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A Study of Students' Knowledge Level of Dental Health Care (초중등학생의 구강보건관리에 대한 인식도 조사)

  • Kim, Kyo-Woong;Nam, Chul-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.295-317
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to prevent oral disease of primary school, middle school, and high school students, providing basic data for the development of oral health education programs. Data were collected from 898 primary school, middle school, and high school students from March 2, 1999 to May 31, 1999. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) The subjects of this study were primary school students(32.6%), middle school students(33.0%), and high school students(34.4%). Boy students were slightly more prevalent than girl students. That is, primary school boys were 56.3%, middle school boys were 53.2%, and high school boys were 52.6%. 2) According to the self-judgement of oral health, primary school students were better than middle/high school students and boy students were better than girl students, 63.5% of primary school students and 57.8% of middle/high school students brushed their teeth once or twice a day. 3) 76.3% of middle/high school students and 63.5% of primary school students experienced dental caries. Girl students were higher than boy students in experiencing dental caries, 35.9% of primary school students and 27.6% of middle/high school students experienced periodontal disease. 4) 22.9% of primary school students and 7.9% of middle/high school students received oral examinations periodically. Girl students showed a higher rate than boy students in primary school, while boy students showed a higher rate than girl students in middle/high school. 5) Explaining to the reasons for reluctant visits to dental hospitals and clinics, 'no time to go' was highest(22.9% of primary school students; 27.4% of middle/high school students) and the rate of 'feeling scared' was second highest. Middle/high school students were more reluctant to visit dental hospitals and clinics than primary school students. In case of problematic symptoms in the mouth, the rate of 'feeling painful or cold in teeth when eating cold or hot foods' was highest, 71.3% of primary school students was concerned about oral health, while 68.6% of middle/high school students was concerned about it. 6) In gathering to the sources of information on oral health, the rate of medical institutions was highest(30.0%) in primary school students, while the rate of family members or persons around them was highest in middle/high school students. 7) 54.9% of primary school students received oral health education, while 13.1% of middle/high school students received it. Only 4.7% of middle school and high school girls received it. In relation to dental health education, the rate of 'possibility of prevention of oral caries or disease of the gum' was highest. 79.5% of primary school students and 80.3% of middle school students answered that they would attend oral health education. 8) 60.4% of primary school students and 60.2% of middle/high school students think the purpose of oral health is to prevent dental caries and disease of the gums. In preventing dental caries, 78.8% of primary school students and 71.8% of middle school students thought that periodical oral examination was effective, 88.4% of primary school students and 88.8% of middle/high school thought that brushing one's teeth was effective and 64.1% of primary school students and 50.7% of middle school students thought that the use of toothpaste containing fluoride was effective. In preventing periodontal disease, 91.1% of primary school students and 90.2% of middle/high school students thought that brushing one's teeth was effective, while 72.4% of primary school students and 70.3% of middle/high school students thought that teeth cleaning was effective. 9) 16.0% of middle school students and 12.7% of high school students thought that their oral health condition was healthy. According to individual experiences in dental treatment, the rate of experience of middle school students was higher than that of high school students, 12.7% of middle school students received oral examinations periodically, while only 3.3% of high school students did so. 10) In cases of 'having no problematic symptoms in the mouth' and 'concerns about oral health', the rate of middle school students was higher than that of high school students. In gathering obtaining information on oral health, the rate of obtaining it through broadcast media including TV, Radio, etc. was highest in middle school students, while the rate of obtaining it through family members or persons around them was highest in high school students. 11) 81.7% of middle school students have not received oral health education. In case of girl students, 97.3% have not received it in high school students. 85.6% of middle school students and 151.2% of high school students think that oral health education is necessary. 12) According to the knowledge level of oral health, the point of high school students($26.33{\pm}2.33$) was similar to the point of high school students($26.23{\pm}2.30$). It appeared that the point of primary school students was highest($26.35{\pm}2.50$) The more concerned about oral health the students were the higher the knowledge level of oral health was. In conclusion, the middle/high school students' knowledge level of oral health was lower than primary school students. The rate of middle/high School students' experience in oral health education was too low. Therefore, it is necessary to intensify oral health education for middle/high school students. Especially, the necessity of oral health education to girl students is strongly recommended. Developing an oral health education program for primary school, middle school, and high school students, related public authority and organizations, teachers; and dentists must actively make efforts together in order to maintain healthy teeth through having students prevent dental caries and periodontal disease.

