• Title, Summary, Keyword: technical knowledge

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Knowledge Management Assessment Using PDCA based in Global and Local Standards: in the Case of Technics and Informatics Studies

  • Ruzicic, Vesna S.;Micic, Zivadin M.
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.2022-2042
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    • 2020
  • This research aims to contribute to the discipline of knowledge management (KM) in Higher Education (HE), and is conducted using the case of the study programme (SP) for Integrated Academic Studies (IAS) of Technics and Informatics (TI). A deduction-induction methodology is applied, using a Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) approach to design a suitable KM concept for making improvements to the SP IAS TI on the standardisation platform. Based on the application of the International Classification of Standards (ICS), the research analyses the correlations and competences acquired during the courses within the accredited TI study programme of two-course studies. On the basis of the results of a comparative analysis of the developmental learning process and educational goals, it is shown that knowledge management in correlation with standardisation leads to the improvement of study programmes in the upcoming accreditation cycle on the standardisation platform. Frequent innovations within standardised thematic fields (daily, weekly, monthly, etc.) indicate the need for appropriate changes to the SP. The contribution to KM is through an original analysis of annual samples of more than 90,000 standardised sources in correlation with the TI study programme. Expert System (ES) modelling and the original results enable an analogous contribution to the future KM of other SPs.

Implementing Knowledge Management : A Case Study of S Global Corporation (기업의 지식경영 실행에 관한 질적 연구 : S기업의 지식경영 실천 사례)

  • Hyun, Kyung-Taek;Hong, Ah-Jeong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.129-146
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    • 2010
  • As knowledge has become the most important means of production for a company to survive in a "knowledge-based society", knowledge management has become the key issue in the corporate sector. Despite its growing significance, there are limited numbers of research that describe how companies actually develop, share and practice their knowledge. From this perspective, this study used a qualitative approach to explore on the actual process of knowledge management implementation. In-depth interviews with eleven senior managers, who were working at S global corporation, were conducted. The results show that there are differences between how the participants perceive and how they actually perform in managing knowledge. While the participants tend to conceptualize knowledge management as building a technical system, their performance has shown that knowledge has been developed and shared through active interaction among the members in the company. The factors that impede knowledge management were caused by the individualized job assignment and inapplicable exercises that result in obscuring information flow and utilizing inadequate and low quality of knowledge. The findings of this study imply that knowledge management is not a matter of formality but a paradigm that assures for the flow and share of knowledge.

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How is Scientific and Technological Knowledge Linked in Technological Innovation in Korea? (우려나라 기술혁신에서의 과학-기술 지식연계 특성분석)

  • Park, Hyun-Woo;Son, Jong-Ku;You, Yeon-Woo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2011
  • Technical change and technological innovation have become major drivers of economic progress in the knowledge oriented economies where growth, productivity, and competitiveness are increasingly based on improved technologies, novel products, upgraded processes or customized services. The creation of new knowledge, modifying or improving existent knowledge, or imitation of others, has become central to economic development. New discoveries, state-of-the-art information gathering procedures, or successful problem solving routines are often at he core of these innovations. Despite the generally acknowledged importance of science in many high-tech areas of major economic relevance, there is few science-related statistics to be found in high-profile international benchmarking reports. This paper aims to provide an answer by advancing our understanding of the possibilities of indicators quantifying linkages between science and technology. Central are the concepts of innovation capability and science/technology interface, which are used to assemble a wide range of empirical studies and quantitative indicators to summarize their possibilities and limitations for producing comparative statistics. For the purpose of the study, we extracted the US patents by Korean assignees or inventors, scientific papers cited in the patents in order to analyze the characteristics of linkage of scientific knowledge flows. The review focuses on indicators dealing with flows of written or codified information, and indicators of inventiveness that capture the non-codifiable tacit knowledge dimension. General conclusions will be drawn with a view towards further developments in the foreseeable future, suggesting new avenues for the design and implementation of patent-based and inventor-based relationships between scientific research and technical development within the context of regional or national systems of innovation.

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A Knowledge Stock and Flow Perspective for the Assimilation of Knowledge Management Innovation (지식관리혁신의 동화를 위한 지식의 축척과 흐름의 관점)

  • Lee, Jae Nam;Choi, Byoung-Gu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2010
  • In order to provide a better understanding about the phenomenon of KM assimilation, this study attempts to conceptually develop and empirically compare two different models: (1) the first model, which considers the KM process as the flow of knowledge that plays an intervening role between knowledge stocks (i.e., knowledge worker, technical knowledge infrastructure, external knowledge linkage, knowledge strategy, and internal knowledge climate) and the level of KM assimilation; and (2) the second model is a simple direct effect formulation without any distinction between knowledge stock and flow. These two models were then tested and compared using the responses of 187 Korean organizations that had already implemented enterprise-wide KM systems. The findings indicate that the two models are useful in explaining successful KM assimilation. However, the first causal model with the distinction between knowledge stock and flow assesses the effectiveness of KM more accurately than the second model without the distinction. Interestingly, the KM process was shown to be the most critical factor for the proliferation of KM activities across an organization. The findings of this study are expected to serve not only as early groundwork for researchers hoping to understand KM and its effective assimilation in organizations, but should also provide practitioners with guidelines as to how they can enhance their KM assimilation level so as to improve their organizational performance.

