• Title, Summary, Keyword: tarakjuk

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Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) prepared with Red Yeast-Rice (홍국쌀 첨가 타락죽의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Se-Han;Park, Beam-Woo;Kim, Jae-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2015
  • This study encouraging the consumption of rice. The Tarakjuk in which red yeast rice was added showed the highest water content 78.31%. The viscosity of RRT20, which had the largest amount of red yeast rice, was the lowest for 4,125.50, and pH was the highest in RRT0 The sugar content of Tarakjuk with red yeast rice was the highest in RRT0 for. lightness (L) was lowest in RRT20 which had the largest amount of red yeast rice for, and its red and yellow lighteners were also the highest for respectively. storage at $4^{\circ}C$, no microorganism found for 0 to 1 day of storage but found in every group. The group showed the smallest of microorganism for $2.9{\times}10^2CFU/mL$. On the 7 day, microorganism also found 40% added showed the smallest of microorganism for $3.1{\times}10^4CFU/mL$. The color of the 20% added group, 6.74, was higher than that of the control group, 4.87, but the difference was not significant. The flavor was the in the 30% added group for 5.90, and taste was the in the 20% added group for 6.01 The control group showed the lowest preference for 4.91. The after taste was the in the 30% added group for 5.48. The viscosity of the 40% added group was higher for 5.39 than that of the control group for 5.06, no significant difference. The overall preference was rated highly, and the 20% added group showed the highest preference for 5.57.

Effect of Antioxidant and Irradiation Treatment under Freezing Temperature Conditions on Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) (항산화제 첨가 및 냉동 방사선 조사 병용처리가 타락죽의 이화학적 및 관능적 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, In-Jun;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Hun;Park, Jong-Heum;Lee, Ju-Woon;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.1750-1756
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    • 2011
  • This study evaluated the effect of antioxidants treatment; (Vit. C and E) on the physicochemical and sensory properties of Tarakjuk treated with gamma-irradiation under two different temperature conditions, e.g. room and frozen temperatures. In samples of Tarakjuk irradiated at room temperature, Vit. C gradually decreased the pH level as the concentration increased (p<0.05), whereas Vit. E did not. Addition of both Vit. C and E to Tarakjuk decreased TBA (2-thiobarbituric acid) value while also increasing viscosity. However, these antioxidants did not cause any change in Hunter's color values. Sensory properties showed that Vit. C and E significantly improved the overall acceptability of Tarakjuk, and the addition of 0.1% each Vit. C and E was best treatment. In samples of Tarakjuk subjected to combined treatment with antioxidants and irradiation under frozen temperature conditions, Vit. C and E were effective in decreasing TBA value, improving viscosity, and maintaining sensory quality. Especially, co-treatment with 0.1% Vit. C and E augmented the observed effect (p<0.05). Therefore, combined treatment with antioxidants and irradiation under frozen temperature conditions could improve the final sensory quality of gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk.

Effect of the Cooking Condition on Enzyme-resistant Starch Content and in vitro Starch and Protein Digestibility of Tarakjuk (Milk-rice Porridge) (타락죽의 효소저항전분 함량과 in vitro 전분 및 단백질 분해율에 대한 가열조건의 영향)

  • Lee, Gui-Chu;Lim, Seung-Taik;Yoon, Hyun-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.765-772
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    • 2004
  • Cooking condition of Tarakjuk (milk-rice porridge) was established based on gelatinization temperature using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of roasted Ilpum rice flour, which has highest enzyme-resistant starch (RS) content. Effect of cooking temperature and time on DSC characteristics, crystallity with X ray diffractogram, RS content, in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD), amino acid composition, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) of Tarakjuk were determined. Tarakjuk was cooked at 50, 56.5, 64, and $69^{\circ}C$ for various durations. Rice flour ingredient used was Ilpum, previously roasted at $185^{\circ}C$ for 25 min. Tarakjuk cooked at 50 and $56.5^{\circ}C$ showed two thermal transitions between $63.7-125.2^{\circ}C$ as determined by DSC, corresponding to endotherms of starch gelatinization $(63.7-73.8^{\circ}C)$ and melting of amylose-lipid complex (AM-lipid complex, $97.7-125.2^{\circ}C$), whereas that cooked at 64 and $69^{\circ}C$ showed only AM-lipid complex melting transition between $96.9-127.6^{\circ}C$. As cooking temperature increased, RS content of Tarakjuk decreased, whereas IVSD increased. Total amino acid content was between 11,558-15,601mg/100g, depending on cooking condition used. Compared with conventionally made control, contents of essential amino acids, such as lysine and tryptophane, were higher at 50 and $56.5^{\circ}C$, and IVPD showed higher increase. Results reveal degree of gelatinization in Tarakjuk with high RS content as well as low IVSD and high IVPD, which are important from physiological and nutritional point of view, can be produced by controlling cooking condition.

Physicochemical Property and Starch Digestibility of Tarakjuk prepared with Enzyme Treated Rice Extrudate Powder (효소처리 팽화미 분말로 제조한 타락죽의 이화학 및 소화 특성)

  • Kim, Min Ji;Chun, Jiyeon;Choi, Kap Seong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.692-697
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    • 2016
  • This study was aimed to develop a gruel using rice extrudates and to evaluate physicochemical properties of Tarakjuk (milk porridge; MP) prepared with milk (M) and rice powder (RP, control), rice extrudate (RE), or enzyme treated rice extrudates (ETR). Pasting property of ETR was significantly different from those of RP or RE with significantly low peak viscosity, breakdown and setback values in the ETR sample. Viscosity of MP prepared with ETR was also significantly low, as compared to that of control (> 900 cP). The total solids and spreadability of MP with ETR was higher than those with RP or RE. Hunter color values varied significantly depending on enzyme treatment levels in ETR samples with enzyme dose-dependent increase in b-value. Average starch digestibility of ETR sample was higher by 10.2% than that of control sample. DPPH radical scavenging activities of ETR samples were greater than those of RE or RP. These results indicated that ETR could be beneficial for preparing easy-drink and diet food with higher starch digestibility and fluidity, especially for gastric tube-fed patients.

