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The Research on Multicultural Experiences Influence the Multicultural Understanding and Characteristics toward Multicultural Education of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers in Korea and the United States (한국과 미국 예비 유아교사의 다문화 관련 경험에 따른 다문화 이해 및 다문화교육 관련 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Seo, Hyun Ah;Chun, Hui Young;Wee, Su Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.69-94
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    • 2011
  • This research examines how experiences related to multicultural issues influence the understanding, perception, attitudes, and self-efficacy of early childhood preservice teachers toward multicultural education in Korea and the United States. 512 early childhood preservice teachers in Korea and the United States participated. Their multiculture-related experiences and their understanding, multiculture-related characteristics(perception, attitudes, and self-efficacy concerning multiculture) were measured using questionnaires. The key findings are as follows. First, more preservice teachers in the United States took multiculture-related courses, had experiences with children from multicultural families, traveled to other countries, and took courses with students from multicultural background than their counterparts in Korea. Second, there were no significant differences in understanding of multiculture according to their multiculture-related experiences between Korean and the United States preservice teachers. Third, there were no significant correlations between preservice teachers' multicultural experiences and perception and attitude toward the multicultural education in the United States. On the contrary, Korean preservice teachers who took classes with students from multicultural families showed better perception and attitude toward multicultural education. Regarding self-efficacy, there were no differences with varying multiculture-related experiences in the United States, whereas Korean preservice teachers who took multiculture-related courses exhibited higher degree of self-efficacy toward multicultural education.

A Study of U.S. Coast Guard(USCG) (미 해안경비대(U. S. Coast Guard)의 고찰을 통한 한국 해양경찰의 제도적 개선방안)

  • Lee, Jae-Seung;Lee, Wan-Hee;Moon, Jun-Seop
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.36
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    • pp.443-467
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce United States Coast Guard (USCG) in order to suggest a direction to advance the system of Korea Coast Guard. After the effect of United Nations on the Law of the Sea in 1994, the world is facing with new era of maritime age with emergence of new maritime border 'Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ)'. Along with new maritime era, Korea also has been facing with the conflicts caused from EEZ. Also, there is a increasing concern about maritime safety and security since people looking for maritime tourism and leisure sports are dramatically increasing in Korea. Moreover, national security matters are a big issue in Korea due to the several incidents occurred in the sea such as the attack on Yeon-Pyung Island and the sinking of Cheonan naval vessel. Arising concern on these issues in maritime space requires Korea Coast Guard to handle these effectively. However, the systematical and structural limitation of Korea Coast Guard limits the effective management of recent issues. The United States Coast Guard which is considered as one of the military force in the United States has continuously reformed and developed its system and structure to better handle the maritime safety and security issues through developing project such as the Integrated Deep Water system. Also, maritime police system and structure in the United States is different with in Korea. This study expects to suggest a way to advance the system and structure of Korea Coast Guard through examination of United States Coast Guard and comparing maritime police system and structure between Korea and the United States in order to properly deal with the maritime safety and security issues arising recently.

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Community Services Supporting Family Caregivers for the Elderly: Lessons from the Comparison between Korea and the United States (노인 돌봄 가족을 지원하는 지역사회 서비스: 한국과 미국의 비교를 통한 정책 제언)

  • Kim, Sunghee;Woo, Hyeyoung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to provide useful insights into community-level support services for family caregivers in Korea by comparing them with the services in the United States. Similar to most developed countries, life expectancy has led to rapid population aging in Korea over the last several decades. However, despite increased social needs of long-term care for the elderly, many elderly Koreans are still dependent on their family for the long-term care. Yet, existing support programs for family caregivers are very limited. As a result, family caregivers often suffer from a lack of financial resources and emotional support. In this study, we comprehensively review the extensive literature, including relevant studies and documents of community-level support services for family caregivers of the elderly at home in Korea and the United States. One of the most important differences is that compared to Korea, diverse services based on the law of NFCSP to support the family caregivers, such as counseling, organization of support group, and educating have been available in the United States since 2000. Additionally, the legal definition of family caregivers in the United State is broader than that in Korea, where family caregivers are limited to those who are related by blood or marriage. Therefore, more caregivers are eligible for support programs and benefit from the programs in the United States. The findings of the study suggest that policy makers in Korea should legislate for diverse and comprehensive services for family caregivers. Further, it is necessary to define legal terms for family caregivers more broadly to extend beneficiaries of the programs.

Comparison of Functional Independence among Community-dwelling Older Adults in Rural Areas in South Korea and the United States

  • Lee, Jia
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.540-545
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare level of functional independence and its correlates among community-dwelling older adults in rural areas between South Korea and the United Sates. Methods: The study employed a comparative and correlational design. Data were collected from 198 community-dwelling older adults in rural areas (South Korea=100, & US = 98). Functional independence, cognitive function, obesity and general characteristics were measured. Results: From both countries, approximately fifteen percent of older adults living independently had cognitive problems without any treatments. Among Korean older adults functional independence was associated with a number of chronic diseases and aging while in the United States the participants had a negative correlation with obesity and aging. Conclusion: For Korean older adults in rural areas, nurses should focus on monitoring older adults' abilities to manage chronic illness and designing self-management programs while in the United States the focus should be on healthy lifestyle programs about exercise and diet to increase functional independence.

