• Title/Summary/Keyword: succulent plant

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Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria Stimulate Vegetative Growth and Asexual Reproduction of Kalanchoe daigremontiana

  • Park, Yong-Soon;Park, Kyungseok;Kloepper, Joseph W.;Ryu, Choong-Min
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.310-315
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    • 2015
  • Certain bacterial species associate with plant roots in soil. The plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) stimulate plant growth and yield in greenhouse and field. Here, we examined whether application of known bacilli PGPR strains stimulated growth and asexual reproduction in the succulent plant Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Four PGPR strains B. amyloliquefaciens IN937a, B. cereus BS107, B. pumilus INR7, and B. subtilis GB03 were applied to young plantlets by soil-drenching, and plant growth and development was monitored for three months. Aerial growth was significantly stimulated in PGPR-inoculated plants, which was observed as increases in plant height, shoot weight, and stem width. The stimulated growth influenced plant development by increasing the total number of leaves per plant. Treatment with bacilli also increased the total root biomass compared with that of control plants, and led to a 2-fold increase in asexual reproduction and plantlet formation on the leaf. Collectively, our results firstly demonstrate that Bacillus spp. promote vegetative development of K. daigremontiana, and the enhanced growth stimulates asexual reproduction and plantlet formation.

Callus Induction and Increase in Anti-Inflammatory Activity by Treatment of Methyl Jasmonate in Adenium obesum (석화의 캘러스 유도 및 메틸 자스모네이트 처리에 의한 항염증 활성 증진)

  • Lee, Da Young;Min, Jin Woo;Joo, Gwang Sik;Kang, Hee Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2017
  • Background: Callus cultivation has the advantage of producing a large amount of tissue of a plant in a laboratory regardless of the environment, for extracting an active substance. In the present study, callus formation was induced in the leaves of the succulent plant Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem & Schult. After callus cultivation, anti-inflammatory activity tests were conducted, because leaves and stems of A. obesum have been reported to possess biological activity. Methods and Results: In order to induce callus formation, various concentrations of plant growth factors, such as kinetin, naphtha-leneacetic acid (NAA), 6-benzyladenine (BA), and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) were added to MS solid medium. The maximum callus proliferation was induced by mixed medium consisting of NAA ($2mg/{\ell}$) and BA ($1mg/{\ell}$). In addition, an elicitor was added to the medium under optimal conditions for initiating suspension culture. After suspension culturing, the activities of the callus extracts were compared and analyzed. The cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activity tests revealed that the anti-inflammatory activity of the callus extract and the content of phenolic compounds were elevated after treatment of the callus culture with the elicitior. Conclusions: A. obesum callus might be considered as potential source of biologically active anti-inflammatory material.

Stem Rot of Kalanchoe Caused by Phytophthora nicotianae (Phytophthora micotianae 에 의한 칼랑코에 역병)

  • 한경숙;이중섭;지형진
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.8-10
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    • 2001
  • A stem and root rot disease of kalanchoe (Kalanchoe sp.) which is a succulent plant that provides consumers with a durable flowering pot was found in Koyang, Kyounggi province, Korea in May 1998. We found that stems and roots of potted kalanchoe had dark brown spots at the soil level. The causal organism was identified as Pjytophtora nicotianae on the basis of mycological characteristics. The fungus produced markedly papillate, ovoid to spherical sporangia, and abundant chlamydospores. Sporangia were 20∼48$\times$24∼64㎛(avg. 35.0$\times$47.3㎛) in size, and optimum temperature for the mycelial growth of the isolate was 30$\^{C}$. The fungus showed relatively different pathogenicity to 14 kalanchoe cultivars including K. blossfelana cv. Florus. cultivars florsu, calypso, Maya, and Redsing were susceptible to thedisease in root dip inoculation. This is the first report demonstrating the stem rot on kalanchoe caused by P. nicotianae in Korea.

