• Title/Summary/Keyword: the Role of Leader

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An Empirical Study on the role of Leader-Member Exchange on the relationship between Justice Factors and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (조직공정성과 조직시민행동의 관계에 있어서 상사-부하간 교환관계의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Hee;Lee, Byeong-Jin;Park, Dong-Jin;Lee, Young-Uk
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior through the role of leader-member exchange. It is expected that leader-member exchange was mediated on the relationship between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior. According to this result. leader-member exchange mediate between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior, also justice factors direct effected to organizational citizenship behavior. Resultingly organizational citizenship behavior effected on justice factors and leader-member exchange. And mediated effect of leader-member exchange was positively related to between justice factors and organizational citizenship behavior As a result, this study is to be more useful to manage employees in organization.

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Searching Role of Government for Promoting IoT Industry -Utilizing Importance of Individual Sub-Policies using AHP- (사물인터넷(IoT) 산업 진흥을 위한 정부의 역할에 관한 연구 -AHP를 활용한 정책 중요도 분석을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Yong-Kyu;Youn, Ku-Hong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of various government support policy for IoT sector and survey the level of satisfaction and relative importance among policies. In order to achieve the goal, this study surveyed experts in the field of IoT, utilizing Hierarchy Process Analysis methods. Major findings are as follows; first, despite of wide range of IoT-related policies, experts in the industry and academy are very limited, ; second, the order of policy satisfaction is primarily on Oversea Marketing, followed by R&D support, Venture support, Human resource education.; third, the order of importance is primarily Venture support, followed by R&D support, Human resource education. Also, it has been given the higher importance to the role of leader as R&D support, Oversea market pioneering, and industry university network, rather than the role of coordinator and supporter. However, expert group does not recognize the importance of policies related to the role of coordinator because these policies always have been conducted in major government projects.

The Effect of Performing Leader's Role on Academic Achievement and Satisfaction in Small Group Collaborative Learning in Virtual Reality (가상현실을 활용한 소집단 협력학습에서 팀 구성원으로서의 역할 수행이 학업성취도와 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi Hwa
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2017
  • To conduct research using small group learning with advanced technology in school, small group collaborative learning was conducted in virtual reality called Second Life for high school history class to verify the effects of the role of group members (leader, group member) in collaborative learning activities in this study. Two classes of the second grade of high school were selected randomly and 20 groups were also randomly assigned, and each group was consisted of three members (1 leader and two group members). Academic achievement and satisfaction with academic activities were used to verify the effect of the role as measurement tools, and collected quantitative data were tested by independent sample t. As a result, it was found that performing the role of leader in collaborative learning activities in virtual reality was effective in promoting enhancing students' academic achievement and increasing satisfaction level. Lastly, utilization and improvement of small group collaborative learning using virtual reality in the field of education were discussed.

A Study on the Price Fluctuation and Forecasting of Aquacultural Flatfish in Korea (양식 넙치의 가격변동 및 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Ock, Young-Soo;Kim, Sang-Tae;Ko, Bong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.41-62
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    • 2007
  • The Fish aquacultural Industry has been developed rapidly since 1990s in Korea. The total production of fish aquaculture was 5,000ton in the beginning of 1990s, but it was an excess of 80,000ton in 2005. In the beginning of 1990s, the percentage of flatfish yield was 80% of the fish aquaculture in the respect of production. And it has been maintained 50% level in 2005. In this point of view, flatfish aquaculture played the role of leader in the development of fish aquaculture. Rapid increasing of production was not only caused to decreasing in price basically, but also it threatened the management of producer into insecure price for aquacultural flatfish. Therefore, it needs the policy for stabilizing in price, but it is difficult to choose the method because the basic study was not accomplished plentifully. This study analyzed about price structure of aquacultural flatfish. A period of analysis was from January 2000 to December 2005, and a data was used monthly data for price. The principal result of this study is substantially as follows. 1) The price of producing and consuming district is closely connected. 2) A gap between producing district price and consuming district price is decreasing recently, It seems to be correlated with outlook business of aquacultural flatfish. 3) Trend line of the price was declining until 2002, but it turned up after that. The other side, circulated fluctuation was being showed typically. 4) The circle of circulated fluctuation was growing longer, so it seems that the producer was doing a sensible productive activity to cope with changing price. As a result, government's policy needs to be turned into price policy from policy of increased production for aquacultural flatfish. It seems that the best policy is price stabilization polices. And also, government needs to invest in outlook business for aquaculture constantly.

