• Title, Summary, Keyword: tarakjuk

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Enzyme-Resistant Starch Content, Physical and Sensory Properties of Tarakjuk (Milk-Rice Porridge) with Different Amylose Content (아밀로즈 함량별 타락죽의 효소저항전분 함량, 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Lee, Gui-Chu;Kim, Jung-Eun;Kim, Yoon-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2006
  • Tarakjuk with different amylose content was made up using roasted rice flours that consisted of the highest enzyme-resistant starch (RS), while differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was also utilized to measure the gelatinization temperature of these roasted rice flours in order to establish cooking temperature of tarakjuk. The following qualities of tarakjuk with different amylose content were studied: color, viscosity, spreadability, starch fractions involving total starch (TS), rapidly digestible starch (RDS), slowly digestible starch (SDS) and RS, in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) and sensory properties. During experimentation, it was found that as the amylose content of the rice flour decreased, the L value of tarakjuk decreased, whereas a value increased significantly (p<0.05). Also, while viscosity showed to increase significantly (p<0.05), on the opposite end, the property of spreadability decreased. TS ranged from $15.95{\sim}17.31%$, RDS $9.36{\sim}10.16%$, SDS $5.46{\sim}6.91%$ and RS $0.33{\sim}1.07%$, on a dry basis. Although the amylose content of rice flours decreased, IVSD increased, however showing no significant difference. When testing the sensory properties of tarakjuk, color and viscosity increased, whereas clumpiness decreased. Ilpum tarakjuk showed the highest score for nutty taste and overall acceptance levels. In fact a high correlation was shown between nutty taste and overall acceptance level (p<0.01), which leads one to believe that nutty taste is a prime factor that greatly influences overall acceptance. Furthermore, viscosity was positively correlated with both a and b values, however negatively correlated with L value (p<0.05). Moreover, roasted nutty taste and overall acceptance were positively correlated with a value (p<0.05), respectively. In conclusion, the above results suggest that tarakjuk could be made by choosing the appropriate rice flour based on the nutritional or sensory purpose.

Effect of Irradiation Temperature on Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) (방사선 조사 온도가 타락죽의 이화학적 및 관능적 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, In-Jun;Song, Beom-Seok;Lee, Ju-Woon;Kim, Jae-Hun;Choi, Kap-Sung;Park, Jeong-Ro;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.9
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    • pp.1307-1313
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of irradiation temperature on the physicochemical and sensory properties of Tarakjuk, milk porridge. Tarakjuk was gamma-irradiated at different temperatures of $25^{\circ}C$ (in room), $4^{\circ}C$ (in ice), and $-20^{\circ}C$ (in dry ice) at a dose of 10 kGy, and then autoclaved at $120^{\circ}C$ for 15 min for comparison. pH and Hunter's color value of Tarakjuk were not changed by irradiation regardless of the temperature. However, the TBA (2-thiobarbituric acid) value decreased as irradiation temperature was decreased. The viscosity of Tarakjuk irradiated in dry ice was significantly higher than that irradiated at room temperature and in ice (p<0.05). For the sensory evaluation, there were no significant differences in overall acceptability between non-treated Tarakjuk and that irradiated in dry ice. Flavor pattern analysis using an electronic nose with a SAW (surface acoustic wave) sensor determined that the main peaks at retention times 3.88 and 7.34 sec were related with off-flavor induced by irradiation and unique flavor of Tarakjuk, respectively. These results indicated that irradiation at freezing temperature improved quality deterioration of Tarakjuk by gamma irradiation. However, sensory quality of Tarakjuk irradiated at freezing temperature was still lower than that of non-irradiated Tarakjuk. Therefore, further research is needed to improve the quality of Tarakjuk using combined treatment such as addition of antioxidants and vacuum packaging method.

Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk added with Ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) (인삼을 첨가한 타락죽의 품질 특성)

  • Shin, Kyung-Eun;Choi, Soo-Keun;Rha, Young-Ah
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.86-98
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop value-added functional gruels by adding ginseng powder and fresh ginseng to Tarakjuk which is Korean traditional soup. The results of this study are summarized as follows. Tarakjuk with ginseng powder showed the decrease in the moisture level significantly($\alpha$=0.001) when the amount of ginseng powder added was increased. Tarakjuk with fresh ginseng showed the increase in the moisture level significantly($\alpha$=0.001) when the amount of ginseng was increased. The lightness decreased when the amount of ginseng added increased. Redness and yellowness also tend to increase when the amount of ginseng added was increased. pH and sugar content ratio were not significantly different between the two samples. Tarakjuk with ginseng powder showed the decrease in spreadability when the amount of ginseng powder added raised, and Tarakjuk with fresh ginseng showed the opposite result, so we could figure out that increasement of Tarakjuk spreadability made the decrease of viscosity, and the decrease of spreadability made the increasement of viscosity. The result of acceptance test showed GPT1.0, and FGT3.0 acceptance was the highest. In conclusion, Tarakjuk with 1% ginseng powder and Tarakjuk with 3% fresh ginseng were the optimum for all characteristics when produced.

