• Title, Summary, Keyword: stressor

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A Study on the Relationship Among Job Related Stress, Organization Related Stress and Turnover Intention of School Meal Chefs

  • Cho, Yoon-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to identify relationship among job stressor, organizational stressor, and turnover intention of school meal chefs. The respondents included 155 school meal chefs in the survey. Data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis and cause-effect analysis among the constructs. After research model testing, the following results were obtained : job stressor was influenced directly and positively by the turnover intention of school meal chefs. But organizational stressor was not influenced directly and positively by the turnover intention of school meal chefs.

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Comparisons of Stressor and Coping Style between Headache-Suffering Children and Headache-Free Children (두통을 호소하는 초등학생의 스트레스요인과 대처방식)

  • Chung Bok Yae;Hong Youn Lan
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.354-361
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors and coping styles between headache- suffering children and headache-free children. The subjects of this study consisted of 112 headache-suffering children and 203 headache- free children. They were 5th and 6th grade of elementary school around Taegu city. The periods of study was from June 1, to July 20, 2000. Data were analyzed by SAS computer programme The results of this study were as follows: 1. The score of stressor of headache-suffering children was higher than that of headache- free children significantly. The scores of school stressor and mess media stressor of headache-suffering children were higher than those of headache-free children significantly. 2. There was no significant difference even though the mean score of the coping style in headache-suffering children was higher than that of headache-free children. There were also no significant differences in both problem-oriented coping style and emotion- oriented coping style. 3. Logistic regression analysis(stepwise) revealed that the most powerful predictor was the variable stressor in school(standardized estimate=0.316, P<.001), followed by stressor in mass media(standardized estimate=0.224, P<.05).

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Stressor, Coping Style, Communication with Mother & School Adaptation in 6th Grade Elementary School Children (초등학생의 스트레스요인, 대처방식, 어머니와의 의사소통 및 학교적응)

  • Hong Youn Lan
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.362-371
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors, coping styles, communication with mother, school adaptation and predictors for school adaptation. The subjects of this study consisted of 354 children. They were 6th grade of elementary school in Taegu city. The periods of study was from march 10, to march 18, 2000. Data were analyzed by SAS computer programme. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score for stressor was 39.91 in children(range 24-72). The higher stressor among three subgroups of stressor was mass media stressor. The degree of stressor revealed to be influenced significantly economic status. 2. The most frequently used coping style was problem-oriented coping style(M=18.94) in children. The degree of emotion-oriented coping style revealed to be influenced significantly family's atmosphere 3. The mean score for communication with mother was 72,44 in children(range 20- 100). The degree of communication with mother revealed to be influenced significantly sex, economic status, family' atmosphere. 4. The mean score for school adaptation was 62.48 in children(range 25-100). The higher school adaptation among five subgroup was rule dimension. The degree of school adaptation revealed to be influenced significantly sex, birth, mother's job, economic status, family's atmosphere. 5. School adaptation were positively correlated with communication with mother, problem- oriented coping style(r=0.40 p<0.001) (r=0.30 p<0.001). 6. School adaptation were negatively correlated with emotion-oriented coping style, stressor (r=-0.16 p<0.01)(r=-0.13 p<0.01). 7. Forward multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor was the variable communication with mother accounted for 15.25% in school adaptation. All variables accounted for 25.55% in school adaptation. From the above results, it can be concluded that teaching mother about importance of communication, encouraging to use problem-oriented coping style is necessary to improve school adaptation in 6th grade elementary school children

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Effects of the Combined Stress Induced by Stocking Density and Feed Restriction on Hematological and Cytokine Parameters as Stress Indicators in Laying Hens

  • Kang, Sun-Young;Ko, Young-Hyun;Moon, Yang-Soo;Sohn, Sea-Hwan;Jang, In-Surk
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.414-420
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    • 2011
  • A study was conducted to investigate the effects of the combined stressor induced by high stocking density with feed restriction on immunological parameters such as leukocyte differential counts and cytokine expression in laying hens. A total of forty White Leghorn laying hens were randomly allotted into the control (12 kg of body weight/$m^2$) and the stress (44 kg of body weight/$m^2$) groups, and then birds of the stress group were given 75% of voluntary intake of the control birds for 12-d on a daily basis. There was a significant decrease in body weight without affecting the relative weights of the liver and spleen after 12-d of the combined stressor. In hematological values, no significant difference in leukocyte differential counts including heterophils (H), lymphocytes (L), monocytes and H:L ratio was observed between the two groups. In cytokines, hepatic lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (LITNF-${\alpha}$) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression levels in the stress group were significantly (p<0.05) higher compared with those in the control group. However, the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-6 in the liver were not affected by the combined stressor. Splenic LITNF-${\alpha}$ expression in the combined stressor group was significantly (p<0.05) up-regulated compared with that in the control birds. However, the combined stressor did not affect splenic IL-4, IL-6 and iNOS expression. In conclusion, the combined stressor caused by high stocking density with feed restriction enhanced some pro-inflammatory cytokines including LITNF-${\alpha}$ and iNOS in lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs of birds, suggesting that altered cytokine expression to given stressors can be another parameter that can be used in assessing stress responses of birds.

