• Title, Summary, Keyword: t-BHP

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Role of Phospholipase $A_2$ in Oxidant-induced Alteration in Phosphate Transport in Primary Cultured Rabbit Renal Proximal Tubule Cells

  • Park, Kwon-Moo;Ko, Sun-Hee;Woo, Jae-Suk;Jung, Jin-Sup;Lee, Sang-Ho;Kim, Yong-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.2 no.5
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    • pp.601-609
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    • 1998
  • The present study was undertaken to examine the role of phospholipase $A_2\;(PLA_2)$ in oxidant-induced inhibition of phosphate transport in primary cultured rabbit renal proximal tubule cells. Uptakes of phosphate and glucose were dose-dependently inhibited by an oxidant t-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP), and the significant inhibition appeared at 0.025 mM of tBHP, whereas tBHP-induced alterations in lipid peroxidation and cell viability were seen at 0.5 mM. tBHP stimulated arachidonic acid (AA) release in a dose-dependent fashion. A $PLA_2$ inhibitor mepacrine prevented tBHP-induced AA release, but it did not alter the inhibition of phosphate uptake and the decrease in cell viability induced by tBHP. tBHP-induced inhibition of phosphate transport was not affected by a PKC inhibitor, staurosporine. tBHP at 0.1 mM did not produce the inhibition of $Na^+-K^+-ATPase$ activity in microsomal fraction, although it significantly inhibited at 1.0 mM. These results suggest that tBHP can inhibit phosphate uptake through a mechanism independent of $PLA_2$ activation, irreversible cell injury, and lipid peroxidation in primary cultured rabbit renal proximal tubular cells.

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Effect of Sunghyangchungi-san (Xingxiangzhengqi-san) on Contraction and Lipid Peroxidation Induced by t-Butyl Hydroperoxide in Isolated Rabbit Carotid Artery (성향정기산(星香正氣散)이 가토(家兎)의 경동맥(頸動脈) 평골근(平滑筋) 절편(切片)에서 t-Butyl Hydroperoxide 에 의한 지질과산화(脂質過酸化) 및 수축(收縮)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Young-Gyun;Kim, Jong-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 1999
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of Sunghyangchungi-san (SHCS) on the oxidant-induced contraction and lipid peroxidation in rabbit carotid artery. Vascular rings isolated from rabbit carotid artery were exposed to t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP), an extrinsic oxidant, and the effect of SHCS on the changes of vascular tension and lipid peroxidation induced by t-BHP was determined. t- BHP induced a slowly developing and sustained contraction of the arterial rings. SHCS effectively relaxed the arterial rings that were pre-contracted by t-BHP. The responses to SHCS were partially dose-dependent at concentrations lower than 0.5 mg/ml. When SHCS was applied prior to the exposure to t-BHP, it inhibited the t-BHP-induced contraction as well. t- BHP increased lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. SHCS as well as well-known anti-oxidants GSH and DPPD reduced significantly lipid peroxidation induced by t-BHP. SHCS partially blocked the increase in $^{45}Ca$ uptake induced by t-BHP. In contrast to SHCS, anti-oxidants GSH and DPPD failed to inhibit significantly the t- BHP-induced contraction or $^{45}Ca$ uptake. From the above results, it is suggested that SHCS relaxed t-BHP-induced contraction of rabbit carotid artery independently of its anti-oxidant action, and inhibition of $Ca^{2+}$ influx may contribute to the underlying mechanism.

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Effect of Baicalein on t-Butylhydroperoxide-Induced Cell Injury in Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells

  • Soon-Bee Jung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 2003
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of baicalein, a major flavone component of Scutellaria balicalensis Georgi, on oxidant-induced cell injury in renal epithelial cells. Opossum kidney cells, an established proximal tubular epithelial cells, were used as a cell model of renal epithelial cells and t-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP) as an oxidant drug model. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay and lipid peroxidation was estimated by measuring the content of malondialdehyde, a product of lipid peroxidation. Exposure of cells to tBHP caused cell death and its effect was dose-dependent over concentration range of 0.1~1.0 mM. When cells were exposed to tBHP in the presence of various concentrations (0.1~10 $\mu$M) of baicalein, tBHP-induced cell death was prevented with a manner dependent of baicalein concentration. tBHP induced A TP depletion, which was significantly prevented by baicalein. Similarly, tBHP-induced DNA damage was prevented by baicalein. tBHP produced a marked increase in lipid peroxidation and its effect was completely inhibited by baicalein. These results indue ate that tBHP induces cell injury through a lipid peroxidation-dependent mechanism in renal epithelial cells, and baicalein prevented oxidant-induced cell injury via antioxidant action inhibiting lipid peroxidation. In addition, these results suggest that baicalein may be a candidate for development of drugs which are effective in preventing and treating renal diseases.

