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A study on Ye, Tianshi's treatment by means of both communication and supplementation of the Stomach-Bu(胃腑, Stomach-bowel) (엽천사(葉天士)의 통보위부법(通補胃腑法)에 관(關)한 고찰(考察))

  • Jung, Kyung-Suk;Baik, You-Sang;Jang, Woo-Chang;Jeong, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.125-139
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    • 2012
  • Objective : This study began with a recognition of the increase in internal disorders caused by functional impairment of the Spleen-Stomach(脾胃) due to modern dietary culture and environment. Method : Way of studying is select and analysis sentences which is include 'Stomach-Yin(胃陰)', 'Stomach-Jin(胃津)', 'Spleen-Stomach-Yin(脾胃陰)', 'Stomach-Yang(胃陽)', 'Spleen-Stomach-Yang (脾胃陽)' in Imjeungjinamuian(臨證指南醫案), and organize relevant paper. Result & Conclusion : In the history of the Spleen-Stomach Theory(脾胃學說), the theoretical mainstream was focused on On-yang(溫養), which was supplemented with methods of sweeten-cool-moisturize(甘凉濡潤) and communication-descent(通降法) by Ye, Tianshi(葉天士). Ye, Tianshi followed the academic theory of Li, Dongyuan(李東垣), putting emphasis on Stomach-gi(胃氣), along with some unique developments of his own. He specifically argued that the Spleen and Stomach be treated separately, and while accepting the methods of Li Dong-yuan in Spleen treatment, asserted that the Stomach-Yin be treated with medicinals with sweet/plain and sweet/cool/moist(甘平與甘凉濡潤) characteristics, and Stomach-Yang be kept firmly, as to prevent obstruction and reflux, by means of medicinals that communicate the Yang softly(通陽柔劑). As a result, the Yin-Yang(陰陽), Dryness-Dampness(燥濕) and Cold-Heat(寒熱) balance of the Yin-Jang (陰臟), Spleen and the Yang-Bu(陽腑), Stomach, the Stomach-Yin and Stomach-Yang was achieved both theoretically and in treatment by means of both communication and supplementation, adding accuracy to clinical application of the Spleen-Stomach Theory.

Variation in Contour and Cancer of Stomach (위 형태와 위암과의 상호연관성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Hong;Hwang, Seon-Moon;Yoon, Kwon-Ha
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 1999
  • There were four types of stomach contour included eutonic, hypotonic, steerhorn, and cascade. The aim of this study is to clarify relationship between incidence of stomach cancer and contour variation of the stomach. Double-contrast upper gastrointestinal study was performed in 1,546 patients, who had dyspepsia or other gastrointestinal tract symptoms. The radiographs were classified into the four types including eutonic, hypotonic, steerhorn, and cascade according to stomach contour in relation to body build. We also reviewed pathologic reports on endoscopic biopsy or surgical specimen. We studied the presence of relationship between incidence of stomach cancer and variation of stomach contour. We also examined the incidence of gastritis and gastric ulcer to the stomach contour variation. Of total 1,546 patients, eutonic stomach were 438(28.3%), hypotonic 911(58.9%), steerhorn 102(6.5%) and cascade 95(6.2%). Stomach cancer was found in 139(31.7%) of 438 eutonic stomachs, in 135(14.8%) of 911 hypotonic, in 42(41.2%) of 102 steerhorn, and in 24(36.9%) of 95 cascade (p=0.001). In hypotonic stomach, the incidence of stomach cancer was lower compared to the other three types significantly (p<0.05). Gastritis or gastric ulcer was found in 146(33.3%) of eutonic stomach, in 293(32,1%) of hypotonic, in 36(35.2%) of steerhorn, and in 26(27.3%) of cascade (p=0.640). In conclusion, gastric contour variation seems to be a factor affecting development of stomach cancer. The patients with hypotonic stomach may have lower incidence of stomach cancer than that of the other types. There was no relationship between the contour and gastritis or gastric ulcer.

