• Title, Summary, Keyword: the Role of Leader

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Agreement in self-other ratings of leader effectiveness: The role of dark side personality (팀 리더의 수행에 대한 자기-타인 평정간 비교 : 어두운 성격을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Myoung So;Han, Young Seok;Cho, Inchul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.5497-5507
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dark side personality traits on self-other rating agreement in leader effectiveness. Data were collected from 80 team leaders and their peers in college. Peers who conducted a team project were asked to assess performance of their team leaders on leader effectiveness, task performance, and contextual performance. The leaders were also asked to self-rate their performance on the same measures. Results indicated that there was disagreement of perceptions about personality traits between leader's self-ratings and the rating of others. First, leaders considered their own Bold, Diligent behaviors as positive influence on their leadership-related criteria, whereas peers of these leaders provided negative ratings. Also, leaders viewed Leisurely and Cautious characteristics as unrelated or negative to performance, whereas peers perceiveed these personality traits as positive to performance. Suggestions for future research were provided based on the findings.

A Study on the Influence of Servant Leadership and Trust in Leader on Organizational Performance (서번트 리더십이 상사신뢰와 조직성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Yeon
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.131-154
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    • 2009
  • In this study, an analysis has been conducted as to; (i) what factors affect organizational members trust in leader (ii) how does members trust in leader affect the variable of organizational performance in an organization. In order to attain the objective of this study, a model was established and also the hypothesis was verified on the basis of preceding studies. The findings of this study could be summarized as follows: 1. Servant leadership which is considered as preceding factors affecting trust in leader, were found to have a positive relation with trust in leader. 2. In connection with the role of trust, its mediator effect between its preceding factor and outcome variables was verified. As a result of the analysis, it was verified that servant leadership and trust in leader affected outcome variables not only directly but also indirectly through trust. 3. As a result of analyzing the effect that the trust in leader has on outcome variables, the trust in leader was found to have a positively significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment and job satisfaction.

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The Structural Relationships of Farm Village Leader's Leadership, Conflict Management between Villagers and Farm Village Business Performance (농촌마을지도자의 리더역량과 주민 간 갈등관리 및 농촌마을 사업성과 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Ahn, Dong-Seop;Lee, Byung-Jun;Jeong, Ahn-Seong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.356-369
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    • 2020
  • Farm village business performance may be influenced by village leader's leadership and conflict management between villagers, so the objective of this study is to analyze the relationships among farm village leader's leadership, conflict management between villagers and farm village business performance. The questionnaire was performed for 376 villagers in Jeollabuk-do Province. The collected data was analyzed by structural equation model and Sobel test. The result shows that farm village leader's leadership such as human-relationship ability, management ability, communication skills, and industrial knowledge ability have statistically significant positive effects on the conflict management between villagers. The conflict management between villagers also showed a statistically significant positive effects on the social and economic performance. The farm village leader's leadership such as human-relationship ability, sensibility·awareness ability, management ability, communication skills, industrial knowledge ability showed no statistically significant effects on the social and economic performance. But, they showed a statistically significant effects on the farm village business performance in indirect manner with the mediating effect of the conflict management between villagers. It is worthwhile that in this study, the effect of village leader's leadership on the conflict management between villagers and farm village business performance was verified, and then, it is meaningful to present the role and importance of farm village leader's leadership.

Contact Frequency and Psychological Distance between Leaders: Job Distress and Mediation through Employees' Perceived Self-Leadership (리더와의 접촉빈도와 심리적 거리가 직무 디스트레스에 미치는 영향: 구성원이 인지하는 셀프리더십의 매개효과)

