• Title, Summary, Keyword: technical knowledge

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Towards a Knowledge Recipe for State Corporations in the Financial Sector in Kenya

  • Moturi, Humphrey;Kwanya, Tom;Chebon, Philemon
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.33-50
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    • 2020
  • Knowledge recipes are packages of knowledge which arise from the process of combining the knowledge assets in the organization in distinctive ways. This involves converting them into useful outputs which are the ideal core competitive advantage enablers for companies. The major objective of this study was to propose a knowledge recipe for financial-sector state corporations in Kenya. The study adopted a convergent parallel mixed methods research design. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected using questionnaires and key informant interviews. The target population of the study was 1574 respondents drawn from all financial state corporations. A multistage sampling technique was used for the study. The first phase involved purposive sampling of the organizations to be studied whereby the four state corporations namely: Capital Markets Authority, Competition Authority of Kenya, Kenya Investment Authority, and Kenya Revenue Authority were identified. The second phase entailed stratified sampling of the respondents in three strata namely senior management team, knowledge management team, and general staff. The authors used a census of all senior management team and knowledge management staff while a simple random sampling technique was used for the general staff. By use of the Krejcie and Morgan table, the actual sample size was 358 respondents from all the four organizations. Data were collected using questionnaires and interview schedules. The qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis while the quantitative data were analyzed by the use of Ms. Excel and VOSviewer and presented using pie charts, bar graphs, and tables. The response rate for this study was 257 (72%). The study revealed that while most employees in the financial sector organizations understand their knowledge needs, knowledge types, knowledge uses and knowledge gaps, they do not have a universal knowledge recipe to facilitate effective knowledge management in their organizations. Consequently, the authors propose a universal knowledge recipe for the state corporations in the financial sector in Kenya. The ingredients of the recipe are legal-knowledge (18%), financial knowledge (15%), administrative knowledge (11%), best practice (10%), lessons learnt (8%), human resource knowledge (8%), research and statistics knowledge (7%), product knowledge (6%), policy and procedure knowledge (5%), ICT knowledge (4%), investor knowledge (3%), markets knowledge (2%), general knowledge (2%) and regulatory framework knowledge (1%).

Implementation of the knowledge management system to effectively utilize human and intellectual resources of the universities (대학의 인적.지적 자원의 효과적 활용을 위한 지식 관리 시스템 구현)

  • 최재원;박진규
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.473-476
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    • 2002
  • In this paper by realizing the knowledge base on the web, for example, the information of the technology and human resources of the universities, which is the mecca of the knowledge management, technology information in various segment, education information, visible anti invisible knowledge information like technical advice, etc, and scholaristic knowledge like basic science technologies, economic theories which are verified by experts of the field, and pragmatic knowledge like technical patent, software, data base, also, hands on experience and knowledge like field technology, customer service, front line management. All those related information provides easy access to anyone who need of. This system is also designed for the utilization of the study, company activities, and professionals of the basic science technology which enables not only professor to exchange the research results but also, general public, companies, students can effectively share and exchange the information.

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A Study of Knowledge Sharing in Domestic Construction Fields (국내(國內) 건설현장(建設現場)의 지식공유(知識共有)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Sun-Hee;Shin, Han-Woo;Kang, Kyung-In
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2007
  • Recently, a lot of domestic construction companies have implemented Knowledge Management System. However, most of the knowledge in the construction fields still cannot written down on papers, and it is just locked in people's heads. The purpose of this study was to analyze the current situation of knowledge sharing in the construction fields. For this research, questionnaires were distributed and the results of this study was as follows; the essential factor of successful knowledge sharing is not introducing a high quality of electronic system but developing culture of knowledge sharing. When positive culture of knowledge sharing is combined with technical infrastructure, knowledge sharing will be actively promoted.

A Study of Technical Standard Making from Governance Perspective: The Case of Master Spec. in Electrical Construction (기술 표준 제정과 거버넌스 접근법: 전기공사 마스터 스펙 사례)

  • Cho, Hyun-Suk
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.61 no.5
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    • pp.770-776
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    • 2012
  • For a few recent years, KECA(Korea Electrical Contractor Association) has promoted a project to establish an electrical construction specification called Master Spec. This paper analyses the characteristics of standards-making process of the Master Spec. as an umbrella technical standard in electrical construction industry in Korea. This paper argues that even if the Master Spec. is recognized to be technical standards, the standards-making process involves both technical and social practices when viewed from social construction theory and governance perspective. This aspect of social practices in technical standards making should be well understood because various stakeholders in terms of interests, resources, and motives try to influence the process positively and negatively. KECA in responsible for enactment of the Mater Spec. should be very thoughtful in building consensus first of all among electrical contractors, managing relationship with concerned government officials, and dealing with potential deviant groups as well as in pooling expertises and developing technical knowledge needed for designing technical specification.

The Effects of Management and Technical Capabilities in the Performance of Plug Seedling Production (육묘기술수준별 경영성과 분석과 경영지도 방향)

  • Kim, Sa-Gyun;Lee, Min-Soo;Choe, Young-Chan
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to identify the major characteristics of plug seedling farm's management. Thirty glasshouse farms were surveyed out of 42 farms that adopted plug seedling production technology in Korea. The major objectives of this survey were to determine the technical capability of the glasshouse farmers, and to analyze the significant differences in terms of production performance and management capabilities. The major results of the survey were as follows : 1) The production quantity of plug seedlings of the superior group was 43% higher than the inferior group. 2) The plug seedling loss rate of the superior roup was lower by 4% than the inferior group. 3) The income of superior group was 4.2 million Won per $1,000m^2$, while the income of the inferior group was only 0.45 million Won. 4) The cause of low production of grafted plug seedlings was primarily due to the lack of technical knowledge and skills. 5) The results indicated that the technical knowledge level and production skills of grafting plug seedling should be improved.