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Biological Activities of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (Ice plant) Extract (Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) 추출물의 생리 활성)

  • Lee, Sang Yull;Choi, Hyeun Deok;Yu, Sun Nyoung;Kim, Sang Hun;Park, Seul Ki;Ahn, Soon Cheol
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.638-645
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzed the physiological quality of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (ice plant) extract. M. crystallinum is a succulent plant found in Africa, southern Europe, North America, South America, and Australia. It has known antidiabetic, antioxidant, and activation of lipid metabolism effects. Extracts from M. crystallinum were prepared with methanol (MCM), ethanol (MCE), hot water (MCHW), and methanol after hot water (MCHM) extractions. The yields of MCM, MCE, MCHW, and MCHM were 0.37, 0.33, 0.50, and 0.07%, respectively. To determine the biological activities of the extracts, mushroom tyrosinase, pancreatic lipase, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, nitric oxide (NO) production, and α-glucosidase assays were conducted. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the MCHW extract was 62.9% at a concentration of 400 μg/ml, which was the highest of all the extracts. The MCM extract showed the highest inhibition activity of α-glucosidase and NO production (56.6 and 57.2%, respectively). The pancreatic lipase inhibition of the MCE extract was similar to that of the MCM extract, with significant inhibition of 90%. The mushroom tyrosinase inhibition of all the extracts was very low (approximately 30%). These results suggest that extracts from M. crystallinum have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiobesity, and antidiabetic activities. Thus, it may have potential as a functional food product and therapeutic potential as an antidiabetic or antiobesity agent.

Growth and Quality Affected by Light Intensity, Potting Media and Fertilization Level in Potted Orostachys 'Nungyu bawisol' (능유바위솔의 분화 재배시 광도, 분용토, 시비 수준에 따른 생육과 품질의 변화)

  • Chon, Young-Shin;Lee, Sang-Woo;Jeong, Kyeong-Jin;Ha, Su-Hyeon;Bae, Jong-Hyang;Yun, Jae-Gill
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.357-364
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    • 2011
  • Proper light intensity, potting media, fertilization level, and shade tolerance were investigated to develop Orostachys (Korean name, Nungyu bawisol) as a potted ornamental plant. The best plant growth was shown at 52% shading. Although plant growth decreased at 82% shading, ornamental value maintained at that shading rate, which indicate that O. 'Nungyu bawisol' has high shading tolerance. At over 90% shading, some of the plants died and showed decolorization and standing erect in leaves, resulting in a big decrease in ornamental value. Potting medium of decomposed granite (DG) : fertilizer-amended media (FAM) : river sand (RS) (6 : 2 : 2, v/v/v) showed the best growth in potted O. 'Nungyu bawisol'. Fresh weight of shoot part was 16 g in DG : FAM : RS (6 : 2 : 2, v/v/v), which was over 2 folds of those at the other medium. Drenching of Hyponex solution diluted by 1,000~2,000 folds 1 time per week brought the highest results in fresh weight, plant width, and runner number. Particularly, fresh weight of shoot part was 13 g higher than that of control (16 g). Leaf color tended to be darkened as concentration of Hyponex solution increased.

Proper Light Intensity, Potting Media, and Fertilization Level for Potted Orostachys iwarenge for. magnus (울릉연화바위솔 분화재배를 위한 적정 광도, 분용토 및 시비 수준)

  • Jeong, Kyeong-Jin;Chon, Young-Shin;Choi, Kyeong-Ok;Ha, Su-Hyeon;Yun, Jae-Gill
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.357-362
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    • 2012
  • Proper light intensity, shading tolerance, potting media, and fertilization level were investigated to develop Orostachys iwarenge for. magnus (Korean name, Ullungyeonwhabawisol) as a potted ornamental plant. The plants were grown under different light intensity (52, 82, 90, and 97% shading). The best growth was shown at 52% shading, which indicated that the proper light intensity for O. iwarenge for. magnus is less than 52% of shading. Plant growth decreased severely at 82% shading and leaf color became lighter as the shading rate increased, which indicated that O. iwarenge for. magnus has no tolerance against low light intensity. To select a proper potting media, decomposed granite (DG), fertilizer-amended media (FAM), river sand (RS) were used as potting medium with different ratio of 60:20:20 (DG:FAM:RS, v/v/v), 80:20 (DG:FAM, v/v), 60:40 (DG:FAM, v/v), and 20:80 (FAM:RS, v/v). DG:FAM:RS (60:20:20) showed the highest values in shoot fresh weight, plant width, and number of runner in potted O. iwarenge for. magnus. Fresh weight of shoot part was 16 g in DG:FAM:RS (60:20:20), which was about 2 folds of those at the other medium. At the experiment for selection of proper fertilization level, plants showed a better growth as the concentration of hyponex solution and application frequency increased. Once drenching 1 week interval of hyponex solution diluted by 1,000 folds brought the highest results in fresh weight, plant width, and runner number. Particularly, fresh weight of shoot part was 35 g at once drenching per week of 1,000 folds solution, indicating 84% improvement comparing with non treatment (19 g).

