• Title/Summary/Keyword: textural properties

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Effect of pH Control on Physico-chemical Characteristics of Chicken Breast Surimi (닭가슴살 Surimi의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 pH 조절의 영향)

  • Jin Sang-Keun;Kim Il-Suk;Hur Sun-Jin;Park Ki-Hun;Ha Ji-Hee;Kang Seoc-Mo;Choi Yeung-Joon;Kim Jin-Soo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to determine the effect of pH adjustment on physico-chemical characteristics of chicken breast surimi. The chicken breast meat was ground with distilled water, of which pH was then adjusted to 2.5 (T1), 3.0 (T2), 10.5 (T3) and 11.0 (T4) for surimi manufacture, respectively. Water content was higher in order of T4>T1>T3>T2 (p<0.05). Crude protein and crude fat were higher in T3 and T4 compared with T1 and T2 (p<0.05). $L^*$ values, myofibrillar protein and water holding capacity of T2 and T4 were higher than those of T1 and T3 (p<0.05). T4 had the lowest yield among the treatments (p<0.05). T1 was higher in yield and pH, whereas breaking force and deformation were higher in T1 (p<0.05). $a^*$ was higher in order of T3>T2>T4>T1 and $b^*$ was lower in T1 compared with other treatments (p<0.05). In textural properties, the chewiness values of T2 and T3 were higher than those of T1 and T4, the hardness was higher in order of T2>T3>T4>T1 (p<0.05). Cohesiveness and gumminess of T1 showed higher values than those of other treatments (p<0.05). In sensory evaluation, the note for appearance was higher in T2 than other treatments (p<0.05), however other traits were not significantly different (p>0.05). Therefore, the alkaline processing (T4, pH 11.0) would be recommended.

Processing of Ready-to-Cook Food Materials with Dark Fleshed Fish 1, Processing of Ready-to-Cook Sardine Meat "Surimi" (일시다획성 적색육어류를 이용한 중간식품소재 개발에 관한 연구 1. 정어리 연육의 가공)

  • LEE Byeong-Ho;LEE Kang-Ho;YOU Byeong-Jin;SUH Jae-Soo;JEONG In-Hak;JUNG Woo-Jin;KANG Jeong-Oak
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 1985
  • In order to develop new types of product which can offer a sanitary and preservative duality, and convenience to consumers in marketing and cooking particularly in urban area, two processing methods of ready-to-cook food materials with dark fleshed fishes like sardine and mackerel were investigated. A method applied, in this work, is processing of ready-to-cook sardine meat "surimi" in which sardine meat is treated with alkaline solution to stabilize myofibrillar proteins, washed thoroughly with water to remove soluble components, and added with a proper amount of polyphosphate and sorbitol to enforce the functional property of meat such as water holding capasity, elasticity, and gel strength. The textural properties of fish meat paste made from the "surimi" meat were greatly dependent upon the stability of myofibrillar proteins and the elimination of water soluble components. The salt soluble proteins of sardine meat were so unstable in post-mortem stage that the gel forming ability was lost within 3 days at $5^{\circ}C$ storage and 2 to 3 weeks even at $-20^{\circ}C$ although the freshness was well kept for a week at $5^{\circ}C$ and several months of storage at $-20^{\circ}C$. A proper way of treatment to keep the proteins stable was that fish meat must be washed with $0.4\%$ sodium bicarbonate solution followed by 3 to 4 times washing with water. This resulted in removal of $80\%$ water soluble proteins and 50 to $60\%$ lipids. The addition of polyphosphate and sorbitol affected the stability of proteins during the storage of "surimi" meat. When phosphate and sorbitol were added in the ratio of $0.3\%:\;0.3\%,\;0.6\%:\;3\%,\;0.6\%:\;6\%,\;0:\,0.3\%\;and\;0.3\%:\;0$, the gel forming ability terminated in 35 days, 21 days, 14 days, 14 days, and 14 days of storage at $-30^{\circ}C$, respectively, while that of the control was 7 days. And it was also noteworthy that at least 8.0 mg/g of salt soluble protein nitrogen content was required for gel formation.

