• Title, Summary, Keyword: t-(v.k.1)

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A Study on the Fabrication of CsI(T1) Radiation Sensor and its Spectroscopic Characteristics (CsI(T1) 방사선센서의 제작 및 분광특성 연구)

  • 권수일;신동호
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2002
  • CsI(T1) single crystal was grown in a Bridgman growing apparatus, which has the diameter of 11 mm and the mole ratio of 0.001 mol%. Radiation sensors were made with CsITl)crystal and two photodiodes, and measured spectroscopic characteristics and linearity for gamma-ray and X-ray. The energy resolution of CsI(T1) radiation sensor has been measured with $^{22}$ Na, $^{137}$ Cs and $^{60}$ Co gamma standard sources. Also output linearity of CsITl) sensor was measured for diagnostic radiation region. The energy resolutions of CsI(T1) radiation sensor for 0.511MeV gamma-ray from Na-22 source, 0.662MeV from Cs-137 source, and 1.17MeV and 1.332MeV from Co-60 source were 13.2%, 8.3%, 6.7%, and 5.1% respectively. Also the output linearity up to 80mAs current for 60kVp, 80kvp, 100kVp, 120kVp tube voltages has been studied.

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Distributed Data Management based on t-(v,k,1) Combinatorial Design (t-(v,k,1) 조합 디자인 기반의 데이터 분산 관리 방식)

  • Song, You-Jin;Park, Kwang-Yong;Kang, Yeon-Jung
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.17C no.5
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    • pp.399-406
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    • 2010
  • Many problems are arisen due to the weakness in the security and invasion to privacy by malicious attacker or internal users while various data services are available in ubiquitous network environment. The matter of controlling security for various contents and large capacity of data has appeared as an important issue to solve this problem. The allocation methods of Ito, Saito and Nishizeki based on traditional polynomial require all shares to restore the secret information shared. On the contrary, the secret information can be restored if the shares beyond the threshold value is collected. In addition, it has the effect of distributed DBMS operation which distributes and restores the data, especially the flexibility in realization by using parameters t,v,k in combinatorial design which has regularity in DB server and share selection. This paper discuss the construction of new share allocation method and data distribution/storage management with the application of matrix structure of t-(v,k,1) design for allocating share when using secret sharing in management scheme to solve the matter of allocating share.

Analysis of Insulator Failures Altar Installation of Arcing Horns in 154kV Transmission Lines (154kV 송전선로 Arcing Horn 적용에 따른 애자련 사고분석)

  • Cho, S.B.;Lee, H.K.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1743-1745
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    • 1998
  • Insulators of 154kV T/L have been frequently damaged by fault currents. Arcing horn is a very effective and economic method for protection of insulators from the flashover. We developed arcing horns for 154kV T/L in order to protect insulators from the arc[1]. This paper analyzes the status of insulator failures in 154kV T/L after installation of the arcing horns.

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[r, s, t; f]-COLORING OF GRAPHS

  • Yu, Yong;Liu, Guizhen
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2011
  • Let f be a function which assigns a positive integer f(v) to each vertex v $\in$ V (G), let r, s and t be non-negative integers. An f-coloring of G is an edge-coloring of G such that each vertex v $\in$ V (G) has at most f(v) incident edges colored with the same color. The minimum number of colors needed to f-color G is called the f-chromatic index of G and denoted by ${\chi}'_f$(G). An [r, s, t; f]-coloring of a graph G is a mapping c from V(G) $\bigcup$ E(G) to the color set C = {0, 1, $\ldots$; k - 1} such that |c($v_i$) - c($v_j$ )| $\geq$ r for every two adjacent vertices $v_i$ and $v_j$, |c($e_i$ - c($e_j$)| $\geq$ s and ${\alpha}(v_i)$ $\leq$ f($v_i$) for all $v_i$ $\in$ V (G), ${\alpha}$ $\in$ C where ${\alpha}(v_i)$ denotes the number of ${\alpha}$-edges incident with the vertex $v_i$ and $e_i$, $e_j$ are edges which are incident with $v_i$ but colored with different colors, |c($e_i$)-c($v_j$)| $\geq$ t for all pairs of incident vertices and edges. The minimum k such that G has an [r, s, t; f]-coloring with k colors is defined as the [r, s, t; f]-chromatic number and denoted by ${\chi}_{r,s,t;f}$ (G). In this paper, we present some general bounds for [r, s, t; f]-coloring firstly. After that, we obtain some important properties under the restriction min{r, s, t} = 0 or min{r, s, t} = 1. Finally, we present some problems for further research.