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A Study on Feasibility Analysis and Alternatives for Infrared Detector Development (적외선 검출기 개발가능성 및 대안 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeong-Su;Min, Seong-Gi;Kim, Cheol-Hwan
    • 시스템엔지니어링워크숍
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2004
  • This paper deals with the feasibility analysis and alternatives for infrared detector development. The purpose of this paper analyze development requirement and feasibility study in both technology and cost. We get raw input data for system engineering process from development and technical expert, and then analyze cost and technology for development feasibility, and alternative study. Infrared Detector is core component of Thermal Imaging System and developed by ADD from 2006 to 2008 year. Technical level is analyzed by TRL(Technical Readiness Level) and AOA(Analysis of Alternative) is done by development and production cost estimate. We use SEER-H tool for cost estimate, that is parametric cost estimate tool based on Knowledge Base. Also this paper presents risk analysis for project management because it is necessary to risk driver management during the infrared detector development. The result of IR Detector feasibility and alternative study will be used in technical and cost analysis. This study can help those who are related to the cost analysis and development feasibility of other weapons

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The theoretical construction and practical application of Evolution Model for creating the advanced information-technical system;based on mobile device (진보된 정보기술시스템을 창조하기 위한 진화모델의 이론적 구축 및 실제 응용 연구;mobile device를 기준으로)

  • Kim, Sung-Cheol;Shin, Min-Soo
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.593-599
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    • 2006
  • Including technical device and general information system, the information-technical(IT) system is defined as the technical system for acquiring, processing, storing and transferring information to a person. This paper presents Knowledge-based Heuristic Evolution Model for creating the advanced information-technical system. This Evolution Model is derived from the historical review on definition of evolution, the research on the architecture of the general IT system, history of IT system, technology innovation theory and multi-case study research. The evolution model is applicable to the conceptual creation of the advanced product in R&D organization requiring development methodologies like rapid-prototyping to develop next generation product. For the detailed theoretical construction and practical application of Evolution Model, the case study research based on action research is performed. the object of the case study is mobile device, especially mobile hand-held phone. Thus, we obtain the Evolution Model for creating the advanced information-technical system.

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How to Manage Business Process as Knowledge Assets based on Ontological Approach: Focusing on Sales Order Process

  • Joo, Jae-Woo;Kim, Gun-Woo;Morin, Jean-Henry
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.264-269
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    • 2008
  • Considering our increasingly interconnected organizations heavily relying on business processes and the growing need for timely accurate knowledge to achieve greater agility in the enterprise, the idea of looking at business processes as a knowledge object is gaining momentum. Business process information is knowledge and should consequently be managed as a valuable organizational asset, particularly because organizations need to react in near real time to environmental changes and events. This paper provides an overview of the situation in this field arguing for a better definition of the intersections between knowledge and business process management. When business process is seen as knowledge, it should be managed as such. We assess and discuss some of the resulting benefits and considering the need for greater dynamic integration between the two domains, we look at ontologies as an interesting technical approach to bridging this gap showing an example for an ontology based sales order process.

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Factors Affecting Hospital Employees' Knowledge Sharing (병원 근로자의 지식공유에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sook;Lee, Hae-Jong;Kim, Young-Hoon
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this research is to survey of knowledge management in hospitals and to search the factors to impact the knowledge sharing and innovation behavior among employees. The data is collected with hospital employees by questionnaire method. Total number of analysis is 779 cases, and the collected data is analyzed by SEM(structural equation model). The work performance(WP) make influence the innovation behavior(IB) through knowledge sharing(KS) intention. The KS intention and IB are different in sex, age, education, work duration and work level. But, WP is different only in sex. The only personnel and organizational factors to affect KS intention, WP and IB are reciprocity(in personnel factor) and trust(in organization factor). Those factors mean the mental or psychological relationship among employees. So, to make more developed knowledge management in hospitals is to need more personal relationship than any other system management or incentives.

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A Study on Visualization of Digital Preservation Knowledge Domain Using CiteSpace (CiteSpace 적용을 통한 디지털 보존 지식영역 비주얼화 연구)

  • Kim Hee-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 2005
  • This article identifies an emerging research paradigm and monitors the changes in digital preservation area using CiteSpace, a Java application which supports visual exploration with knowledge discovery in bibliographic databases. 74 articles on digital preservation field covering the time period from 1990-2005 were extracted from Web of Science. According to the result of analysis, core knowledge domains in digital preservation are technical preservation strategies, information network and preservation system, knowledge management and electronic government.