• 제목, 요약, 키워드: technical knowledge

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정보탐색이 신제품개발 과정 및 성과에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Information Search on New Product Development Process and Performance)

  • 심덕섭;하성욱
    • 지식경영연구
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.109-127
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 정보탐색이 신제품개발 과정과 성과에 미치는 영향을 검증하기 위해 5개 기업의 82개 신제품개발과제에 대한 실증조사를 진행하였다. 정보탐색은 일반정보, 내부정보와 외부정보에 대한 탐색으로 구분하였고, 신제품개발과제의 성과는 기술성과와 시장성과로 구분하였다. 본 연구의 실증결과는 다음과 같다. 내부정보 탐색은 신제품개발과제의 기술지식을 증가시키고, 외부정보 탐색은 신제품개발과제의 시장지식을 증가시켰다. 신제품개발과제의 기술지식과 시장지식은 각각 기술성과를 향상시키고, 시장지식만이 시장성과를 향상시켰다. 전체적으로 신제품개발과제의 기술지식은 내부정보 탐색과 기술성과간의 관계를 완전 매개하였다. 신제품개발과제의 시장지식은 외부정보 탐색과 기술성과간의 관계를 완전 매개하고, 외부정보 탐색과 시장성과간의 관계를 완전 매개하였다. 기술지식 혹은 시장지식은 여기 언급된 조합 이외에 정보 탐색과 신제품개발 성과간의 어떤 관계도 매개하지 않았다. 연구결과에 대한 시사점과 향후 연구방향에 대해 논의하였다.

기업규모에 따른 정보기술 인력의 지식유형과 기업성과 간의 관계 (The Impact of IT Personnel Knowledge Type on Firm Performance: Moderating Effect of Firm Size)

  • 조세형;김기문
    • 한국정보시스템학회지:정보시스템연구
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.181-206
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to investigate the impacts of managerial and technical IT knowledges on firm's financial performance. Specifically, the study examines the following three effects between IT personnel knowledges and financial performance: (1) direct effect, (2) mediating effect of business process performance, and (3) moderating effect of firm size, between them. An empirical study resulted in the followings. First, both managerial and technical IT knowledges do not have direct influences on financial performance. Second, unlike technical IT knowledge, managerial IT knowledge indirectly affects financial performance through business process performance, confirming the mediating role of business process performance. Third, while technical IT knowledge produce no direct and indirect effect on financial performance regardless of firm size, managerial IT knowledge exerts significant impacts on financial performance although such effects represent some different patterns according to firm size. That is, in the smaller group, the association between managerial IT knowledge and financial performance is partially mediated by business process performance and in the larger group, that relationship fully mediated.

Using Semantic Knowledge in the Uyghur-Chinese Person Name Transliteration

  • Murat, Alim;Osman, Turghun;Yang, Yating;Zhou, Xi;Wang, Lei;Li, Xiao
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.716-730
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose a transliteration approach based on semantic information (i.e., language origin and gender) which are automatically learnt from the person name, aiming to transliterate the person name of Uyghur into Chinese. The proposed approach integrates semantic scores (i.e., performance on language origin and gender detection) with general transliteration model and generates the semantic knowledge-based model which can produce the best candidate transliteration results. In the experiment, we use the datasets which contain the person names of different language origins: Uyghur and Chinese. The results show that the proposed semantic transliteration model substantially outperforms the general transliteration model and greatly improves the mean reciprocal rank (MRR) performance on two datasets, as well as aids in developing more efficient transliteration for named entities.

Features of an Error Correction Memory to Enhance Technical Texts Authoring in LELIE

  • SAINT-DIZIER, Patrick
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.75-101
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we investigate the notion of error correction memory applied to technical texts. The main purpose is to introduce flexibility and context sensitivity in the detection and the correction of errors related to Constrained Natural Language (CNL) principles. This is realized by enhancing error detection paired with relatively generic correction patterns and contextual correction recommendations. Patterns are induced from previous corrections made by technical writers for a given type of text. The impact of such an error correction memory is also investigated from the point of view of the technical writer's cognitive activity. The notion of error correction memory is developed within the framework of the LELIE project an experiment is carried out on the case of fuzzy lexical items and negation, which are both major problems in technical writing. Language processing and knowledge representation aspects are developed together with evaluation directions.

