• Title, Summary, Keyword: tea

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Removal of Some Metals in Drinking Water by Preparing Barley or Corn Tea (보리차 및 옥수수차 제조에 따른 음용수 중 일부 금속들의 제거)

  • 이수형;박송자;김희갑
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2001
  • Barley or corn tea, which is usually prepared with municipal chlorinated tap water, is commonly consumed by the public as a substitute for the supplied water itself. This is because most people believe that harmful organic and inorganic compounds can be removed from the tap water by the adsorption mechanism during the tea preparation. In this study, three kinds of commercial grain tea materials-roasted barley grains, a tea bag containing barley grain pieces, and roasted corn grains-were tested for metal removal by preparing 1 liter of tea with deionized/distilled water according the manufacturer's recommended preparation procedures, assuming that the water is contaminated with eight selected metals at levels of 50$\mu\textrm{g}$/l. Of the tested teas, barley tea prepared with roasted grains showed the highest removal efficiency for Cu, As, Ni, Co, Pb, and Cd, ranging from 48 to 71%, followed by corn tea with roasted grains and barley tea with a tea bag. Cr was nearly maintained at the initial concentration in all kinds of tea. The Mn levels. however, were elevated during the tea preparation, particularly in both barley teas, probably because the metal was extracted into the water from the tea materials without significant adsorption. Therefore, it should be considered in the ingestion exposure analysis for metals that their concentrations are altered during the tea preparation with roasted barley or corn grain materials.

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Effect of xylitol and erythritol on the quality characteristics of Yuza tea (자이리톨과 에리스리톨을 이용한 유자차의 품질 특성)

  • 윤재영;김희섭
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.737-744
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    • 2003
  • The effects of xylitol and/or erythritol as the alternative ingredients to sugar on the quality characteristics of Yuza tea were studied. The relative sweetness of xylitol and erythritol to a 10% sucrose solution were 1.10 and 0.71 respectively and there were no change after the addition of the acid and flavoring agent. The sensory characteristics of Yuza tea with xylitol were quite similar in many attributes to Yuza tea with sugar, while Yuza tea with erythritol had many undesirable attributes. Yuza tea with a mixture of xylitol and erythritol(1:1) was less sweet and less acceptable than Yuza tea with sugar. The consumer acceptance test showed that the overall acceptability of Yuza tea made with xylitol was similar to the Yuza tea with sugar. Adding sucralose to the Yuza tea with a mixture of xylitol and erythritol improved the sweetness and overall acceptability in the consumer acceptance test. The pH value of the erythritol Yuza tea was 3.16 and showed a significantly lower value than the 3.39 of sugar and xylitol. The refractive index of the sugar Yuza tea was the highest at 21.03$^{\circ}$Bx. The vitamin C content of Yuzachung with sugar was 34.5mg/100g and the dietary fiber content was 2,80g/100g. Xylitol Yuzachung showed the highest a and b values, but when it was diluted with water to make Yuza tea, the intensity of the color was not significantly different from the Yuza tea with sugar.

Effects of Green and Taste Teas on the Growth and Vacuolating Toxin Titer of Helicobacter pylori (녹차 등의 기호차가 Helicobacter pylori의 증식 억제와 공포화 독소 역가에 미치는 영향)

  • 정양숙;강경희;장명웅
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2001
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of green and taste teas on the in-vitro antimicrobial activity and vacuolating toxin titer of Helicobacter pylori. Crude aqueous extracts prepared by adding 2 g of tea leaf or powder to 100 ml of boiling distilled water, and sterilized by passing through a 0.22 $mutextrm{m}$ membrane filter. Green tea, coffee, and ginger tea showed bactericidal activity on H. pylori within 3 hours. Black tea and ssangwha tea also showed bactericidal activity on H. pylori in 24 hours. Arrowroot tea show no bactericidal effect on H. pylori after 48 hours. Two fold diluted green tea and coffee decreased(1/10,000cfu) the growth of H. pylori in 24 hours, but the two fold diluted black tea, ssangwha tea, and ginger tea showed suppression effect upon of(1/10cfu) H. pylori in 24 hours. The two-fold and 10-fold diluted green tea, coffee and two-fold diluted black tea abrogated the vacuolating toxin titer of H. pylori, but the two-fold and 10-fold diluted ginger, ssangwha, ginseng, and arrowroot tea only reduced the vacuolating toxin titer of H.pylori from 1/2 to 1/8. These result suggest that green tea and coffee have effective antibacterial or bactericidal effects on H.pylori, and that they also have a neutralization effect upon the vacuolating toxin of H.pylori.