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A Study on the Hair Fashion Behavior of College Students (대학생의 헤어패션행동에 관한 조사연구)

  • 김병미;유미근
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this research is to recognize college students' thinking way for hair fashion. The tendency of hair style, hair dyeing and hair administration was examined with college students in Seoul, some cities and towns. Research analyzed and compared the result according to the distinction of sex, age and area. The questionnaire was asked to 257 boy students and 328 girl students. The result in this research is as following. 1. It was shown that our country college students were satisfied with their hair style on the whole. Especially, college students in Seoul appeared more satisfied tendency than other city or town. Seoul's college students preferred hair style of short haircut. Wide area city or small town's college students preferred long hair style. The degree of satisfaction about beauty salon service of Seoul city's college students is higher than that of wide area city or small town's college students. The reasons that they want to go to the beauty salon they used to are distance for boy students and excellent technology for girl students. Boy students change hair style regularly, but girl students change it when need to change their mood. 2. In our country, most college students had experienced that they had their hair dyed. More senior students had their hair dyed than junior students. Hair color that most like was nature brown. Seoul college students liked gold color. Seoul college students are more satisfied than wide area city or small town's college students after hair dyeing. Girl students thought that hair dyeing made their hair style excellent. 4. Girl students responded that their hair was much damaged. College students in Seoul had healthy hair. Girl students selected 「beauty art surgical operation」 for cause of hair damage, and boy student had the various causes of hair damage. College students in Seoul had much hair damage than students in any other area. Most were using shampoo, and girl students used much shampoo than boy students. Girl students selected shampoo according to their hair state, Seoul's college students had their hair washed with shampoo more frequently than other students. Girl students were getting more hair administration information with various form than boy students. Girl students used Hair Clinic for hair administration, but boy students never did it.

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The knowledge and attitudes about AIDS in middle and high school students (일부 중$\cdot$고등학생들의 에이즈에 대한 지식 및 태도)

  • Oh Jeong Ah
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the basic data for developing a program for effective health education about AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) by investigating the knowledge and attitudes of middle and high school students about AIDS. The subjects were 476 middle school students and 658 high school students from Seoul and Kang Won province. The data were collected from November 19 to December 18. 1996. using a 56-item questionnaire. and analyzed by SAS program for t-test. x2-test. and pearson correlation coefficients. The results were as follows : 1. High school students had more knowledge than middle school students about AIDS. 2. Male. students from Seoul. and students who had drinking experience and smoking experience among middle school students. and male. students from Seoul. and students of non-coeducation among high school students were more knowledgeable about AIDS. 3. Misconceptions about the transmission of AIDS through non-intimate contact were especially common among middle school students. And a high proportion of middle and high school students knew very little about the symptoms of AIDS. 4. High school students had more positive attitudes toward AIDS than middle school students. 5. Students from Seoul and students who had smoking experience among middle school students. and students from Seoul and non-coeducation and students who had substance use experience among high school students were more positive attitudes about AIDS. 6. Most of the middle and high school students agreed that there is a need for AIDS education. 7. Middle and high school students reported that had learned about AIDS mostly from TV. Since students in the middle-school age group are especially at risk for developing AIDS­related behaviors. this study findings suggest that it is crucial to develop school-based AIDS education programs that help students acquire the knowledge and attitudes to adopt and maintain behaviors that reduce the risk of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection and other related health problems.

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Comparison of Dietary Behaviors and Lifestyles of Korean University Students and Chinese International Students in the Jeonbuk Area (전북 지역 한국 대학생과 중국 유학생의 식행동 및 생활 습관 비교)

  • Rho, Jeong-Ok;Chang, Eun-Ha
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.452-462
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    • 2012
  • The study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean university students and Chinese international students in the Jeonbuk area. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 241 Korean university students and 198 Chinese international students. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS v. 12.0. Breakfast-skipping among subjects was very common, and the most frequently given reason for skipping this meal was 'lack of time'. More than 85% of Korean male students and 75% of Korean female students reported regularly eating lunch in university canteens or restaurants around campus, whereas 86% of Chinese male students and 82% of Chinese female students regularly ate their lunches in university canteens or at home. About 62% of Korean male students, 72% of Korean female students, 48% of Chinese male students, and 70% of Chinese female students responded that they do not regularly eat dinner, the main reasons cited for this being 'irregularity of lifestyle' and 'part-time work'. Snack intake by the subjects was high. Beverages were the snack item most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese male students, whereas cookies and fruits were most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese female students. About 28% of Korean male students and 44% of Chinese male students were smokers, respectively. Half of Chinese female students drank alcohol once or twice a week. About 42% of Korean male students and 65% of Chinese male students played sports, respectively. Dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students tended to be very similar. Chinese students performed more health-oriented activities in comparison to Korean students. In conclusion, a practical and foreigner-friendly nutritional education program should be devised in order to correct the dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students.