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Effect of t-butylhydroperoxide on $Na^+-dependent$ Glutamate Uptake in Rabbit Brain Synaptosome

  • Lee, Hyun-Je;Kim, Yong-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.367-376
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    • 1997
  • The effect of an organic peroxide, t-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP), on glutamate uptake was studied in synaptosomes prepared from cerebral cortex. t-BHP inhibited the $Na^+-dependent$ glutamate uptake with no change in the $Na^+-independent$ uptake. This effect of t-BHP was not altered by addition of $Ca^{2+}$ channel blockers (verapamil, diltiazem and nifedipine) or $PLA_2$ inhibitors (dibucaine, butacaine and quinacrine). However, the effect was prevented by iron chelators (deferoxamine and phenanthroline) and phenolic antioxidants (N,N'-diphenyl-phenylenediamine, butylated hydroxyanisole, and butylated hydroxytoluene). At low concentrations (<1.0 mM), t-BHP inhibited glutamate uptake without altering lipid peroxidation. Moreover, a large increase in lipid peroxidation by $ascorbate/Fe^{2+}$ was not accompanied by an inhibition of glutamate uptake. The impairment of glutamate uptake by t-BHP was not intimately related to the change in $Na^+-K+-ATPase$ activity. These results suggest that inhibition of glutamate uptake by t-BHP is not totally mediated by peroxidation of membrane lipid, but is associated with direct interactions of glutamate transport proteins with t-BHP metabolites. The $Ca^{2+}$ influx through $Ca^{2+}$ channel or $PLA_2$ activation may not be involved in the t-BHP inhibition of glutamate transport.

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Effect of Scutellaria Baicalensis Georgi Extract on Oxidant-Induced Apoptosis in Renal Epithelial Cells (Renal epithelial cells에서 oxidant에 의한 apoptosis에 미치는 황금(黃芩)의 영향)

  • Lee, Dong-Joon;Yoon, Cheol-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2004
  • 목적 : 黃芩(황금)과 黃芩(황금)의 주요 flavonoid 성분인 baicalein이 신장세뇨관 상피세포에서 산화제에 의한 apoptosis에 미치는 효과를 살펴보고자 한다. 방법 : 신장세뇨관 상피세포주인 opossum kidney (OK) 세포를 유기산화제인 t-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP)에 노출시켜 apoptosis를 일으킨 후 관련된 변화를 관찰하였다. 결과 : tBHP는 농도에 의존하여 apoptosis를 유발시켰는데, 이러한 효과는 黃芩(황금)과 baicalein에 의해 농도 의존적으로 방지 되었다. tBHP에 의한 OK 세포사는 항산화제인 Trolox와 N-acetylcysteine에 의해 방지 되었다. tBHP는 mitogen-activated protein kinase의 subfamily인 extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)를 활성화시켰다. ERK 억제제인 PD98059와 U0126은 tBHP에 의한 세포 사망을 방지하였다. tBHP에 의한 ERK 활성화는 U0126에 의해 억제되었으나 黃芩(황금)과 baicalein에 의해서는 영향을 받지 않았다. 철착염제인 deferoxamine은 tBHP에 의한 세포 사망과 ERK 활성화를 방지하였다. tBHP에 의한 세포 사망은 casopase 억제제인 BOD-U-FMK와 zDEVD-FMK에 의해 방지되었다. 결론 : 黃芩(황금)은 산화제에 의한 세포 사망을 방지하는데, 이는 kinase 억제, 항산화제 역할 및 철착염제의 작용에 기인하지 않았다. 黃芩(황금)의 이러한 효과는 산화제에 의관 신부전 예방 및 치료제로 개발하는데 이용될 수 있는 가능성을 보였다.

