• Title, Summary, Keyword: thermoluminescence (TL)

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Quaternary Geology and Paleoecology of Hominid Occupation of Imjin Basin (임진강유역 구석기 공작의 고생태학적 배경)

  • Seonbok Yi
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.25-50
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    • 1988
  • The survival of rich evidence of palaeolithic occupation found in the Imjin-Hant'an River basin was possible due to many fortuitous geological conditions provided there. Formation of the basalt plain in a narrow valley system which developed during the late Mesozoic insured the appearance of a basin of sedimentation in which archaeological sites would be preserved with relatively minor post-depositional disturbance. Geomagnetic and K-Ar dating indicates that lava flows occurred during the Brunes Normal Epoch. During and after the process of basin sedimentation, erosion of the plain was confined to the major channel of the present river system which developed along the structural joints formed by the lava flow. Due to characteristic columnar structure and platy cleavage of the basalt bedrock, erosion of the basalt bedrock occurred mainly in vertical direction, developing deep but narrow entrenched valleys cut into the bedrock. Consequently, the large portion of the site area remained intact. Cultural deposits formed on top of the basalt plain were left unmodified by later fluvial disturbances due to changes in the Hant'an River base-level, since they were formed about 20 to 40m above the modern floodplain. Sedimentological evidence of cultural deposits and palynological analysis of lacustrine bed formed in the tributary basin of the Hant'an River indicate that hominid occupation occurred in this basin under rapidly deteriorating climatic conditions. From three thermoluminescence dates, the timing of hominid occupation as represented by 'Acheulian-like' bifaces apparently occur sometime during 45,000 BP. Thus, deposition of cultural layers in this basin approximately coincides with the beginning of the second stadial of the final glacial, during which the Korean Peninsula must have had provided a sanctuary for prolonged human occupation.

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Some Characteristics of Teflon-Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (테프론 열형광선량계(熱螢光線量計)의 특성(特性))

  • Lee, Soo-Yong
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 1982
  • The characteristic thermoluminescence responses of Teflon thermoluminescent dosimeters to radiations have been studied by the variation of radiation qualities as well as the high dose radiations. The change in the sensitivity of TLDs for different radiation qualities were studied through not only the photon energy dependence but also the change of supralinearity on the photon energy dependence, by exposing $^{60}Co$ gamma rays, the effective X-rays of 44keV, 69keV, 108keV, and thermal neutron of 0.04 eV. The results were as the following: The TL response of $T-CaSO_4$: Dy as a function of absorbed dose was linear up to about 5 Gy, and the response beyond 5Gy was supralinear for $^{60}Co$ gamma rays. The supralinearity of T-LiF-7 became noticeably apparent more than that of $T-CaSO_4$:Dy and also the lower the LET of radiation became the higher the supralinear effects were. No supralinearity appeared for the thermal neutron irradiations equivalent to 10Gy of $^{60}Co$ gamma rays. The relative sensitivities (Rs), which depended on the doses of $^{60}Co$ gamma rays to the TLDs of T-LiF-7 and T-$CaSO_4$:Dy could be, respectively, approximated to the following empirical formula fitted by the least square method: $$R_{LiF}=1.021-0.04581\;logD+0.402(logD)^2-0.405(logD)^3,\;\;5{\times}10^3{\geq}D{\geq}1(Gy)$$ $$R_{CaSO_4}=0.976-0.3241\;logD+0.262(logD)^2-0.298(logD)^3,\;5{\times}10^3{\geq}D{\geq}1(Gy)$$.

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Effect of Gamma Irradiation for Hygienic Long-Term Storage on Biological Activity of Teucrium veronicoides (위생적인 장기 보존을 위한 감마선 조사가 곽향(Teucrium veronicoides)의 생리활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Park, Ki-Tae;Cho, Young-Je
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.581-591
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the biological activities of gamma-irradiated Teucrium veronicoides. In photostimulated luminescence analysis, non-irradiated sample showed lower than 700 photon counts (PCs), whereas irradiated (5 and 10 kGy) samples showed higher than 700 PCs. The thermoluminescence ratio of non-irradiated samples was less than 0.1, whereas the values of irradiated samples were greater than 0.1. Electron spin resonance analysis was performed confirmed for irradiation identification. The total phenolic contents of hot-water and 50% ethanol extracts were higher than those values after irradiation at 10 kGy. Regarding 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical inhibitory activity, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging activity, antioxidant protection factor, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance inhibitory activity as antioxidant test and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, the effect of gamma irradiation had on significant effects. On the other hand, ${\alpha}-amylase$ inhibitory activity of 10 kGy-irradiated hot-water extract was 23.6% higher than that of the non-irradiated sample. Thus, gamma irradiation could be used for the long-term storage of Teucrium veronicoides.