• Title, Summary, Keyword: sugar alcohols

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Effect of Fructose on the Quality of the Bread added with Sugar Alcohol (과당 첨가가 당알코올 첨가빵의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.889-898
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    • 2016
  • This study was to evaluate the characteristics of bread and the rheology of flour dough containing sugar alcohols, after addition of fructose. In the farinogram tests, the addition of sugar alcohol changed the stability and mixing tolerance index. The stability and mixing tolerance index of farinogram increased as the amount of sugar alcohols increased. Amylograms revealed that the increase in gelatinization temperature and maximum viscosity of wheat flour dough with sugar alcohols was more than that of controls. Extensogram of dough with sugar alcohols exhibited higher extensibility and resistance. After fermentation treatment, the dough volumes prepared with only sorbitol and xylitol were lesser than those prepared after addition of fructose. The volume of loaf and specific volume of bread containing sugar alcohols with fructose significantly increased. The breads containing sugar alcohols showed greater taste, flavor and texture scores, for breads prepared with either sorbitol with fructose or xylitol with fructose, compared to breads without fructose. Overall preference scores by sensory evaluation of bread containing sugar alcohols with fructose were higher than bread with only sugar alcohols. These results indicate that the addition of fructose improves the flavor of bread containing sugar alcohols.

Quality Characteristics of Yukwa Added with Various Sugar Alcohols (당알코올 첨가 유과의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Mi Hye;Oh, Myung Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the use of sugar alcohols (sorbitol, erythritol, and xylitol) as alternative sweeteners for replacing sucrose in Yukwa (traditional Korean oil-puffed rice snack). The moisture contents of Bandegi (dried Yukwa dough) and Yukwa containing sugar alcohols were higher than that of control (containing only sucrose). The microstructures of control and Bandegi containing sugar alcohols showed uniformly and finely distributed air holes. Expansion ratio and oil absorption of Yukwa containing sorbitol and 30% erythritol were higher than those of control. Appearance and cross section of control and Yukwa containing sorbitol, 30% erythritol, and 30% xylitol showed a good shape. The lightness (L) of control was significantly lower than Yukwa containing sugar alcohols, whereas redness (a) and yellowness (b) were higher than those in Yukwa containing sugar alcohols. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing sorbitol was the lowest. Peak number of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was significantly lower than that of control, and that of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol was the lowest among all samples. In the sensory evaluation, color of control was deepest, whereas that of Yukwa containing 60% xylitol was lightest. Volume and air hole uniformity of Yukwa containing 60% erythritol and 60% xylitol were inferior than those of other samples. Sweetness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, whereas oily flavor was stronger. Hardness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control, and Yukwa containing xylitol showed the lowest hardness among the samples. Crispness of Yukwa containing sugar alcohols was lower than that of control. There were no significant differences in overall acceptability between control and Yukwa containing 30% sorbitol and 30% erythritol. Overall, sorbitol and erythritol were appropriate as a 30% replacement for sucrose when preparing Yukwa.

Characteristics of Sugar Cookies with Replacement of Sucrose with Sugar Alcohols (I) Organoleptic Characteristics of Sugar Alcohol Cookies (당알콜을 이용한 Sugar Cookie의 제조 (I) 당알콜 쿠키의 관능적 특징)

  • Shin, In-Young;Kim, Hyuk-Il;Kim, Chang-Soon;Whang, Key
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.850-857
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate replacing possibility of sucrose by sugar alcohols and to establish the optimum formula for the development of sugar cookies. The characteristics of sugar cookies prepared with xylitol, maltitol, lactitol, isomalt substituted for 35, 50, 75, 100% of sucrose were examined through physical measurement and sensory evaluation. The spread ratio of cookies containing sugar alcohols except xylitol was superior to that of control cookies(sucrose 100%) and the use of lactitol increased the spread ratio of cookies. The specific gravity of cookies containing sugar alcohols except xylitol was lower than that of control cookies. Therefore spread ratio was in inverse proportion to specific gravity. As the proportion of sugar alcohols increased in cookie formula, surface color of cookies was getting lighter than that of control cookies. Especially cookies containing xylitol, maltitol was getting lighter as the levels of replacement increased. Overall quality of cookies with sugar alcohols containing sensory analysis was superior to that of control cookies.

