• Title, Summary, Keyword: the Weight of Role

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The impact fracture behaviors of CFRP/EVA composites by drop-weight impact test

  • Go, Sun-Ho;Kim, Hong-Gun;Shin, Hee-Jae;Lee, Min-Sang;Yoon, Hyun-Gyung;Kwac, Lee-Ku
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.21
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2017
  • A drop weight impact test was conducted in this study to analyze the mechanical and thermal properties caused by the changes in the ratio of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) to ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) laminations. The ratios of CFRP to EVA were changed from 10:0 (pure CFRP) to 9:1, 8:2, 6:4, and 5:5 by manufacturing five different types of samples, and at the same time, the mechanical/thermal properties were analyzed with thermo-graphic images. As the ratio of the CFRP lamination was increased, in which the energy absorbance is dispersed by the fibers, it was more likely for the brittle failure mode to occur. In the cases of Type 3 through Type 5, in which the role of the EVA sheet is more prominent because it absorbs the impact energy rather than dispersing it, a clear form of puncture failure mode was observed. Based on the above results, it was found that all the observation values decreased as the EVA lamination increased compared with the CFRP lamination. The EVA lamination was thus found to have a very important role in reducing the impact. However, the strain and temperature were inversely propositional.

A Study of Perception of the Newborn, Parental Role Stress and Anxiety of Preterm Birth Mothers (조기출산 어머니의 신생아에 대한 지각, 부모역할 스트레스 및 불안)

  • Choi, Yang-Ja;Cho, Kyoul-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.493-505
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to contribute to maternal nursing in the early postpartum stage and neonate nursing. Data were collected through self-report questionaires which were constructed to include perception of the newborn scale, parental role stress scale and anxiety scale. The subjects consisted of 81 mothers of preterm babies at seven hospitals in Seoul and Kyoungki-Do, from July 15 to September 30, 2000. Data were analysed by SPSS/PC using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. The mean of perception of the newborn in the early postpartum stage was 1.35. The mean of parental role stress was 10.78. The mean of anxiety of mother was 39.74. 2. There were significant positive correlation between parental role stress and anxiety of mothers. 3. There were not significant influencing general characteristics to perception of the newborn and parental role stress. General characteristics related to the level of anxiety were economic status, expectation of pregnancy, birthing order, newborn weight. The above findings indicated that the level of parental role stress and anxiety of preterm birth mothers were correlated. Therefore nursing intervention for reducing parental role stress and anxiety should be provided for preterm birth mothers.

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Study on the design of the passenger cars bumper rail to reduce the weight (자동차 범퍼 레일의 경량화 설계에 관한 연구)

  • 김이규;조규종
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.563-566
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    • 2000
  • Recently vehicle development trend puts emphasis on cost reduction and performance improvement through weight reduction, and safety security to protect passenger and chassis against external impact. Primary factors effected on vehicle safety are chassis structure, chassis system, and safety equipment like bumper. Research in part of weight reduction is proceeding actively about prohibition of over-design and material through optimal design method. Bumper in these factors is demanded two of all factors, safety security and weight reduction. It is the part that prohibits or reduces a physical impact in low speed crash. Bumper is composed of a few parts but this study exhibits the shape of bumper rail has a role on energy absorption of safety security and weight reduction from structure analysis of bumper rail's variable shape surface.

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INFLUENCE OF ENDOGENOUS SOMATOSTATIN ON LACTATION IN RATS

  • Sun, S.S.;Myung, K.H.;Spencer, G.S.G.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.337-340
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    • 1996
  • The role of endogenous somatostatin on lactation in rats was examined by passive immuno-neutralization of Wistar rats. In one study, the rats were given either immunoglobulin raised in sheep against somatostatin, or non-specific sheep immunoglobulins by daily s.c. injection from parturition through the first two weeks of lactation. The growth of the pups was recorded by weighting every second day, and the milk yield calculated from the pup weight and weight gain. Immunoneutralization of maternal somatostatin during pregnancy had a slight effect (p < 0.05) on the mean birth weight of the pups but no subsequent effect on postnatal growth rate of the pups or milk yield ($25.32{\pm}0.88g/day$) compared with young control rats given normal sheep serum ($25.55{\pm}1.04g/day$). Similarly, passive immunization against somatostatin during lactation ($21.96{\pm}1.57g/day$) also did not affect milk yields compared with controls ($24.85{\pm}1.03g/day$). These data do not support a significant role for endogenous somatostatin in regulating milk production in lactating rats.

