• Title, Summary, Keyword: syngas

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Basic Economic Analysis for Co-production Process of DME and Electricity using Syngas Obtained by Coal Gasification (석탄 가스화를 통한 전력 생산과 DME 병산 공정에 대한 기초 경제성 분석)

  • Yoo, Young Don;Kim, Su Hyun;Cho, Wonjun;Mo, Yonggi;Song, Taekyong
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.796-806
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    • 2014
  • The key for the commercial deployment of IGCC power plants or chemical (methanol, dimethyl ether, etc.) production plants based on coal gasification is their economic advantage over plants producing electricity or chemicals from crude oil or natural gas. The better economy of coal gasification based plants can be obtained by co-production of electricity and chemicals. In this study, we carried out the economic feasibility analysis on the process of co-producing electricity and DME (dimethyl ether) using coal gasification. The plant's capacity was 250 MW electric and DME production of 300,000 ton per year. Assuming that the sales price of DME is 500,000 won/ton, the production cost of electricity is in the range of 33~58% of 150.69 won/kwh which is the average of SMP (system marginal price) in 2013, Korea. At present, the sales price of DME in China is approximately 900,000 won/ton. Therefore, there are more potential for lowering the price of co-produced electricity when comparing that from IGCC only. Since the co-production system can not only use the coal gasifier and the gas purification process as a common facility but also can control production rates of electricity and DME depending on the market demand, the production cost of electricity and DME can be significantly reduced compared to the process of producing electricity or DME separately.

Characteristics of Carbon Dioxide Reduction in the Gliding Arc Plasma Discharge (글라이딩 아크 플라즈마 방전에 의한 이산화탄소 저감 특성)

  • Lim, Mun Sup;Kim, Seung Ho;Chun, Young Nam
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.205-209
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    • 2015
  • CCU (Carbon Capture & Utilization) has a potential technology for the reduction and usage of carbon dioxide which is greenhouse gas emitting from a fossil fuel buring. To decompose the carbon dioxide, a three phase gliding arc plasma-catalytic reactor was designed and manufactured. Experiments of carbon dioxide reduction was performed by varying the gas flow rate with feeding the $CO_2$ only as well as the input power, the catalyst type and steam supply with respect to the injection of the mixture of $CO_2$ and $CH_4$. The $CO_2$ decomposition rate was 7.9% and the energy efficiency was $0.0013L/min{\cdot}W$ at a $CO_2$ flow rate of 12 L/min only. Carbon monoxide and oxygen was generated in accordance with the destruction of carbon dioxide. When the injection ratio of $CH_4/CO_2$ reached 1.29, the $CO_2$ destruction and $CH_4$ conversion rates were 37.8% and 56.6% respectively at a power supply of 0.76 kW. During the installation of $NiO/Al_2O_3$ catalyst bed, the $CO_2$ destruction and $CH_4$ conversion rates were 11.5% and 9.9% respectively. The steam supply parameter do not have any significant effects on the carbon dioxide decomposition.

Method for Improvement of Reduction Reactivity at High Temperature in a Chemical-Looping Combustor (매체순환식 가스연소기에서 고온 환원반응성 증대 방법)

  • Ryu, Ho-Jung;Park, Sang-Soo;Lee, Dong-Ho;Choi, Won-Kil;Rhee, Young-Woo
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.843-849
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    • 2012
  • When we use NiO based particle as an oxygen carrier in a chemical looping combustion system, the fuel conversion and the $CO_2$ selectivity decreased with increasing reaction temperature within high temperature range (> $900^{\circ}C$) due to the increment of exhaust CO concentration from reduction reactor. To improve reduction reactivity at high temperature, the applicable metal oxide component was selected by calculation of the equilibrium CO concentration of metal oxide components. After that, feasibility of reduction reactivity improvement at high temperature was checked by using solid mixture of the selected metal oxide particle and NiO based oxygen carrier. The reactivity was measured and investigated using batch type fluidized bed. The solid mixture of $Co_3O_4/CoAl_2O_4$(10%) and OCN706-1100(90%) showed higher fuel conversion, higher $CO_2$ selectivity and lower CO concentration than OCN706-1100(100%) cases. Consequently, we could conclude that improvement of reduction reactivity at high temperature range by adding some $Co_3O_4$ based oxygen carrier was feasible.

