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Parent Attachment, Peer Support and Behavior Problems of Middle School Students (중학생의 부모에 대한 애착, 친구지지와 행동문제)

  • 김인숙;이경님
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.97-113
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    • 2004
  • This study was to investigate the relationship between parent attachment, peer support and behavior problems of middle school students. The subjects were 591 male and female students in the first and third grade of the middle school and their mothers in Busan. The instruments used for this study were Inventory of Parent Attachment Scale, Peer Support Scale and Behavior Checklist for Adolescents. The results were as follows: 1. The first grade students had stronger attachment on father and mother than third grade. The third grade students had perceived peer support more than first grade. Female students had stronger attachment on mother and perceived peer support more than male students. And there was no significant sex difference in attachment on father. In the case of female students, internalizing and externalizing behavior problems increased grade. But, in the case of male students, there was no grade difference in internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. In the case of first grade students, there was no sex difference in internalizing behavior problems. In the case of first grade students, males had more externalizing behavior problems than females. But in the case of third grade students, females had more externalizing behavior problems than males. 2. As parent's education level was higher, students had stronger attachment on parents and perceived more peer support. As family income was higher, students had stronger attachment on father and perceived more peer support. 3. In case of female students, parent attachment and peer support were correlated negatively with internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. In case of male students, attachment on fathers and peer.

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Social Networks and Lonelinss among the male and female undergraduate students. (남녀 대학생의 사회적 관계망과 고독감)

  • 이성희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 1999
  • This study analyzes the relationships between social networks and loneliness. Subjects of this study are male and female undergraduate students residing in Soul and Jeonju city Questionaires were and the obtained results were analyzed through SPSS PC+ The results are as follows 1) The size of general social networks doesnt's show difference between male and female students but at the of intimate social networks female students' one is bigger than male students' And female students' contact frequency via telephone is higher than male students' but the direct contact frequency did not show the difference: 2) The bigger the size of social networks is and the higher the contack frequency is the more the mount of social supports female students get. And the bigger the size of social networks is the more the amount of social support male students get. But among male students there are no relationships between the contact frequency and the amount of social supports 3) The size and co tact frequency of social networks is negatively related to loneliness among female and male students 4) The amount of social supports explaines the degree of loneliness at 23% among female students and 18% among male students.

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The Effect of School Violence on Korean High School Students’ Ego-Identity (우리나라 고등학생의 학교폭력 경험과 자아정체감과의 관계)

  • 이상진;정옥분
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 1999
  • The objectives of this study were to survey stress, eating behavior, and the influences of stress on eating behavior of high school boys and girls. The subjects of this study were 510 high school students(boys 240, girls 270) in Cheongju area. The questionaires were distributed to 510 students, self-evaluated and collected from Mar. 23 to Apr. 4, 1998. The results of this study were as follows: First, the third grade students of high school were suffering from many stress. The rate of such students was 33.9% of total students. Second, eating problems of students were unbalanced diet, irregular diet, omitting a meal. The most irregular meal was breakfast, especially girl students ate breakfast more irregular than boy students. Third, the higher the level of stress of stress of the students, the more eating problem existed. The more students met with stress, the more eating behavior was irregular in eating quantity. In conclusion, stress influences eating behavior of high school students negatively. Therefore, to improve eating behavior of students who are suffering from stress, the program on stress release and nutrition education should be developed and supplied to them.

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Comparison of Health Behavior, Stress and Stress Coping Type between Undergraduate Nursing Students and Female Students in Other Majors (간호대학생과 일반 여자대학생의 건강행위, 스트레스 및 대처유형 비교)

  • Kim, Hyun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.28-35
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the stress and stress coping type between nursing students and female students in other majors. Methods: This study adopted a descriptive comparative design. Data were collected by interviews with 184 undergraduate nursing students at N university and 194 female students in other majors at S university in C city from May 15 to 30, 2014. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, Chi-square, and Pearson's correlation with SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. Results: There was a significant difference on health behavior between nursing students and female students in other majors. The nursing students had a higher stress score than female students in other majors. There was a significant correlation between some health behavior and stress coping type. Conclusion: Based on the results, health promoting programs and research should be developed considering stress and coping type of nursing students.

A comparative study of general values and clothing behavior of college female students in Korea and America. (한국과 미국 여대생의 가치관과 의복선택행동에 관한 비교연구)