Development of the Technology Transfer System In Reservoir operation

  • ITO Kazumasa;IMANISHI Yumi
    • 한국수자원학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2005
  • Water flow in rivers during flood season can be 10 to 100 fold higher than normal seasons (low precipitation) in Japan and predicting flood runoff is essential for operating reservoirs with discharging gates. Abundant experiences and knowledge are requisites for operators to be able to make efficient decisions at work. This research investigated a method to transfer technical knowledge by acquiring skills and knowledge from actual dam operators and by using the information to construct an educational training system. The purpose of the research was to enable the execution of a secure and rational reservoir operation during flood period. The educational training system for reservoir operation was developed with the focuses on acquiring knowledge on hydraulics and hydrology and learning about decision making related to the reservoir operation as well as the timing of control. The system is capable of conducting education that corresponds to individual levels in each location. Of the educational training methods, a lecture method that uses textbooks is effective for the understanding of basic knowledge and concepts while a training method that uses a simulation device is essential for the practice of advanced and specialized procedures in specific fields. Simulation devices are used in operational training for airplane flight and driving cars and trains. The educational system presented here was designed to provide further assistance to those who have acquired basic knowledge and concepts through textbooks and also to at low them to perform the satisfactory operation of dam equipment. Our research proposes a method which can realize a system to acquire technical skills-the skills which are the foundation of technical knowledge and operation.

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조직구성원의 지식통합 역량에 대한 선행 요인과 지식창출 효과에 관한 연구: 융합 지향 조직을 중심으로 (Antecedents of Employees' Knowledge Integration Capability and Its Effects on Knowledge Creation: Focused on Convergence-Oriented Organizations)

  • 홍진원;서우종
    • 지식경영연구
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.105-126
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    • 2014
  • Knowledge integration is becoming a primary function of improving organizational capabilities and performance in today's convergence paradigm. The knowledge integration capability of employees has increasingly been regarded as a critical source for developing new products and services. This study investigates the influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability and its effects. A theoretical research model was developed based on the socio-technical perspective and information processing theory. The model includes teamwork quality, expertise, IT support, and knowledge complexity as the primary influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability. A large-scale survey was conducted for gathering data (a total of 316 samples from 141 organizations) to test the proposed model. The test results of the hypotheses show that expertise and knowledge complexity are the significant influential factors of employees' knowledge integration capability, and also the capability has a positive effect on the knowledge creation performance of employees. Our findings contribute to the development of initiatives for promoting employees' knowledge integration capability, especially in knowledge intensive organizations focusing on convergence products and services.

인문계와 실업계 여고생들의 피임지식과 피임 자기효능감에 관한 비교 (Comparative study on the contraceptive knowledge, self-efficacy according to the career tract of high school female students)

  • 이인숙;조주연
    • 한국학교보건학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.75-88
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the contraceptive knowledge, self-efficacy according to the career tract of high school female students. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, correlational design using an exploratory survey methodology through self-reported questionnaires. The questionnaires were administered to 369 high school female students using a convenience sampling. Results: In the experience of sexual behaviors(grasping hand, hugging, petting, deep petting, sexual intercourse), technical female high school students showed more experiences than female high school students. In the contraceptive knowledge, the score of high school students' contraceptive knowledge was higher than technical female high school students. In the contraceptive self-efficacy, there was not a significant difference between the technical female high school students and female high school students. In the female high school students, there were significant differences in the contraceptive knowledge according to grade, academic record, sex education experience and there were significant differences in the contraceptive self-efficacy according to grade, academic record, parents' attitude about acquaintance of the opposite sex. In the technical female high school students, there was not significant difference in the contraceptive knowledge according to demographic, sexual behavior, and contraceptive related characteristics but there were significant differences in the contraceptive self-efficacy according to grade, parents' attitude about acquaintance of the opposite sex, contraceptive education experience at school. There was positive relationship between contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive self-efficacy. Conclusion: Further research is needed to identify the prevalence rate of contraceptive attitude using more reliable variables. A sex education program should be developed for promoting use of contraceptive measure and formation of positive contraceptive attitude among high school female students.

특허 인용 네트워크 분석을 통한 기술지식의 확산 경로 분석: 정보통신기술을 중심으로 (Patent Citation Network Analysis as a Measure of Technical Knowledge Diffusion in Korea: Focusing on ICT)