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Study on Tea Furniture for Contemporary Tea Cultural Space - Development of Tea Furniture with Beauty of Korean Formation - (현대 차문화 공간을 위한 차실(茶室)가구 연구 -한국의 조형미를 담은 차실가구 개발-)

  • Moon, Sun-Ok;Park, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.326-338
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    • 2009
  • This study aimed at developing tea furniture with beauty of traditional Korean furniture. As the population which drinks tea increases day by day in the light of LOHAS (Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability) era, the importance of the tea culture has been brought out and the interest of the pieces has increased with the cultural space. But the study is still not only insufficient for Korean tea cultural space, it is but also hard for us to find such pieces as holding the original culture's charm. Thus, after studying concepts and spatial qualities of the tea cultural space based on the traditional culture and after investigating the tea objects including the integral parts, a piece of tea shelf with table which hits the emotion of Korea necessary to tea cultural space was created with solid wood. As a result, if we rediscover and develop the tea pieces with beauty of traditional Korean furniture mentioned as the green furniture, the objects will be standing on tiptoe as contemporary tea pieces conveying the identity of Korea. In addition, they will have a competitiveness across the world pursuing LOHAS beyond well-being.

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A Study on Beverage Consumption Pattern and Image of College Students (대학생들의 음료 소비실태 및 이미지 조사 연구)

  • 박모라
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.501-513
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    • 1999
  • In order to investigate consumption pattern and image of beverage, this study was performed by using questionnaire based on stratified random sampling about 200 students from September 6, 1999 to September 18, 1999. The result was as followings: 1. For the reasons of each beverage consumption, coke, soda pop and sport drinks were for quenching thirst. And coffee and juices were for dessert and milk.yoghurts, dietary beverages, green tea and ginseng tea were for health. 2. For the priority in selecting each beverage, trademark was dominant factor for choosing coke. And the dominant factor of choosing milk.yoghurts and ginseng tea was nutrition and in case of other beverages taste was the first factor. 3. For the place of taking beverages, coffee, coke and sport drinks were mainly consumed in school and milk.yoghurt and juices in home. 4. The college students loved or liked milk.yoghurt and juices, and they liked or enjoyed coke, soda pop, sport drinks and green tea moderately, and enjoyed ginseng tea and black tea moderately or disliked them. 5. For the frequency of each beverage, many of them consumed coffee and milk.yoghurt once or twice a day. and consumed coke. soda pop. sport drinks and juices once or twice a week. And they answered that they did not consume dietary beverages, green tea, ginseng tea and black tea so often. 6. There was significant correlation with frequency of drinking and preference score of beverage. 7. For the consumption of the Korean traditional beverages, more than 50% of the subjects had no experience in taking sangwha tea, omiza tea, and Kugiza tea. Among them, many answered that they would try the Korean traditional beverages, if they had an opportunity, and that their price was moderate. 8. The results from the analysis of the image of those beverages were as followings; \circled1 Coffee, coke, sport drinks and dietary beverages had a modern image and green tea, ginseng tea and black tea had a traditional image. \circled2 Coke, sport drinks and ginseng tea had a manly image and juices, dietary beverages, green tea and black tea had a womanlike image. \circled3 The students recognized coffee, coke, milkㆍyoghurt, sport drinks, juices, dietary beverages and green tea to be daily and catholic. \circled4 Milkㆍyoghurt, juices, dietary beverages, green tea, ginseng tea and black tea were recognized to be good for health and coffee and coke bad for health. \circled5 Coffee, coke, soda pop, sport drinks, juices and green tea were slightly concerned with a change. \circled6 Coke, soda pop and sport drinks had a dynamic image and coffee, juices. green tea, ginseng tea and black tea had a little static image.

