• Title, Summary, Keyword: the Role of Leader

Search Result 223, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Emerging Role of Primary Leader in Group Interaction with Mechanics Problems During Upper-level Mechanics Course

  • Ha, Sang-Woo;Cheong, Yong-Wook;Byun, Tae-Jin;Lee, Gyoung-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.291-303
    • /
    • 2009
  • According to social constructivism, group interaction is very important when students construct their knowledge. Many researchers have developed methods of teaching on the basis of group interaction because they recognized the importance of group interaction. There are a large variety of issues related to group interaction including group size, the gender and ability composition of groups, seating arrangements, textbook use, gestures, and role assignments. However, research on group interaction in science learning is still insufficient. In this study, we focused upon the emerging role of the primary leader. We investigated the primary leader's diverse role when students are solving mechanics problems. The participants were one group composed of three students in an upper-level mechanics class. To analyze these students' group interactions, their verbal interactions during meetings were videotaped and audiotaped during one-semester period. We also conducted interviews with the three students and analyzed their reports. As a result, we could find a special student who had the role of primary leader. We could also find the leader's three different leadership roles in different problem situations by inductively; explainer, facilitator and evaluator. Group interaction had different aspect according to the different role of leaders. The group interactions were the most active when the leader played the role of facilitator.

The Effect of Empowering Leadership on Leader-Member Exchange, Leader Trust and In-role Behavior (임파워링 리더십이 리더-구성원 교환관계, 리더신뢰 및 역할 내 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyu-Yong;Song, Jung-Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.11
    • /
    • pp.594-610
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this study, we examined the impact of empowering leadership on leader-member exchange(LMX), leader trust, and in-role behavior. The role of LMX and leader trust in the relationship between empowering leadership and in-role behavior was verified. We surveyed 289 small and medium enterprises in Yangsan, Ulsan and Gyeongju city. SPSS 18.0 was used for overall descriptive statistics and exploratory factor analysis. AMOS 18.0 was used to conduct confirmatory factor analysis to confirm the validity of the research variables and to conduct a covariance structure analysis to verify the research hypothesis. The result of this study were as follows. First, empowering leadership has a significant effect on LMX, leader trust. Second, empowering leadership did not have a significant effect on in-role behavior. Third, LMX has a significant effect on leader trust and in-role behavior. Fourth, leader trust has a significant influence onin-role behavior. Finally, LMX and leader trust play a mediating role in the relationship between empowering leadership and in-role behavior. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that the LMX and leader trust should be strengthened through the leader's empowering leadership in order to enhance the employee's in-role behavior.

An Empirical Study on the role of Leader-Member Exchange on the relationship between Justice Factors and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (조직공정성과 조직시민행동의 관계에 있어서 상사-부하간 교환관계의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Hee;Lee, Byeong-Jin;Park, Dong-Jin;Lee, Young-Uk
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.61-77
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior through the role of leader-member exchange. It is expected that leader-member exchange was mediated on the relationship between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior. According to this result. leader-member exchange mediate between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior, also justice factors direct effected to organizational citizenship behavior. Resultingly organizational citizenship behavior effected on justice factors and leader-member exchange. And mediated effect of leader-member exchange was positively related to between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior As a result, this study is to be more useful to manage employees in organization.

  • PDF

The Effect of Performing Leader's Role on Academic Achievement and Satisfaction in Small Group Collaborative Learning in Virtual Reality (가상현실을 활용한 소집단 협력학습에서 팀 구성원으로서의 역할 수행이 학업성취도와 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi Hwa
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.15 no.11
    • /
    • pp.67-76
    • /
    • 2017
  • To conduct research using small group learning with advanced technology in school, small group collaborative learning was conducted in virtual reality called Second Life for high school history class to verify the effects of the role of group members (leader, group member) in collaborative learning activities in this study. Two classes of the second grade of high school were selected randomly and 20 groups were also randomly assigned, and each group was consisted of three members (1 leader and two group members). Academic achievement and satisfaction with academic activities were used to verify the effect of the role as measurement tools, and collected quantitative data were tested by independent sample t. As a result, it was found that performing the role of leader in collaborative learning activities in virtual reality was effective in promoting enhancing students' academic achievement and increasing satisfaction level. Lastly, utilization and improvement of small group collaborative learning using virtual reality in the field of education were discussed.

