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Dietary Behaviors of Middle School Students in Seoul and Yangphyung Area (서울강북 및 양평지역 일부중학생의 식행동에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Seong-Jeong;Kim, Na-Young;Han, Myung-Joo
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.626-635
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    • 2006
  • The eating attitudes, opinions related to health and eating habits of 382 middle school students (184 male, 198 female) living in Seoul Gangbuk and Yangphyung areas were studied. The results of this study are summarized as follows. Most middle school students (57.6%) didn’t eat breakfast. The main reasons for skipping the meal were lack of time (51.5%) and of appetite (39.3%). However, students (36.7%) recognized breakfast as being the most important meal. The self perception of health status showed that male students responded ‘good’ (58.7%) while female students responded ‘fair’ (48.5%). Overall, 42.4% of the male students were satisfied with their body shape while 71.2% of the female students wanted to get thinner. More male students (76.4%) used various diet exercises for losing weight than female students (67.0%). Students living in Yangpyeung area (79.1%) used more diet exercises than those in Seoul (61.9%). More than half (57.3%) of middle school students did not consider their food combination. More than half (56.0%) of male students took vegetables almost every meal while 50.1% of female students took them one meal per day. Most of the middle school students took fruits more than 2-3 times per week. Students living in Yangpyeung area (58.0%) consumed more milk and than those in Seoul Gangbuk (43.4%). Male students preferred saltier food than female students. The eating habit scores were 1.90 in males and 1.85 in females and these scores were increased with increasing family monthly food spending.

A Study on the Dietary Habits and Health Consciousness of High School Students in Seoul (서울지역 남녀 고등학생의 식습관과 건강인지에 관한 연구)

  • Park, He-Kyung;Hong, Hee-Ok;Lee, Jung-Sug;Kim, Jung-Yoon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.395-403
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to examine the dietary behaviors with 510 high school students (260 males and 250 females) residing in Seoul. The average age of male and female students were 16.3 and 16.4 years old, respectively. Mean height and weight of male students were 174.1 cm and 65.9 kg and those of female students were 161.6 cm and 52.5 kg. The body mass index (BMI) of male and female students were $21.7\;kg/m^2$ and $20.1\;kg/m^2$, respectively, which were within the normal range. Students skipped breakfast more than once a week were 41.1% of males and 44.4% of females. More than 40% of the male and female students skipped breakfast frequently. The mean mini dietary assessment index score of male and female students were 30.6 and 29.6 out of total 50 index scores, respectively. Female students perceived significantly less healthy and fatter than male students. Furthermore, body image satisfaction of the female students was lower than that of male students. Female students were more significantly concerned with body image and desired a thin body shape. Only 22.7% of male students and 6.4% of female students exercised regularly, and the frequency, time, and intensity of exercise in the male students were significantly higher than those of female students.

The Anthropometric Status and Nutrient Intakes of Physical Education Majors and Non-major Male College Students (체육전공 남학생과 비전공 남학생의 신체조성 및 영양소 섭취에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyun-Ock;Hyun, Hwa-Jin;Song, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2009
  • The study was performed to investigate the relationship of regular exercise to body composition and nutrient intakes of male college students by comparing anthropometric measurements and one-day dietary intakes by 24-hour recall of physical education (PE) majors and non-major male college students. The subjects were 253 students residing in the Gyeonggi area. Only 64.1% and 32.1% of PE majors and non-major students exercised over 4 times a week and PE major students did stronger exercise than the non-major students did. Mean BMI and WHR (Waist Hip Ratio) of the two groups were not different. But percentages of body fat and lean body mass in PE major students were lower and higher, respectively, than those of non-major students. PE major students consumed significantly more energy and other nutrients except iron, niacin, vitamin C, and vitamin E than non-major students. Nutrients consumed less than KRDA was calcium in PE major students and energy, calcium, zinc, vitamin $B_{12}$, folate, and vitamin C in non-major students. Mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of PE major students (1.00) was significantly higher than that of non-major students (0.94). Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) of all nutrients except vitamin A of PE major students was also significantly higher than that of non-major students. Nutrients below 1.00 in INQ of both groups were calcium, zinc, vitamin B2, and folate. Our data supports that regular exercise may positively influence on body composition and increase diet quality in male college students. Therefore, an educational program focused on regular exercise along with proper dietary behavior would be needed.