Low Grade Coal-CO2 Catalytic Gasification Reaction for CO gas Synthesis (CO 합성을 위한 저급석탄-CO2 촉매 가스화 반응)

  • Lee, Ho Yong;Lee, Jong Dae
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.466-473
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the experiments on optimal CO gas synthesis were conducted using low grade coal-$CO_2$ catalyst gasification reaction. The characteristics of generated CO gas were investigated using the chemical activation method of KOH, $K_2CO_3$, $Na_2CO_3$ catalysts with Kideco and Shewha coal. The preparation process has been optimized through the analysis of experimental variables such as ratio between activating chemical agents and coal, the flow rate of gas and reaction temperature during $CO_2$ conversion reaction. The produced CO gas was analysed by Gas Chromatography (GC). The 98.6% $CO_2$ conversion for Kideco coal mixed with 20 wt% $Na_2CO_3$ and 98.9% $CO_2$ conversion for Shenhua coal mixed with 20 wt% KOH were obtained at the conditions of $T=950^{\circ}C$ and $CO_2$ flow rate of 100 cc/min. Also, the low grade coal-$CO_2$ catalytic gasification reaction showed the CO selectivities(97.8 and 98.8 %) at the same feed ratio and reaction conditions.

Production of Solar Fuel by Plasma Oxidation Destruction-Carbon Material Gasification Conversion (플라즈마 산화분해-탄화물 가스화 전환에 의한 태양연료 생산)

  • Song, Hee Gaen;Chun, Young Nam
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2020
  • The use of fossil fuel and biogas production causes air pollution and climate change problems. Research endeavors continue to focus on converting methane and carbon dioxide, which are the major causes of climate change, into quality energy sources. In this study, a novel plasma-carbon converter was proposed to convert biogas into high quality gas, which is linked to photovoltaic and wind power and which poses a problem on generating electric power continuously. The characteristics of conversion and gas production were investigated to find a possibility for biogas conversion, involving parametric tests according to the change in the main influence variables, such as O2/C ratio, total gas feed rate, and CO2/CH4 ratio. A higher O2/C ratio gave higher conversions of methane and carbon dioxide. Total gas feed rate showed maximum conversion at a certain specified value. When CO2/CH4 feed ratio was decreased, both conversions increased. As a result, the production of solar fuel by plasma oxidation destruction-carbon material gasification conversion, which was newly suggested in this study, could be known as a possibly useful technology. When O2/C ratio was 0.8 and CO2/CH4 was 0.67 while the total gas supply was at 40 L min-1 (VHSV = 1.37), the maximum conversions of carbon dioxide and methane were achieved. The results gave the highest production for hydrogen and carbon dioxide which were high-quality fuel.

Perovskite-type LaFe1-xMnxO3 (x=0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0) oxygen carriers for chemical-looping steam methane reforming: Oxidation activity and resistance to carbon formation

  • Zhao, Kun;He, Fang;Huang, Zhen;Wei, Guoqiang;Zheng, Anqing;Li, Haibin;Zhao, Zengli
    • Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1651-1660
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    • 2017
  • The effects of Mn substitution of $LaMn_xFe_{1-x}O_3$ (x=0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0) on the oxidation activity and resistance to carbon formation for chemical-looping steam methane reforming (CL-SMR) were investigated. The desired crystalline perovskite phases were formed by transferring from the orthorhombic structure of $LaFeO_3$ to rhombohedral lattice of $LaMnO_3$ as the degree of Mn-doping increased. Manganese ions have a mixed state of $Mn^{3+}$ and $Mn^{4+}$ in the $LaFe_{1-x}Mn_xO_3$, meanwhile inducing the states of highly mixed character of $Fe^{2+}$, $Fe^{3+}$ and $Fe^{4+}$ in iron ions. Substitution of Mn for Fe with proper value not only increases the lattice oxygen, which is conducive to the partial oxidation of $CH_4$ to produce syngas, but also enhances the lattice oxygen mobility from the bulk to the surface of the oxygen carrier particles. Judging from the points of the redox reactivity, resistance to carbon formation and hydrogen generation capacity, the optimal range of the degree of Mn substitution is x=0.3-0.5.