The role type analysis of nursing leader for effective environment at the practice field that nursing students recognize - Q methodology - (간호 대학생이 인식하는 실무현장의 효과적 환경을 위한 간호리더자의 역할유형분석)

  • Sim, In Ok;Song, Geon Woo;Lee, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.7801-7811
    • /
    • 2015
  • Nursing students do a variety of learning at the practice field during clinical practice. They can recognize the importance and effectiveness of nursing leader. The purpose of this study was to categorize the types by analyzing what are important aspects of nursing leader's role to make effective practice environment nursing students experienced from training course. This research was used Q methodology to understand how nursing students recognize deeply. Participants were involved 30 nursing students who have experienced nursing practices. Q samples included 36 statements gathered from interviews with students who experienced clinical practices and literatures regarding types of nursing leader's role. Furthermore, major factors were analyzed and categorized by using QUANL PC program. As a result of research, there are 4 types of nursing leader's role. The first type is "Maintaining justice and level-headed", the second type is "Creating environment for motivation", the third is "Respecting character and growing capacity up" and the fourth is "Relationship center through confidence". Through the research process, this study is about to make evidences by understanding role of nursing leader for effective environment of practice field.

A Study on Self-Efficacy and Role Conflict of 4-H Leaders (학생4-H 지도교사의 자기효능감 및 역할갈등에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chae-Shik;Kim, Sung-Soo;Choe, Yeong-Chang
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.69-81
    • /
    • 2005
  • The objectives of this study were to measure role conflict of 4-H leaders and to verify the differences of role conflict and self-efficacy according to individual characteristics. The data were collected from 99 leaders who took charge of guiding 4-H youth organization in school as teacher advisor. The statistical techniques used for this study were frequency, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and correlation. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) The 4-H leaders had some role conflict and role ambiguity in guiding youth activities in the school. 2) The leader advisor group with teaching experience of $5{\sim}9$ years showed higher role conflict and lower role ambiguity. 3) The 4-H leaders with age over 45 felt higher role conflict and lower role ambiguity. 4)The leaders' self-efficacy was positively correlated with self esteem, and negatively associated with role ambiguity.

  • PDF

A Qualitative Study on the Teachers' Professional Learning Communities (교사의 전문성 개발을 위한 학습모임에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Joo, Hyun-Jun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.460-475
    • /
    • 2010
  • Professionalizing the teaching workforce has been recognized as one of the primary factors to reforming public education. In response to this challenge, it has been emphasized that an educational leader's role is to support professional learning communities more effectively. Although the academia of educational administration has increasingly drawn the significance of a teacher's professional development, understanding of an educational leader's role and contribution to this effort is quite limited and unclear. This article examines what factors and barriers affect teachers' participation in professional learning communities from the voices and experiences of teachers. The analysis found 1) identification, 2) autonomous will, 3) practical solution for factors to participation and 1) lack of theoretical foundation, 2) financial burden, 3) insufficient time for barriers to participation. In conclusion, the author suggests the strategies for an educational leader who has an important role in developing a teacher's professionalism: 1) create a strong network of university professors and other experts for career advice, 2) make an institutional effort to stimulate teachers' motivation to learn; 3) decrease the teachers' workload, 4) build a synthesized and consolidated system to establish communities.

Effects of Opinion Leader Behavior on E-learning Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Social Intelligen (오피니언 리더의 행위가 온라인 학습에서 콘텐츠 만족도와 운영 만족도에 미치는 영향: 사회적 지능의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Moon-Kyo;Bae, Eun-Gyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.5
    • /
    • pp.346-356
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of opinion leader behavior on E-learning satisfaction on the mediating role of social intelligence. For the study, opinion leader behavior were defined two groups such as information mediated behavior, influence behavior and e-learning satisfaction were defined two groups such as contents satisfaction, operation satisfaction. On the basis of theoretical linkages between the constructs, a conceptual model and hypotheses were established. Data were collected from 153 graduated students by structured questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed by PLS(Partial Least Square) statistics program and findings are as follows. Empirical results indicate that opinion leader behavior has a positive impact on opinion leader's social intelligence, social intelligence has a positive impact on E-learning satisfaction. Opinion leader's social intelligence has partially mediated effect on the relationship between opinion leader behavior and E-learning satisfaction.