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Monocular Vision-Based Guidance and Control for a Formation Flight

  • Cheon, Bong-kyu;Kim, Jeong-ho;Min, Chan-oh;Han, Dong-in;Cho, Kyeum-rae;Lee, Dae-woo;Seong, kie-jeong
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.581-589
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    • 2015
  • This paper describes a monocular vision-based formation flight technology using two fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles. To measuring relative position and attitude of a leader aircraft, a monocular camera installed in the front of the follower aircraft captures an image of the leader, and position and attitude are measured from the image using the KLT feature point tracker and POSIT algorithm. To verify the feasibility of this vision processing algorithm, a field test was performed using two light sports aircraft, and our experimental results show that the proposed monocular vision-based measurement algorithm is feasible. Performance verification for the proposed formation flight technology was carried out using the X-Plane flight simulator. The formation flight simulation system consists of two PCs playing the role of leader and follower. When the leader flies by the command of user, the follower aircraft tracks the leader by designed guidance and a PI control law, and all the information about leader was measured using monocular vision. This simulation shows that guidance using relative attitude information tracks the leader aircraft better than not using attitude information. This simulation shows absolute average errors for the relative position as follows: X-axis: 2.88 m, Y-axis: 2.09 m, and Z-axis: 0.44 m.

The Exploratory Study of Examining the Antecedents of Employee's Organizational Change Commitment : Focusing On Affective and Normative Commitment (조직변화에 대한 구성원의 정서적 몰입과 규범적 몰입에 영향을 미치는 선행변수에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.163-174
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the antecedents of employee's organizational change commitment during organizational change. We propose that leader-member exchange (LMX) and trust in the organization could foster employee's commitment to change. A theoretical model linking the role of leader-member exchange and trust in the organization to affective commitment and normative commitment to organizational change through leadership have tested in a study of 303 respondents from 15 organizations reporting that their organizations were undergoing significant change due to the turmoil environment and M&A. We develop the hypotheses from the prior studies and empirically test them in the context of personnels who have survived from the drastic organizational changes. Based on the analyzed results, we discussed the theoretical implications and limitations.

Leader's Authentic Leadership and Follower's Project Performance (진성리더십이 구성원의 프로젝트 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Tak, Jingyu;Seo, Jeongeun;Roh, Taewoo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 2019
  • In addition to the recent business field, the importance of leadership in universities is becoming an increasingly important issue. Purpose of our study is to recommend the significance of authentic leadership by analyzing the effect of leader 's authentic leadership on follower' s project work climate and project performance. As a result of the previous studies that authentic leadership among university students as a quasi-social worker mitigates the role of leader and the tension between the members in the team, this study tries to examine the moderation effect of work climate on the relationship between the follower's authentic leadership and project performance. Therefore, a survey was conducted for students enrolled in some universities. A total of 175 questionnaires were used for the structural equation using STATA 14.0. The results of this study is summarized in three points. Our finding is as follow. The authentic leadership of the leader has a positive influence on the follower' s authentic leadership while the followers' authentic leadership had a positive effect on the project performance.

Compare of Characteristics of Efficient and Inefficient Problem-Solving Teams Using SYMLOG Diagram Analysis (SYMLOG 다이어그램 분석을 통한 효율적인 문제 해결 팀과 비효율적인 문제 해결 팀의 특징 비교 연구)

  • Jo, Han-jin;Lee, Hakseok;Shin, Gyeong-Seop;Kim, Taehoon
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of efficient problem-solving teams and inefficient problem-solving teams using SYMLOG. In this study, 35 college students majoring in engineering education at C university were organized into 7 teams and carried out technological problem solving projects over one semester. Based on the results of the team project, the top 2 teams were defined as efficient problem solving teams and the bottom 2 teams were defined as inefficient problem solving team, and analyzed the characteristics of the team using SYMLOG. The main results are as follows: First, an analysis of SYMLOG from efficient problem solving teams and inefficient problem solving teams showed that there was a difference between self-awareness and others' perception in terms of U(Upward)-D(Downward) dimension. Second, in the inefficient problem solving teams, there was a significant difference between self-awareness and others' in the F(Forward)-B(Backward) dimension. Third, there was no difference between self-awareness and others' in both efficient and inefficient teams at the P (Positive)-N(Negative) dimension. Fourth, an efficient problem-solving team had a clear leader, and there was a team member who supported the leader. On the other hand, the inefficient problem-solving team did not have a clear leader, or one person played the role of leader and there were no team members supporting the leader.

