• Title, Summary, Keyword: technical knowledge

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Comparative Study of Environment, Resource Capability, Strategy, Organization Characteristics According to Technological Innovative Groups in Telecommunication Industry (기술혁신 군별 환경, 자원역량, 전략 및 조직특성요인 간의 비교연구 : 정보통신산업을 중심으로)

  • Song, Sang-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.111-131
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to categorize group of firms by using characteristics of technical innovation in telecommunication industry and to identify relationships between types of technical innovation and such contingency factors of technical innovation. The major findings of this study are summarized as follows; First, Type 1 Group (Innovative Industry Leading Group) tends to use innovative and market differentiation strategy and has more innovative C.E.O's management style and innovative culture. Second, Type 2 Group (Dependent Group on Market Change) tends to use market differentiation or cost leadership strategy and has a more conservative C.E.O's management style and non-innovative culture. Third, Type 3 Group (Small Technology Intensive Group) tends to use focused innovative strategy and has a more innovative C.E.O's management style and innovative culture. Fourth, Type 4 Group (Non-Innovative Group) tends to use focused cost leadership strategy and has a more conservative C.E.O's management style and non-innovative culture.

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Importance of Mechatronics in Maritime Education

  • Durmusoglu, Yalcin;Deniz, Cengiz;Aydogdu, Y. Volkan;Talay, A. Atil
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.110-112
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    • 2012
  • Education and training of technical staff for the new generation technological equipment has a vital importance for developing countries in order to maintain sustainable development and keep up with new generation technologies. Mechatronics the synergistic combination of mechanical, electronic and software engineering from an engineering perspective to serve the purposes of controlling advanced hybrid systems is a product of new generation technology which can be given as a sample to this phenomenon. Recent marine engines are combination of heavy industry with high technology. Nowadays, ships are built in full automation and equipped with computer controlled mechatronics systems. However, finding qualified officer and engineers who can operate, maintain, control and repair when it is required such full automatic systems with knowledge of a new generation system became a serious issue. Due to importance of this fact STCW Manila amendment has new training and certification requirements for electro-technical officers. In this paper, Mechatronics applications on ship are introduced, importance of it highlighted and a new syllabus is proposed for the training of marine engineers to be nurtured with mechatronics knowledge as it is required.

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Knowledge and Organization: Perspectives of Knowledge Market and Knowledge Community (지식과 조직: 지식시장과 지식공동체 관점)

  • Chung, Myung-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2000
  • As the Knowledge Economy grows bigger, studies and practices of knowledge management flourish in almost every organizations. Yet, the studies of fundamental relationships between knowledge and organization have not been sufficiently developed. It is partly because current knowledge management mainly focus on the technical aspects of the theme. This paper tries to find the possible organizing principles and theoretical foundations of knowledge-intensive organizations through the perspective of knowledge market and knowledge community. Based on the differentiation of "knowledge" and "knowing", the author draws several propositions about knowledge creation and knowledge use. Then, the author relates these propositions to the design and implementation of two theoretical models of organizations, i. e. knowledge market and knowledge community. Major claims are: 1) Knowledge use and knowledge creation process are conceptually separable, so that different conceptual models (market & community) need to be applied. 2) Since knowledge use and creation should be integrated, organizations in the Knowledge Economy should be the efficient knowledge market and, at the same time, knowledge community with care and cooperations. 3) The network of independent small KIFs(knowledge-intensive firms) could be considered as the possible organizational model of the future.

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Continuity of BLS Training Effects in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 기본심폐소생술에 대한 교육효과의 지속성)

  • Kim, Hye-Sook;Choi, Eun-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.102-110
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of BLS training in nursing students and their retention period. Methods: The participants were 48 nursing students enrolled in M University in Mokpo. Data were collected from September, 2009 through September 2010. Nursing students were tested for their knowledge, attitude, confidence before, immediately after, 4 weeks after, 8 weeks after, 6 months after, and 1 year after BLS training. In addition, their knowledge and skill of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were tested 5 times. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC 12.0 statistical program Results: Knowledge, attitude and confidence were significantly increased immediately after compared to before BLS training. Knowledge and confidence 6 months after, and attitude, performance ability and technical precision for ventilation and compression 4 weeks after BLS training were significantly decreased compared to immediately after. Conclusion: Overall retention of BLS training effects among nursing students, without reinforcement, decreases significantly after six months following initial training. BLS training in nursing students should be repeated every six months, especially performance training of BLS should be repeated every 4 weeks. In addition, to maintain the knowledge and skills of BLS, appropriate renewal time of certification and improvement of training programs are necessary.