Propagation Efficiencies at Different LED Light Qualities for Leaf Cutting of Six Echeveria Cultivars in a Plant Factory System (에케베리아 6품종의 엽삽 시 식물공장시스템 내 LED 파장에 따른 번식 효율)

  • Kim, Seongmin;Kim, Jiseon;Oh, Wook
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2018
  • The succulent plants of Echeveria genus are in increasing demand worldwide, but it is difficult to supply good quality young plants throughout the year because propagation efficiencies are depend on cultivar and environmental factors. This study was carried out to investigate the propagation efficiencies of leaf cutting in Echeveria cultivars at different LED light qualities in a closed-type plant factory system. Leaf cuttings cut from stock plants of six difficult-to-propagated cultivars 'Afterglow (AG)', 'Berkeley Light (BL)', 'Mason (MS)', 'Subsessilis Light (SL)', 'Cream Tea (CT)', and 'Ben Badis (BB)' were put into cutting media in the plant factory system maintained at a temperature of $24{\pm}2^{\circ}C$ and relative humidity of $60{\pm}10%$, and watered with over-head irrigation twice a week. Cuttings were irradiated with sole or mixed red (R, 660 nm), blue (B, 450 nm), green (G, 530 nm), and far-red (FR, 730 nm) LEDs as follows: R10, R8+B2, R5+B5, R7+B2+FR1, and R7+B2+G1. PPFD just above the cuttings was $200{\mu}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}$ and photoperiod was 16/8 (light/dark) hours. As a result, propagation efficiencies were dependent on cultivar. Rooting and shooting were relatively easy in 'SL' but shoot formation in 'AG' was very difficult. Light qualities from LEDs also affected plant regeneration. Light conditions with a higher ratio of B, R5+B5, R7+B2+FR1, and R7+B2+G1, promoted shoot formation and growth but inhibited rooting and root growth. R10 and R8+B2 with a higher ratio of R promoted rooting and root growth and inhibited shoot formation and growth of cuttings. In addition, the treatment with FR increased leaf size and biomass of the all plants. Therefore, further studies are needed to investigate the optimum compositions of LED light quality for the improvement of leaf cutting efficiency in difficultto-propagated Echeveria cultivars.

Physiological and Ecological Characteristics of the Apple Snails (왕우렁이 (apple snails)의 생리.생태적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Beom;Koh, Mun-Hwan;Na, Young-Eun;Kim, Jin-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2002
  • This experiment was carried out to obtain some information about overwintering, physiological and ecological characteristics of apple snails. Another purpose of this experiment was to characterize an appetite for rice plants by apple snails and to elucidate their choice of fresh green ones (vegetables, some other crops, weeds in rice fields). The freshwater snails were found with higher population at sites abundant organic compounds such as plant debris and at regions with high temperature. They also prefer calcium-rich water. This is a naturally occurring process. Apple snails were exceptionally veil-adapted to the south regions of Korea, especially Janghang, Jangseong and Haenam, even if the temperature of winter season is cold below 0$^{\circ}C$. Apple snails were not very selective in their food choice and eat almost everything available in their environment. A snail have something called a radula in its mouth for grinding up its food. A apple snail also chews on fruits and young succulent plant barks. In case of reproduction. apple snails deposit about 157$\sim$784 (average of 321 eggs) milky white to pale orange colored eggs above the waterline. In approximately every 22.4 seconds a new egg appears. The total time needed to deposit a egg mass varies from 58 minutes$\sim$4 hours 13 minutes. Apple snails reproduct actively from May to June and from September to October. An appetite of apple snails for rice plants was the different depending on their size and glowing stage for rice plants. Apple snails had a great appetite of rice plants as well as dropwort, tomato, cabbage, radish, aquatic plants etc. They preferred to eat young rice plants and drastically quit eating rice plants of over 40 cm in height. Thus considering the food preference of apple snail for various plants including rice, they were thought to be a potentially strong predator in fields, especially, at regions with warmer winter.