  • Yang, Hoe-Chang;Jeon, Jun-Ho;Park, Jong-Rok
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - This study aims to investigate a solution to reduce the negative reactions arising from the performance of duties or the job distress of workers in the service industry, because human resource statistics regarding workers in the service sector have been unreported, while concerns regarding exposure to emotional exertion and poor working conditions have been continuously increasing. Research design, data, and methodology - This study specifically focused on workers in highway service areas. It differs from previous studies because it involves the perspective of the person-organization fit and regards workers' cognition of leaders through the psychological distance toward the leader and the contact frequency between workers and leaders within the framework of the leader-individual fit. Moreover, this study highlights the role of the self-leadership of workers as an important factor that becomes manifested in the individual-level fit to the organization. Hence, this study investigates whether the positive role of the above factors, in turn, could reduce job distress. Workers from highway service areas in Gyeonggi-do province provided data; 141 valid questionnaires are collected. SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 19.0 were used to test the reliability and validity of constructs. Simple regression, multiple regression, and 3 step mediation tests were used to test the hypotheses after the correlation tests. Results - Results indicated that leader-member contact frequency and psychological distance have negative effects on job distress but positive effects on self-leadership. A mediation test revealed that self-leadership, in the relationships between contact frequency and job distress and between psychological distance and job distress, resulted in partial mediation and full mediation, respectively. Conclusions - The result can be understood through two different possible explanations. First, service area workers generally possess a positive perspective toward their leaders. This can be interpreted to mean that increased contact frequency and psychological distance would be considered as supports from the leader, rather than intrusive controls or management schemes. Therefore, the management in highway service areas should invest efforts in increasing contact frequency as well as maximizing psychological similarities by adopting the viewpoints of workers in terms of moral and ethical management, to reduce the workers' job distress. The results relating to self-leadership also indicate that increased contact frequency must be accompanied by intentions for the effective promotion of workers' self-leadership. It also signifies the necessity of a strategic approach by leaders to induce workers to perceive "in-group"ness as suggested both by the similarity-attraction theory and by the social identity theory. In addition, the results of the mediation test of self-leadership indicate that because workers' self-leadership activates upon increased contact frequency by the leader, it should not be a means of control and should not be utilized only from the perspective of management. It is also suggested that strategies such as transfer of authority could have a positive effect in promoting the expansion of self-influence from workers.

Role of Project Owner in OSS Project: Based on Impression Formation and Social Capital Theory (오픈소스 소프트웨어 운영자 역할이 성과에 미치는 영향: 인상형성과 사회적 자본 이론을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Saerom;Baek, Hyunmi;Jahng, Jungjoo
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.23-46
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    • 2016
  • With the increasing socio-economic value of an open collaboration over the Internet, it has become significantly important to successfully manage open source software development program. Most of the previous research have focused on various factors that influence the performance of the project, but studies on how the project owners recognized as "leader" affect the outcome of the project are very limited. This research investigates how individual and governance characteristics of an owner influences the performance of project based on impression formation and social capital theory. For a data set, we collect 611 Repositories and the owner's data from the open source development platform Github, and we form knowledge sharing network of an each repository by using social network analysis. We use hierarchical regression analysis, and our results show that a leader, who exposes a lot of one's personal information or who has actively followed and showed interests to communicate with other developers, affects positive impacts on project performance. A leader who has a high centrality in knowledge sharing network also positively affects on project performance. On the other hand, if a leader was highly willing to accept external knowledge or is recognized as an expert in the community with large numbers of followers, the result show negative impacts on project performance. The research may serve as a useful guideline not only for the future open source software projects but also for the effective management of different types of open collaboration.

Effect of Leader-member Exchange on Affective Commitment and Continuance Commitment: The Mediating Role of Job Stress (리더-부하간 교환관계(LMX)가 정서적 몰입과 근속적 몰입에 미치는 영향: 직무스트레스의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Chah, Dong-Ok;Kim, Jeong-Sik;Kwak, Sin-Keun;Shin, Yuh-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.353-364
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of leader-member exchange(LMX) on employee's affective commitment and continuance commitment focusing on the mediating role of job stress. On the basis of theoretical linkages between the constructs, a conceptual model and hypotheses were established. The sample included 482 employees. Structural equation modeling(SEM) was employed to test the hypothesized relationships in the conceptual model. This study shows that the proposed model is reasonably fit to the actual data. Empirical results indicate that LMX has a negative impact on employee's job stress, has a positive impact on employees' affective commitment and continuance commitment. Employees' job stress has partially mediated effect on the relationship between LMX and employees' affective commitment, but has not mediated effect on the relationship between LMX and employees' continuance commitment.