Development of Probiotic Dairy Product for the Normalization of Microbial Flora in Korean Infants (한국인 영유아 장내균총 정상화를 위한 프로바이오틱 유제품의 개발)

  • Kim, Min-Kyung;Choi, A-Ri;Han, Gi-Sung;Jeong, Seok-Geun;Chae, Hyun-Seok;Jang, Ae-Ra;Seol, Kuk-Hwan;Oh, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Dong-Hun;Ham, Jun-Sang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to develop an effective probiotic dairy product to normalize the microbial flora in Korean infants. A total of 2,200 colonies were isolated from 25 Korean neonates, and 16S rRNA of 348 isolates was analyzed. Approximately 40% of the lactic-acid producing bacterial isolates were Enterococcus faecalis, and 34.2% of them were strains similar to XR7 in the GenBank database. The fastest growing strain in MRS broth was registered as 91532 by the KACC. The selected strain was freeze-dried and utilized to ferment a milk-containing rice soup, tarakjuk. Microbiological, physico-chemical, and sensory characteristics of the fermented tarakjuk were compared with fermented milk and tarakjuk. E. faecalis KACC 91532 increased from $6.14{\pm}0.19$ to $7.36{\pm}0.13$ Log CFU/mL, and can be useful as a probiotic, as described in the Standards for Functional Health Foods.

Quality Characteristics of Milk Porridge (Tarakjuk) Sterilized with Radiation Technology (방사선 조사 기술을 이용하여 제조한 멸균 우유죽(타락죽)의 품질 특성)

  • Han, In-Jun;Park, Jae-Nam;Park, Jin-Gyu;Song, Beom-Seok;Lee, Ju-Woon;Kim, Jae-Hun;Ryu, Hong-Soo;Park, Jeong-Ro;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.885-891
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    • 2011
  • We conducted this study to determine the optimum dose of gamma irradiation needed for the sterilization of milk porridge for patients. Milk porridge, known as Tarakjuk, was irradiated with gamma ray at doses of 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, or 10 kGy. The microbial contamination, $D_{10}$ values of isolated microbe spores, color, and viscosity were measured during storage at $35^{\circ}C$. The initial count of total aerobic bacteria was 2.60 log CFU/g in the non-irradiated milk porridge, but coliforms, spore-forming bacteria, yeast, and molds were not detected. The total counts of aerobic and spore-forming bacteria in the non-irradiated and 1 kGy irradiated milk porridge increased with storage period. These microbes were not detected in the milk porridge irradiated with 10 kGy. The $D_{10}$ values of isolated spores from milk porridge were 2.71 kGy (in milk porridge) and 2.21 kGy (in saline solution). All CIE color increased with gamma irradiation, but the sensory value of color did not significantly change. The viscosity of the milk porridge decreased with gamma irradiation and storage period, and the decrease in viscosity with storage period became smaller as the radiation doses increased. Sensory evaluation scores of the milk porridge were above normal (4.0) when irradiated with less than 5 kGy. These results indicate that gamma irradiation could be beneficial for preparing food with higher nutrient density and lower viscosity, especially for gastric tube-fed patients.

Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) Prepared with Brown Rice (현미를 첨가한 타락죽에 관한 품질특성)

  • Ahn, Jong-Sung;Kong, Suk-Gil;Cho, Sung-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.508-514
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of various types of functional brown rice milk porridge, which has been popular as a fast yet nutritional food, to promote rice consumption and to examine the best ratio and recipe. Each sample contained 10, 20, 30, and 40% brown rice compared to non-glutinous rice and sweet rice and were applied to mechanical and sensory tests. The moisture content of both non-glutinous rice and sweet rice porridges increased with increasing brown rice content. The viscosity of non-glutinous rice milk porridge decreased as with increasing brown rice content, whereas the viscosity of sweet rice milk porridge increased with increasing brown rice content. The pH was highest for BRT0 at 6.74 and lowest for BGT0, which is sweet rice porridge with brown rice, at 6.27. The sweetness decreased significantly for both sweet rice and non-glutinous rice porridges with the increase in brown rice content. The brightness of weet rice and non-glutinous rice porridges with brown rice increased significantly (p<0.001) with the increase in brown rice content, while the redness and yellowness of the color increased significantly (p<0.001) with increasing in brown rice content. As a result of analyzing the preference in the milk porridge containing brown rice, BRT30, which is non-glutinous rice milk porridge with brown rice, was most preferred at 5.8 in terms of color, while BRT30 was most preferred at 6.2 in terms of fragrance. All samples containing brown rice powder were highly preferred in terms of taste and the overall preference of sweet rice milk porridge was highest for BRT30 (5.8). The overall preference was highest for BGT30 at 6.1 and the preference was generally higher for the experiment groups prepared with sweet rice as opposed to those prepared with non-glutinous rice. Also, the scores for the sensory test were higher when brown rice was added. Therefore, it was concluded that the milk porridge could quickly and easily be prepared with brown rice instead of non-glutinous rice or sweet rice.