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The Hepatotprotective and Antioxidative Effects of Onion (Allium cepa) Extracts in Rat Hepatocyte Primary Culture (양파(Allium cepa) 추출물의 간보호 및 항산화 효과)

  • Lim Sang-Cheol;Rhim Tae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.470-478
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    • 2005
  • The objective of present study was to investigate the hepatoprotective and antioxidative effects of onion extracts. Primary cultures of rat hepatocytes were incubated with 1.5 mM tort-butyl hydroperoxide(t-BHP), potent oxidizing agent to liver, for 1 hr in the presence or absence of various concentrations (0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1 or 0.3 mg/ml) of onion extract. Incubation with t-BHP increased glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) acitivities and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) concentration but decreased 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide(MTT) reduction. Onion extracts at the concentration of 0.05 mg/ml decreased t-BHP-induced GOT and LDH activities. Onion extract at the concentration of 0.1 mg/ml increased t-BHP-induced MTT reduction. Onion extract at the concentration of 0.01 mg/ml decreased t-BHP-induced TBARS concentration. Taken together, onion extracts prevented t-BHP-induced hepatocyte injury and lipid peroxidation. Catalase, glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) and glutathione reductase(GSH-Rd) activities of hepatocytes were significantly decreased by t-BHP. Onion extracts at the concentration of 0.1 mg/ml prevented t-BHP-induced decrease in catalase, GSH-Px and GSH-Rd activities. Onion extracts prevented hydroxyl radical-induced single-strand breakage in dose-dependent manner when plasmid DNA was incubated with various concentrations of onion extracts in the presence of Fenton reagents producing hydroxyl radical. These results demonstrate that onion extracts suppressed t-BHP-induced cytoctoxicity, decreased viability and lipid peroxidation and increased GSH-Px, GSH-Rd and catalase activities. Thus hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of onion extract seem to be due to, at least in part, the increase in antioxidant enzyme activities as well as prevention from hydroxyl radical-induced oxidation, followed by inhibition of lipid peroxidation.

The Hepatotprotective and Antioxidative Effects of Onion (Allium cepa) Extracts in Rat Hepatocyte Primary Culture (양파(Allium cepa) 추출물의 간보호 및 항산화 효과)

  • Rhim, Tae-Jin;Lim, Sang-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.52-60
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    • 2005
  • The objectives of present study were to investigate the hepatoprotective and antioxidative effects of onion extracts. Primary cultures of rat hepatocytes were incubated with 1.5 mM tert-butyl hydroperoxide(t-BHP), potent oxidizing agent for liver injury for 1 hr in the presence or absence of various concentrations (0, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1 or 0.3 mg/ml) of onion extract. Cytotoxicity and cell viability were determined by measuring glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) activity, lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) activity and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide(MTT) value. Lipid peroxidation was evaluated using thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) assay. Effects on antioxidant system were determined by measuring catalase, glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), glutathione reductase(GSH-Rd) activities as well as DNA strand breaking assay. Incubation with t-BHP alone increased GOT and LDH activities and TBARS concentration but decreased MTT reduction. Onion extracts at the concentration of 0.05 mg/ml began to decrease GOT and LDH activities induced by 1.5 mM t-BHP. Decreased MTT reduction began to be increased by onion extract at the concentration of 0.01 mg/ml. Onion extracts at the concentration of 0.01 mg/ml began to decrease TBARS concentration induced by t-BHP. Taken together, onion extracts prevented t-BHP-induced hepatocyte injury and lipid peroxidation. Catalase, GSH-Px and GSH-Rd activities of hepatocytes were significantly decreased by 1.5 mM t-BHP for 1 hr incubation. Onion extracts, on the other hand, at the concentration of 0.1 mg/ml began to prevent t-BHP-induced decrease in catalase, GSH-Px and GSH-Rd activities. Onion extracts prevented hydroxyl radical-induced single-strand breakage in dose-dependent manner when plasmid DNA was incubated with various concentrations of onion extracts in the presence of Fenton regents producing hydroxyl radical. These results demonstrate that onion extracts suppressed t-BHP-induced cytoctoxicity, decreased viability and lipid peroxidation and increased GSH-Px, GSH-Rd and catalase activities. Thus hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of onion extract seem to be due to, at least in part, the increase in antioxidant enzyme activities as well as prevention from hydroxyl radical-induced oxidation, followed by inhibition in lipid peroxidation.