Work-Family Role Strain in Dual-Earner Families:A Theoretical Model for Wives (맞벌이 부부가족에 있어서의 일과 가정생활의 역할 긴장에 관한 이론적 모델 연구: 이론적 모델의 검증)

  • 김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 1992
  • 본 연구는 가족스트레스 이론적 모델인 Double ABCX Model과 일과 가정생활의 역할 긴장에 관한 선행연구를 기초로하여 제안된 이론적 모델을 검증하는데 목적이 있다. 이론적 모델의 검증을 통하여 일과 가정생활의 역할 stressor나 두 가지 역할의 누적으로 쌓이는 역할 긴장이 가족스트레스 이론으로 설명될 수 있는가\ulcorner 또한 매개 변수인 가족자원과 대처방안에 의해 어떻게 중재되어 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 가를 규명하고자 한다. 미국 로스앤젤레스 지역의 한국교민 중 맞벌이 부부인 가족을 연구대상으로 선정하고 설문지법으로 남편과 부인의 자료를 분리하여 표집하였는데 본 연구에서는 153명의 부인으로부터 얻은 자료만을 분석하고자 한다. 자료는 이론적 검증에 유용한 LISREL VII 프로그램을 사용하여 분석한다. 자료의 분석결과가 처음 제안된 모델은 검증하지 못했지만 가족자원 변인과 대처방안 변인간의 상호 관계 효과를 고려하여 수정된 모델은 가족스트레스 이론으로 일과 가정생활을 병립하는데서 오는 stressor나 누적된 역할 긴장을 이해할 수 있음이 검증되었다. 모델의 검증을 통하여 맞벌이 부부가족의 부인에게는 일과 가정생활의 stressor가 누적되어 역할긴장을 증가시켰으며 이 역할긴장은 주로 가정생활의 역할 stressor에서 기인하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 가족자원은 일과 가정 생활의 두 역할 stressor에 의해 강도를 더하는 역할 긴장을 감소시키고 삶의 질을 증가시키는 중요한 매개변수로 나타났다.

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Effects of seasonal variations in temperature and transport stressor on blood protein and glucose concentrations in wild teleosts of marbled sole(Limanda yokohamae) and greenling(Hexagrammos otakii)

  • Kim, Ki-Hong;Ahn, Kyong-Jin;Kwon, Se-Ryun;Huh, Sung-Hoi
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 2001
  • The seasonal trends of plasma protein and glucose concentrations in marbled soles(Limanda yokohamae) and greenlings(Hexagrammos otakii), and the influence of transport stressor on those levels were investigated. Total plasma protein levels of marbled soles and greenlings in late spring and summer were significantly higher than those in winter(January). Plasma glucose levels were consistently increased according to elevation of water temperature both in marbled soles and greenlings. Transport stressor gave rise to decrease of plasma protein levels and increase of blood glucose levels.

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A Study on the stressor, frequency of the stressor, level of the stress perceived by children (아동이 지각한 스트레스 사건, 스트레스 사건의 경험 빈도 그리고 스트레스 수준)

  • 신은영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.33-47
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to survey the stressor, frequency of the stressor, level of the stress perceived by children in Korea. The subject were 417 children of 80 second graders, 117 third graders, 111 fourth graders and 109 fifth graders selected from three elementary schools in Pusan(214 male and 203 female). A questionnaire consisting of 70-item stress scale for children and demographic questions was used for mother. Statistics used for data analysis were frequency, ANOVA, and t-test. The major finding of this study were as follows: 1. Events receiving the highest ratings for magnitude of badness were mainly family related (parents separating; gradd parents getting sick/dying; parents getting sick). 2. Events receiving the highest ratings for frequency of occurrence were test, fighting with siblings, being picked on by other kids, staying home alone. 3. There appear signigcant differences for children's perception of stress due to the grade and the socioeconomic status.

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Factors related to Problem Behaviors in High School Girls (여고생의 문제행동양상과 문제행동 영향요인)

  • Park, Yeon-Hwan;Hyun, Hye-Jin;Yu, Su-Jeong;Byen, Do-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.315-324
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between problem behavior, school stressor and family strength in high-school girls. Methods: Data were collected from 200 high school girls in 2008. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: There was a positive correlation between problem behavior and school stressor. There was a negative correlation between problem behavior and family strength. The predictors of problem behavior were school stressor, family strength, and monthly family income and these factors explained 43.0% of problem behavior. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest the necessity of developing nursing intervention programs for enhancing high-school girls' skills in interpersonal relationship and communication to decrease school stressor and increase family strength.

Single Mothers' Stress and Psychological Well-being (편모의 스트레스와 심리적 복지)

  • 김경신
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this article were to find the general trends of single mothers' stressor, self-esteem, family resources, coping, stress and psychological well-being, and to test a causal model of family resources, coping and stress influencing on psychological well-being. The data were analyzed from the 283 single mothers living in Kwang-ju. The major findings were as follows; 1. Scores of single mothers' stress, family resources were lower than median. But scores of single mothers' stressor, self-esteem, coping, life satisfaction and depression were higher than median. Their problem-focused coping scores were higher than emotion-focused coping. 2. Single mothers' life satisfaction were directly affected by self-esteem, family resources, problem-focused coping and stress, and were indirectly affected by stressor, emotion-focused coping. Single mothers' depression were directly influenced by self-esteem, family resources, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping and stress, and were indirectly influenced by stressor.

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The Causal Relations of Children's Social Adjustment and Related Variables: Focusing on the Parenting Stressor, Social Support and Parenting Behaviors (유아의 사회적 적응과 관련변인간의 인과관계 -양육스트레스원, 사회적 지지, 양육행동을 중심으로-)

  • 유우영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.65-78
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze a causal relations of preschool aged children's social adjustment, socio-demographic variables, parenting stressor, social support and parenting behaviors. The major findings of this study were as follow; (1) Parenting stressor was the first contribution factor on preschool aged children's adjustment. (2) Parenting stressor had a indirect effect through social suport, limit setting, encouragement of independence behavior as well as a direct effect on preschool aged children's social adjustment. (3) Preschool aged children's social adjustment was affected by social support indirectly through parenting behaviors. (4) Encouragement of independent behavior, limit setting behavior had a direct effect on preschool aged children's social adjustment.

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