• Title, Summary, Keyword: sun protection use

Search Result 128, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Sun Protection Use Behaviour among University Students from 25 Low, Middle Income and Emerging Economy Countries

  • Pengpid, Supa;Peltzer, Karl
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1385-1389
    • /
    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the sun protection use behaviour among university students from 25 low, middle income and emerging economy countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 18,687 undergraduate university students aged 18-30 years (mean age 20.8, SD=2.8) from 26 universities in 25 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Overall, 57.2% of university students reported liking to sunbathe and of those only 48.1% used sun protection when sunbathing. In multivariate logistic regression, younger age, being female, coming from a wealthy or quite well off economic family background, living in an upper middle or high income country, lighter skin tone, and other health behaviours were found to be associated with sun protection use behaviour. Low sun protection use calls for health promotion programmes to prevent unprotected sun exposure.

Outdoor Workers' Use of Sun Protection at Work and Leisure

  • Peters, Cheryl E.;Koehoorn, Mieke W.;Demers, Paul A.;Nicol, Anne-Marie;Kalia, Sunil
    • Safety and Health at Work
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.208-212
    • /
    • 2016
  • Background: Outdoor workers are at risk of high ultraviolet radiation exposure, and may have difficulty using sun protection. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of sun protection behaviors in a sample of outdoor construction workers, and to assess which factors predict better sun protection practices. Methods: Participants were recruited via construction unions. Workers answered a questionnaire on demographics, skin cancer risk, sun protection behaviors, and job. Sun protection behavior scores (from questions on sunscreen use, sleeved shirt, hat, shade seeking, sunglasses) were calculated by converting Likert-scale answers to scores from 0 to 4, and taking the mean (separately for work and leisure). Determinants of sun protection behavior scores were examined for work and leisure using generalized linear models. Results: Seventy-seven workers had complete questionnaire data (participation 98%). Sun protection behaviors used most often were hats (79% often/always) and sleeved shirts (82% often/always); least prevalent were shade-seeking (8% often/always) and sunscreen (29% often/always). For both work and leisure scores, the strongest predictor was skin type, with fairer-skinned individuals having higher sun protection behavior scores. Workers had higher scores at work than on weekends. Workplaces that required hats and sleeved shirts for safety purposes had higher protection behavior scores. Conclusion: This high-participation rate cohort helps characterize sun protection behaviors among outdoor workers. Workers practiced better sun protection at work than on weekends, suggesting that workplace policies supportive of sun protection could be useful for skin cancer prevention in the construction industry.

Factors Affecting Sun Protection Behavior (햇빛차단 행동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 권영아;강미정
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.39 no.8
    • /
    • pp.81-92
    • /
    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the factors of Knowledge and attitudes related to sun safety and to determine the factors affecting sun protection behavior. The subjects were 167 adults in their twenties living in Busan. The results were as follows. 1. Four factors of knowledge about sun safety were identified: ultraviolet ray risk, sunscreen, sun protective clothing, and nil protective color. 2. Four factors of attitudes toward sun exposure were identified: attractiveness, emotion, conformity, and health concern. 3. Four factors of sun protection behavior were identified: sunscreen/parasol, shade, hat/sunglasses, and sun protective clothing. 4. Compared to women, men were relatively more risk to skin damage due to less proportion that used sunscreen and a parasol. 5. Factors of sun protective behavior, such as sunscreen/parasol, shade, hat/sunglasses, and sun protective clothing, were associated with the Knowledge related to ultraviolet ray risk. 6. Wearing a hat and sunglasses was predicted by the attractiveness, which defined as positive attitudes toward tanned appearance. 7. Shade use was affected by the perception of sun exposure as happiness and relaxing. 8. Health concern was the strongest predictor of sunscreen/parasol use.