Cohesiveness of Internet Based Virtual Teams in the e-business: Roles of Various Types of Leadership

  • Hahm, SangWoo
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2018
  • A virtual team consists of various members with a range of professional skills. An IT virtual team can confer such advantages as improving creativity and solving problems in e-business. However, virtual teams are less cohesive than off-line based teams, at least partly because they do not meet face-to-face to solve problems. If the cohesion of the members in a team is weak, overall performance can decrease. Therefore, this study seeks to understand the specific types of leadership needed to increase the cohesiveness of the members in a virtual team. Leadership is the most important factor for the successful operation of a virtual team. Leaders engage members with goals, and motivate them by creating positive relationships. This study describes the idealized influence of transformational leadership in which a leader directly engages members in a goal, and the role of participative goal setting in which members set their own goals. In addition, this research demonstrates the benefits of a positive attitude of a leader towards their team members and the influence of leader-member exchanges. If the cohesion of virtual teams is improved through specific leadership, the team members will be more committed to their teams and work, and the team's performance will improve. Furthermore, the successful operation of virtual teams will provide an opportunity for companies in e-business to gain a competitive advantage in the contemporary environment, where creativity is important.

Project Team Leader's Roles and Team Performance (프로젝트 팀 리더의 역할과 팀성과)

  • 김영배;차종석
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.123-144
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    • 1994
  • This Study has empirically examined the relationship between the role of R & D project leaders and their team performance using data from 87 project teams in 6 R & d organizations. The results reveal that : 1) R & D project leaders play five different roles for performing their jobs-strategic plannar, team builder, gatekeeper, expert and champion : 2) all but the champion role of leaders are positively associated with project team performance unless they have too short team tenure to materialize their role efforts : 3) However, the relationship between the role of leaders and project team performance varies according to characteristics of their team and project tasks. More specifically, it becomes more important for leaders to focus on gatekeeping and championing roles as their team gats older. Team building role of leaders is more important for higher performance of relatively certain R & D projects, while for uncertain R & D projects gatekeeping role appears to be more important.

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Characteristics of Construction Managers' Roles from the Perspective of Leader's Roles - Focused on Design Stages - (리더 역할 관점에서의 CM단장 역할 특성 분석에 관한 연구 - 설계단계를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2011
  • Since early 2000s, the importance of CM services has been increasingly recognized and the CM market is continuously growing. As a consequence, the number of CM companies has increased, which means keener market competition. In order to increase their competitiveness, it has been a major task for CM companies to employ and foster competent construction managers who can play a role of efficient project leaders. The objective of the paper is to analyze key characteristics of construction managers' roles during design stages from the perspective of leader's roles including strategic planner, team builder, gatekeeper, expert, champion.

IPA of Leadership Competency in the Rural Leader's Role (농촌지역사회 리더의 역할지위별 리더십역량 중요성취도분석)

  • Park Eun-Shik;Lee Chae-Shik;Ko Jeong-Sook;Cho Young-Sook;Hwang Dae-Yong;Park Duk-Byeong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze leadership competency in the rural leader roles. The data were derived from 317 leaders in 97 rural communities by questionnaire. SPSSWIN/ver10 was adopted t-test and IPA (Importance-Performance Analysis) methods employed. The major findings of this study were as follows; Rural leaders should concentrate on developing coaching/feed back, program management skills, and presentation skills. Administrative head of village should pay attention to benchmarking, brand development and conflict resolution rather than resident management, service knowledge, and making relationships. Leaders of village development council should concentrate on brand development, benchmarking, and educating residents. Head of women's organizations should concentrate on developing assessments, educating residents, and resolving conflict skills, whereas members of Samaeul organization should try to concentrate on program management, coaching/feed back and presentation skills. Rural leaders showed different leadership competency by the IPA. Therefore, this study suggested that leadership education for rural leaders should consider leadership competency.

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