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Catechins, Theaflavins and Methylxanthins Contents of Commercial Teas (시판 차류의 Catechins, Theaflavins 및 Methylxanthins 함량에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Soo-Yeun;Kozukue Nobuyuke;Han Jae-Sook;Lee Kap-Rang
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.346-353
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    • 2005
  • CThis study used HPLC to analyze the contents of 7 kinds of catechins, 4 kinds of theaflavins, and 2 kinds of methylxanthines in the following 6 kinds of commercial Korean tea: 2 green, 2 black, 1 jasmine and loolong. The following ranges in the 13 tea components of the 6 samples by ethanol extract were evaluated in mg/g: (-)-epigallocatechin, 0(black tea and jasmine tea) to 14.19(green tea); (-)-catechin 0; (+)-epicatechin, 0.62(bran rice-green tea) to 2.91(black tea); (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, 4.59(black tea) to 43.96(jasmine tea); (-)-gallocatechin gallate, 0.58(black tea) to 5.80(jasmine tea); (-)-epicatechin gallate, 5.63(bran rice-ueen tea) to 48.06(jasmine tea): (-)-catechin gallate, 0.26(black tea): theaflavif 0 to 3.66(black tea): theaflavin-3-gallate, 0 to 6.94(black tea): theaflavin-3'-gallate, 0 to 4.01(black tea); theaflavin-3,3-digallte, 0 to 10.25(black tea); caffeine, 4.60(bran rice-peen tea) to 26.44(black tea); and theobromine, 0.10(bran rice-green tea) to 1.81(jasmine tea). The contents of all components were lower by water extract than by ethanol extract. Therefore, total catechin (100.55, 45.88 mg/g) and theobromine (1.81, 0.86 mg/g) contents in jasmine tea, and theaflavin content (24.88, 1.36 mg/g) in black tea by ethanol and water extract were the highest. Caffeine content was the highest in black tea(96.48 mg/g) for the ethanol extract, and in jasmine tea (12.38 mg/g) for the water extract.

The tea among soft drinks in Imwonsipyukchy carl be summarized as follows (한국고유 음료류 개발에 관한 연구중 임원16지를 중심으로 한 차에 관한 연구)

  • 오승희
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 1986
  • 1) The recipe for tea is to mix tea leaves or tea buds with odorous pharmaceuctial materials, which are boiled and drunk, addition of honey only to that odorous pharmaceutical meterials without adding tea buds to that can be used. 2) Viewed from the part of tea plant the fruit of it accoupies most. The cereal does as much. 3) what we have referred to from the records on this subject are "Guogapylyong" which is of the yuan dynasty and "Jeungbo-Salymkeongje" which is of the Yi dynasty, based on which no trace of pure tea can be found but odorous pharmaceutical kinds of tea only were widely spread. 4) The characteristics of tea are to help make stomach strong, mind cleared, the lungs copious, counteract, and quench thirstiness. The tea help build liver as well as bring about health. 5) As a result of sense test, those kinds of tea were much better than contemporary kinds of teas as far as flovor and sweetness are concerned. Those teas had complex tastes, while teas of to day have simple one. 6) Because the history not so clear before the periods of Unified Sila that the recordings of teas are rare, we can hardly know about tea. Our ancestors really began to drink teas from the period of Unified Sila on. This country turning to the Koryo dynasty, tea drinking manner began to prevail so much that drinking tea became a ceremony. Daring the Yi dynasty it was much camplicated to make and boil the leaf tea. As a result of the previous fact pure tea came to have disappeared and odorous pharmaceutical became prevailent. 7) For value of exploiting Kungjuk tea (ginger tea seasoned with phyllostachy and addition of honeyl) was the highest among many. The worth of developing all the teas among all the beverages was regarded as that high of 51%, while even the tea regarded as worthless obtained 4% of support, which is the lowest.