  • PDF

The Relationship among Sun-Screening Agent Use, Bone Health Promotion Behavior and Bone Mineral Density of Female College Students (여대생의 자외선 차단제 사용과 골 건강증진행위 및 골밀도와의 관계)

  • Hyun, Hye Jin;Kim, Joo Hyun;Ko, Ga Yeon;Park, Bock Soon;Choi, Eun Young;Ahn, Mi Hyang
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.202-209
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate relationships among sun-screening agents use, bone health promotion behavior, and bone mineral density. Methods: The participants of this study were 105 female college students. The data were collected using a questionnaire about sun-screening agent use and bone health promotion behavior. Bone mineral density was measured with Ultrasound Bone Densitometer/Osteo Pro Series. Data were analyzed with the SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: The mean Z-score in female college students was $-1.04{\pm}1.26$, and the T-score was $-1.16{\pm}1.22$, 21.39% of the participants have osteopenia. Bone mineral density showed a significant correlation with weight. Bone mineral density showed no significant correlation between sun-screening agent use, and bone health promotion behavior. There was a significant correlation between protection power of sun-screening agents and the protection by clothes. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, we need to develop an intervention program for bone health promotion of female college students.

Commercial Sex Workers' Condom Use Behavior in Korea

  • Shin Surin;Kang Hee Sun;Chang Soon-Bok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.34 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1477-1482
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose. With the continuous spread of the AIDS virus and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) throughout Asia, it has become imperative for HIV/AIDS prevention outreach programs to stress the need for using prophylactics as one form of protection. This is particularly true for commercial sex workers. This pilot study was conducted to investigate the rate of condom use among the commercial sex workers in Korea and reasons why they frequently do not wear condoms during sexual intercourse. Methods. Fifty female commercial sex workers who worked in the Yong San area were recruited while outreach was performed and forty eight responses were analyzed due to two incomplete questionnaires. The data were collected on June 28, 2004 as part of an outreach program for condom use promotion. Results. The subjects ranged in age from 21 to 45 years. Nearly half of the subjects ($47.9\%$) did not consistently use condoms. The major reason for not using protection was clients' reluctances for using condoms. When condoms were used, the subjects preferred lubricant-rich and less painful condom during intercourse. Conclusion. Due to the inconsistent use of condoms, it is clear that many commercial sex workers and clients are susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, it is important to not only educate commercial sex workers, but also to educate their pimps and clientele about the importance of condom use. In general, it is recommended that practical strategies and a policy for condom use promotion be developed.

The Dyeing Properties and The Functionality of Fabrics Dyed with Chelidonium Majus Extract (백굴채 추출물을 이용한 염색직물의 염색성 및 기능성)

  • Park, Young-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.242-248
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was aimed to find whether the Chelidonium majus which grows naturally in Korean soil and has a various medical ingredient is valuable as a natural dyeing material and to examine the functionality of Chelidonium majus extract. As the test result of dyeing colorfastness, colorfastness to sunlight was 1st grade for all the dyed fabrics. The colorfastness to laundry for discoloration showed from 1st to 4th grade and that for discoloration showed from 4th to 5th grade through all the dyed fabrics. Colorfastness to perspiration, rubbing, and drycleaning showed from 4th to 5th grade through all the dyed fabrics. In the result of antibiosis test, the dyed cotton fabric showed the bacteria reduction rate of 99.0% for Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli evenly when washed one, three, and five times, The dyed silk fabric, when washed one, three, and five times, showed the bacteria reduction rate of 99.0% for Staphylococcus aureus, but didn't showed the significant bacteria reduction. As the test result of sun protection test, in the case of the cotton fabric which was dyed but don't use mordant, after one-time washing, S.P.F.(Sun Protection Factor) showed 20.4, the interception rate of UV-A showed 94.3%, and that of UV-B showed 95.2%. After five-time washing, S.P.F. showed 14.3, the interception rate of UV-A showed 90.0%, and that of UV-B showed 93.2%. In the case of the silk fabric which was dyed but don't use mordant, after one time washing, S.P.F. showed 30.5, the interception rate of UV-A showed 95.9%, and that of UV-B showed 96.9%, after five-time washing, S.P.F. showed 31.0, the interception rate of UV-A showed 95.6%, and that of UV-B showed 96.7%.