Weight of Role according to Job Position for Hospital Managers (병원경영자의 직위에 따른 관리자의 역할 인식도)

  • Choi, Ryoung;Hwang, Byung-Deog;Park, Jae-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.295-304
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to be of help to cope with internal and external circumstances of hospital effectively by analyzing the weight of role for a hospital manager which has been changing. It surveyed 191 top managers and administrators working in a medical institute like hospital located in Busan, Ulsan and Kyungnam area from 20 November, 2007 to 29 February, 2008. The results of this study were as follows: The top manager thought that the role as a leader is the most important role as a manager in present, but the role as an enterpriser is also very important in future, however, they had troubles in the role of a representative which they have carried out in present. In order to overcome the current medical situation that competition is getting keen, it seemed that they expected the role as an enterpriser would be more important in future for competition and organization improvement. The administrator thought the role as a leader is the most important in present, in future and in current performance. It was considered that they recognized the importance of team work, order, goal of the organization, strategies, and information interchange regarding the characteristics of hospital that there are people of various kinds of occupations.

A Comparative Study on the Curriculum of Nursing Education in America and Korea (한.미 간호 교육과정의 비교 연구 -간호대학과정을 중심으로-)

  • 김정자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.60-82
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    • 1977
  • The purpose of this study is first, to analyse the present nursing education and the curriculum in Korea in view of the changes and the new tendency of nursing education and second, to compare our curriculum with that of America, where nursing activities are actively earring on and, third, to try to find out what we should reconsider and improve in our nursing education. The object of this study is the educational program and the curriculum from 1973 to 1976 by selecting each five from colleges and department of nursing in Korea and America. The results of the study were as fellows : . 1. The aim of nursing education puts impassion the role of leader, knowledge and technology of nursing, welfare of society and service of community in both the America and Korea. In Korea nursing is mainly restricted to the treatment of diseases, while in the America the items of the aim of nursing are mainly extended to the capacity for Self- realization of nurse, in Korea they are restricted to the treatment of diseases. 2. In Korea the rate of credit of the curriculum of nursing education is the highest in professional education, next in general education, next in supporting science and educational subject, while in America the rate of the credit is the highest in general education, next professional education and then supporting Science and educational subject isn′t included in the curriculum. 3. In both Korea and America the role of the animal credit allotment in general education, is the highest in the first year and the rate in supporting science is the highest in the second year. In Korea professional subjects are concentrated in the third year while in America there is a tendency that they are increasing in number in the grade order. 4. There is a tendency that the rate of the credit allotment of the main professional subjects in curriculum is higher in Korea than in America : that is, in Korea the rate of the allotment of the credit is the highest in medical - surgical nursing, next maternal - child nursing, next community - health nursing and the psychiatric nursing and there in a great difference in the rate of the allotment of each credit. While in America the rate of the allotment of the credit is the highest in community - health nursing, next in medical- surgical nursing, next in maternal - child nursing, and then in psychiatric nursing and there is little difference in the rate of tile allotment of each credit. 5. From general education, supporting science and professional education, they have considered the continuity and sequence in the structure of nursing curriculum of Korea and America. While in Korea we have partly made integration in tile content of the subjects. Most of the school in America, they have made integration in the content of subjects especially in all subjects, but in Korea we haven't made it in all subjects. 6. In the system and form of nursing education Problem solving method, Dialectical method and operational method are introduced in some America schools and in others there is a tendency that the whole nursing education has the system based on Preventive frame - work or Health -illness frame work ; while only one college has an attempt for Health - Illness continue in Korea. 7. In Korea nursing education, as the importance of health- nursing and team nursing, the aim which is also comparatively emphasized is about health management and service of collective community. The subject pertaining to the aim is the studies of community health nursing, which are more in number in America. 8. When we consider the association between the social, general aims ?f the nursing education and the formation of the curriculum in Korean nursing school the courses of study concerning "the role of leadership and cooperative personal relation": "nursing care for the group": dynamic nursing care": and "the system of the public health nursing associated with the understanding of the regional community" are insufficient as compared with those of America. Especially, the lack of the behavioral science including the nursing care connected with the care for the group, the basic science on the clinical and developmental psychology, anthropology in known to be a prominent issue.

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