EXISTENCE OF POSITIVE SOLUTIONS FOR SINGULAR IMPULSIVE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH INTEGRAL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

  • Miao, Chunmei;Ge, Weigao;Zhang, Zhaojun
    • The Pure and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.147-163
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we study the existence of positive solutions for singular impulsive differential equations with integral boundary conditions $$\{u^{{\prime}{\prime}}(t)+q(t)f(t,u(t),u^{\prime}(t))=0,\;t{\in}\mathbb{J}^{\prime},\\{\Delta}u(t_k)=I_k(u(t_k),u^{\prime}(t_k)),\;k=1,2,{\cdots},p,\\{\Delta}u^{\prime}(t_k)=-L_k(u(t_k),u^{\prime}(t_k)),\;k=1,2,{\cdots},p,\\u=(0)={\int}_{0}^{1}g(t)u(t)dt,\;u^{\prime}=0,$$) where the nonlinearity f(t, u, v) may be singular at v = 0. The proof is based on the theory of Leray-Schauder degree, together with a truncation technique. Some recent results in the literature are generalized and improved.

Characterization of the v-cath Gene of Bombyx mori Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus K1

  • Lee, Kwang Sik;Li, Jianhong;Je, Yeon Ho;Woo, Soo Dong;Sohn, Hung Dae;Jin, Byung Rae
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2004
  • A cathepsin L-like cysteine protease, v-cath, encoded by the baculovirus has been shown to playa role in host liquefaction. We have identified a v-cath gene in the silkworm virus, Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) K1 strain. The 969 bp v-cath has an open reading frame of 323 amino acids. A putative cleavage site and catalytic sites were conserved in BmNPV-K1 v-cath. The predicted three-dimensional structure of BmNPV-K1 v-cath revealed that the overall fold of BmNPV-K1 v-cath is similar to that of other proteases of the papain family. The deduced amino acid sequence of BmNPV-K1 v-cath showed 98% and 97% protein sequence identity to BmNPV T3 strain and to Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus, respectively. The BmNPV-K1 v-cath differed at 4 amino acid positions from BmNPV T3. The v-cath gene in BmNPV-K1 genome is located on the EcoRV 6 kb and XhoI 9 kb fragments. Northern hybridization analysis of BmNPV K1 v-cath gene revealed that it is expressed late in infection.

EXTREMUM PROPERTIES OF DUAL Lp-CENTROID BODY AND Lp-JOHN ELLIPSOID

  • Ma, Tong-Yi
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.465-479
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    • 2012
  • For $0<p{\leq}{\infty}$ and a convex body $K$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, Lutwak, Yang and Zhang defined the concept of dual $L_p$-centroid body ${\Gamma}_{-p}K$ and $L_p$-John ellipsoid $E_pK$. In this paper, we prove the following two results: (i) For any origin-symmetric convex body $K$, there exist an ellipsoid $E$ and a parallelotope $P$ such that for $1{\leq}p{\leq}2$ and $0<q{\leq}{\infty}$, $E_qE{\supseteq}{\Gamma}_{-p}K{\supseteq}(nc_{n-2,p})^{-\frac{1}{p}}E_qP$ and $V(E)=V(K)=V(P)$; For $2{\leq}p{\leq}{\infty}$ and $0<q{\leq}{\infty}$, $2^{-1}{\omega_n}^{\frac{1}{n}}E_qE{\subseteq}{\Gamma}_{-p}K{\subseteq}{2\omega_n}^{-\frac{1}{n}}(nc_{n-2,p})^{-\frac{1}{p}}E_qP$ and $V(E)=V(K)=V(P)$. (ii) For any convex body $K$ whose John point is at the origin, there exists a simplex $T$ such that for $1{\leq}p{\leq}{\infty}$ and $0<q{\leq}{\infty}$, ${\alpha}n(nc_{n-2,p})^{-\frac{1}{p}}E_qT{\supseteq}{\Gamma}_{-p}K{\supseteq}(nc_{n-2,p})^{-\frac{1}{p}}E_qT$ and $V(K)=V(T)$.