  • 강경자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 1986
  • It is generallybelieved that the values of female students are different depending on the cultural enviromment of society. The purpose of this paper is to discern the value orientation of female students in Korea and America, and how they are related to the clothing behavior. 300 female students were selected as sample from the Univ. of Minnesota and 158 students filled out the questionnair. 420 female students were selected from five unversities in Jinju, Taegy and Pusan. RESULTS : 1) Korean students had highly evaluated theaethetic, political, religious and social values, and American students had higher evaluation on the economic and American students had higher evaluation on the economic and theoretical values. 2) Korean students tended to regard modesty, conformity and management as important factors when they chose new clothes, and for American students, appearance and tool were important. 3) The impact of values on clothing vehavior was as follows. a) Korean students who emphasized theoretical values did not use clothes as an instrument of status symbol and modesty. b) American students who emphasized the economic values tended to have an interest in purchase and wearing of clothes on purpose. c) Korean students who had positive attitudes on the aethetic values tended to be conservative, but they wanted to use the clothes as a demonstration of self exaggeraton. d) Korean students who regarded social values important tended to have a higher interest in the management of clothes. e) Korean students who had highly evaluated the religious values tended to be conservative when the selected new clothes. American students did not want to conform to the group norm when they chose new clothes. On the whole, American students did not put on clothes to achieve a specific goal. In short, it can be concluded that Korean students and American students have different values and they have a great impact on their clothing behavior.

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A Comparative Study on Eating Habits Between Middle School Students of Korea and Japan (한.일 중학생의 식생활 비교연구)

  • 김성교;한재숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate eating habits. nutritional knowledge and the active use of information from the eating habits chapter of the textbook by middle school students of Korea and Japan. 9th grade students of 7 middle schools residing in Gyeongju and Hukuoka. Japan (592 Korean students. 546 Japanese students) participated in this study. Research data were collected by means of questionnaires and analyzed by such means as frequency, percentage. means. standard deviation. $\chi$$^2$-test, t-test, F-test and Pearson's correlation analysis employing SPSS Program. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. In terms of the physical features of middle school students, the height of Korean students tend to be taller than Japanese students. The weight of Korean students are on the average heavier than Japanese students. Research also proves that Japanese families have more family members. Korea has more full time housewives as well. Regarding their health. Korea has more people who consider themselves healthy than Japan does. 2. More students in Japan tend to eat breakfast and dinner everyday compared with Korea. Students eat snacks at night more in Korea than Japan. The average meal takes less than 20 minutes in Korea. It takes less than 30 minutes in Japan. Dinner is considered to be most important meal by the students of Korea and Japan. Meat. noodles. bread and cake are highly enjoyed by the students of both nations. 3. There was a little difference between Korean and Japanese students. concerning the necessity of nutrition education because they both study home economics. 4. The use of information from the textbook shows. most students eat green vegetable almost everyday but Korean students tested as eating more. Japanese students more often say they drink more than a cup of milk everyday The Japanese students have higher rates of using information from the textbooks. drink milk everyday. eat bean paste soup. eat a lot of meat and fish. 5. It turns out that students who have more nutritional knowledge have a low late of eating convenience food and student who utilize the chapter in the textbook in everyday life have low rates of eating convenience food.

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A Study on Stress of Children Comparing Two-parent Families and Other Types of Families -Girls’ High School Students in Puchon City- (양친가정과 결손가정 자녀의 스트레스 인지도에 관한 비교연구 -부천시 여고생을 중심으로-)

  • 현온강;이순덕
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this study is to acquire basic materials to help the students Others of families in their homes through understanding them. This study was based on the questions asked to 100 students without parents in their homes and 100 students in standard homes. Percentage, T-test, counseling sample were used for statistical report. The following are the analysed results of this study. 1. Among the ten events, except for family life and economic problems, there were no distinguished contrasts between the students without parents in their homes and the students in standard homes. 2. The factors influencing stress are mainly plan for future, social environment, school life and learning and students without parents are especially affected by economic problem. 3. Comparing students without parents with one another in stress, the students without parents have economic problem and deficiency of affeetion, the students without father economic problem and their mothers health, the students without mother the difficulty of house affairs and emotional uneasiness of family. The students with step-mother have much misunderstasnding because of the lack of conversation among their family. The students with step-father hardly kconverse with their father and feel uneasy in family life. Based on all can be gailed these results, the following conclusion. 1) The students Other Types of families are stressed much more than the students in standard homes in family life and economic problems. 2) All Students are Stressed by bad environment, the plan of future, scholl and learning, 3) Comparing the Stubents without parents with one another, the students without parents have economics probem and deficiency of affeetion, the students without father economic problem and their mothers health, the students without mother house affairs and emotional uneasiness off family. The students of step-father and step-mother have the misuder standing by the lark of comversation, the deficiency of affection and the uneasiness off family life.

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Relation among Students' Science-related Attitudes, Science Achievement, Science Process Skills, and Teachers' Attitudes (중학생의 과학에 관련된 태도, 과학생적, 과학 탐구능력, 과학교사의 과학에 대한 태도의 상관관계)