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A Study on the Content Analysis of Green Tea Food -Focused on the Literature Published since the 1990's- (녹차음식에 대한 내용분석연구 -1990년대 이후의 문헌을 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Bae-Young;Cho, In-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.107-129
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this research is to understand features of the present condition of green tea food by analyzing the data on tea foods presented in Korean literature after the 1990's (two articles from professional journals related to tea culture, and three books related to tea food). The main conclusions are as follows: 1. It is found from separating 354 different kinds of green tea foods into three categories - main dishes, side dishes and desserts - that there are 137 kinds of side dishes, 123 kinds of desserts, and 94 kinds of main dishes from green tea foods. Upon dividing these into smaller categories, there are 40 rice dishes, 27 noodle dishes, 18 gruel dishes and 9 dumpling dishes found among the main dishes; 26 pan fried dishes, 24 potherb/cooked potherbs dishes, 17 deep-fried dishes, 15 soup/broth dishes, 14 grilled dishes, 11 smothered dishes, 10 hard -boiled/fried dishes, 6 kimchi dishes, 4 dried food dishes, 4 jelly dishes, 4 stew dishes, and 2 raw fish dishes among the side dishes; and 37 snack dishes, 36 punch/drink dishes, 26 rice cake dishes, and 24 bread dishes are found among the desserts. 2. There are 201 kinds of green tea foods using powders, 107 kinds using wet tea leaves, 61 kinds using dry tea leaves, 57 kinds using water of drawn tea, and 17 kinds using wild tea leaves, according to analysis of teas used for green tea foods. There is more use of powder for snacks, punch and drinks, rice cakes, noodles, and breads, and more use of wet tea leaves for rice, pan fried food, and potherb/cooked potherb dishes. It is also shown that there is more use of water from drawn tea for rice, punch and drinks, noodles, and gruels, more use of dry tea leaves for snack, rice, breads, and more use of wild tea leaves for deep-fried and pan fried kinds of tea foods.

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Antioxidant Activity of Herbal Teas Available on the Korean Market

  • Takako;Lee, Kyeoung-Im;Hiroshi Kashiwagi;Cho, Eun-Ju;Chung, Hae-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 1999
  • The effects of aqueous extracts from Korean commercial teas on excessive free radicals were examined utilizing spin trapping, 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and lipid peroxidation. A potent scavenging effect of green tea and oriental senna tea was dound using sipin trapping. The most effective teasagainst the DPPH radical was green tea, followed inorder by pine leak tea, Chinese gutta percha tea and orietnal senna tea. Similar to the effects of DPPH radical , green tea, pine leaf tea, Chinese gutta percha tea and oriential senna tea had an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation. These findings predict that Korean tea is a promising material for scavenging free radicals, and for curing diseases related to free-radical reactions.

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Assessing Geographic Origins of Green Teas Using Instruments

  • Jang, Jung-Hyen;Kim, Euk-Seob;Wu, Shu-Yu;Lu, Jian Liang;Liang, Hui Ling;Du, Ying-Ying;Lin, Chen;Liang, Yue-Rong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1016-1020
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    • 2008
  • Parameters of soluble solids, amino acids, catechins, and color difference of 24 green tea samples from China and Korea were determined. The levels of soluble solids, amino acids, total catechins, and infusion lightness in tea samples from Korea were higher than those from China. Concentrations of epigallocatechin galate and epigallocatechin in teas from China were higher than tea samples from Korea. Geographical origin of teas from the 2 countries was discriminated using parameters of infusion lightness, gallocatechin, and total catechins and applying principal component analysis.