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Diel Feeding Activity in Summer of Juvenile Pacific Herring, Clupea pallasii in the Southeastern Coast of Korea (여름철 동해 남부에 출현하는 청어(Clupea pallasii) 유어의 일섭식 변동)

  • Park, Joo Myun;Huh, Sung-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2017
  • Diel changes in feeding activity of juvenile Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii were investigated throughout the analysis of stomach contents of 301 fishes collected from the southeastern coast of Korea. Fish samples were collected every 3 hour over a 24 h period in summer using small bottom trawl. The ratio of empty stomach, stomach fullness, stomach contents index (SCI) and stomach fullness index (IF) of juvenile C. pallasii were varied markedly with day/night changes. The ratio of empty stomach tended be higher during nighttime, while the other values were higher at daytime, with showing peak before sunset. During daytime, the stomach contents mainly were made up of copepods and euphausiids, while the diets at midnight were composed of nearly digested and unidentifiable items.

Detection of 8-Hydroxy-2' -Deoxyguanosine in Human Peripheral Blood Leukocytes and Stomach Tissues (사람 백혈구 및 위 조직중의 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Kang Ho Il;Eom Mi Ok;Park Mi Sun;Ryeom Tai Kyung;Jee Seung Wan;Jeon Hea Myung;Kim Ok Hee
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2005
  • In the present study, we have measured 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in DNA of stomach cancers, adjacent stomach cancer tissues, normal stomach tissues and peripheral blood leukocytes of the same stomach cancer patients (n = 48) to investigate their etiological association with gastric cancer and possibility whether peripheral blood leukocytes can use surrogate marker for early stomach cancer diagnosis by HPLC/ECD system. In normal stomach tissues, we found that 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in tissues infected with Helicobacter pylori were 1.4 fold higher than those in tissues without infected with Helicobacter pylori. However, in adjacent stomach cancer tissues, we found that 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in tissues infected with Helicobacter pylori were 1.5 fold lower than those in tissues without infected with Helicobacter pylori. In stomach cancer tissues, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in tissues infected with Helicobacter pylori were not significantly different from those in tissues without infected with Helicobacter pylori. In Helicobacter pylori-negative specimens, 8­hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels of adjacent stomach cancer tissues were found to be significantly higher than those of normal stomach and cancer tissues. The 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels of female were 1.7 fold higher than those of male in peripheral blood leukocytes of the same stomach cancer patients. The 8-hydroxy-2'­deoxyguanosine levels in Helicobacter pylori-negative specimens among adjacent stomach cancer tissues were found to be reversely correlated with those in peripheral blood leukocytes, suggesting that 8-hydroxy-2'-deox­yguanosine in peripheral blood leukocytes may not use as surrogate marker for the early diagnosis of human stomach cancer.

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Effects of Duchesnea indica on Human Stomach Cancer Cells(KATOIII) (사매의 KATOIII 위암세포(胃癌細胞)에 대(對)한 항암효능(抗癌效能))

  • Lim, Joong-Hwa;Kim, Jin-Sung;Yoon, Sang-Hyub;Ryu, Ki-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.302-309
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    • 2005
  • Background : Death by cancer, malignant tumor, is on the increase around the world. In South Korea, cancer is the number one cause of death, and, in South Korea, stomach cancer is the most common form of cancer. This may be due to genetic and enviornmental factors. Because stomach cancer is so prevalent here, this study was undertaken. Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke. in human stomach cancer cells(KATOIII). Materials & Methods: For human stomach cancer cells KATO III cells were obtained from Korea Cell Line Bank. The water decoction of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke was added to cultures. First, morphological changes were examined under an inverted microscope. The destruction of stomach cancer cells was measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing, and suppression of viability of stomach cancer cells was measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms were assessed by analyzing the cell cycle. Results & Conclusions : In morphologic change, stomach cancer cells showed the withdrawn and floating appearance that is typical in cellular impairment. In each test group more stomach cancer cells were killed than in the control group to a statistically significant degree. Each test group showed more suppression of viability of stomach cancer cells than that of the control group to a statistically significant degree. Analysis of the cell cycle showed that Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke inhibited division of stomach cancer cells. This experiment yielded empirical evidence for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke as a statistically significant anticarcinogen, specifically against stomach cancer.