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Product Quality and Shelf-life Effect of Low-fat Functional Sausages Manufactured with Sodium Lactate and Chitosans During Storage at 15℃ (젖산나트륨과 키토산을 첨가한 저지방 기능성 소시지의 15℃에서 저장 중 품질 및 저장성 효과)

  • Chin, Koo-Bok;Kook, Sung-H.;Choi, Soon-H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.655-666
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to measure physicochemical and textural characteristics, and shelf-life effect of low-fat functional sausages(LFFSs) manufactured with sodium lactate(SL, 3.3%), lac pigment and various molecular weights(MWs) of chitosan (Low=1.5 kDa, Med=30-50 kDa and High=200 kDa) during storage at 15$^{\circ}C$ for 18 days. LFFSs had 73.7-76.0% moisture, lower than 3% fat and 14-15% protein, respectively. pH values were 6.05-6.44 and the control(150 ppm, $NaNO_2$) was the lowest among LFFSs (p<0.05). Increasing storage time decreased pH values, but no differences in pH values were observed up to 6 days of storage (p>0.05). LFFSs containing SL and low MW of chitosan improved water holding capacity (WHC) and different from those with SL and medium-MW chitosan. WHC was decreased with increased storage time and differences of WHC were observed from 18 days of storage. The addition of chitosan reduced both lightness and redness values, as compared to 150 ppm sodium nitrite(SN), and increased storage time decreased yellowness(p<0.05), especially at 12 days of storage. LFFSs with SL and medium-MW chitosan increased most textural properties compared to the control(p<0.05). The addition of SN of 150 ppm in LFFSs retarded microbial growth for E. coli 0157:H7, while those with SL tended to have an antimicrobial effect for Listeria monocytogenes(LM). The growth rate of LM was delayed by addition of various MW of chitosans in LFFSs, especially high MW chitosan, as compared to LFFSs containing SL alone. These results indicated that the functional, textural and antimicrobial effects of LFFSs were improved by addition SL and various MW of chitosan combinations. In addition, 0.05% lac pigment improved the cure color of LFFSs similar to those of 150 ppm SN.

A Development of Cholesterol Removed Cheese (콜레스테롤을 제거한 치즈의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 정청송
    • Proceedings of the Korea Hospitality Industry Research Society Conference
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2002
  • The old testament of the Bible has written the milk and curd. God said, I will ive you to how the milk and honey. The present study was designed to examine the effects of different homogenization pressure, homogenization temperature and $\beta$-cyclodextrin concentration on cholesterol removal rate of cheese, and to optimize the factors of cheese manufacture Process. In addition, the characteristics from cholesterol removed cheese and control are compared in the rheological and ensory analysis. The optimized process condition for cholesterol removal was for homogenization pressure, 74$^{\circ}C$ for homogenization temperature and 2% for $\beta$-cyclodextrin concentration, it showed 875% of the highest cholesterol removal rate in milk. Therefore, manufacture conditions of cholesterol removed cheese were chosen 74$^{\circ}C$ for homogenization temperature, for homogenization pressure, and I or 2% for $\beta$-cyclodextrin concentration. Cholesterol removed cheese and control were compared with yield, cholesterol removal, meltability, stretchability, textural properties and sensory analysis. Cholesterol content of control cheese containing 23.8% milk fat was cheese made from milk treated with 2% $\beta$-cyclodextrin and homogenization pressure was cholesterol removal. Yield of cholesterol removed cheese. As the homogenization pressure increased, oiling off reduced with showed better surface appearance. Stretchability of cholesterol removed cheese was lower 5~10cm than over 30cm of control. Meltability of cholesterol removed cheese also was lower than control. The hardness, gumminess, chewiness reduced to respectively. In the result of sensory analysis, treatment of homogenization for cholesterol removed cheese improved appearance and flavor, however texture fell. In addition, the resent result of the study indicated that about 75% of cholesterol in cheese could be removed, and the possibility of development of cholesterol removed cheese was observed. We have hope to research manufacture cheese global wide.

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