• Title, Summary, Keyword: steel-concrete composite

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Experimental study on flexural behavior of splicing concrete-filled GFRP tubular composite members connected with steel bars

  • Chen, B.L.;Wang, L.G.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1129-1144
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    • 2015
  • Based on the experiment, this paper focuses on studying flexural behavior of splicing concrete-filled glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) tubular composite members connected with steel bars. The test results indicated the confinement effects of GFRP tubes on the concrete core in compression zone began to produce, when the load reached about $50%P_u$ ($P_u$-ultimate load), but the confinement effects in tensile zone was unobvious. In addition, the failure modes of composite members were influenced by the steel ratio of the joint. For splicing unreinforced composite members, the steel ratio more than 1.96% could satisfy the splicing requirements and the steel ratio 2.94% was ideal comparatively. For splicing reinforced specimen, the bearing capacity of specimen with 3.92% steel ratio was higher 21.4% than specimen with 2.94% steel ratio and the latter was higher 21.2% than the contrast non-splicing specimen, which indicated that the steel ratio more than 2.94% could satisfy the splicing requirements and both splicing ways used in the experiment were feasible. So, the optimal steel ratio 2.94% was suggested economically. The experimental results also indicated that the carrying capacity and ductility of splicing concrete-filled GFRP tubular composite members could be improved by setting internal longitudinal rebars.

Experiments on the Composite Action of Steel Encased Composite Column (강재매입형 합성기둥의 합성작용에 관한 실험)

  • Jung In Keun;Min Jin;Shim Chang Su;Chung Young Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.485-488
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    • 2004
  • Steel encased composite columns have been used for buildings and piers of bridges. Since column section for pier is relatively larger than that of building columns, economical steel ratio need to be investigated for the required performance. Composite action between concrete and embedded steel sections can be obtained by bonding and friction. However, the behavior. of the column depends on the load introduction mechanism. Compression can be applied to concrete section, steel section and composite section. In this paper, experiments on shear strength of the steel encased composite column were performed to study the effect of confinement by transverse reinforcements, mechanical interlock by holes, and shear connectors. Shear strength obtained from the tests showed considerably higher than the design value. Confinement, mechanical interlock and stud connectors increased the shear strength and these values can be used effectively to obtain composite action of SRC columns.

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Composite action of notched circular CFT stub columns under axial compression

  • Ding, Fa-xing;Wen, Bing;Liu, Xue-mei;Wang, Hai-bo
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.309-322
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    • 2017
  • This paper conducted both numerical and theoretical studies to investigate the composite action of notched circular concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) stub columns under axial compression and established a theoretical method to predict their ultimate bearing capacity. 3D finite element (FE) analysis was conducted to simulate the composite action and the results were in good agreement with experimental results on circular CFT stub columns with differently oriented notches in steel tubes. Parametric study was conducted to understand the effects of different parameters on the mechanical behavior of circular CFT stub columns and also the composite action between the steel tube and the core concrete. Based on the results, a theoretical formula was proposed to calculate the ultimate bearing capacity of notched CFT stub columns under compression with consideration of the composite action between the steel tube and the core concrete.

Strength and structural barrier function of steel channel-reinforced concrete composite slabs

  • Emori, Katsuhiko
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.243-260
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    • 2003
  • This paper reports on the development of a new composite slab system that uses a large- lipped steel channel and reinforced concrete. The advantages of this new system are that it serves as both a structural unit and an unsupported form and it has a secondary structural barrier function. A concrete pouring test was carried out for the large-lipped steel channel. Full-scale tests were carried out to assess the flexural strength-deformation characteristics and structural mechanics of the composite slab. The barrier mechanics of the steel channel concrete element (referred to as the SC subunit) of the composite slab are examined. The test results indicate that the new composite slab has excellent strength, ductility characteristics, and a structural barrier function in its SC subunit that is highly effective against severe loading.

Anchored blind bolted composite connection to a concrete filled steel tubular column

  • Agheshlui, Hossein;Goldsworthy, Helen;Gad, Emad;Mirza, Olivia
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.115-130
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    • 2017
  • A new type of moment-resisting bolted connection was developed for use in composite steel- concrete construction to connect composite open section steel beams to concrete filled steel square tubular columns. The connection was made possible using anchored blind bolts along with two through bolts. It was designed to act compositely with the in-situ reinforced concrete slab to achieve an enhanced stiffness and strength. The developed connection was incorporated in the design of a medium rise (five storey) commercial building which was located in low to medium seismicity regions. The lateral load resisting system for the design building consisted of moment resisting frames in two directions. A major full scale test on a sub-assembly of a perimeter moment-resisting frame of the model building was conducted to study the system behaviour incorporating the proposed connection. The behaviour of the proposed connection and its interaction with the floor slab under cyclic loading representing the earthquake events with return periods of 500 years and 2500 years was investigated. The proposed connection was categorized as semi rigid for unbraced frames based on the classification method presented in Eurocode 3. Furthermore, the proposed connection, composite with the floor slab, successfully provided adequate lateral load resistance for the model building.