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Effectiveness of a Community-based Program Using Tailored Stage-matched Messages to Promote Screening for Stomach Cancer (지역사회 여성 주민을 대상으로 한 대상중심형 위암 조기검진 교육 프로그램의 개발 및 효과평가)

  • Kim, Young-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: Recent studies have shown that tailored messages for cancer screening to the beliefs and stage of cancer screening behavior of individual women increases the take-up probability. Many studies on cancer screening have used the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) to identify variables associated with cancer screening behavior. This study was carried out to identify the cognitive-behavioral factors associated with stomach cancer screening among women aged 40 years and over, and to develop and evaluate a tailored educational program for stomach cancer screening by stages of change. Methods: Building on the TTM constructs, we conducted a quasi-experimental study(N=283) to test the effectiveness of a tailored educational program for endoscopic stomach cancer screening. We carried out pre and post tests in the experimental group(N=162) and the control group(N=121), and the experimental group was subdivided into an on-line group(N=81) and an off-line group(N=81) by educational methodology using e-mail and the postal service. We used the chi-square test, trend test, and paired t-test to test the effectiveness of the program for stomach cancer using a tailored stage-matched messages. Results: To examine the effectiveness of the program for stomach cancer screening by the tailored stage-matched messages, the stage-matched materials were offered to the experimental group(N=162) four times for 4 weeks. The stage-matched materials consisted of the four types for stomach cancer. The tailored message was effective in changing the cognitive-behavioral factors, such as experience process, behavior process, con opinion for stomach cancer, self-efficacy, and the behavioral stages for stomach cancer screening. The stomach cancer screening adherence was higher for the stage-matched materials using postal mail than for those using e-mail. Conclusion: To improve the stomach cancer screening rate, the use of tailored messages for stomach cancer screening will be generated using an expert system. Therefore the implementation of tailored educational program will be supported a partnership between public and private health organizations and increasing awareness of the necessity of community-based interventions.

Study on Physiological Character of Stomach, and Correlation of Stomach Qi(胃氣) and True Visceral Pulse(眞藏脈) (위(胃)의 생리특성 및 위기(胃氣)와 진장맥(眞藏脈)과의 상관관계에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Hye-Yeon;Kang, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2011
  • By examining the relationship between physiological character of stomach and true viscera pulse(眞臟脈) with "Huangdinejing(黃帝內經)", the study shows these fallowing results. Stomach is not only one of the six bowels(六腑), it represents them. It is called as yang brightness of foot(足陽明) because it has relation with function of earth among five phases(五行), great storage(倉廩) and root of five visceras and six bowels(五臟六腑), has close relationship with triple energizers(三焦). Stomach is an important organ that feeds acquired qi(後天之氣) based on food and stomach qi (胃氣) which is a transformed form by going through digestion, is significant for life conservation. In human body, the activation of stomach qi can be known by pulse. The true viscera pulse is a pulse which predicts the period of death. If stomach qi exsits, viscera qi can be led to greater yin of hand(手太陰), however, when it does not exist, five viscera qi can not be led to greater yin of hand and this kind of situation appears the true viscera pulse. Hence, by knowing the relation between stomach qi and five viscera qi, the condition of normality, disease, and death can be known. In "Hwangdineijing" it says, stomach qi, shortly string like pulse(微弦), shortly surging pulse(微鉤), shortly floating pulse(微毛), and shortly sunken pulse(微毛) shown in four seasons are normal pulse. And also it emphasizes, normal pulse is made when four seasons, five viscera pulse, and stomach qi are in harmony. In conclusion, stomach qi is based on food for well being, and a standard of judging people whether they are living in a healthy life or not.