Linear Preservers of Perimeters of Nonnegative Real Matrices

  • Song, Seok-Zun;Kang, Kyung-Tae
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.465-472
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    • 2008
  • For a nonnegative real matrix A of rank 1, A can be factored as $ab^t$ for some vectors a and b. The perimeter of A is the number of nonzero entries in both a and b. If B is a matrix of rank k, then B is the sum of k matrices of rank 1. The perimeter of B is the minimum of the sums of perimeters of k matrices of rank 1, where the minimum is taken over all possible rank-1 decompositions of B. In this paper, we obtain characterizations of the linear operators which preserve perimeters 2 and k for some $k\geq4$. That is, a linear operator T preserves perimeters 2 and $k(\geq4)$ if and only if it has the form T(A) = UAV or T(A) = $UA^tV$ with some invertible matrices U and V.

Photocurrent study on the splitting of the valence band and growth of $CdGa_2Se_4$ single crystal thin film by hot wall epitaxy (Hot Wall epitaxy(HWE)법에 의한 $CdGa_2Se_4$ 단결정 박막의 성장과 가전자대 갈라짐에 대한 광전류 연구)

  • Park, Chang-Sun;Hong, Kwang-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.179-186
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    • 2007
  • Single crystal $CdGa_2Se_4$ layers were grown on a thoroughly etched semi-insulating GaAs(100) substrate at $420^{\circ}C$ with the hot wall epitaxy(HWE) system by evaporating the polycrystal source of $CdGa_2Se_4$ at $630^{\circ}C$. The crystalline structure of the single crystal thin films was investigated by the photoluminescence and double crystal X-ray diffraction(DCXD). The carrier density and mobility of single crystal $CdGa_2Se_4$ thin films measured with Hall effect by van der Pauw method are $8.27{\times}10^{17}cm^{-3},\;345cm^2/V{\cdot}s$ at 293 K, respectively. The photocurrent and the absorption spectra of $CdGa_2Se_4/SI$(Semi-Insulated) GaAs(100) are measured ranging from 293 K to 10 K. The temperature dependence of the energy band gap of the $CdGa_2Se_4$ obtained from the absorption spectra was well described by the Varshni's relation $E_g(T)=2.6400eV-(7.721{\times}10^{-4}eV/K)T^2/(T+399K)$. Using the photocurrent spectra and the Hopfield quasicubic model, the crystal field energy(${\Delta}cr$) and the spin-orbit splitting energy(${\Delta}so$) far the valence band of the $CdGa_2Se_4$ have been estimated to be 106.5 meV and 418.9 meV at 10 K, respectively. The three photocurrent peaks observed at 10 K are ascribed to the $A_{1^-},\;B_{1^-},\;and\;C_{11}-exciton$ peaks.

Technology and Design Standards of 765kV 1cct Transmission Line (765kV 1회선 송전선로 기술기준 및 설계방안)

  • Sim, Soon-Bo;Min, Byeong-Wook;Park, K.H.;Jo, C.I.;Kim, J.Y.;Sin, I.S.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.80-82
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    • 2002
  • To solve the difficulty in obtaining transmission routes and substation sites. increase the transmission capacity between generation sites and load centers. and enhance the stability of the power system. we have constructed and operated the 765kV double circuit transmission line(hereunder T/L) from the Dangjin thermal power plant and the Uljin nuclear power plant to the metropolitan. It makes it possible for us to accumulate know-how of the 765kV system that is the highest operating system level in Asia. As the second 765kV project, we are going to construct the 765kV single circuit T/L between Ansung and Gap yung. Because of the different electrical and mechanical characteristics. we are in need of different design technology. This paper presents the optimal design of 765kV single circuit transmission line after due consideration about the arrangement of conductors. the shape of a tower, insulation, etc.

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