Condition and Effect of Sex Education Program for Korean Middle School Students (중학생의 성교육 실태 및 프로그램 효과분석)

  • Moon, In-Ok;Youn, Young-Ok;Kim, Ro-Eul
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2007
  • Objectives: School must provide the proper sex education to students, thereby, the students for have right standards of sexuality and preventing from sexual crimes. This study conducted to identify the effectiveness and students' satisfaction level on Sex education program for middle school students prepared by the Ministry of Education and Human Resources. Methods: The sample size of the study was 644 students(458 female students and 186 male students) in middle school. A self reporting type of questionnaire survey was conducted from May 2 through May 27, 2005. Collected data were processed using SPSSwin 12.0; The data were analysed through t-test, stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: Lectures and audiovisual materials were mostly used for sex education for students. Many students were satisfied with the program of physical and sexual organ development, pregnancy, contraceptive methods and sexual abuse. Many students wanted to study more on courtship, love, and marriage. The programs which the students did not understand well were sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy and mass media and sex. Forty six percentage of the students reported that they were satisfied with the education program. Thirty three percentage of the students said that they were not satisfied with the program. The students who had earlier menstruation experience and the students whose academic achievement were higher were more satisfied with sex education program (P<.05). The students who were satisfied with the sex education CD prepared by the ministry of education were more satisfied with sex education program. (P<.001). When the CDs were appropriately used, the students were more satisfied with the education program (P<.05). The sound and pictures in the CD did not much affect the students. Audiovisual programs were more effective than lectures.

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Nihao? Chinese students' relationships with Korean students: From Chinese students' experience and perspectives (니하오? 국내 중국인 유학생의 한국 학생과의 교우관계 : 중국인 유학생의 경험과 인식)

  • Jon, Jae-Eun;Jang, Na-Yeong
    • (The)Korea Educational Review
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.303-326
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this paper is to explore Chinese students' difficulty and understanding of their relationship with Korean students. A total of 20 Chinese undergraduate students at a private university in Seoul were interviewed. Findings show that (1) Chinese students were separated from Korean students in their relationships; (2) Chinese students understood that Korean students were indifferent to Chinese students and pursue purposeful relationships with Chinese students; (3) Chinese students recognized that Korean students and people perceive China and Chinese people negatively, reasons including mass media in both China and Korea, political and economic relations between two countries, and lack of intercultural education in Korean education. This paper emphasizes the separation of Chinese students from Korean students despite the successful increase of international student population in Korean higher education, and concludes that international student recruitment and internationalization efforts in Korean higher education need to be directed toward facilitating relationships between Korean and international students, thereby promoting their quality of educational and sociocultural experience.

The Comparison on Preferences about Class Forms and Class Environments between the Science Gifted Students and Normal Students (수업형태와 수업환경에 대한 과학영재와 일반 학생들의 선호도 비교)

  • Jeon, Eun-seon;Lee, Hyeong-cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.346-354
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to be a help with designing science curriculum and developing science programs for the science gifted students by comparing their preferences about science class forms and class environments between science gifted students and normal students. For this study, 2 classes of science gifted students and 5 classes of normal students in 4th, 5th grade joined in this survey and their preferences about science class forms and class environments were checked using questionnaire. As a result, the following findings were obtained. First, in the area of class form, from comparing their preferences about teaching content domain, science gifted students showed meaningful higher preferences in all factors such as clarification, structuralization, thinking of high level and diversification. In comparing their preferences about teaching process domain, science gifted students also showed meaningful higher preferences in all factors such as diversification and self directed learning. Second, in the area of class environment, from comparing their preferences about classroom domain, science gifted students showed meaningful higher preferences in all factors such as teacher's support and rule and organization. In comparing their preferences about mentality domain, science gifted students also showed meaningful higher preferences in all factors such as influence of friends and parents. Third, in science gifted students, from comparing their preferences by gender about science class forms and class environments, female students showed meaningful higher preferences in factors of clarification. And in other factors females showed similar preference tendency with male students. In normal students' comparing, female students showed meaningful higher preferences in factors of teacher's support. And male students showed meaningful higher preferences in factors of high level thinking and influence of friend and influence of parents.

