• Title, Summary, Keyword: the Role of Leader

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A Study on Queen Elizabeth II's Dress : Focusing on the Dress and Role Enactment

  • Cho, Youn-Yung;Yang, Sook-In
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 2010
  • As an influential political leader, Queen Elizabeth II holds the link between past queens and today's women political leaders and her dress represents so much in accordance to her role. It is important to analyze the dress and role enactment of Queen Elizabeth II in order to provide a guide to the future women political leaders all over the world. The Queen's dress helps her show tradition which has developed over one thousand years of history. She represents Britain to the world focusing on national identity and unity. The Queen always distinct herself from the rest of the world to show the pride of British Monarch, but when she is visiting other counties for diplomatic relationships she would surely show a friendly gesture on her dress to assimilate herself with that country. Also, same as all other women, the Queen seeks practicality in her dress. Therefore, I was able to classify the Queen's dress into jive groups as a way of role enactment. They are tradition, representation, distinction, assimilation, and practicality.

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A Study on the Satisfaction of Training of Security Guard Leader (경비지도사의 교육훈련만족도와 발전방안에 관한 연구 -일반경비지도사 기본교육훈련을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Sang-Won
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.5
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    • pp.243-261
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    • 2002
  • The role of security guard leader, it cannot be too emphatic as security supervisor who are training security guards and leading. It is also important that security guard leader make activity to a profession of private security by a professional training. An object of this study present satisfaction of training and make clear a developing plan positively through a survey about basic training of security guard leader. A method of this study, This paper used theoretical study, literature study and analyzed data of survey. This study will lead a important of private security of korea suggested a developing plan about training of the security guard leader by a following study.

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An Examination of a Model for the Relationship between Social Exchange Level(POS and LMX) and Industrial Accidents (조직 내 사회적 교환관계 수준이 산업사고에 미치는 효과모델 검증)

  • Kim, Hyung-Soo;Yang, Byung-Hwa;Oah, She-Zeen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.100-105
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    • 2002
  • This study proposed and examined a model in which perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange are linked to safety communication safety commitment, and accidents. In addition, a moderating effect of role overload in the relationship between safety communication and safety commitment and that of performance monitoring in the relationship between safety commitment to accidents. Data were collected from 193 workers in a railroad company. The results indicated that the goodness of fitness of the proposed model was acceptable. More specifically, both perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange were significantly related to safety communication and safety communication was, in turn, significantly related to safety commitment which was ultimately related to accidents. Also, the moderating effects of both role overload and performance monitoring were found. Implications of these findings for safety and the possible roles of variables in the organizational level are discussed.

The Effect of Leader Emotional Labor on Followers' Work Engagement : Examining the Role of Followers' PsyCap and Quality of LMX (리더의 감정노동이 부하의 직무몰입에 미치는 영향 : 심리적 자본과 상사-부하관계의 효과 연구)

  • Kong, Joon-Seo;Woo, Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.422-445
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    • 2016
  • Almost all research on emotional labor has focused on how services workers use emotional labor. However, this study examined that leaders' emotional labor influence follower's outcomes. Especially, this study tested how the leader emotional labor influence followers' work engagement and mediating role of PsyCap between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. In addition, this study investigated the quality of LMX as moderator the relationship between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. The SPSS 24.0 and AMOS 24.0 was used in this study. The results collected from 469 employees in domestic large Telecom and their related companies revealed that leader emotional labor positively influence followers' work engagement and PsyCap. Especially, leader deep acting and surface acting positively influence followers' work engagement, but not display of genuine emotion, and leader deep acting only positively influence followers' PsyCap. Furthermore, followers' PsyCap partially mediated the relationship between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. Finally, the quality of LMX as moderator in link between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement showed when followers in high-quality LMX. Implication and suggestion for future study are discussed.

A Duet of Leadership by Leader and Member: The Synergy Effects of Leader Transformational Leadership and Transformational Leadership Shared by Members on Team Effectiveness (리더와 구성원의 리더십 이중주: 팀에서 리더의 변혁적 리더십과 구성원의 변혁적 리더십의 상호작용)

  • Kim, Moon-Joo;Lee, Jiye;Yoon, Jeongkoo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.55-85
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    • 2013
  • The present study examines the effects of transformational leadership exercised by team leader and transformational leadership shared by team members on team creativity and team performance at the team level. A growing body on leadership research highlights the role of team leadership in work organizations. In team settings, studies have focused exclusively on individual leaders who occupy formal leadership positions and exercise vertical influence over team members. In contrast to this traditional approach, shared leadership highlights a horizontal influence process where leadership is collectively carried out by team members. In this shared form of leadership, members actively participate in the leadership process and horizontally influence other team members. This mutual influence among team members constitutes a critical condition for the success of team-based organizations. The ability of team members to work together as a team is the key to the overall functioning of the team organization. To verify the effect of two leadership styles, we analyze the effect of a leader's transformational leadership and members' shared transformational leadership on team creativity and team performance for the same team. This study also predicts that the transformational leadership shared by members will moderate the effects of leader transformational leadership on team performance and creativity. Our findings show that both leaderships have a positive effect on team performance. However, the main effect of a leader's transformational leadership on team creativity is not significant when members' transformational leadership is employed into the model. With the effect of leader transformational leadership controlled for, the main effects of the transformational leadership shared by members on team creativity and performance are significant. In addition, we also found the significant moderation effects of member transformational leadership by leader transformational leadership on team creativity. Based on these findings, we strongly recommend that team based organizations shift the leadership focus from the leader focused leadership model to the shared leadership model. We also discuss managerial implications of our findings in details.