  • An, Gae-Won;Chung, Young-Lan
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.410-416
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to determine which variable is the best predictor of students' science-related attitudes. Three influential variables were tested : students' science achievement. students' science process skills, and teachers' attitudes toward science. This study has been made on the basis of questionnaire from 205 1st graders in 5 different middle schools in Seoul. The instruments used for measuring attitudes were TOSRA and the questionnaire developed by Sung-Jae Pak(1980). The instrument used for measuring science process skills was a standardized test developed by Youne-Woo Lee(1989). The results was analyzed by multiple-regression in the statistical packages SPSS/PC+. The major findings of this study are as follows. 1. The mean score of students' science-related attitudes was 66.8, and there was no significant difference according to gender of students and teachers(p> .05). 2. The mean score of students' science process skills was 61.1, and there was no significant difference according to gender of students and teachers(p> .05). 3. Students' science process skills was the best predictor of students' science-related attitudes among three variables(R=0.3102, p< .05). 4. The subjects were divided into 2 groups by students' science achievement. In the high score group, students' science achievement was the best predictor of students' science-related attitudes (R=0.3406, p<.05). And in the low score group, none of the variables was related to students' science-related attitudes (p> .05). 5. In students who has a male science teacher, students' science process skill was the best predictor of students' science-related attitudes (R=0.3220, p<.05). And in students who has a female science teacher, students' science achievement was the best predictor of students' science-related attitudes (R=0.3480, p<.05).

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A Study on the Food Habits and Dietary Intakes of University Students in Busan Area (부산지역 대학생들의 식습관 및 식이섭취 실태에 대한 조사연구)

  • Kang, Hee-Jung;Kang, Hee-Jung;Cho, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.70-82
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate the food habits and dietary intakes of University students in Busan areas. The survey was carried out by self-questionnaires with 130 male and 156 female students. The results obtained were as fellows. 1. 95.3% of male and 76.4% of female students answered they are moderate or healthy. The rates of alcohol drinking in male and female students were 94.5% and 81.0% and the rates of smoking were 73.2% and 2.0% respectively 34.6% of male and 56.9% of female students didn't regular exercise. 2. 21.3% of male and 10.5% of female students were satisfied with their current body image and 74.3% of female students wanted thinner figure. Male students attempted to weight control by exercise and females did by exercise and fasting. 3. The average BMI of students were 22.60 in males and 19.53 in females respectively and 78.0%, of female students were underweight. 4. Breakfast was skipped in 79.5%, of male and 83.7% of female students and it appeared male students eat faster than female students. 5 Male students preferred beverage and noodles and females preferred bread, biscuit, snack and beverage as snack food and female students had a higher tendency to enjoy snack time. The frequency of eating out was higher in female students and the standard of food choice was preference > price > convenience > nutritional value. The favorite dishes were meats > poultry > fruits > fishes, cereals, noodles in male and fruits > meats > cereals > poultry > noodles > fishes in female students. 6. The average energy intake were 1715.70kca1 in male and 1588.71kcal in female students respectively and the intakes of Ca, vitamin A and B2 were lower than RDA in male and female students.

A Cross Sectional Study on Elementary Students' Access to Computer Online Pornography (일개지역 초등학교 고학년들의 컴퓨터 음란물 접촉 실태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chung-Nam;Woo, Hae-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.150-167
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    • 2001
  • This cross sectional study was done to find out the situation of computer online pornography access by 4th to 6th grade elementary school students. The subjects of this study were three elementary schools in Andong, which were selected randomly and 120 students randomly selected from 4th to 6th grade for a total of 360 students. The questionnaire was composed with the help of a community health nursing professor and through the reference review. The collected data were analysed by a PC SPSS 10.0 according to school grade and sex, an 12-test was implemented to learn what percent of students have computers and software which prohibit the viewing of online pornography, access motivation and time, content viewed, attitude after accessing the contents, and opinions about computer online pornography. The results of this study were as follows. 1. A total of 86.1% of students had computers at home. Most students placed computers in their own room, 78.9% of students had computer online communication experience. Higher grade students tended to have more experience of communications on the internet (P<0.001). Most students chatted on the internet once or twice a week and higher grade students tended to communicate online more frequently. (P<0.001). Most students used computers more than one hour a day (P<0.05). They used computers according to the following priorities: game, studying, listening to music, communications, chatting. 2. Regarding the frequency of going computer online more than seven times per week, male students showed a higher frequency than female students (P<0.05). Male students used computers more than one hour a day and female students less than half an hour (P<0.001). Male students mostly used computers to play computer games. On the other hand. female students used the computer to study, listen to music, and chat (P<0.001). 3. Regarding software installation to prevent access of computer online pornography, a total of 19.4% of students responded they installed one. but 80.6% didn't have any, 20.3% of students had accessed pornography, 46.6% of students responded. they first get to know to the computer online pornography through friends. 4. The reasons for accessing computer online pornography were ranked as follows: curiosity, interest, to release stress, and sex drive (P<0.05). Obscene contents were found in computer games, pictures, and video. Among these, pictures were the most common. 5. Regarding students' attitude toward online pornography, most students responded that they took much pleasure in the contents (P<0.05). 6. Regarding the question 'Does online pornography degrade morals and cause a sex crime', most students responded as 'no'. They also responded positively to the suggestion that the contents would be effective in preventing sex crimes and to release stress. 74.7% of students responded that males' access of the contents as proper but females' access as immoral. Regarding social efforts to protect students from this harmful environment. most replied that those efforts were unnecessary (P<0.001).

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