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Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cakes with Various Sugar Alcohols (당알코올 첨가 스폰지 케이크의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.615-624
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the use of sugar alcohols as alternative sweeteners for replacing sucrose in sponge cake. The sponge cakes were prepared with only sucrose or a 50% replacement of sucrose with various sugar alcohols (erythritol, sorbitol, and xylitol). The specific gravity of cake batter containing only sucrose was significantly higher and the viscosity was significantly lower than those containing sugar alcohol (p<0.001). Among sugar alcohols, xylitol was the most similar to sucrose. The thermal characteristics, as assessed by differential scanning calorimetry, showed that sucrose delayed gelatinization of cake batter more than sugar alcohol, as the onset temperature and the peak temperature of cake batter containing only sucrose were higher than those containing sugar alcohol. The moisture content of cake containing sorbitol was the highest and that containing only sucrose was the lowest among cakes. The specific volume of cakes containing only sucrose and xylitol were higher and the baking loss rate of those were lower than other sugar alcohols. The volume and symmetry index of cake containing only sucrose were the highest among cakes (p<0.001), and xylitol was similar to sucrose for the above indices. The redness (a) and yellowness (b) values of crust containing only sucrose were significantly higher than those containing sugar alcohols (p<0.001). The a and b values of crumb containing erythritol were the lowest among cakes, showing a pale yellowish color. The microstructure, as assessed by scanning electron microscopy, showed that the cake containing only sucrose had more uniformly and finely distributed pores and a smoother cross section than that containing sugar alcohols. Cake containing xylitol was similar to cake containing only sucrose. Hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of cake containing only sucrose were higher than those containing sugar alcohols, whereas the adhesiveness of cakes containing sugar alcohols were higher than those containing only sucrose (p<0.01). Among sugar alcohols, xylitol was the most similar to sucrose in textural properties. In a sensory quality test, the tenderness and moistness of cakes containing sorbitol and erythritol were higher than those containing only sucrose and xylitol. The overall acceptance of cakes containing xylitol and only sucrose were higher than those containing sorbitol and erythritol (p<0.001). Thus, xylitol is more appropriate as a 50% replacement for sucrose than erythritol and sorbitol when preparing sponge cake.

Effect of Sugar Alcohol on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation (당알콜이 밀전분이 호화 및 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김혁일;신인영;김창순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1251-1255
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    • 1999
  • The sugar alcohols are useful alternatives to sucrose in confections because they provide desirable taste but lessen the potential risks for dental caries. The effects of sugar alcohol and their interaction on starch pasting properties were determined by the viscoamylograph with the concentration of 30%, 20%, 10% sugar alcohol in 1% CMC. The disaccharides, lactitol, maltitol, and isomalt, delayed pasting more than did monosaccharides, sorbitol and xylitol. With regard to the solubility in water, sorbitol and xylitol are more soluble than sucrose, maltitol and lactitol are almost equal and isomalt is less soluble than sucrose. Sorbitol and xylitol were highest on gelatinization. But their retrogradation occurred faster than other sugar alcohols. Lactitol and maltitol decreased gel strength more than did sucrose and other sugar alcohols.

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Synthesis of Glucosyl-sugar Alcohols Using Glycosyltransferases and Structural Identification of Glucosyl-maltitol

  • Kim, Tae-Kwon;Park, Dong-Chan;Lee, Yong-Hyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.310-317
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    • 1997
  • Enzymatic synthesis of glucosyl-sugar alcohols using various transglycosylating enzymes, such as cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase), ${\alpha}$-amylase, ${\alpha}$-glucosidase, and pullulanase was investigated using various sugar alcohols, such as sorbitol, xylitol, inositol, maltitol, and lactitol as glucosyl acceptors. CGTase showed the highest transglycosylating activity to sugar alcohols compared to other transglycosylating enzymes, and inositol and maltitol were the most suitable glucosyl acceptors. Soluble starch, extruded starch, cyclodextrins, and maltooligosaccharides were also identified to be adequate glucosyl donors for transglycosylation reaction of CGTase to sugar alcohols. The synthesis of glucosyl-maltitol in the reaction system using extruded starch as the glucosyl donor and maltitol as the glucosyl acceptor showed the best results showing the highest transglycosylation yield. The transglycosylation products were purified by activated carbon column chromatography with ethanol gradient elution. Chemical structures of above transglucosylated products were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and two products were identified to be maltotritol and maltotetraitol, in which one or two glucose molecules attached to the parent maltitol molecule by a ${\alpha}$-l,4-glucosidic bond, respectively.

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Flow Behavior of Sweet Potato Starch in Mixed Sugar Systems

  • Cho, Sun-A;Kim, Bae-Young;Yoo, Byoung-Seung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.249-252
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    • 2008
  • Flow behaviors of sweet potato starch (SPS) pastes (5% w/w) were studied in the presence of various sugars (xylose, glucose, fructose and sucrose) and sugar alcohols (xylitol and sorbitol). The flow properties of SPS-sugar mixtures were determined from the rheological parameters of power law model. The vane method was also employed for determining yield stresses of SPS-sugar mixtures directly under a controlled low shear rate. At $25^{\circ}C$ all the samples showed shear-thinning behaviors ($n=0.35{\sim}0.44$) with yield stress. The consistency index (K) values of SPS-sugar mixtures increased in the following order: sorbitol> xylitol> control (no sugar)> sucrose> fructose> glucose> xylose, showing that the addition of sugar alcohols enhanced the K values. The yield stress values were reduced in the presence of ugars and sugar alcohols and they also increased with an increase in swelling power of starch granules in the SPS-sugar mixture systems.