Policies on Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the United States - Focusing on Licensing and Insurance - (미국의 보완대체의학 제도와 정책 - 면허제도와 의료보험급여를 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Byung-Mook
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.137-149
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    • 2010
  • In recent decades, as the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine in the United State have been growing rapidly, regulatory controls surrounding complementary and alternative medicine(CAM) aims to ensure patient protection against unproven practices and to provide safe and effective treatments. Regulation and policy method on licensing CAM practitioners varies across the states. Over 85% of the states have the licensing system for acupuncturists, chiropractors, and naturopaths. For acupuncture, although the requirements for formal education are various across the states, a unified written examination has been adopted by almost entire states which have acupuncturist licensing law. Medicare, the public medical insurance, does not cover CAM practices except chiropractic and biofeedback. In some states, however, Medicaid programs cover some CAM therapies including acupuncture, naturopathy, and massage therapy. 67% of Health Maintenance Organizations, the private health plans, provide at least one modality of CAM services. In conclusion, government policies have been strengthened to ensure patient protection, and will continue to integrate CAM practices that are proven to be safe and effective into mainstream health care system.

Surveys of Internet Use and Internet Users : Comparisons of Survey Results in Korea, United States, and United Kingdom (인터넷 이용현황 및 이용자 연구 : 한국.미국.영국의 조사 결과 비교 분석)

  • Rieh, Hae-Young
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 1999
  • As the Internet use increases explosively, and the information provision and services via the Internet is getting active, understanding the status of the Internet use and the Internet users' characteristics becomes necessity for organizations, corporations, and in-formation providers. This paper reviews various surveys on the Internal users and the Internal one con-ducted in Korea, the United States and the United Kingdom. By the comparisons and analyses of these survey results, this paper intended to provide visions on the future direction In the Internet service provision and the Internet uses in general.

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Age of Diagnosis of Breast Cancer in China: Almost 10 Years Earlier than in the United States and the European Union

  • Song, Qing-Kun;Li, Jing;Huang, Rong;Fan, Jin-Hu;Zheng, Rong-Shou;Zhang, Bao-Ning;Zhang, Bin;Tang, Zhong-Hua;Xie, Xiao-Ming;Yang, Hong-Jian;He, Jian-Jun;Li, Hui;Li, Jia-Yuan;Qiao, You-Lin;Chen, Wan-Qing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.22
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    • pp.10021-10025
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    • 2014
  • Background: The study aimed to describe the age distribution of breast cancer diagnosis among Chinese females for comparison with the United States and the European Union, and provide evidence for the screening target population in China. Materials and Methods: Median age was estimated from hospital databases from 7 tertiary hospitals in China. Population-based data in China, United States and European Union was extracted from the National Central Cancer Registry, SEER program and GLOBOCAN 2008, respectively. Age-standardized distribution of breast cancer at diagnosis in the 3 areas was estimated based on the World Standard Population 2000. Results: The median age of breast cancer at diagnosis was around 50 in China, nearly 10 years earlier than United States and European Union. The diagnosis age in China did not vary between subgroups of calendar year, region and pathological characteristics. With adjustment for population structure, median age of breast cancer at diagnosis was 50~54 in China, but 55~59 in United States and European Union. Conclusions: The median diagnosis age of female breast cancer is much earlier in China than in the United States and the European Union pointing to racial differences in genetics and lifestyle. Screening programs should start at an earlier age for Chinese women and age disparities between Chinese and Western women warrant further studies.

Elementary Science Textbook Analysis of Korea and the United States (한국과 미국의 초등학교 과학 교과서 분석)

  • Kim, Hyo-Nam;Park, Do-Yong
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.258-270
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    • 2009
  • Science textbook is the most frequently used teaching material in elementary schools of the United States and Korea. Elementary science textbooks of the United States and Korea are analyzed to find out the educational objectives and characteristics of contents shown in textbooks. About 100 pages each in the first grade and fourth grade science textbooks each nations are selected randomly for educational objective analysis. Life science contents of 1st to 6th grade are analyzed from elementary science textbooks of the United States and Korea. The analyzed textbooks in Korea are 'Wise life,' an integrated subject with social studies and science, and 'science.' The analyzed elementary science textbooks of the United States are Harcourt Science, which is one of the frequently used textbooks. The educational objective framework used includes science knowledge, scientific inquiry, scientific attitude, STS, and philosophy and history of science. The results show science textbooks of the United States emphasize scientific knowledge more than scientific inquiry. Korean science textbooks emphasize scientific inquiry more than scientific knowledge. Elementary science textbooks of the United States present some life science topics redundantly and expose more difficult topics than Korean.

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A Real Options Approach to Testing the Validity of Contribution to the Budget of the United States Forces Korea (실물옵션에 기반한 한·미국방예산 분담금 적정성 검정)

  • Jeong, Weon Yeol;Chae, Won Young;Choi, Moon Sub
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 2015
  • Due to the latest agreement between the military authorities of the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the United States (US) of America, Korea's annual contribution to the budget of the United States Forces Korea (USFK) rose as high as close to 1 trillion won. This seemingly prohibitive amount has led to the questioning of military critics regarding determination criteria, wholesomeness of cost, alignment of incentives, and implementational transparency, etc. As these sources of mistrust can potentially undermine the congruence of alliance, we attempt to devise a scientific means to test the validity of Korea's budget contribution. Specifically, we use the real options approach (ROA) to estimating the interval of the fair prices of maintaining the USFK. We consider the USFK as an insurance against foreign incursions, and this enables us to assume their role as a put option. Upon a hypothetical war breakout, the daily cumulative size of the Korean economy is estimated by implementing the simulated loss ratios of assets and population. As a result, the strategic value (put premium) of the USFK is exponentially higher the sooner the US forces are augmented following an intrusion. Also, Korea's payments toward the USFK in 2011 and 2012 appear theoretically fairly valued.