Analysis of Reinforcement Effect of Steel-Concrete Composite Piles by Numerical Analysis (I) - Material Strength - (수치해석을 이용한 강관합성말뚝의 보강효과 분석 (I) - 재료 강도 -)

  • Kim, Sung-Ryul;Lee, Juhyung;Park, Jae-Hyun;Chung, Moonkyung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.6C
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2009
  • The steel pipe of steel-concrete composite piles increases the pile strength and induces the ductile failure by constraining the deformation of the inner concrete. In this research, the numerical models and the related input parameters were analyzed to simulate the axial load-movement relations, which were obtained from the compression loading tests for the cylindrical specimens of the steel pipe, the concrete, and the steel-concrete composite. As the results, the behavior of the steel pipe was simulated by the von-Mises model and that of the concrete by the strain-softening model, which decreases cohesion and dilation angles as the function of plastic strains. In addition, the reinforcing bars in the concrete were simulated by applying the yielding moment and decreasing the sectional area of the bars. The applied numerical models properly simulated the yielding behavior and the reinforcement effect of the steel-concrete composite piles. The parametric study for the real-size piles showed that the material strength of the steel-concrete composite pile increased about 10% for the axial loading and about 20~45% for the horizontal loading due to the reinforcement effect by the surrounding steel pipe pile.

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Behaviour of FRP composite columns: Review and analysis of the section forms

  • Rong, Chong;Shi, Qingxuan;Zhao, Hongchao
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.125-137
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    • 2020
  • As confining materials for concrete, steel and fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have important applications in both the seismic retrofit of existing reinforced concrete columns and in the new construction of composite structures. We present a comprehensive review of the axial stress-strain behaviour of the FRP-confined concrete column. Next, the mechanical performance of the hybrid FRP-confined concrete-steel composite columns are comprehensively reviewed. Furthermore, the results of FRP-confined concrete column experiments and FRP-confined circular concrete-filled steel tube experiments are presented to study the interaction relationship between various material sections. Finally, the combinations of material sections are discussed. Based on these observations, recommendations regarding future research directions for composite columns are also outlined.

Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Steel Composite Girders (합성형 거더의 3차원 비선형 거동해석)

  • 주영태;강병수;성원진;박대열;이용학
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2003
  • Progressive failure analysis of steel composite double T-beam is performed to investigate the mechanical effects of steel composite fabricated in the webs of double-T beam to replace concrete placing forms. The analysis is based on nonlinear finite element scheme considering material nonlinearities of concrete, reinforcing bar and PS steel. Four-parameter strength envelope defines the hardening and softening phenomena of concrete with consideration of the various levels of confining pressures. Rankine maximum strength criterion defines the elasto-plasticity of PS steel and reinforcing bar, and Von Mises $J_2$ failure criterion for steel plate which wraps the concrete webs of double T-beam. A 6m long two-span steel composite double T-beam is analyzed and compared with the experimental results.

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Experimental study on concrete-encased composite columns with separate steel sections

  • Xiao, Congzhen;Deng, Fei;Chen, Tao;Zhao, Zuozhou
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.483-491
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents an experimental study on the behavior of concrete-encased composite columns with multiseparate steel sections subjected to axial and eccentric loads. Six 1/4-scaled concrete-encased composite columns were tested under static loads. The specimens were identical in geometric dimensions and configurations, and the parameter of this experiment was the eccentricity ratio of the applied load. Each two of the specimens were loaded with 0, 10%, and 15% eccentricity ratios. The capacity, deformation pattern, and failure mode of the specimens were carefully examined. Test results indicate that full composite action between the concrete and the steel sections can be realized even though the steel sections do not connect with one another. The concrete-encased composite columns can develop stable behavior and sufficient deformation capacity by providing enough transverse reinforcing bars. Capacities of the specimens were evaluated based on both the Plain Section Assumption (PSA) method and the superimposition method. Results show that U.S. and Chinese codes can be accurate and safe in terms of bending capacities. Test results also indicate that the ACI 318 and Mirza methods give the best predictions on the flexural stiffness of this kind of composite columns.

Free vibrations of precast modular steel-concrete composite railway track slabs

  • Kimani, Stephen Kimindiri;Kaewunruen, Sakdirat
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2017
  • This paper highlights a study undertaken on the free vibration of a precast steel-concrete composite slab panel for track support. The steel-concrete composite slab track is an evolvement from the slab track, a form of ballastless track which is becoming increasingly attractive to asset owners as they seek to reduce lifecycle costs and deal with increasing rail traffic speeds. The slender nature of the slab panel due to its reduced depth of construction makes it susceptible to vibration problems. The aim of the study is driven by the need to address the limited research available to date on the dynamic behaviour of steel-concrete composite slab panels for track support. Free vibration analysis of the track slab has been carried out using ABAQUS. Both eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes have been extracted using the Lanczos method. The fundamental natural frequencies of the slab panel have been identified together with corresponding mode shapes. To investigate the sensitivity of the natural frequencies and mode shapes, parametric studies have been established, considering concrete strength and mass and steel's modulus of elasticity. This study is the world first to observe crossover phenomena that result in the inversion of the natural orders without interaction. It also reveals that replacement of the steel with aluminium or carbon fibre sheeting can only marginally reduce the natural frequencies of the slab panel.