A literatural study on the cause, treatment, prescription of Hiccup (애역에 대(對)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee, Jong-Neun;Kim, Byeong-tak
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.215-231
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    • 1996
  • In the literatual study on the hiccup, the results were as follows; 1. Hiccup is usually named as Hae yek, Hyel yek, Yel yek. 2. The cause of hiccup are stomach cold, rising of stomach fire, stagnation of vital energy and stagnation of phlegm, yang deficiency of spleen and kideny, deficiency of stomach-yin, or mental disorder due to the stagnation of phlegm, dyspepsia, depressed vital energy. 3. The treatment of hiccup are dispel cold by warming the middle warmer due to stomach cold, expel the heat-evil to loose hollow-organ due to rising up of stomach yin, regulate vital energy and dissipate phlegm due to stagnation of vital energy and stagnation of phlegm, warm and recuperate both of spleen and kidney due to spleen and kidney yang deficiency, nourish the stomach to promote the production of body fluid due to deficiency of stomach yin. 4. The prescription of hiccup are frequently used Gamchogungangtang Gangwhalbujatang Leejungtang Guelpigungang-tang due to stomach cold, Sosihotang Daesihotang Sojaganggitang due to rising up of stomach fire, Sunbokdaejasuktang due to stagnation of vital energy an dstagnation of phlegm, Bojungikgitang Goakhwanganwyisan Samsoeum due to spleen and kidney yang deficiency, Jaeumganghawtang Daebohoan due to deficiency of stomach yin, Hwanglyenjuklyetang Leejintang Guelpitang due to the stagnation of phlegm, Daewhajungeum due to dyspepsia, Mokhwangjogisan due to depressed vital energy.

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The Pathological Changes of Stomach in Experimental Rats following Single Irradiation of Supervoltage (고에너지 방사선으로 단일조사한 백서위의 병리조직학적 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Myung-Sun;Suh, Won-Hyuck
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 1984
  • The pathological changes of stomach of the rat following 1,000 rad and 1,800 rad single exposure by Cobalt-60 has been made with 50 experimental rats. The dose of 1,000 rad and 1,800 rad single exposure were equivalent of biologic effect of 2,500 rad in 2 1/2 weeks and 6,000 rad in 6 weeks. Following single exposure, the groups of rat were terminated in 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 weeks intervals and the stomach were fixed to formalin solution immediatly after dissection. The pathological changes were as follows : 1. Following 1,000 rad single exposure, the stomach show only mild to moderate submucosal edema in 4,8,12 weeks group. 1 and 2 weeks group show no changes. 2. Following 1,800 rad single exposure, $32\%(8/25)$ of rats were dead by radiation effect and all other groups of stomach revealed variable pathological changes such as submucosal edema, squamous dysplasia, squamous papilloma as well as squamous cell carcinoma. 3. Optimal tolerance dose to the stomach was $4,500\~5,000$rad when irradiation given by supervoltage. The entire stomach was included within the irradiation field, the dose to the stomach should not exceed 6,000 rad. 4. In conclusion, the radiation injury to the stomach were more direct radiation effects to the gastric mucosa rather than secondary changes of radiation injured vessels.

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A Case -Control Study on Dietary and Other Factors Related to Stomach Cancer Incidence (위암 발생의 식이 및 관련요인에 대한 환자군-대조군 연구)

  • 염필영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.62-71
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    • 1998
  • As stomach cancer is very prevalent in Koreans, various factors, especially dietary factors, related to stomach cancer incidence were examined in a case-control study. The study population consisted of 105 individual s diagnosed for stomach cancer in two general hospitals and 124 control subjects, matched for age and sex, in Seoul. Data for general characteristics, family history, smoking and alcohol consumption, personality , dietary habits and food preference were obtained by self-administered questionnaire and personal interview. Heredity was found to be one of the most important factors causing stomach cancer. In addition, genetic inheritance tended to differ between the sexes. The male patients showed significantly higher incidence of their father's relatives than mother's relatives but the female patients showed higher incidence of their mother's relatives that father's relatives. Smoking was significantly related to stomach cancer. It was also found that the cases drank alcohol more frequently and in much greater quantity than the controls. Personality was related to the incidence of stomach cancer. The cases tended to be more sensitive , impatient, and anxious to do things quickly. With regards to dietary habits, the male cases had meals significantly more irregularly than the male controls. The relative risk of preferencefor salty food and ramen showed to be significantly very high. The male cases consumed carbonated beverages and instant foods, low intake of green yellow vegetables, smoking of cigarettes and drinking of alcohol may contribute to the risk of stomach cancer.

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