Replacement of sucrose with other sweeteners and high methoxyl pectin in low caloric pectin gels (대체 감미료와 high methoxyl pectin을 이용한 저열량 pectin gel의 제조)

  • 오혜숙;이명희;문수재
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.284-288
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    • 1993
  • Replacement of sucrose with sugar alcohols in high methoxyl pectin(HMP) jellies were studied. HMP jellies were sweetened with 100% sucrose, 75% sucrose and 25% maltitol, 50% sucrose and 50% maltitol, and 50% sucrose, 25% maltitol, 12.5% sorbitol and 12.5% mannitol. The effect of sugar alcohols in HMP jellies were investigted. There was only slight differences in sweetness intersity in HMP jellies. Color(p<0.05), texture(p<0.01) and preference(p<0.01) of 100fl sucrose jelly were significantly higher than other Jellies sweetened with sugar and sugar alcohols mixtures. Hunter's L(lightness), a(redness), b(yellowness) values of 100%, sucrose jellies and jellies substituted with maltitol up to 25% were not signignificantly different. But as the ratio and the number of sugar alcohols used for substition were increased, L, a and b values had been lowered signigicantly(p<0.01). Instru-mental characteristics of jelly texture were examined. Hardness of 100% sucrose jelly sweetened with sucrose and 3 kind of sugar alcohols were higher than others(p<0.05). As substitution ratio was higher, springiness and chewiness of HMP jellies were lowered(p<0.01). Springiness of HMP jellies indicated positive correlation with general acceptance of sensory scores at 5% significant level. Brittleness, gum-miness and cohesiveness in all types of jellies were not significantly different.

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Characteristics of Sugar Cookies with Replacement of Sucrose with Suger Alcohols (II) Textural Characteristics of Sugar Alcohol Cookies (당알콜을 이용한 Sugar Cookie의 제조 (II) 당알콜 쿠키의 조직감)

  • Shin, In-Young;Kim, Hyuk-Il;Kim, Chang-Soon;Whang, Key
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1044-1050
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of replacement of 35, 50, 75, 100% of sucrose by sugar alcohols on the texture of sugar cookies. The moistness of dough decreased as the amount of isomalt increased in cookie formula. From the texture profile for rheological properties of dough, hardness and adhesiveness of dough increased as the amount of isomalt increased. From the texture profile for sugar cookie measured by snap test and probing, hardness and brittleness of cookies increased as the levels of replacement decreased. Especially the addition of lactitol increased brittleness of cookies. In addition texture of cookies was close to control cookie as the levels of replacement decreased.

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Effects of Replacing Sucrose with Various Sugar Alcohols on Quality Properties of Semi-dried Jerky

  • Jang, Sung-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Wook;Hwang, Ko-Eun;Song, Dong-Heon;Kim, Yong-Jae;Ham, Youn-Kyung;Lim, Yun-Bin;Jeong, Tae-Jun;Kim, Si-Young;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.622-629
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of replacing sucrose with sugar alcohols (sorbitol, glycerol and xylitol) on the quality properties of semi-dried jerky. Total 7 treatments of jerkies were prepared as follows: control with sucrose, and treatments with 2.5 and 5.0% of sucrose replaced by each sugar alcohol, respectively. Drying yield, pH, water activity, moisture content, shear force, myofibrillar fragmentation index (MFI), 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) value, sugar content, and sensory evaluation were evaluated. Xylitol slightly decreased the pH when compared to the other sugar alcohols (p>0.05). The water activity of the semi-dried jerky was significantly reduced by treatment with glycerol and xylitol (p<0.05). The moisture content of semi-dried jerky containing various sugar alcohols was significantly higher than that of the control (p<0.05), while replacing sucrose with glycerol yielded the highest moisture content. The shear force of semi-dried jerky containing sugar alcohols was not significantly different for the sorbitol and glycerol treatments, but that replacing sucrose with 5.0% xylitol demonstrated the lowest shear force (p<0.05). The TBARS values of semi-dried jerkies with sugar alcohols were lower than the control (p<0.05). The sugar content of the semi-dried jerkies containing sorbitol and glycerol were lower than the control and xylitol treatment (p<0.05). In comparison with the control, the 5.0% xylitol treatment was found to be significantly different in the sensory evaluation (p<0.05). In conclusion, semi-dried jerky made by replacement with sugar alcohols improved the quality characteristics, while xylitol has applicability in manufacturing meat products.