• Title, Summary, Keyword: sweet potato

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Preparation of Yogurt from Milk Added with Purple Sweet Potato (자색고구마 첨가 요구르트의 제조 및 특성)

  • 전승호;이상욱;신용서;이갑성;류일환
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2000
  • New type yogurt base were prepared from milk added with skim milk powder or purple sweet potato, and fermented by lactic acid bacteria (Streptococcus thermophilus and Bifidobacterium infantis, 1:1, v/v). The yogurt proudcts were evaluated for acid production(pH, titratiable acidity), number of viable cell, viscosity, sensory properties, and color value. The composition of some organic acids was also analyzed by GC. The acid production slightly decrerased by addition with purple sweet potato. There was no significant difference in viable cell counts between control (yogurt added with only skim milk powder) and yogurt added with purple sweet potato, and viable cell counts of all samples were above 9.08 log cfu/ml. Viscosity of yogurt added with purple sweet potato(36,800∼46,000 centipoise) was higher than that of yogurt added with only skim milk powder(32,200 centipoise). The overall sensory score of yogurt added with purple sweet potato(38.6%, dry base) was the best of tested yogurt. The major organic acid of yogurt added with purple sweet potato was lactic acid. its content was 0.997∼1.203%. malic acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, and fumaric acid were analyzed out a little. Lightness and yellowness decreased by addition with purple sweet potato but redness increased. Total color difference($\Delta$E) with yogurt addition with purple sweet potato and only skim milk powder were very high(above 11.46).

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Functional Properties of Rice Noodles Supplemented with Turmeric, Purple Sweet Potato or Seaweed (Hizikia fusiforme) (강황, 자색고구마, 톳을 첨가한 쌀국수의 기능성)

  • Son, Jong-Yun;Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.250-256
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    • 2013
  • We investigated noodles supplemented with turmeric, purple sweet potato, or seaweed (Hizikia fusiforme) for their functional properties, including total phenol, flavonoid contents, electron donating abilities, and nitrite scavenging abilities. The percentage of total phenolic compounds in turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 2.40, 2.47, and 1.27%, respectively, whereas the percentage of total flavonoid contents were 0.55, 0.92, 0.74%, respectively. Results showed that purple sweet potato noodles had the highest amount of phenolic compounds and flavonoids compared to the other types of noodles. The electron donating abilities of the turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 4.72, 4.11, and 3.11 at 1,000 ppm respectively. The nitrite scavenging abilities of the turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 75.93, 79.81, and 73.51% at pH 1.2, respectively. Purple sweet potato noodles had the highest nitrite scavenging abilities, with an effect better than BHT and ascorbic acid. The ferrous ion chelating effect of turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 12.17, 13.63, and 42.12%. All of the experimental results showed good anti-oxidative activity; thus rice noodles supplemented with turmeric, purple sweet potato, or seaweed, have good functional effects for human beings.

Preperation of Sweet Potato Doenjang using Colored Sweet Potato (유색고구마를 이용한 고구마 된장의 제조)

  • Bae, Jae-O;Lee, Kyung-Jin;Park, Jeong-Seob;Choi, Dong-Seong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.529-537
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the manufacturing characteristics of sweet potato doenjang in order to gain a more efficient use of the sweet potato. Sweet potato(Sinwhangmi, Sinjami) koji(mixed sweet potato paste and soybean powder in a ratio of 1:1) was cultured with Aspergillus oryzae KCCM 11372 at $35^{\circ}C$ for 48 h. Sweet potato doenjang was fermented for 60 days using a sweet potato koji(20%, 45%) and steamed soybean(70%, 45%), with salt accounting for 10%. The glutamic acid content was determined to be much higher in sweet potato doenjang using Sinwhangmi koji(45%) and steamed soybean (45%), than that of general doenjang. The DPPH radical scavenging activity has the largest $EC_{50}$(0.9 mg) in sweet potato doenjang using Sinjami potatoes 45%. Sensory evaluation indicated a good preference for sweet potato doenjang using Sinwhangmi(45%) and steamed soybean(45%).

