기, 글루타치온, Phytochelatin의 농도 변화)

  • Min, Bok-Kee;Choi, Soon-Yong;Lee, Se-Yong
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.243-248
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to evaluate the usefulness of O. javanica for the phytoremediation, it was grown for 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 days and was exposed to $50\;{\mu}M\;of\;CdCl_2$ in hydroponic medium after 3 weeks. Its biomass and contents of chlorophylls were analyzed. The growth of O. javanica showed little difference between cadmium treated and non-treated groups, while its contents of chlorophylls of Cd-treated group decreased up to 50% compared to the case of non-treated group. Its accumulated cadmium concentrations were 2.1, 7.3 and $113\;{\mu}moles\;Cd/g$ dry weight in the leaf, stem and root, respectively. The total contents of thiol increased 0.5, 1 and 7 times in the leaf, stem and root, respectively, while the contents of glutathione tended to decrease by 43%, 70% and 47% in the leaf, stem and root, respectively. Using HPLC analysis, the reasonable peaks of thiol compounds in shoot and root of Cd-treated sample were compared to those of non-treated sample in O. javanica, and found to be phytochelatins. In case of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi tested as control plant, the cadmium treatment for 3 weeks resulted in the decrease of both biomass and chlorophyll up to 70% and 75%, respectively. The roots of tobacco became rotten and eventually died. These results suggested that Oenanthe javanica is cadmium-tolerant hyperaccumulator.(Received December 20, 1996; accepted March 17, 1997)

  • PDF