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Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Tarakjuk with Stachys sieboldii Miq Root Powder (초석잠 뿌리 분말을 첨가한 타락죽의 이화학적 및 관능특성)

  • Tae, Mi Hwa;Kim, Kyoung Hee;Yook, Hong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.859-864
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    • 2016
  • The study investigated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Tarakjuk added with various concentrations of Stachys sieboldii Miq root. Tarakjuk prepared by addition of 0, 10, 20, and 30% powder to rice flour basic formulation. The spreadability and moisture content of Tarakjuk increased with addition of Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder, whereas viscosity decreased with addition of Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder. The pH of Tarakjuk decreased with addition of Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder, whereas acidity increased. The lightness of Tarakjuk decreased with addition of Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder, whereas redness and yellowness increased with addition of Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder. 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activities of Tarakjuk significantly increased as Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder content increased (P<0.05). The results of the sensory evaluation showed that the flavor and taste of Tarakjuk were not significantly different among the samples. Appearance, aftertaste, texture, and overall acceptability showed the highest scores for Tarakjuk containing 10% Stachys sieboldii Miq root powder. Based on the results of this study, Tarakjuk added with 10% Stachys sieboldii Miq root was determined to be optimum for its good characteristics and overall acceptability.

Effect of Cheeses and Flavors on Sensory Properties of Gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk (치즈와 향신료의 첨가가 감마선 조사된 타락죽의 관능적 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, In-Jun;Yoon, Young-Min;Choi, Soo-Jeong;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Park, Jong-Heum;Lee, Ju-Woon;Chun, Soon-Sil;Kim, Jae-Hun
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to improve organoleptic quality of gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk at 10 kGy with cheeses (Camembert, Cheddar, Gouda, and Edam) and flavors (Nurungji, cream, and vanilla-cream). Overall acceptability of gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk added each camembert cheese and vanilla-cream flavor was the highest among the all samples. In the effect of sterilization method on the quality of Tarakjuk, the autoclaved samples added with Edam cheese, Gouda cheese, and vanilla-cream flavor, respectively, were showed higher score on the overall acceptability than the irradiated samples, meanwhile the irradiated samples were superior in the other samples. In case of added mixture of Edam cheese and vanilla-cream flavor, irradiated Tarakjuk with mixture was showed the most of high score on overall acceptability. In conclusion, addition of mixture of cheese and flavor to Tarakjuk may help to improve organoleptic quality of sterilized Tarakjuk by gammairradiation.

Toxicity Evaluation of Irradiated Tarakjuk for Three Months (감마선 조사 타락죽의 3개월 반복투여 독성평가)

  • Yin, Xing Fu;Jeon, Young Eun;Kim, Tae-Keun;Shim, Jae-Hoon;Kang, Il-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.11
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    • pp.1534-1539
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the possible subacute toxicity of gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk. Tarakjuk was irradiated at a dose of 30 kGy at room temperature. For the animal study, AIN-93G as a control diet and 30 kGy irradiated and non-irradiated Tarakjuk diets were administered to male and female ICR mice (10 mice per group) for 3 months. During the experimental period, the group fed 30 kGy irradiated Tarakjuk did not show any changes in appearance, behavior, mortality, body weight, organ weight, or food consumption compared to control. Further, all biochemical parameters were in normal ranges. In the histopathological examination of liver and kidney tissues of ICR mice, there were no significant differences between the control and 30 kGy irradiated Tarakjuk groups. These results indicate that Tarakjuk irradiated at 30 kGy did not cause any toxic effects under these experimental conditions.

Quality Evaluation of Gamma-Irradiated Tarakjuk Powder, Korean Milk Porridge (감마선 조사에 따른 분말 타락죽의 품질 평가)

  • Han, In-Jun;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Park, Jong-Heum;Lee, Ju-Woon;Kang, Il-Jun;Chun, Soon-Sil;Kim, Jae-Hun
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate bacterial growth, viscosity, color, and sensory properties of gamma-irradiated Tarakjuk powder, a Korean milk porridge powder, at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 kGy. The total aerobic bacteria in non-irradiated Tarakjuk powder was $2.56{\log}\;CFU{\cdot}g^{-1}$, whereas it was not observed within the detection limit of $2{\log}\;CFU{\cdot}g^{-1}$ in samples irradiated at more than 1 kGy. Spore-forming bacteria, however, were not observed in all samples within the detection limit of $1{\log}\;CFU{\cdot}g^{-1}$. The viscosity of rehydrated Tarakjuk after gamma irradiation significantly decreased from 16,770 cP to 4,060 cP when irradiated at 10 kGy. The redness ($a^*$ value) and yellowness ($b^*$ value) evaluated using a colorimeter were significantly increased according to the increase in irradiation dose (p<0.05), while there was no difference in color evaluation conducted by panels. The overall acceptance decreased as the irradiation dose increased, and the 5 kGy sample was 4.0 (normal) on a 7-point scale. As a result, it is considered that a gamma irradiation of 5 kGy is enough to sterilize Tarakjuk powder with a acceptable sensory quality.

Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (milk-rice porridge) with different Roasting Conditions during Refrigerated Storage (볶음조건을 달리한 타락죽의 저장 시 품질의 변화)

  • 이귀주;김정은;김소정
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.342-351
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    • 2004
  • Rice flour was roasted at different temperatures and times and tarakjuk was made from these roasted rice flours. Chemical composition, in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) and protein digestibility (IVPD) of the roasted rice flours and tarakjuk were determined. Changes in quality characteristics such as pH, viscosity, IVSD and IVPD of tarakjuk during refrigerated storage were also investigated. For roasted rice non, the protein content ranged from 6.52∼7.13% on a dry basis, while for tarakjuk, the range was 3.74 ∼4.0%. On the other hand, the Ca level of tarakjuk ranged from 1,278.36∼1,340.87 ppm. Rice flours showed decreasing IVSD and increasing IVPD on roasting at 145$^{\circ}C$ and 165$^{\circ}C$, whereas they showed increasing IVSD and decreasing IVPD at 185$^{\circ}C$, respectively. Roasting also influenced the pH, viscosity, IVSD md IVPD of tarakjuk made from these roasted rice flours. As the roasting temperature and time increased, tarakjuk showed lower pH and viscosity, however it showed higher IVSD and IVPD. The pH of tarakjuk, except that of control, decreased with storage, whereas viscosity increased significantly. IVSD decreased up to 4 days of storage, after which it increased again until 14 days of storage. On the other hand IVPD increased up to 7 days of storage, but there was no additional significant increase after 14 days of storage. These results suggest that depending on the nutritional purpose, appropriate conditions for roasting of rice flour and storage of tarakjuk may be recommended for the commercialization of tarakjuk.

Effect of Roasting Condition on the Physicochemical Properties of Rice Flour and the Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (볶음조건에 따른 멥쌀가루의 이화학적 특성 및 타락죽의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Gui-Chu;Kim, So-Jung;Koh, Bong-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.905-913
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    • 2003
  • The physicochemical properties of rice flour roasted at various temperatures and times were analyzed, and the quality characteristics of tarakjuk made from these roasted rice flours were investigated. As roasting temperature and time increased, rice flour showed decreasing moisture, protein content, and glucose the major reducing sugar of rice flour. Total amino acid content did not show any significant changes, but the amount of free amino acids and individual amino acids, such as lysine, tryptophane, and tyrosine, decreased. A decrease in L value and increases in a and b values from both roasted rice flour and tarakjuk was observed. Reduced crystallinity and gelatinization temperatures of roasted rice flour were investigated with X-ray diffractogram and DSC, respectively. The thermal transitions between $100.6{\sim}127.6^{\circ}C$ of tarakjuk by DSC are considered to be due to the melting of amylose-lipid complex. As the roasting temperature and time of rice flours increased, tarakjuk showed lower viscosity and higher spreadability. Sensory characteristics, such as nutty flavor, color intensity, and gritty texture increased significantly. Tarakjuk made from rice flour roasted at $185^{\circ}C$ for 25min showed the highest score on overall preference. From the above results, roasted rice flour produced more preferable tarakjuk than nonroasted flour in terms of sensory quality.

pH, Moisture, Solid, Total Sugar, Amylose, Viscosity, Spreadability and Color of Puffed Rice Powder Added Tarakjuk (팽화미분 첨가에 따른 타락죽의 pH, 수분, 고형분, 총당, amylose, 점도, 퍼짐성 및 색도 변화)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Ju Bong;Yi, Young Hyoun
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2009
  • The pH, moisture, solid, total sugar, amylose, viscosity, line spread and color of Tarakjuk containing puffed rice powder were investigated. The pH of rice Tarakjuk was higher than that of puffed rice powder. Also, samples with whole milk powder were higher than fresh milk (p<0.05). The highest moisture contents, 84.56% was observed in rice Tarakjuk prepared with whole milk powder, while lowest 81.04% in puffed rice powder sample with fresh milk (p<0.05). Samples with lower moisture contents resulted in greater solid contents (p<0.05). Higher total sugar contents were noticed in cooked samples than uncooked ones, however no differences were found among cooked ones (p<0.05). Amylose contents of puffed rice powder Tarakjuk were higher than rice sample (p<0.05). The rice Tarakjuk showed higher viscosity and lower spreadability (p<0.05). Higher "L" value was observed in rice. Highest "a" values were shown in puffed rice powder and lowest value in rice with fresh milk (p<0.05). The "b" value tended to be similar to "a" value.