• Title, Summary, Keyword: statistical frame work

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Multimodal Data Fusion for Alzheimers Patients Using Dempster-Shafer Theory of Evidence

  • Majumder, Dwijesh Dutta;Bhattacharya, Nahua
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.713-718
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    • 1998
  • The paper is part of an investigation by the authors on development of a knowledge based frame work for multimodal medical image in collaboration with the All India Institute of Medical Science, new Delhi. After presenting the key aspects of the Dempster-Shafer Evidence theory we have presented implementation of registration and fusion of T₁and T₂ weighted MR images and CT images of the brain of an Alzheimer's patient for minimising the uncertainty and increasing the reliability for dianostics and therapeutic planning.

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Risk Level Analysis of Architectural Work using AHP (AHP를 이용한 건축건설공사 공종별 위험도 분석)

  • Kim, Jeongmin;Lee, Jong-Bin;Chang, Seong Rok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.96-102
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    • 2017
  • The highest fatal accident ratio was recorded in the construction industry. According to the industrial insurance premium rate & business type example, among the construction industry, the architectural work has the highest fatal and loss time accident ratio. Previous literature has investigated various aspects of accident occurrence and prevention in architectural work. However, those studied were limited in that they only focused on the fatal accident without considering the loss time accident. But non fatal accidents were recorded more than 50 times of fatal accidents. Therefore non fatal accidents must be controlled to lessen industrial accidents. Based on this, the goal of this study was to investigate the nature of the loss time accident and derive the risk index of work type in architectural work. In this study, opinions of safety experts were gathered and the risk index of work type was derived using AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process). And verification was accomplished by comparing the results of this study with the risk index derived by analysis of accident records. Results showed that the risk index of work type was significantly higher in steel frame work, temporary installation work, earth & foundation work, facilities work, concrete work. And statistical analysis for verification showed that coefficient of Pearson correlation was 0.686 and P-value was 0.001.

A Study on the Estimation of Discount Rate for the Technology Valuation of Small-Sized Venture Firm (중소벤처기업의 기술가치평가를 위한 할인율 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Oong Hyun;Yang, Dong Woo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2005
  • The reliability of technology valuation depends on, among other things, the reliability of the discount rate estimate. The weighted average cost of capital, generally accepted as discount rate, consists of cost of equity and cost of debt. The model used to estimate the cost of equity for publicly traded firms can not be used directly for small-sized venture firms. In addition, the estimation of cost of debt become very difficult, given the limited and volatile price history, because these small-sized venture firms do not have associated credit ratings. Since two kinds of cost of capital for the small-sized venture firms can not be estimated directly from market data, this study suggests statistical frame works for estimating unknown two kinds of cost of capital. The estimates of underlying cost of capital will help determine the size of appropriate discount rate with logical and scientific way when the technology valuation for small-sized venture firms is made. This study also suggests the necessity of the risk premium for the technology competitiveness to improve the estimation of the appropriate discount rate for small-sized venture firms.

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Probabilistic analysis of spectral displacement by NSA and NDA

  • Devandiran, P.;Kamatchi, P.;Rao, K. Balaji;Ravisankar, K.;Iyer, Nagesh R.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.439-459
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    • 2013
  • Main objective of the present study is to determine the statistical properties and suitable probability distribution functions of spectral displacements from nonlinear static and nonlinear dynamic analysis within the frame work of Monte Carlo simulation for typical low rise and high rise RC framed buildings located in zone III and zone V and designed as per Indian seismic codes. Probabilistic analysis of spectral displacement is useful for strength assessment and loss estimation. To the author's knowledge, no study is reported in literature on comparison of spectral displacement including the uncertainties in capacity and demand in Indian context. In the present study, uncertainties in capacity of the building is modeled by choosing cross sectional dimensions of beams and columns, density and compressive strength of concrete, yield strength and elastic modulus of steel and, live load as random variables. Uncertainty in demand is modeled by choosing peak ground acceleration (PGA) as a random variable. Nonlinear static analysis (NSA) and nonlinear dynamic analysis (NDA) are carried out for typical low rise and high rise reinforced concrete framed buildings using IDARC 2D computer program with the random sample input parameters. Statistical properties are obtained for spectral displacements corresponding to performance point from NSA and maximum absolute roof displacement from NDA and suitable probability distribution functions viz., normal, Weibull, lognormal are examined for goodness-of-fit. From the hypothesis test for goodness-of-fit, lognormal function is found to be suitable to represent the statistical variation of spectral displacement obtained from NSA and NDA.

Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Droplet Vaporization (분자 동력학을 이용한 액적 기화 시뮬레이션)

  • Nam, Gun-Woo;Yoon, Woong-Sup
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 2003
  • A study of argon droplet vaporization is conducted using molecular dynamics, instead of using traditional methods such as the Navier-Stokes equation. Molecular dynamics uses Lagrangian frame to describe molecular behavior in a system and uses only momentum and position data of all molecules in the system. So every property is not a hypothetical input but a statistical result calculated from the momentum and position data. This work performed a simulation of the complete vaporization of a three dimensional submicron argon droplet within quiescent environment. Lennard-Jones 12-6 potential function is used as a intermolecular potential function. The molecular configuration is examined while an initially non-spherical droplet is changed into the spherical shape and droplet evaporates. And the droplet radius versus time is calculated with temperature and pressure profile.