Effect of addition of sweet potato on physiochemical properties of Kochujang (고구마를 이용한 고추장의 숙성 중 이화학적 특성 변화)

  • Park, Su-Ah;Kim, Dong-Han
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.538-546
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    • 2016
  • Kochujang was prepared by replacement of rice (25%, control) with pumpkin or purple sweet potato by 0. 5, 10, and 15% (total addition ratio of rice and sweet potato=25% of sample). Effects of the addition of sweet potato on physiochemical properties of fermented Kochujang were investigated. Viable cells of yeast decreased in the sweet potato-added Kochujang at the later stage of fermentation, while there was no significant difference in the number of bacteria among the test groups. As the addition ratio sweet potato increased, ${\alpha}$-amylase activity increased while protease activity decreased. Hunter L, a, and b values of Kochujang prepared with purple sweet potato were lower than those with pumpkin sweet potato. Changes in ${\Delta}E$ value was greater in Kochujang prepared with pumpkin sweet potato than that with purple sweet potato. Oxidation-reduction potential and water activity were higher in sweet potato-Kochujang than control, but reducing sugar content was higher in control. Alcohol and amino-type nitrogen contents were higher in Kochujang prepared with pumpkin sweet potato than that with purple sweet potato, but it was not significant. Overall sensory acceptability was highest in Kochujang prepared with 10% of purple sweet potato while that with 15% pumpkin sweet potato was the least preferred.

Molecular Detection and Analysis of Sweet potato feathery motile vims from Root and Leaf Tissues of Cultivated Sweet Potato Plants

  • Ryu, Ki-Hyun;Park, Sun-Hee
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2002
  • For the molecular detection of Sweet potaio feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) from diseased sweet potato plants, reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed with the use of a set of virus-specific primers to amplify an 816 bp product. The viral coat protein gene was selected for the design of the primers. No PCR product was amplified when Turnip mosaic virus, Potato vims Y or Cucumber mosaic virus were used as template in RT-PCR with the SPFMV-specific primers. The lowest concentration of template viral RNA required for detection was 10 fg. The vim was rapidly detected from total nucleic acids of leaves and roots from the virus-infected sweet potato plants as well as from the purified viral RNA by the RT-PCR. Twenty-four sweet potato samples were selected and analyzed by RT-PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). RFLP analysis of the PCR products showed three restriction patterns, which resulted in some point mutations suggesting the existence of quasi-species for the vims in the infected sweet potato plants.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Cookies added with Purple Sweet Potato Powder (자색고구마 분말 첨가량을 달리한 쿠키의 항산화 활성 및 품질 특성)

  • Liu, Ya-Nan;Jeong, Da-Hye;Jung, Ji-Hye;Kim, Hyun-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.275-281
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics and antioxidative activities of cookies prepared with different amounts of purple sweet potato powder. Moisture and crude ash contents were lowest in the control group followed in order by the 10%, 20%, and 30% purple sweet potato powder addition groups. The lightness and yellowness values measured by Hunter color system decreased based on the amount of purple sweet potato powder concentration added to cookies. The total phenolic compound and anthocyanin contents were the highest in 30% purple sweet potato powder added cookies. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of 30% purple sweet potato powder added cookies showed the highest values among groups. In the sensory evaluation, the scores for taste, texture and overall preference were significantly highest in cookies with 10% and 20% purple sweet potato powder. Considering the scores of antioxidant activity and sensory evaluation, the concentration of between 10% and 20% addition of purple sweet potato powder would be ideal for development of functional cookies.

Quality Characteristics of Wet Noodles Added with Purple Sweet Potato Powder (자색 고구마 분말 첨가 생면의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Jae-Sang;Yoo, Seung-Seok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.489-496
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    • 2012
  • This research investigated the quality characteristics and anthocyanin content of wet noodles according to the amount of freeze-dried purple sweet potato powder. For viscosity, initial pasting temperature tended to increase compared to the control group, whereas peak viscosity, peak viscosity time and final viscosity steadily decreased. As the amount of purple sweet potato powder increased, breakdown value of viscosity and set back value significantly decreased. For chromaticity, as the amount of purple sweet potato powder increased, L-value decreased gradually, whereas a-value gradually increased and b-value significantly decreased compared to the control group. Anthocyanin content significantly increased in the addidtive group (91.79) compared to the control group (70.20). Measurement of texture characteristics found that hardness was highest in the control group, but it decreased as the amount of purple sweet potato powder increased. Springiness, gumminess and chewiness were highest in the control group. In the sensory evaluation, color, odor, chewiness, and overall acceptance were high in the 6% addictive group. In this study, by investigating the anthocyanin contents, quality characteristics and sensory attributes of wet noodles with freeze-dried purple sweet potato powder, we found that the 6% additive group is the best. Our results provide basic information for the development of noodles with purple sweet potato powder.