Social Learning Effect of Leader's OCB on Follower's OCB (리더 조직시민행동의 사회적 학습 효과)

  • Kim, Boyoung;Min, Eunhong
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.159-176
    • /
    • 2020
  • According to the social learning theory, leader' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is a predisposing factor for follower' OCB, because they acknowledge and imitate leader as a desirable example of behaviors for organizational and individual success. We investigate social learning effect of leader OCB on follower OCB and examine the moderating role of political skill in the mediated relationship between leaders OCB and follower OCB (with followers' affective organizational commitment as the mediator). We find that follower's affective organizational commitment may mediate the relationship between leader OCB and follower OCB. Furthermore, we find that follower with high political skill may focus on the instrumental value of OCB. Political skill moderates the relationship between follower' affective organizational commitment and follower OCB. Data from 325 leader-follower dyads support the hypothesis. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.

The Effect of Distribution Enterprise Leader's Coaching Behavior on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Turnover Intention: Mediating Role of Authentic Leadership and Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence (유통기업 리더의 코칭행동이 구성원의 조직시민행동과 이직의도에 미치는 영향: 진정성리더십의 매개효과와 감성지능의 조절효과)

  • Seong, Nak-Chung;Moon, Jae-Seung;Park, Kye-Hong
    • Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-84
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose - In accordance with the recent changes in the management environment, leaders are required to have an ability of drawing and inducing potential of each worker. Coaching, as one of the strategies of human resources development, is drawing people's attention. This study aims to inquire about the mechanism of leader's coaching behavior which influences the attitude and behavior of workers. Firstly, this study intends to illustrate what kind of influences the leader's coaching behavior can give on organizational citizenship behavior and turnover intention of workers. Secondly, it plans to verify the mediating effect of authentic leadership in the relationship between leader's coaching behavior and organizational citizenship behavior and turnover intention of workers. Thirdly, it aims to prove the moderating effect of emotional intelligence in the relationship among leader's coaching behavior, organizational citizenship behavior and turnover intention of workers. Research design, data and methodology - In order to figure out how the leader's coaching behavior influences attitude of workers, authentic leadership is considered as mediating effect. As for a moderating effect, we have determined emotional intelligence which attracts attention in the recent studies on organizational behavior, so as to investigate the correlation among variables. As for study sample, it was targeted to 236 organizational members of distribution corporations whose leader's coaching behavior is required. For reaching the purpose of study, SPSS 20 was applied for the analysis. Results - The research findings can be summarized as follows: Firstly, leader's coaching behavior gives significant positive influences on organizational citizenship behavior. Moreover, leader's coaching behavior gives negative influences on turnover intention of organizational members. Secondly, the mediating effect of authentic leadership was proved in the relationship between leader's coaching behavior and attitude of workers. Based on the analysis, it turned out that authentic leadership doesn't give a mediating effect in the bilateral relationship. Lastly, the moderating effect of emotional intelligence was proved in terms of how the leader's coaching behavior influences the attitude of workers. The research result shows that the emotional intelligence influences towards the negative direction, in the correlation between coaching behavior and organizational citizenship behavior On the other hand, in the relationship with turnover intention, It was significant effect. Conclusions - Based on the research findings, we have intended to inquired about the mechanism of leader's coaching behavior which influences the attitude and behavior of workers. Furthermore, in the operational level, the following implications can be given: the importance of coaching activation in the operational level was confirmed, through inquiring into the influence of leader's coaching behavior on workers. Moreover, the importance of emotional intelligence, which has been steadily raised, was also confirmed. It is necessary for future study to carry out additional research on various factors of coaching which can influence the effectiveness of coaching, for instance, coaching process, coach's competency, characteristics of coaching customers, relationship with coaching customers and coaching system.