• Title, Summary, Keyword: structural dynamics

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A fast precise integration method for structural dynamics problems

  • Gao, Q.;Wu, F.;Zhang, H.W.;Zhong, W.X.;Howson, W.P.;Williams, F.W.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2012
  • A fast precise integration method (FPIM) is proposed for solving structural dynamics problems. It is based on the original precise integration method (PIM) that utilizes the sparse nature of the system matrices and especially the physical features found in structural dynamics problems. A physical interpretation of the matrix exponential is given, which leads to an efficient algorithm for both its evaluation and subsequently the solution of large-scale structural dynamics problems. The proposed algorithm is accurate, efficient and requires less computer storage than previous techniques.

Modal transformation tools in structural dynamics and wind engineering

  • Solari, Giovanni;Carassale, Luigi
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.221-241
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    • 2000
  • Structural dynamics usually applies modal transformation rules aimed at de-coupling and/or minimizing the equations of motion. Proper orthogonal decomposition provides mathematical and conceptual tools to define suitable transformed spaces where a multi-variate and/or multi-dimensional random process is represented as a linear combination of one-variate and one-dimensional uncorrelated processes. Double modal transformation is the joint application of modal analysis and proper orthogonal decomposition applied to the loading process. By adopting this method the structural response is expressed as a double series expansion in which structural and loading mode contributions are superimposed. The simultaneous use of the structural modal truncation, the loading modal truncation and the cross-modal orthogonality property leads to efficient solutions that take into account only a few structural and loading modes. In addition the physical mechanisms of the dynamic response are clarified and interpreted.

Structural Dynamics Analyses of a 5MW Floating Offshore Wind-Turbine Using Equivalent Modeling Technique (등가모델링기법을 이용한 5MW급 부유식 해상용 풍력발전기 구조동역학해석)

  • Kim, Myung-Hwan;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Hwan;Kim, Bong-Yung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.614-622
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the computational structural dynamic modeling of floating offshore wind turbine system is presented using efficient equivalent modeling technique. Structural dynamic behaviors of the offshore floating platform with 5MW wind turbine system have been analyzed using computational multi-body dynamics based on the finite element method. The considered platform configuration of the present offshore wind turbine model is the typical spar-buoy type. Equivalent stiffness and damping properties of the floating platform were extracted from the results of the baseline model. Dynamic responses for the floating wind turbine models are presented and compared to investigate its structural dynamic characteristics. It is important shown that the results of the present equivalent modeling technique show good and reasonable agreements with those by the fully coupled analysis considering complex floating body dynamics.

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Structural Dynamics Modification Using Position of Beam Stiffener on Plate (평판에서 빔 보강재의 결합 위치를 이용한 구조물 변경법)

  • Jung, Eui-Il;Park, Youn-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.599-604
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    • 2002
  • Substructures position is considered as design parameter to obtain optimal structural changes to raise its dynamic characteristics. In conventional SDM (structural dynamics modification) method, the layout of modifying substructures position is first fixed and at that condition the structural optimization is performed by using the substructures size and/or material property as design parameters. But in this paper as a design variable substructures global translational and rotational position is treated. For effective structural modification the eigenvalue sensitivity with respect to that design parameter is derived based on measured frequency response function. The optimal structural modification is calculated by combining eigenvalue sensitivities and eigenvalue reanalysis technique iteratively. Numerical examples are presented to the case of beam stiffener optimization to raise the natural frequency of plate.

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Structural Dynamics Modification via Reorientation of Modification Elements (구조물의 결합 위치 변경을 통한 구조물 변경법)

  • Jung, Eui-Il;Park, Youn-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.666-669
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    • 2004
  • Substructures position is considered as design parameter to obtain optimal structural changes to raise its dynamic characteristics. In conventional SDM (structural dynamics modification) method, the layout of modifying substructures position is first fixed and at that condition the structural optimization is performed by using the substructures size and/or material property as design parameters. But in this paper as a design variable substructures global translational and rotational position is treated. For effective structural modification the eigenvalue sensitivity with respect to that design parameter is derived based on measured frequency response function. The optimal structural modification is calculated by combining eigenvalue sensitivities and eigenvalue reanalysis technique iteratively. Numerical examples are presented to the case of beam stiffener optimization to raise the natural frequency of plate.