  • 최병철;백현미;김명숙
    • 벤처창업연구
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2015
  • 최근 다양한 기술분야에서 가속화되고 있는 기술융합은 서로 다른 기술간 지식의 교환을 통해 새로운 기술을 발견하고 이를 기존 기술 영역에 활용함으로써 이루어진다. 특히 지식집약적 기술인 정보통신기술의 경우 기술융합이 활발하게 이루어지고 있으나, 정보통신기술의 지식 확산 경로를 살펴보기 위한 데이터의 부족으로 현재까지 관련 연구가 부족한 상황이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 한국의 2006년부터 2013년까지 출원된 특허 데이터와 그들의 선행특허들간의 인용관계에 대한 데이터베이스를 구축하고, 이를 통해 특허 인용 네트워크, 기술 인용 네트워크, 출원인 인용 네트워크를 도출함으로써 기술의 지식 확산 경로에 대한 다양한 분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과, 첫째, 기술간 지식 인용에 있어 정보통신기술이 주요한 역할을 수행함을 확인하였으며, 기술인용이 빈번하게 이루어지는 기술관계일수록, 정보통신기술간의 인용일수록 기술 인용에 소요되는 기간이 짧아짐을 확인하였다. 둘째, 대부분 정보통신기술은 다른 정보통신기술 혹은 물리학과 전기분야 기술과의 인용 피인용 관계가 강한 반면, 기본적 전기소자(H01)의 경우, 정보통신기술 이외의 기술과 다양한 인용 피인용 관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 국내법인과 국내자연인간의 상호 기술확산이 강하게 이루어지는 것으로 나타났으며, 국내법인의 특허는 타출원인에 의해 활발히 인용되고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구를 통해 현재 한국의 기술지식 확산경로에 대한 고찰이 가능할 뿐만 아니라, 기술의 성과 측정에서도 유용하게 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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응급구조(학)과 학생의 응급환자평가 교육 전·후 비교 및 술기 수행 능력에 미치는 영향 (Comparison Before and After Emergency Patient Evaluation Education of Emergency Medical Technology Students and Its Effects on Their Technical Performance)

  • 박대성;채민정;박상섭
    • 한국응급구조학회지
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : This study compared before and after emergency patient evaluation education of the 1st graders at the department emergency medical technology(EMT) students, and analyzed its effects on patient evaluation ability after education. The aims of this study was to develop effective educational program and to provide basic materials for its educational method. Methods : This study was carried out by 66 first graders attending the department of emergency medical technology(EMT) at a college in G province and data were collected from Apr. 1 to 2, 2009. The questionnaire consisted of knowledge of emergent patient evaluation, academic self-efficacy, and technical performance after emergent patient evaluation education. We analyzed the influence of knowledge and academic self-efficacy on accurate technical performance with SPSS 14.0 version. Results : 1. In knowledge score, it was 9.27 before education and increased to 35.19 after education and that there was statistically significant difference. In academic self-efficacy, task difficulty preference scored 2.73 before education and 3.97 after education, self-control efficacy scored 2.84 before education and 4.05 after education, self-confidence scored 2.45 before education and 4.21 after education. There were statistically significant increases after education. Technical performance scored 0.00 before education, but it scored 18.78 after education and there was statistically significant increase after education. 2. In sex as one of general characteristics, self-confidence which was sub-factor of academic self-efficacy scored higher in male students(4.28) than in female students(4.10). There was statistically significant difference(p < 0.05). 3. Knowledge had positive correlation with self-control efficacy which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(r = 0.249, p < 0.05) and self-confidence which is the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy had the positive correlation with technical performance(r = 0.258, p < 0.05). 4. Self-confidence which was the sub-factor of academic self-efficacy(B = 0.372, p < 0.05) had statistically significant influence on technical performance. ability of self-confidence to explain technical performance(R2) was 11.10%. Conclusion : From the results of this study, it is necessary that EMT students should learn professional first aid, accurate patient evaluation through self-efficacy development.

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의료시설 디자인의 복잡성과 필요전문지식의 인식 (Perception of Healthcare Design Complexity and Specialized Knowledge in Need)

  • 김덕수
    • 의료ㆍ복지 건축 : 한국의료복지건축학회 논문집
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2005
  • Healthcare design has been considered as one of the most complex design types. In this study, healthcare design complexity is analysed by the following categories: (1) function; (2) medical technology; (3) scientific knowledge; (4) aesthetics; and (5) interest group complexity. The central questions here are: (1) What is the impact of specialized knowledge on the professional practice; and (2) What are the relationships between design complexity and specialized knowledge. To answer these questions, this study utilizes two approaches, including mail-out questionnaires survey and in-person and focus group interviews. This study found that healthcare design architects emphasize the technical component of specialized healthcare design knowledge. Thus they perceive that architectural research, as a tool to increase specialized healthcare design knowledge, is beneficial to solve the technical components including medical technology and functional problems. In the professional practice, however, architectural research is hardly conducted due mainly to the lack of money and time for it. Different perceptions regarding healthcare design complexity and architectural research among the firms exist, depending on the firm size. These results imply that the knowledge management strategy of large firms can be more efficient to the organizational growth than the small firms.

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