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Antioxidant Activity and Protective Effects of Extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana on t-BHP Induced Oxidative Stress in Chang cells (접골목 추출물에 의한 항산화 활성이 정상 간세포의 t-BHP 유발 산화스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kitae
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2013
  • In the present study, antioxidant activity and protective effect of extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana stems (SWC) were evaluated on tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced oxidative stress in human liver (Chang) cells. Antioxidant activities of the SWC extracts were determined by various radical scavenging activities, such as DPPH, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethybenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. SWC extracts showed strong antioxidant effect on various assay. To determine the hepatoprotective effects of SWC on t-BHP induced oxidative damage, cell viability was measured using MTT assay. Pretreatment of SWC extracts showed increasing cell viability, decreasing ROS and restoring mitochondria membrane potential on t-BHP induced oxidative stress in Chang cells. Our findings suggest that SWC extracts may be considered a potential agent for therapeutic protective effect from oxidative stress through its antioxidant activity.

Effects of Paeoniae Radix Aqua-Acupuncture Solution on Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidative Enzymes in Cultured Rat Liver Cells (작약 약침액이 tert-butyl hydroperoxide 로 유도된 흰쥐 배양 간세포의 지질과산화반응 및 항산화효소 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Jin-Young
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.176-187
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : This study was purposed to investigate the antioxidative effects of Paeoniae radix aqua-acupuncture solution(PR) on culture liver cell system, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activities in tert-butyl hydroperoxide(t-BHP) treatmented conditions. Methods : Cultured normal rat liver cell(Ac2F) were prepared and incubated with or without PR(at 2% volume in culture medium). After 16~18hr, cells placed in DMEM medium without serum, and then incubated with 1mM t-BHP for 2hr. Viable cells were detected by MTT assay, and the levels of lipid peroxide(LPO) were measured by TBA method. And catalase activity was measured as the decrease in hydrogen peroxide absorbance at 240nm on spectrophotometer using 30mM hydrogen peroxide. Superoxide dismutase(SOD) were assayed by recording the inhibition of nitro blue tetrazolium reduction with xanthine and xanthine oxidase. Glutathione peroxidase(GPX) activity was determined by the modified coupled assay developed by Paglia and Lawrence. The reaction was started by addition of 2.2mM hydrogen peroxide as substrate. The change in absorbance at 340nm was measured for 1min on spectrophotometer. Glutathione-S-transferase(GST) activity was assayed with CDNB as substrate and enzyme activity of GST towards the glutathione conjugation of CDNB. Results : Cell killing was significantly enhanced by addition of t-BHP compared to those of untreated group. PR pretreated cell resisted the toxic effects of t-BHP. LPO levels of t-BHP treatment group were significantly higher than other groups. This increased level was significandy reduced by PR pretreatment. The t-BHP treatment resulted in a decrease of catalase, GPX and GST activities. By contrast, PR pretreatment markedly increased compare to those of untreated groups. Conclusions : T-BHP which can produce intracellular free radical was used for inducer of the peroxidation of cellular lipids. PR protected the cell death induced by t-BHP and significantly increased cell viabiliry in the normal rat liver cell, and showed effective inhibition of lipid peroxidation, and elevations of catalase, GPX and GST activities. These results suggested that PR might play a protective role in lipid peroxidation by free radicals.

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Protective effect of Juglans sinensis Dode extract (JS) on oxidant-induced apoptosis in renal epithelial cells (신세뇨관(腎細尿管) 상피세포(上皮細胞)에서 산화(酸化)로 유발(誘發)된 apoptosis에 대한 호도약침액(胡桃藥鍼液)의 방어효과(防禦效果))

  • Park, In-bum;Ahn, Chang-beohm;Jang, Kyung-jeon;Song, Choon-ho;Yoon, Hyoun-min;Kim, Cheol-hong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2004
  • Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of lipid peroxidation in oxidant-induced apoptosis and effect of JS on the apoptosis in opossum kidney (OK) cells, an established renal proximal tubular cells. Methods : Exposure of cells to 0.1mM tBHP for 2hr did not induce apoptosis, but subsequent incubation in normal culture medium for 18hr after tBHP treatment induced apoptotic cell death which is dependent of tBHP concentration. Results : JS decreased tBHP-induced apoptotic cell death in a dose-dependent fashion and at concentrations higher than 0.01 mg/ml completely prevented the apoptosis. tBHP-induced apoptosis was prevented by the lipid soluble antioxidant N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPPD) and water-soluble antioxidant Trolox. tBHP increased lipid peroxidation, which was inhibited by JS and DPPD. tBHP-induced DNA damage was prevented by JS and DPPD. Conclusion : These results indicate that tBHP induces apoptosis through a lipid peroxidation-dependent mechanism and JS exerts the protective effect against the apoptosis by preventing peroxidation of membrane lipids.

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