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The Influence of Popular Culture in the Fashion Politics Phenomenon of Leader (리더의 스타일에 표현된 패션 폴리틱스 현상이 대중문화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mikyung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.88-105
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of popular culture in fashion politics phenomenon of leader. As study methods the literature study concerning fashion phenomenon and nature of popular culture were used for theoretical background and visual data from magazine, news paper, and internet were used for exploratory study. The results of this study are as follows. First, fashion politics phenomenon of leader in fashion merchandising through the marketing strategy is characterized as commercial profit. These characteristics enable the fashion industry and popular culture affect the formation to provide opportunity. Second, the fashion politics phenomenon of leader projected through mass media are the fashion icons and strong role models that are copied by consumers, conformity the popular, set a powerful fashion trend. The conformity by the mechanism of the interaction of the public will contribute to the formation of popular culture. Third, Semotics symbolism expressed in the fashion politics phenomenon of the leader, the intended message is communicated to the public by creating a positive image. Positive image of the leader of the public support and acceptance is the power to create.

The Effect of Authentic Leadership and Psychological Contract Breach on Organizational Cynicism: Focusing on the Moderated Mediation of Followers' Identification with the Leader

  • Kim, Yesung;Shin, Je-Goo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1-29
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    • 2017
  • This study sets out to verify the moderated mediation of followers' identification with the leader on the indirect effect of authentic leadership on organizational cynicism via psychological contract breach. A total of 279 responses from employees at companies with more than 500 employees and of diverse industries were used for analysis. Our findings showed that authentic leadership (X) had a negative indirect effect on organizational cynicism (Y) via psychological contract breach (M), and that this indirect effect was negatively moderated by identification with the leader, thereby identifying its role as a moderating mediator. Further verification revealed that the indirect effect ($X{\rightarrow}M{\rightarrow}Y$) was conditional upon the value of the moderating variable, where identification with the leader had a significant effect in the 25%, 50%, 75%, 90% levels, but not in the 10% level. The findings of this research empirically verified that greater exertion of authentic leadership lowers psychological contract breach among organization members and, consequently, organizational cynicism. In particular, this effect was stronger when the organization member identified him/herself more strongly with the leader. Our findings extend the body of knowledge on the relationship between authentic leadership and organizational cynicism and expands the possibilities for future research.

The Antecedents and Outcomes of the Differentiation in Leader-Member Exchange(LMX) within a Team: Team-Level Analysis (팀 내 리더-구성원 교환관계(LMX) 분화의 원인과 결과 : 팀 수준 분석)

  • Sim, Deok-Seop;Yun, Su-Geol;Jo, Seong-Il
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.193-212
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    • 2005
  • Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) model of leadership has suggested that members within the same work team are differentiated in terms of their level of the quality of leader member relationships. However, the differentiation in leader member relationships has not been examined for its possible team-level effects. In this study, the possible impact of this role differentiation on team members' affective reactions was explored. As hypothesized, teams whose members experienced higher level of LMX tended to have higher overall job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and team efficacy. Contrary to expectation, however, the team-level mean on LMX was not related with team-level variability on LMX. Based on these findings, several theoretical and practical Implications are discussed.

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Antecedents of Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Mediating Role of Leader-member Exchange (조직시민행동의 선행요인에 관한 연구: LMX의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Ung Hee;Kim, Hye Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 2015
  • The main purpose of this study was to find antecedents of organizational citizenship behavior(OCB) and to investigate the mediating role of leader-member exchange(LMX). This study categorized the factors that influence OCB and LMX into individual(distributive and procedural justice), group(transformational leadership and team empowerment), and organizational levels(complexity). A total of 773 cases were used in this study, which were collected in one of industrial complexes. The research participants were any employees who participated in their work by collaborating with their co-workers. This study found that procedural justice, transformational leadership, and team empowerment had positive influences on OCB, and distributive justice, procedural justice, transformational leadership, team empowerment, and complexity significantly influenced LMX. Moreover, LMX played a mediating role in the relationship between each of the five input variables and OCB.

The Effects Manufacturing Company's Leader-Member Exchange on Employee's Job Commitment and Safety Behavior (제조업체에서 상사-구성원 교환관계가 부하직원의 직무몰입과 안전행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2016
  • In manufacturing company, safety is a important issue because it can cause many cost and problems of company. So reduce safety accident can increase manufacturing company's productivity. Safety accident has close relationship with employee's behavior, which is 'safety behavior'. In this study, researcher try to find out role of leader-member exchange and employee's job commitment effect on safety behavior in manufacturing company. A total of 279 responses were collected from manufacturing company's employees. The result of this empirical study show us that leader-member exchange has positive effect on employee's job commitment and safety behaviot. And job commitment has positive effect on safety behavior. Base on this empirical result, researcher provide critics and manageric implication for manufacturing companies.