A Study on Nobel SUNBLOCK Materials Containing an Active Ingredient Extracted from Symbiodinium (심바이오디니움으로부터 추출된 유효성분을 함유하는 신규 SUN BLOCK 물질에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Myong;Jung, Ju-Yeong;Lee, Hyung-Kon;Park, Sang-Keun;Kwon, Yong-Sung;Yang, Seung-Koo;Han, In-Suk
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-28
    • /
    • 2020
  • Symbiodinium is a dinoflagellate genus that coexists with coral reefs and is known to provide ultraviolet (UV) protection in nature through the synthesis of mycosporin-like amino acids (MAA). In order to develop a natural and ecofriendly sunblock for use in summer resorts, the possibility of using a Symbiodinium microbiome extract or an MAA was investigated. Two sunblocks, one containing 7% Symbiodinium extract and the other containing MAA were prepared to be tested on hairless mice and human skin. In this clinical study, the sun protection factor (SPF) and Protection factor of UV A (PFA) values of the sunblock containing either Symbiodinium extract or MAA were determined. The SPF values of the sunblock containing Symbiodinium extract and MAA were 10.43 and 10.83, respectively, and the PFA values were 3.42 and 3.39, respectively. Based on their PFA values of ≥2, the UV A protection can be graded as PA+ (low) for both the sunblocks. In addition, the UV-blocking extract of Symbiodinium has a low phototoxicity and cytotoxicity, reducing the possibility of a heavy feeling to the skin or a foreign-body sensation caused by residue build-up. The low toxicity feature of the major sunblock component will also prevent side effects, such as allergic reactions. Although Symbiodinium extract or MAA alone do not provide effectiveprotection against UV irradiation, their protection capacity can be complemented by the addition of inorganic UV-protecting compounds.

Privacy of Capability Token in the IoT Service System

  • Jang, Deresa;Kim, Jin-bo;Kim, Mi-Sun;Seo, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of Multimedia Information System
    • /
    • v.3 no.3
    • /
    • pp.103-110
    • /
    • 2016
  • The recent development of the Internet of things (IoT) has led to the introduction of new access control measures. Even during the access control for security, however, there might be privacy infringements due to unwanted information provision and collection. Measures to control this process are therefore required. This paper defines the structure and policies of tokens to protect privacy that can be exposed through the token information when you use the capability token in the IoT service system.

Pathogenesis and prevention of skin cancer (피부암의 병인과 예방)

  • Oh, Byung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Medical Association
    • /
    • v.61 no.11
    • /
    • pp.644-648
    • /
    • 2018
  • The incidence of skin cancer has continuously increased in Korea, probably due to sun exposure and increases in the aging population. Ultraviolet light, a well-known risk factor for skin cancer, can cause DNA damage, mutation, and immune suppression, followed by abnormal proliferation. To prevent photocarcinogenesis, the appropriate use of sunscreen should be emphasized. Using broad-spectrum sunscreens with sun protection factor values of 15 or higher and frequent reapplication are recommended. Controversy exists about whether vitamin D synthesis is inhibited by the use of sunscreen. However, considering that skin cancer most commonly develops on the head and neck area, applying it to the face and neck is reasonable in terms of balancing the risk-benefit ratio.

A study based on question on consciousness of electrical safety in electrical facilities for private use (자가용 전기설비 수용가의 전기안전의식에 대한 설문조사)

  • Kim, Sun-Gu;Bae, Seck-Myung;Haung, Gaung-Su;Yi, Geon-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.394-397
    • /
    • 2005
  • In korea, the power consumption is increasing every year because of economic growth, requiring of convenience and delightfulness condition. As increasing power consumption, Private Use is steadily increasing and the rate of electrical accident is increasing. Therefore we research the electrical safety culture of our people by the survey of electrical safety. The subject to investigation is possessor, occupier of Private Use and electrical safety manager. This paper will be used to base data for the protection of electrical accident and facility accident at Private Use

  • PDF