Role of Kupffer Cells in Vasoregulatory Gene Expression During Endotoxemia

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Lee, Sun-Mee
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.306-311
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    • 2008
  • Although hepatic microcirculatory dysfunction occurs during endotoxemia, the mechanism responsible for this remains unclear. Since Kupffer cells provide signals that regulate hepatic response in inflammation, this study was designed to investigate the role of Kupffer cells in the imbalance in the expression of vasoactive mediators. Endotoxemia was induced by intraperitoneal E. coli endotoxin (LPS, 1 mg/kg body weight). Kupffer cells were inactivated with gadolinium chloride ($GdCl_3$, 7.5 mg/kg body weight, intravenously) 2 days prior to LPS exposure. Liver samples were taken 6 h following LPS exposure for RT-PCR analysis of mRNA for genes of interest: endothelin (ET-1), its receptors $ET_A$ and $ET_B$, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), heme oxygenase (HO-1), and tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$). mRNA levels for iNOS and TNF-$\alpha$ were significantly increased 31.8-fold and 26.7-fold in LPS-treated animals, respectively. This increase was markedly attenuated by $GdCl_3$, HO-1 expression significantly increased in LPS-treated animals, with no significant difference between saline and $GdCl_3$ groups. ET-1 was increased by LPS. mRNA levels for $ET_A$ receptor showed no change, whereas $ET_B$ transcripts increased in LPS-treated animals. The increase in $ET_B$ transcripts was potentiated by $GdCl_3$. We conclude that activation of Kupffer cells plays an important role in the imbalanced hepatic vasoregulatory gene expression induced by endotoxin.

Study on the Perceived Stress of Father of High-Risk Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit(NICU) (신생아 중환자실에 입원한 고위험 신생아 아버지의 스트레스 정도에 관한 연구)

  • Sung Mi-Hae;Ahn Ran Sa;Chang Mi Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To investigate the degree and sources of stress which fathers of infants in NICU experience. Method: Eighty-five fathers of NICU infants at 5 university hospitals in Seoul volunteered to complete the Parental Stressor Scale for NICU (PSS: NICU) from September 1, to October 15, 2002. Result: Total perceived stress was 3.50±0.76. The highest score were in Parental Role Alteration (3.76±0.83) and Appearance and Behavior (3.65±1.04). The total perceived stress score (PSS), correlated significantly with method (t=3.50, p=.01), and route (F=5.30, p=.00) of feeding. Light & Sound correlated significantly with birth weight (F=3.39, p=.02), medical diagnosis(F=2.30, p=.03), plan of operation(t=2.50, p=.01), operation (t=3.80, p=.02), method (F=4.90, p=.003), and route (F=4.70, p=.00) of feeding. Infant Appearance and Behavior correlated significantly with birth weight (F=5.12, p=.01), plan of operation (t=2.50, p=.01), method (F=3.50, p=.01), and route (F=7.80, p=.00) of feeding. Parental Role Alteration correlated significantly with care of incubator (t=-.68, p=.03), method of feeding (F=2.80, p=.04) and education level of father (F=3.00, p=.05). Conclusion: Father with NICU infants were concerned mostly with parental role alteration and infant appearance. Nursing intervention should include fathers of NICU infants.

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Nutritional Efficiency in Antheraea mylitta D. during Food Deprivation

  • Rath, S.S.;Sinha, B.R.R.P.;Thangavelu, K.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 2004
  • Nutrition plays an important role in maintaining the larval health, cocoon quality and reproductive potential in Antheraea mylitta D. Nutritional efficiency greatly influenced if food is not adequate and of quality. A. mylitta silkworms were subjected to food deprivation for the period of 0 hr to 12 hrs /day to assess its effect on various nutritional parameters and indices, and its manifestation at different levels. Food ingesta, digesta, gain in body weight declined significantly at each level of deprivation, so also food utilization efficiency like consumption index (CI), growth rate (GR), approximate digestibility (AD), and efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI). This stress leads to decline in mean daily food ingesta by 16.73% to 39.76% and digesta by 28.98% to 54.01 % following a significant reduction in average daily body weight gain (27.68% to 55.09%). Food deprivation a1so caused significant loss in the silk gland weight, cocoon and shell weight (14.37% to 53.69%), lowered the fecundity (35.86 % to 83.59%) and in number of eggs laid per gram body weight, but simultaneously the number of non-chorionated eggs increased significantly.