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Molecular Dynamics Simulation of First-Order Phase Transition (일차 상변화 과정의 분자 동력학적 모사)

  • Lee, Jae-Yeon;Yoon, Woong-Sup
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2004
  • A study of argon droplet vaporization is conducted using molecular dynamics. Instead of using traditional method such as the Navier-Stokes equation. Molecular dynamics uses Lagrangian frame to describe molecular behavior in a system and uses only momentum and position data of all molecules in the system. So every property is not a hypothetical input but a statistical result calculated from the momentum and position data. This work performed a simulation of the first-order stability for phase transition of a three dementional submicron argon droplet within quiescent environment. Lennard-Jones 12-6 potential function is used as a intermolecular potential function. The molecular configuration is examined while an initially non-sperical droplet is changed into the spherical shape and droplet evaporates or condensates.

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Determination of Physical Dimensions of ${\mu}$ Cassiopeiae

  • Bach, Kie-Hunn;Kang, Won-Seok
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.35.1-35.1
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    • 2010
  • Using the spectroscopic analysis and the theoretical modeling, physical properties of the nearby astrometric binary $\mu$ Cas have been determined. In spite of the well-defined parallax and astrometric orbit, there has been a chronic mass ratio problem between components. Recently, the radius of the primary component has been detected from the optical interferometric observation of the CHARA array. Using the high resolution spectroscopic analysis, we found that $\mu$ Cas have $\alpha$-enhanced chemical composition with respect to the scaled solar abundance by a factor of two. Combining our abundance analysis with recently determined physical properties, the consistent models for $\mu$ Cas have been constructed within the frame work of standard stellar theory. Through a statistical minimization between theoretical model grids, a reliable set of physical dimensions has been defined. Furthermore, the mode oscillation frequency of the best model has been calculated.

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A Study on the Transmission Path of Shipboard Structure-Borne Noise-Using SAE (SEA법에 의한 선박고체소음의 전파경로에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • 현명환;김사수
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.575-585
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    • 1996
  • In order to build a quiet and comfortable ship, the noise levels on board ship must be predicted at early design stage. Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) developed by R. H. Lyon has been well known to be the most useful frame work to study the energy flow of noise and vibration in structure. This paper applied this theory to predict the transmission loss of structure-borne noise of model structure and has developed computer program. Components constructions model structure have been all considered as SEA elements. And we also estimated the SEA parameters from the model structure. Using SEA and a new conception of STL, we found the transimission character of structure-borne noise theoretically by the idealized ship model, and then compared the results with three cases.

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Multi-Scaling Models of TCP/IP and Sub-Frame VBR Video Traffic

  • Erramilli, Ashok;Narayan, Onuttom;Neidhardt, Arnold;Saniee, Iraj
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.383-395
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    • 2001
  • Recent measurement and simulation studies have revealed that wide area network traffic displays complex statistical characteristics-possibly multifractal scaling-on fine timescales, in addition to the well-known properly of self-similar scaling on coarser timescales. In this paper we investigate the performance and network engineering significance of these fine timescale features using measured TCP anti MPEG2 video traces, queueing simulations and analytical arguments. We demonstrate that the fine timescale features can affect performance substantially at low and intermediate utilizations, while the longer timescale self-similarity is important at intermediate and high utilizations. We relate the fine timescale structure in the measured TCP traces to flow controls, and show that UDP traffic-which is not flow controlled-lacks such fine timescale structure. Likewise we relate the fine timescale structure in video MPEG2 traces to sub-frame encoding. We show that it is possibly to construct a relatively parsimonious multi-fractal cascade model of fine timescale features that matches the queueing performance of both the TCP and video traces. We outline an analytical method ta estimate performance for traffic that is self-similar on coarse timescales and multi-fractal on fine timescales, and show that the engineering problem of setting safe operating points for planning or admission controls can be significantly influenced by fine timescale fluctuations in network traffic. The work reported here can be used to model the relevant characteristics of wide area traffic across a full range of engineering timescales, and can be the basis of more accurate network performance analysis and engineering.

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A Study on the Danger of Flickering Phenomena in Animation Production (애니메이션제작에 있어서 명멸현상의 위험성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon Hyoung-Do
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.8
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2006
  • The motion effect of animation can be maximized by using the intended number of frame(flickering phenomena) responding to the viewer's perception in the production processes. But, the high contrast of chroma in a color arrangement can cause very dangerous situation if a particular effect(scheduled number of frame for the intended rapid flickering in a zoom-in scene of the warning light of police car and the traffic light) or a excessive visual stimulus is tried. The danger of flickering phenomena is defined as 'Flash Nervousness Attack Symptom' in medical terminology, which has received wide attention because the damage to the viewers of Pocket Monster was very serious in Japan. Producing a piece of animation work, the quality control of colors is important but the color setting considering the psychological aspects, the danger of repetitive flickering of flashes and patterns in image effect are more serious, so these factors should be checked in the production stages. After investigating the domestic and foreign prescriptions including the guidelines for animation production technique in Japan, a solution to reduce the danger of flickering phenomena of color and light was suggested through statistical comparative analysis with the test results.

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