Comparison of consumer choice between high school students and college students (고등학생과 대학생의 소비자 선택행동의 차이 비교)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.775-782
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    • 2007
  • The study purposes to compare consumer choice behavior of high school students with that of college students. Through a questionnaire survey, data were collected from 385 high school students and from 230 college students. The results were as follows; 1) consumer choice behavior patterns were sorted into 'the indifferent type', 'the bragging type', and 'the economic type'. 2) The college students tended to choose new products or famous brands, to do comparison and planned shopping, and to buy more on impulse than the high school students. On the other hand, the high school students tended to buy low-priced products or products at discount prices. 3) The female students chose new and low- priced products and bought more on impulse than the male students. 4) Most of female and male college students belonged to the 'bragging type'. 'The indifferent type' was the most common of male high school students. 5) 'The economic type' was the least of all college students and highschool students.

"A Study on the Health Status of College Students by Cornell Medical Index" (C.M.I.에 의한 일부대학생(一部大學生)들의 건강상태(健康狀態)에 관(關)한 조사연구)

  • Jun, Yoon Byoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 1989
  • To evaluate the college students' health status, the author distributed C.M.I. to 233 college students consisting of 102 males and 131 females who randomly selected from a college in seoul. The conclusion are as follow: 1. The mean of CMI scores for the male students was 32.84 and that for the female students was 43.25. Statistical significant difference was observed between the mean of CMI scores for male students and that for female students. 2. For male students, The CMI mean scores for the day students was 29.46 and for evening students was 35.85. There was no statistical significant difference the day students and that for the evening students. 3. For female students, the mean of CMI scores for day students was 42.40 and that for the evening students was 44.64. But there was no statistical significant difference between the mean CMI scores for the day students and that for the evening students. 4. In both female and male groups, the affirmative response rate of inadequacy, fatigability and eyes and ears are higher than any of the other items. 5. In comparing the CMI items of male students and female students, the significant differences cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, skin, nervous system, genitourinary system, fatigability, habits, inadequacy, depression and tension. The mean scores for female students, with the exception of habits, were higher than those for male students. 6. In comparing the CMI items of male day students and male evening students, there was significant difference in the items of the cardiovascular system, digestive tract, skin, genitourinary system, inadequacy, and anger : the mean scores of evening male students were higher than those of day students. 7. In the case of female students, the CMI mean scores of the evening students in the categories eyes and ears, cardiovascular system, digestive tract, musculoskeletal system, skin, genitourinary system, fatigability, inadequacy, depression, anxiety, and sensitivity were higher scores than those of the day students. However, the were no significant difference between both groups except in the cathgory of habits. 8. The frequency rate of neurotic students, who were identified by fukamachi's classification, were 12.5% in the day male students, 18.6% in th evening male students, 13.6% in the day female students, and 18.0% in the evening female students.

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A Study on Knowledge and Attitude of a Group of Regional University Students (가족보건에 대한 지식 및 태도에 관한 조사연구 (일부 지방대학생을 중심으로))

  • 박선섭
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 1984
  • To find out the amount of knowledge and the attitude which a group of students attending local universities have toward family health, I distributed 690 questionaires to three local universities which I chose. I arrived at the following conculsion after 628 questionnairs were returned. 1) 431 male students(89.8%) and 126 femals students (86.2%) felt that family health science is important enough to be part of the cirriculum. 2) 374 male students (74.5) and 132 female students (90.4%) answered that they get a basic knowledge of health and disease through massmedia. 3) Should an information bureau for health and diseare be retup, 369 students(63.2%) answered that they would join information bureau. 4) In regard to a basic knowledge of health, the report says that 419 ma1e students(83.4%) and 117 female students(80%) don't know about Blood pressure, and 422 male students(84%) and 124 female students (84.9%) don't know about normal pulse and 467 male students(93%) and 128 femal stdents(87.6%) don't know about normal respiration. 5) In regard to communicable disese, 186 male students(37.1%) and 61 female students(41.7%) have a basic knowledge of these disease. In regard to diseases which commonly afflict the eldrly, 157 male students (31.2%) and 62 female students (42.4%) have a basic knowledge of these diseases. In regard to other diseases, the finding of this report are that on the average male students(74.6%) and female students of(73.4%) don't have a basic knowledge of family health. 6) 182 male students (36.2%) and 50 female students (34.2%) anwered that the way to promote health and prevent disease is to have a medical examination regularly and also 142 male students (28.2%) and 33 female students(22.6%) answered that it is necessary to have knowledge about how to keep health. 7) 254 male students (50.4%) and 90 female students (61.6%) said that when they are sick they depend on help from the pharmacist.