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Recent Developments in Multibody Dynamics

  • Schiehlen Werner
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.spc1
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    • pp.227-236
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    • 2005
  • Multibody system dynamics is based on classical mechanics and its engineering applications originating from mechanisms, gyroscopes, satellites and robots to biomechanics. Multibody system dynamics is characterized by algorithms or formalisms, respectively, ready for computer implementation. As a result simulation and animation are most convenient. Recent developments in multibody dynamics are identified as elastic or flexible systems, respectively, contact and impact problems, and actively controlled systems. Based on the history and recent activities in multibody dynamics, recursive algorithms are introduced and methods for dynamical analysis are presented. Linear and nonlinear engineering systems are analyzed by matrix methods, nonlinear dynamics approaches and simulation techniques. Applications are shown from low frequency vehicles dynamics including comfort and safety requirements to high frequency structural vibrations generating noise and sound, and from controlled limit cycles of mechanisms to periodic nonlinear oscillations of biped walkers. The fields of application are steadily increasing, in particular as multibody dynamics is considered as the basis of mechatronics.

Error Estimation and Adaptive Time Stepping Procedure for Structural Dynamics (구조동역학에서의 오차 추정과 시간간격 제어 알고리즘)

  • 장인식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.190-200
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    • 1996
  • Step-by-step time integration methods are widely used for solving structural dynamics problem. One difficult yet critical choice an analyst must make is to decide an appropriate time step size. The choice of time step size has a significant effect on solution accuracy and computational expense. The objective of this research is to derive error estimate for newly developed time integration method and develop automatic time step size control algorithm for structural dynamics. A formula for computing error tolerance is derived based on desired period resolution. An automatic time step size control strategy is proposed based on a normalized local error estimate for the generalized-α method. Numerical examples demonstrate the developed strategy satisfies general design criteria for time step size control algorithm for dynamic problem.

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Structural properties of β-Fe2O3 nanorods under compression and torsion: Molecular dynamics simulations

  • Kilic, Mehmet Emin;Alaei, Sholeh
    • Current Applied Physics
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1352-1358
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    • 2018
  • In recent years, one-dimensional (1D) magnetic nanostructures, such as magnetic nanorods and chains of magnetic nanoparticles have received great attentions due to the breadth of applications. Especially, magnetic nanorods has been opened an area of active research and applications in medicine, sensors, optofluidics, magnetic swimming, and microrheology since they possess the unique magnetic and geometric features. This study focuses on the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of an infinitely long crystal ${\beta}-Fe_2O_3$ nanorod. To elucidate the structural properties and dynamics behavior of ${\beta}-Fe_2O_3$ nanorods, MD simulation is a powerful technique. The structural properties such as equation of state and radial distribution function of bulk ${\beta}-Fe_2O_3$ are performed by lattice dynamics (LD) simulations. In this work, we consider three main mechanisms affecting on deformation characteristics of a ${\beta}-Fe_2O_3$ nanorod: 1) temperature, 2) the rate of mechanical compression, and 3) the rate of mechanical torsion.

An effective locally-defined time marching procedure for structural dynamics

  • Sofiste, Tales Vieira;Soares, Delfim Jr;Mansur, Webe Joao
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.73 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2020
  • The present work describes a new time marching procedure for structural dynamics analyses. In this novel technique, time integration parameters are automatically evaluated according to the properties of the model. Such parameters are locally defined, allowing the user to input a numerical dissipation property for each element, which defines the amount of numerical dissipation to be introduced. Since the integration parameters are locally defined as a function of the structural element itself, the time marching technique adapts according to the model, providing enhanced accuracy. The new methodology is based on displacement-velocity relations and no computation of accelerations is required. Furthermore, the method is second order accurate, it has guaranteed stability, it is truly self-starting and it allows highly controllable algorithm dissipation in the higher modes. Numerical results are presented and compared to those provided by the Newmark and the Bathe methods, illustrating the good performance of the new time marching procedure.

Design, development and ground testing of hingeless elevons for MAV using piezoelectric composite actuators

  • Dwarakanathan, D.;Ramkumar, R.;Raja, S.;Rao, P. Siva Subba
    • Advances in aircraft and spacecraft science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.303-328
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    • 2015
  • A design methodology is presented to develop the hingeless control surfaces for MAV using adhesively bonded Macro Fiber Composite (MFC) actuators. These actuators have got the capability to deflect the trailing edge surfaces of the wing to attain the required maneuverability, besides achieving the set aerodynamic trim condition. A scheme involving design, analysis, fabrication and testing procedure has been adopted to realize the trailing edge morphing mechanism. The stiffness distribution of the composite MAV wing is tailored such that the induced deflection by piezoelectric actuation is approximately optimized. Through ground testing, the proposed concept has been demonstrated on a typical MAV structure. Electromechanical analysis is performed to evaluate the actuator performance and subsequently aeroelastic and 2D CFD analyses are carried out to see the functional requirements of wing trailing edge surfaces to behave as elevons. Efforts have been made to obtain the performance comparison of conventional control surfaces (elevons) with morphing wing trailing edge surfaces. A significant improvement in lift to drag ratio is noticed with morphed wing configuration in comparison to conventional wing. Further, it has been shown that the morphed wing trailing edge surfaces can be deployed as elevons for aerodynamic trim applications.