Research on Current Execution of Customer Support Knowledge Management System of Medical Appliances Industry

  • Chung, Yi-Chan;Tsai, Chih-Hung;Tien, Shiaw-Wen;Lin, Lin-Yi
    • International Journal of Quality Innovation
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.46-70
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    • 2007
  • Customer Support Knowledge of Customer Support Organization is one of the important assets of enterprises and "Customer Support Knowledge Management" is also the critical aspect of Business Knowledge Management; however, the attributes of Customer Support Knowledge are complicated, diverse, renewed rapidly and difficult to be managed. Thus, in order to design a successful Customer Support Knowledge Management System, apart from the consideration of "human" and "information technology" aspects, the concerns of attributes and Customer Support Knowledge and industry characteristics should be involved for meeting the requirements of Customer Support Organization and allowing the organization to acquire the competitive advantage of "Differentiation Service". This research used the "Customer Support Knowledge Management System" in a high-tech industry as an example and treated the end users of medical instruments in different types of hospitals in Taiwan which have received the support service of our company in recent six months as the population. The end users were mostly the nursing executives or ultrasonic wave technical personnel in intensive care unit and they had similar educational background and incomes and adopted the medical instruments such as physical supervision system, ultrasonic wave system, heart start or ECG machine produced by our company; the research method was to randomly treat the investigation results of the telephone customers' satisfaction from respective 30 end users in the population three months before and after this system execution as the samples and use hypotheses to validate if the end users' customer satisfaction significantly improved in terms of "Remote Support," "On-site Support," "Service Turn Around time," "Technical Competence" and "Manner" in order to understand the influence and managerial significance of execution of "Customer Support Knowledge Management System" on Customer Support Organization.

Storing and Querying of Design Knowledge Using Ontology Repository (온톨로지 저장소를 이용한 설계 지식의 저장과 회수)

  • Jee Kyeng-Whan;Yang Jung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.337-338
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    • 2006
  • The requirement to reuse a design knowledge have been enlarged with the automation of a design system. A design knowledge gives logical and technical meanings to design data of a problem area. The representation of the knowledge is distributed and developed independently. For this reason, we need a general methodology with a semantic interoperability of design knowledge. In this paper, we accept previous requirements by using semantic query system with ontology repository.

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Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organizational Performance: The Mediating Role of Knowledge Capabilities

  • Batra, Shruti
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we identified the various mechanisms through which entrepreneurial orientation impacts firm performance. We proposed that entrepreneurial orientation assists organizations in building cultural, structural, human and technical knowledge capabilities, which in turn lead to sustainable competitive advantage. We tested our proposed hypothesis using data collected from 76 managers of small entrepreneurial firms. We found that cultural knowledge capabilities are the strongest mediators of entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance relationship. By bringing in knowledge capabilities in the literature of entrepreneurial orientation, we open new directions for research. Our findings have implications for theory as well as practice.

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Comparison of Educational Effects of Difficult Endotracheal Intubation in the 119 Rescue Service (119구급대의 어려운 기관내삽관 교육 전·후 비교)

  • Yun, Hyeong-Wan;Yu, Eun-Yeong;Yun, Young-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.254-265
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of difficult endotracheal intubation education in the 119 rescue services. The subjects in this study were 60 members of the 119 rescue services that was under the umbrella of the Fire Service Headquarters of J province. A SPSS 14.0 program was utilized to find out the effect of tough tracheal intubation education on their relevant knowledge, self-confidence, academic self-efficacy and technical Performance in consideration of general characteristics. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. They showed a significant improvement in all the knowledge, self-confidence, academic self-efficacy and technical Performance after they received that education. 2. As for connections between general characteristics and knowledge before and after that education, there were significant differences in their knowledge according to gender and career of working in the hospital, and their rank and career of working in the hospital made a significant differences to their self-confidence. Their academic self-efficacy significantly differed with rank, career of working in the hospital and academic credential. There were significant gaps among them technical Performance Case 1 according to career of working in the 119 rescue services, and technical Performance Case 2 significantly varied with age and academic credential. There were significant gaps in technical Performance Case 3 according to career of working in the 119 rescue services and career of working in the hospital after that education was provided, and technical Performance Case 4 significantly varied with age and rank before and after the education was conducted. In conclusion, the kind of education programs that aim at stirring up the interest of the 119 rescue services in advanced airway and helping the members learn about tracheal intubation accurately with confidence is urgently required.

A study on the direction of knowledge management implementation for retail firms (유통업의 지식경영의 도입 방향에 관한 연구)

  • 김상수
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.93-115
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    • 1999
  • The main purpose of this study is to develop a framework of knowledge management and knowledge management systems(KMS) for retail firms. The framework of knowledge management developed in this paper is based on six components: knowledge worker, KMS, leadership of CEO, knowledge management strategy, culture, evaluation and reward systems. The knowledge management process can be divided into four stages: preparation stage, initiation stage, expansion stage and completion stage. The major activities performed to implement effective knowledge management are also identified for each stage. The knowledge base of KMS for retail firms should store three types of knowledge: knowledge for management activity, knowledge for management activity, knowledge for strategic analysis, and knowledge for problem solving. Finally, the technical characteristics of KMS are also examined in terms of information technology.

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Design of Technical Information System for Naval Engineering (조함기술정보체계 설계에 관한 연구)

  • 심이섭
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study is to design the technical information system for naval engineering (named TISNE). As the basic concept of the system, CALS (Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support) and KMS(Knowledge Management System) were considered for the management and sharing of standardized digital information throughout the life-cycle of naval ship. To define the system components and their functionalities, the processes of naval ship design and construction were reviewed. Also web-based system prototype and the graphical user interlaces were designed and implemented.