Preparation of mixed beverages for breakfast made primarily with the hydrolysate of sweet potato and its quality characteristics (고구마 가수분해물을 기본으로 한 아침식사용 혼합음료 제조 및 품질특성)

  • 한진숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2004
  • As an attempt to develop new functional beverages for breakfast, sweet potato based beverages were prepared with hydrolyzed sweet potato, potato, and carrot products (sample : water = 1 : 1), and their chemical and sensory properties were evaluated. The content of reducing sugar and soluble solid of the sweet potato, potato, and carrot increased with enzyme treatment, while their viscosity decreased without significant change of color. The hunter color test showed that the beverages with 10% carrot content were high in redness leading to a decrease in their acceptability for sensory evaluation. The sensory score of the mixture containing 5% carrot was good, but beverage with 0% carrot reduced the sensory properties. The results showed that the final ratio of sweet potato to potato to carrot for the new functional beverage was 5 : 4.5 : 0.5. The pH of the beverage was adjusted to 5.0, 4.5, and 4.0 using an organic acid mixture. In the sensory test of the new functional beverage, the best sensory score(color, taste, smell, and texture) was the mixture of sweet potato : potato : carrot equaling 5 : 4.5 : 0.5 with a pH of 4.5.

Nutrient Uptake and Productivity as Affected by Nitrogen and Potassium Application Levels in Maize/Sweet Potato Intercropping System

  • Haque, M.Moynul;Hamid, A.;Bhuiyan, N.I.
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2001
  • Field experiment was conducted during 1993-94 season to determine the pattern of nutrient uptake and productivity of maize/sweet potato intercropping system. Four levels of nitrogen (0, 50, 100 and 150kg N ${ha}_{-1}$) and four levels of potassium (0, 40, 80 and 120kg $K_2$O ${ha}_{-1}$) formed treatment variables. Plants were sampled periodically to determine dry matter and tissue concentrations of N and K in the individual plant components of intercropped maize and sweet potato. Nitrogen and potassium fertilizer did not interact significantly to nutrient uptake by any plant parts of intercropped maize and sweet potato. But application of N fertilizer independently enhanced N uptake in all the plant parts of maize and sweet potato. The uptake of N in leaf, leaf sheath, stem, husk, and cob of maize increased upto 90 days after planting (DAP) but grain continued to accumulate N till its maturity. Sweet potato exhibited a wide variation in N uptake pattern. Sweet potato leaf shared the maximum uptake of N at 50 DAP which rapidly increased at 70 DAP and then declined. Declination of N uptake by petiole and stem were observed after 120 DAP whereas N uptake by tuber increased slowly upto 90 DAP and then rapidly till harvest. Rate of applied K had very little effect on the uptake patterns in different components of intercropped maize. Pattern of K uptake by leaf, petiole and stem of sweet potato showed almost similar trend to N uptake. But uptake of K by tuber increased almost linearly with the K application. Pattern of N and K uptake by grain and tuber paralleled the grain yield of maize and sweet potato respectively. Intercropped productivity of maize and sweet potato found to be better by the application of 100kg N and 120 kg $K_2$O ${ha}_{-1}$

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Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Added with Purple Sweet Potato Depending on Various Shelf-Life (자색고구마 스펀지케이크의 저장기간 변화에 따른 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Hee;Lee, Kun Jong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.558-569
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    • 2014
  • The quality and characteristics of purple sweet potato sponge cake were studied with the addition of different proportions of purple sweet potato powder depending on storage period The pHs, heights, and weights of doughs were in the ranges of 6.3~6.5, 4.8~4.4 cm and 397~418 g, respectively. The sponge cake groups with the addition of different proportions of purple sweet potato powder showed significantly different characteristics in hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and chewiness, according to texture profile analysis. The difference in colors of sponge cakes with addition with purple sweet potato revealed that L-value and b-value were significantly reduced but a-value especially increased according to the density. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), it was confirmed that the stoma size of purple sweet potato sponge cake become smaller and the stoma wall became thicker in proportion to the contents of purple sweet potato powder, which could result in an increased level of water content after a long period pf storage. According with the observations, water content remarkably increased after 4~6 days of storage and the ability to keep water content seemed to contribute to extention the shef-life of sponge cakes. In sensory evaluation, sponge cakes with high contents of purple sweet potato were preferred and cakes with the addition of 25% and 30% purple sweet potato powder was most preferred. It was expected that the shelf-life of purple sweet potato sponge cake was 4 days under the normal temperature.