Reactivities of $Li_2ZrO_3/$honeycomb for $H_2S$ Removal ($H_2S$ 제거를 위한 $Li_2ZrO_3$/honeycomb의 반응 특성)

  • Park, Joo-Won;Kang, Dong-Hwan;Lee, Bong-Han;Yoo, Kyung-Seun;Lee, Jae-Gu;Kim, Jae-Ho;Han, Choon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.1347-1352
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    • 2005
  • [ $H_2S$ ] removal reaction using $Li_2ZrO_3/honeycomb$ has been carried out in a fixed bed reactor for the cleaning of syngas from the waste gasifier. $Li_2ZrO_3$ was synthesised using reagent-grade $Li_3CO_3$ and $ZrO_2$ with suitable amount of ethanol in a 1:1 ratio. And then $Li_2ZrO_3$ were calcined in air at $850{\sim}1000^{\circ}C$ for 14 h. The optimum condition of $H_2S$ removal reaction is around 20 wt% $Li_2ZrO_3$/honeycomb at 300 mL/min and $700^{\circ}C$. At this condition, removal amount of $H_2S$ was about 0.337 $g^{H_2S}/g^{sorbent}$. Addition of $K_2CO_3$, $Na_2CO_3$, NaCl and LiCl in the $Li_2ZrO_3$ remarkably improves the $H_2S$ removal capacity of modified $Li_2ZrO_3$/honeycomb up to 23%. Analyses of $Li_2ZrO_3/honeycomb$ sorbent by SEM and XRD showed that $Li_2ZrO_3$ was uniformly impregnated into honeycomb up to considerable amounts. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties of the sorbent did not vary much up to $1000^{\circ}C$.

A Study on Fuel Quality Characteristics of F-T Diesel for Production of BTL Diesel (BTL 디젤 생산을 위한 F-T 디젤의 연료적 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Jae-Kon;Jeon, Cheol-Hwan;Yim, Eui-Soon;Jung, Choong-Sub;Lee, Sang-Bong;Lee, Yun-Je;Kang, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.450-458
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    • 2012
  • In order to reduce the effects of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the South Korean government has announced a special platform of technologies as part of an effort to minimize global climate change. To further this effort, the Korean government has pledged to increase low-carbon and carbon neutral resources for biofuel derived from biomass to replace fossil and to decrease levels of carbon dioxide. In general, second generation biofuel produced form woody biomass is expected to be an effective avenue for reducing fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in road transport. It is important that under the new Korean initiative, pilot scale studies evolve practices to produce biomass-to-liquid (BTL) fuel. This study reports the quality characteristics of F-T(Fischer-Tropsch) diesel for production of BTL fuel. Synthetic F-Tdiesel fuel can be used in automotive diesel engines, pure or blended with automotive diesel, due to its similar physical properties to diesel. F-T diesel fuel was synthesized by Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) process with syngas($H_2$/CO), Fe basedcatalyst in low temperature condition($240^{\circ}C$). Synthetic F-T diesel with diesel compositions after distillation process is consisted of $C_{12}{\sim}C_{23+}$ mixture as a kerosine, diesel compositions of n-paraffin and iso-paraffin compounds. Synthetic F-T diesel investigated a very high cetane number, low aromatic composition and sulfur free level compared to automotive diesel. Synthetic F-T diesel also show The wear scar of synthetic F-T diesel show poor lubricity due to low content of sulfur and aromatic compounds compared to automotive diesel.