Effect of Periodic Video Education on Knowledge about Hemodialysis, Patient Role Behavior and the Physiologic Index in Patients with Hemodialysis (주기적 영상교육이 혈액투석환자의 투석 관련 지식, 환자역할행위, 생리적 지표에 미치는 효과)

  • Suk, Yoon Mee;Park, Jong Won;Jeon, Man Joong;Kim, Chang Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.122-132
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodic video education on knowledge about hemodialysis, patient role behavior and the physiologic index in patients with hemodialysis. Methods: One-group pretest-posttest design was applied. A total of 50 patients with hemodialysis at a university hospital hemodialysis unit in Daegu participated. Periodic video education about kidney function, diet, arteriovenous fistula management, medication, and exercise was administered to them for 12 weeks at intervals of 2 weeks. Before and after the education, the participants completed the self-administered questionnaires of knowledge about hemodialysis and patient role behavior and the measures of serum potassium and phosphorus concentration, weight gain between hemodialysis sessions, and adequacy of dialysis (Kt/V). Statistical analysis was performed using paired t-test. Results: Knowledge about hemodialysis and patient role behavior were significantly different between before and after education (p<.01). For the physiologic index, serum potassium concentration and weight gain between hemodialysis sessions were not significantly different but the serum phosphorus concentration and Kt/V were significantly different between before and after education (p<.05). Conclusion: The results suggest that the periodic video education for patients with hemodialysis contributed to the change and improvement in knowledge about hemodialysis, patient role behavior, and the physiologic index.

Study on Thermal Degradation Behavior of Unidirectional Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composite Due to Isothermal Environment (고온 등온환경하의 탄소섬유/에폭시 단일방향 복합재료의 열화 예측모델 개발)

  • 정기모;최흥섭;김창호;한중원;남재도
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2002
  • Weight loss experiments have been performed for unidirectional carbon fiber/epoxy laminates under both isothermal and cyclic thermal conditions. It was found that weight losses were the result of both specimen-geometry dependent oxidative degradation and volumetric geometry dependent thermal degradation. Thermal degradation was found to play a major role in the overall weight loss process, and photomicrographs of cross-sectioned, aged specimens confirmed this fact. A method to predict the effect of isothermal environment on the weight loss was introduced and found to be in good agreement with experimental data at temperatures near Tg (glass transition temperature).

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Effects of Hexavalent Chromium on Mitochondrial Respiration of Rat Kidney and Function of Low-Molecular-Weight, Chromium-Binding Substances ($Cr^{6+}$가 흰쥐 신장세포내 미토콘드리아의 호흡에 미치는 영향과 저분자 크롬결합물질의 작용)

  • Kang, Soo-Gil;Boo, Moon-Jong;Choe, Rim-Soon
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.43-58
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    • 1989
  • To investigate the effects of hexavalent chromium on mitochondrial respiration of rat kidney, various hexavalent chromium concentrations were treated, then respiration and electron transfer enzyme activities were measured. Ultrastructural changes at state IV respiration of mitochondria were also observed. Then, to investigate protective role against hexavalent chromium in the body, low-molecular-weight, chromium-binding substances (LMCr) were purified from livers of rabbits 2hr after intravenously administrated with sodium dichromate at a dose of 74mg per kg body weight. And then, respiration rates of mitochondria treated with LMCr, hexavalent chromium containing 0.7mM chromium were measured. Hexavalent chromium decreased state IV respiration rates and electron transfer enzyme activities of mitochondria, and increased labile membrane and swelling. And partial inhibitions of condensed to orthodox conformational change were observed. Respiration rates of mitochondria treated with LMCr containing 0.7mM chromium did not differ from that of the non-treated mitochondria. But respiration rates of 0.7mM hexavalent chromium-treated mitochondria decreased by 42%, compared to non-treated mitochondria. These results suggest that LMCr may play an important role in detoxification of toxic hexavalent chromium.

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