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The Difference of Locus-of-control among Western Medical School Student, Oriental Medical School Students, and Non-Medical School Students (의과대학생과 한의과대학생, 일반대학생들의 건강통제위에 대한 차이)

  • Choi, Kui-Son;Lee, Han-Joon;Lee, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : The objectives of this study were to examine the difference in attitude toward health-specific locus-of-control and medical care among western medical students, oriental Medical students, and non-medical school students. Methods : The subjects of this study were 667 students who agreed to respond the questionnaire :212 western medical school students, 190 oriental medical school students, and 205 non-medical school students. The health-specific locus of control was measured by the structured questionnaire developed by Lau and Ware. The attitude toward western and oriental medicine was also measured by the questionnaire. Results : Western medical students and non-medical school students were more likely than oriental medical students to place high value on 'the provider control over health' and 'the general threat to health' scales (F=20.47, F=19.98). But oriental medical school students ranked 'the self control of health' scale as more important than any other locus of control scale (F=19.34). The health specific locus of control was also different from the grade. When trte grade was increased, 'the provider control over health' scale was slowly decreased, especially in western medical students and non medical school students. However, the 'general threat to health' scale was increased in oriental medical students. Western medical school students expressed more positive attitude toward western medicine. Oriental medical school students put a higher score on oriental medicine. Nevertheless, as the grade was increased, the positive attitude toward oriental medicine slightly decreased in oriental medical school students. Conclusions : There is a difference in health-specific locus of control and attitude toward medicine among western medical students, oriental medical students, and non-medical students. The locus of control and attitude of medical students towards medicine may affect both how they behave towards patients and how they help shape future public policy. Therefore, interdisciplinary educational initiatives may be the best way to handle this issue.

A Comparison of Self-Regulation and Sociality between Elementary Scientific Gifted Students and General Students (초등과학영재 학생과 일반학생의 자기조절능력과 사회성의 비교)

  • Lee, Yeo Jin;Choi, Sun Young
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.406-415
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to compare self-regulation and sociality between elementary scientific gifted students and general students. The subjective students are composed of fifth and sixth grade elementary school students. A survey on self-regulation and sociality had been conducted to 106 general students, 38 gifted class students and 43 students in science educational institute for the gifted. The results of this study were as follows: First, the results of ANOVA test showed that the scientific gifted students were significantly better than general students on all subscales of self-regulation and sociality. Second, the results of correlation analysis indicated that self-regulation and sociality and their subscales were all highly positive relationship on students in science educational institute for the gifted, gifted class students and general students. Third, the results of multiple regression analysis showed that the motivational factor of self-regulation gave the greatest effect to the sociality of students in science educational institute for the gifted, whereas, the cognitive factor of self-regulation gave the greatest effect to the sociality of the general students and gifted class students.

Comparison of Level of Knowledge and Attitude towards Sex between General and Industrial High School Students (인문계와 산업체 고교생들의 성에 대한 태도 및 지식수준 비교)

  • 장정희;맹광호
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.73-89
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    • 1995
  • This study was planned to investigate indirectly the effects of study environments of high school students such as family characteristics, availability of sex education, and possibility of exposure to unhealthy sexual environments. For this purpose, the level of knowledge and attitude towards sex of general and industrial high school students were compared because these two groups of students were believed to be different in those study variables. For this study, 600 students (300 male and 300 female students) from a general high school students and 400 (200 male and 200 female) from an industrial high school in one industrial city in Korea were surveyed with a structured questionnaire. The study results were as follows: 1. There were significant differences in selected family condition variables between general and industrial high school students. Proportions of students with single parents, those who live in houses other than their own, and those father's occupations were farming and manufacturing were higher in industrial high school students than in general high school students. 2. Female students wanted to have more knowledge on sex whereas male students were interested in things related to sexual acts in both general and industrial high school students. The largest proportion of students wanted to discuss their sex problems with their friends not with their parents. 3. More students in general high school thought that the sexual intercourse is natural and pretty than those in industrial high school, whereas more industrial high school students insisted on the sexual purity before marriage than general high school students. 4. About 65% of students surveyed agreed to making friends with opposite sex and, in fact, more than half either had experiences or were having friends of opposite sex. More students in industrial high school wanted to choose their marital partners based on advices of their parents than students in general high school. 5. More female students than male and more industrial high school students than general high school students were embarrassed with first wet dream or menstruation and felt guilty about the masturbation. 6. Level of knowledge on reproductive physiology, sex transmitted disease and contraception was higher in general high school students than in industrial high school students. These study results suggest that simple knowledge on sex of the general high school students does not seem to affect positively the students attitude towards sex and the unfavorable living conditions of industrial high school students seem to influence the students to become more sincere and healthy in their attitude towards sex and life. Therefore, more thoughtful consideration in contents and methods should be given when the sex education is provided to the high school students.

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