Comparison of Nutrient Intakes, Serum Minerals and Lipids between Physical Education Major and Non-major Students (체육전공과 비전공 남학생의 영양섭취, 혈청 무기질과 지질 함량 비교)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.417-424
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate daily nutrient intakes, serum minerals and lipids in university students majoring in physical education. Anthropometric measurement, dietary survey, and blood analysis were conducted and compared between physical education major (PM) and other major (OM) students. Average age was 21.3 years for PM students and 20.8 years for OM students. Body weight and BMI of PM students were significantly higher than those of OM students (p<0.05). Systolic blood pressure of PM students was significantly lower than that of OM students (p<0.05). Daily energy intake was 2,047.4 kcal for PM students and 2,393.9 kcal for OM students, indicating a significant difference. Carbohydrate and vitamin B1 intakes of PM students were significantly lower than those of OM students. Serum calcium was significantly higher in PM students while serum phosphorus and magnesium levels were higher in OM students. Serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly lower in PM students while HDL-cholesterol was lower in OM students. In conclusion, university students who major in physical education showed higher serum calcium, lower serum phosphorus and magnesium, and lower systolic blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels than other major students. These results show that physical activity as a major course of study is associated with decreased blood pressure and blood lipids as well as altered serum mineral levels.

Relationship between Dietary Habits, Life Stress and Nutrition Knowledge of High School Students in Gyeonggi Area (경기지역 일부 고등학생의 식습관, 생활스트레스 및 영양지식과의 관계)

  • Park, Kyung Ae;Lee, Hongmie;Song, Kyunghee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.126-136
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: This study was performed to examine dietary habits, life stress, and nutrition knowledge among high school students in Gyeonggi area. Methods: A total of 431 high school students (210 males, 221 females) in Gyeonggi area participated in this study from November to December of 2011. The study was a questionnaire-based survey that included dietary habits, dietary attitudes, life stress, and nutrition knowledge. Results: Body weight, height, and body mass index were all higher in male students than in female students (P < 0.001, respectively). For dietary habits, the average score (P < 0.01) and scores for considering combination of food groups (P < 0.05), eating green and orange vegetables (P < 0.05), eating meat, fish, eggs, or beans everyday (P < 0.05), drinking milk (P < 0.001), and eating seaweed (P < 0.01) were higher in male students than in female students. For dietary attitudes, the average score (P < 0.05) and scores for the five items were significantly different between male and female students. Male students showed a significantly lower nutrition knowledge score than female students (P < 0.05). Life stress score of students largely was attributable to academic factors, and female students showed higher stress score for academic, personal, and surrounding environmental (P < 0.05, respectively) factors than male students. Dietary habit score (P < 0.01) and nutrition knowledge score (P < 0.05) in female students as well as dietary attitude score (P < 0.05) in male students were negatively correlated with life stress score. Dietary habit scores in male and female students were positively correlated with dietary attitude score (P < 0.01, respectively). Need for nutrition education was significantly higher in female students than in male students (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This study provides basic information on dietary habits, dietary attitudes, life stress, and nutrition knowledge according to sex and suggests gender-specific practical nutrition education programs to address undesirable dietary habits and attitudes in students with higher stress levels.

A Study on Consumption Behavior of Milk and Dairy products in College Students (대학생들의 우유 및 유제품 섭취실태와 소비 성향에 관한 조사)

  • Lee, Lil-Ha;Jung, In-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.551-559
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    • 2002
  • This study was undertaken to investigate intake and consumption behavior of dairy products in college students in order to identify a better way to increase milk consumption. This survey was carried out through questionnaires. The subjects were 307 college students in ChungJu. A total of 98.3% students thought milk as good for health but only 21.5% of them drank it everyday. Most students reported drinking milk two to three times a week. Male students reported drinking milk for drinking, whereas females students for nutrition. College students preferred flavored milk rather than plain milk. Students preferred the drink-type yogurt among the dairy products. The major reason for drinking fermented milk was taste. After drinking the fermented milk, 39.1% of female students thought that fermented milk could prevent constipation. Most students thought that better taste and quality of milk and milk product would increase their consumption.

A Study on the Survey of Eating out Food Preference of College Students in Seoul (서울지역 대학생의 외식실태 및 기호도 조사연구 (I))

  • 노정미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the state of eating out and the food preference of college students in Seoul. This survey was carried out through questionaires, and the subjects were 158 male and 159 female students. The result obtained were summarized as follows; 1) Female students had more regular breakfast than male students, and male students had more regular dinner than female students. 2) Male and higher grade students brought home-made lunches more frequently than female students, and others ate out in campus dinning room and off campus dinning room. 3) Most of subjects (77.3%) ate out more than once a day, they ate out in lunch time more frequently than other times. 4) Male and female students used different type of restaurant. 5) The most favorite food of male students in eating out was a Dongas, and that of female students was Nangmyun.

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