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A Study of Knowledge and Skills Required for Web Developers (웹 개발자에게 요구되는 지식과 스킬에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Choong Kwon;Lee, Hong-Hee;Yoo, Sang Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2013
  • Many researchers have investigated and studied on the knowledge and skills required for IT workforce, such as programmers, systems analysts, and IT managers. The results of these studies helped us not only to understand the changes of IT trends and to prepare IT workers for their future careers. But, the web developer, which is a newly evolving job title, has little been studied. This research is intended to look into the knowledge and skills for web developers by collecting and analyzing the job advertisements posted the commercial job boards in the Internet. The specific technical requirements for Web developers are programming languages knowledge/skills such as Java and JSP, database, and Internet/Web. Knowledge/skills for general development and knowledge on information technology are required in System section. The results of this research is expected to help us understand the knowledge and skills related to web development.

The Impacts of Institutional Environment, Social Capital and Strategic Importance on Knowledge Sharing and Performance

  • Kwon, Soo-Ra
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2008
  • Employing a sample of 126 suppliers in Korean electronic industry, this research examined the effects of institutional environment, social capital and strategic importance in manufacturer-supplier relationships on knowledge sharing. Building on the relational view and knowledge-based theories, this study proposed that these factors facilitate knowledge sharing in manufacturer-supplier relationships and that knowledge mediates satisfaction between manufacturer-supplier relationships for competitive advantage. Results indicate that institutional environment, social capital and strategic importance in manufacturer-supplier relationships are indeed associated with greater knowledge sharing. Inter-firm satisfaction is, in turn, positively associated with knowledge sharing for competitive advantage through technical support, financial support, competence increasing. Further, results provide evidence that knowledge sharing plays a mediating role between institutional environment, social capital, strategic importance and inter-firm satisfaction.

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Reconsidering Mathematical Literacy (수학적 소양 (Mathematical Literacy)에 대하여)

  • 주미경
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.163-180
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the meaning of mathematical literacy based on the investigation of the nature of mathematical knowledge communicated in university level mathematics classes. The analysis of classroom discourse has revealed three different kinds of mathematical knowledge circulated in mathematics class, which include 'factual mathematics', 'mathematical fantasy', and 'mathematical savior faire.' The fact that a mathematics teacher delivers diverse categories of mathematics knowledge suggests that the mathematical literacy is not confined to the development of technical competence. More specifically, the kinds of mathematical knowledge identified above tell that mathematical literacy developed through learning mathematics reflects the cultural norms and values of doing mathematics. This means that mathematical literacy is not merely involve with technical competence but rather with cultural competence. In this regard, this paper highlights the meaning of mathematical literacy as a cultural identity, which has been underestimated in the theory and practice of mathematics education dominated by technocracy of the twentieth century In particular, the notion of mathematical savior faire implies that teaching and teaming mathematics ultimately deals with a system of cultural meaning. Hence, through learning mathematics, a learner gets transformed as a whole person according to the cultural norms and values. In this regard, it is concluded that mathematical literacy can be considered as a necessary condition to become a competent member of mathematics community sharing cultural norms of doing mathematics as well as a repertoire of mathematical skills.

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An Exploratory Study on the Effects of Knowledge Management: A Contingency Perspective (지식경영효과에 관한 탐색적 연구: 상황관점)

  • Cheon, Myun-Joong;Heo, Myung-Sook
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.135-152
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    • 2005
  • In order to explore a relationship among KM context, KM effects, and sustainability of competitive advantage of organizations, a contingency model of KM, which is based on resource-based as well as knowledge-based theory, is developed from the information systems and strategic management literature. To put it concretely, our motivation for this paper was to answer the following questions: (1) What factors affect the degree to which an organization achieves KM effects? (2) Is there a positive relationship between KM effects and organizational performance achieved by linking KM to competitive advantage? A detailed exploratory analysis of survey responses from 79 Korean companies provides the following significant findings: (1) This study found support for the proposed research model. (2) The organization's degree of process and organizational outcomes of KM effects is determined by technical and social resources and its capabilities. Furthermore, the influence of technical and social resources of KM context on process and organizational outcomes of KM effects is controlled by different types of organizational perspectives on KM. (3) There is a relationship between process and organizational outcomes of KM effects and organizational performance enhanced by linking KM to competitive advantage.

An Effects of Experience Economy for Accepting Knowledge Based Mobile Augmented Reality : Hedonic Information System Perspective (체험경제요인이 지식기반 모바일 증강현실의 수용에 미치는 영향 : 쾌락적 정보시스템 관점)

  • Chung, Namho;Lee, Hyunae;Koo, Chulmo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.121-136
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    • 2013
  • Augmented reality, which has recently drawn great attention, has along history in technical terms. However, the latest emergence of mobile augmented reality using smartphones is allowing people to access augmented reality more easily and faster than ever. However, a review of existing studies shows that most of them have focused on the technical realization of augmented reality, whereas few studies have dealt with how users perceive augmented reality. For users, augmented reality is a means of knowledge transfer, which enables the experience of more abundant reality by providing additional informatio nsources to objects or landscapes. There fore, the element of experience must be considered for the perception of users. In addition, the current augmented reality technology certainly provides users with more fun than any other existing technologies. In this regard, this study intended to divided experiences not only into sensory experiences, but also into entertainment, educational, escapist, and esthetic experiences based on the experience economy theory suggested by Pine and Gilmore(1998). Moreover, this study intended to examine whether mobile augmented reality applications, which are highly popular as a means of the experience economy, influence the usefulness, convenience, and enjoyment perceived by users, and to identify which of these cognitive elements influence usage intentions.

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