• Title, Summary, Keyword: spill fire

Search Result 24, Processing Time 0.11 seconds

Fire Characteristics for Spill Rate of Light oil and Methanol (경유와 메탄올의 유출속도에 따른 화재특성)

  • Lee, Jung Yun;Kim, Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.54-60
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this study, tank truck incidents of road transport of hazardous materials to experimental investigated the potential fire hazard. Real scale fire was to perform experiments for on this qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Particularly affected by radiant heat from the flames caused and damage estimates range investigated accordingly. Flame temperature, internal temperature of tank and emitted radiation from the flames was investigated. The flame of light oil spill caused a fire at a temperature of about $300^{\circ}C$ high in comparison with the methanol by combustion of diesel and methanol, according to the difference, the flame duration changes varies depending on the Burning rate. Depending on spill rate(30, 60, 90 and $120{\ell}/min$) and the longer the duration of the flame important factors for the internal temperature of tank lorry rise was found. Road accident in a fire caused by leakage of hazardous was could the higher the damaged. Therefor, Fire suppression activities should be required in particular to be around.

An Experimental Investigation on Fire Characteristics of Light Oil & Methanol for Spilled Surface (경유와 메탄올의 유출표면에 따른 화재특성에 관한 실험적 고찰)

  • Lee, Jung-Yon;Jung, Ki-Chang;Kim, Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.25 no.6
    • /
    • pp.103-108
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this study, tank truck incidents of road transport of hazardous materials to experimental investigated the potential fire hazard. Real scale fire was to perform experiments for on this qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Particularly affected by radiant heat from the flames caused and damage estimates range investigated accordingly. Flame temperature, internal temperature of tank and emitted radiation from the flames was investigated. The flame of light oil spill caused a fire at a temperature of about $300^{\circ}C$ high in comparison with the methanol by combustion of diesel and methanol, according to the difference, the flame duration changes varies depending on the Burning rate, amount of radiant heat flux from light oil fire was 4 times increases compared with fire of methanol. Depending on spill locations(kinds of road surfaces, absorbing rate) and the longer the duration of the flame important factors for the internal temperature of tank truck rise was found. Dirt roads than paved road accident in a fire caused by leakage of hazardous was could the higher the damaged. Therefor, Fire suppression activities should be required in particular to be around.

Experimental Study of Radiation Heat Flux for the Pool and Spill Fire in Petroleum Storage Tanks (석유류 저장 탱크에서의 액면 및 유츌화재에 대한 복사열의 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Hong;Park, Hyung-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.88-93
    • /
    • 2004
  • This experimental study was carried out to evaluate effect of the radiation heat flux for the pool and spill fire in petroleum storage tanks, which were made form steel. Each of them had the capacity of 250, 2500 and 25000 liter, respectively. The effects of the radiation heat flux are as follows; 1) The intensity of radiation heat flux from a flame decreased exponentially with increasing distance from outside wall of tanks, and increased significantly with surface area of tank and dyke. 2) In the case of 25000L tank, the radiation heat flux was about max. 98.9kW/$m^2$ in 1m from wall of tank. 3) The distance, that was able to ignite wood or plastics by radiation heat flux of approximately 12.5kW/$m^2$, was about 3.14m from wall of 25000L tank.

Subsea Responses to the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico (멕시코만의 BP사 오일유출 해저 대책에 대한 분석)

  • Choi, Han-Suk;Lee, Seung-Keon;Do, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.90-95
    • /
    • 2011
  • On April 20, 2010, a well control event allowed hydrocarbon (oil and gas) to escape from the Macondo well onto Deepwater Horizon (DWH), resulting in an exploration and fire on the rig. While 17 people were injured, 11 others lost their lives. The fire continued for 36 hours until the rig sank. Hydrocarbons continued to flow out from the reservoir through the well bore and blowout preventer (BOP) for 87 days, causing an unprecedented oil spill. Beyond Petroleum (BP) and the US federal government tried various methods to prevent the oil spill and to capture the spilled oil. The corresponding responses were very challenging due to the scale, intensity, and duration of the incident that occurred under extreme conditions in terms of pressure, temperature, and amount of flow. On July 15, a capping stack, which is another BOP on top of the existing BOP, was successfully installed, and the oil spill was stopped. After several tests and subsea responses, the well was permanently sealed by a relief well and a bottom kill on September 19. This paper analyzes the subsea responses and engineering efforts to capture the oil, stop the leaking, and kill the subsea well. During the investigation and analysis of subsea responses, information was collected and data bases were established for future accident prevention and the development of subsea engineering.

An experimental study on the fire characteristics of liquid accelerant over furniture(mattress) (가구(침대)의 유류방화 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.235-240
    • /
    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 침대 매트리스를 초기 가연물로하여 소량의 인화성 액체를 사용한 방화 화재 특성에 관한 실험적 연구로서 인화성액체의 spill형태에 따른 가연물의 연소속도, 연소 Patterns의 분석과 동일한 공간 가연물에서 일반화재와 유류방화의 비교 실대 화재 실험 및 실험 현장에서 수거한 유류증거물의 인화성액체 종류별, 증거물의 상태에 따른 GC/Mass 분석 결과특성에 관한 연구이다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Development of Advanced Model to Predict the Sodium Pool Fire

  • Lee, Yong-Bum;Park, Seok-Ki
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.240-250
    • /
    • 1997
  • Liquid sodium is widely used as a coolant of LMR(Liquid Metal Reactor) because of its physical and nuclear properties. However, the liquid sodium is very chemically reactive with oxygen and water so that the study on the sodium fire plays an important role in the LMR safety analysis. In this study, a sodium fire model is suggested to analyze the sodium pool fire where both the flame and the reaction products are considered. And also, sodium pool fire analysis computer code, SOPA, is developed. The sensitivity study on the experimental parameters such as the thermal radiation from flame to atmospheric gas, the vessel cooling and the duration of sodium spill was performed. The results showed good agreements with experimental data in the literature.

  • PDF

Fire Suppression Tests for a Train Using Water Mist Systems (미분무 소화시스템을 이용한 철도차량 실물화재 진압실험)

  • Choi, Byung-Il;Han, Yong-Shik;Do, Kyu-Hyung;Kim, Myung-Bae;Lee, Dong-Chan
    • Fire Science and Engineering
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.57-65
    • /
    • 2009
  • Fire suppression tests are carried out for a train car using water mist systems. Three kinds of fire scenario applied to the real-scale train car are a surface fire representing car combustibles, a oil pool fire pretending an oil spill and a blocked fire for evaluation of space-cooling capacity. Five fixedpressure water mist systems and one self-contained water mist system with nitrogen gas are used for fire suppression experiments. Almost water mist systems can extinguish effectively train car fires, and fire-control capability of the system is seen due to the space cooling.

Modeling and simulation of large crowd evacuation in hazard-impacted environments

  • Datta, Songjukta;Behzadan, Amir H.
    • Advances in Computational Design
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.91-118
    • /
    • 2019
  • Every year, many people are severely injured or lose their lives in accidents such as fire, chemical spill, public pandemonium, school shooting, and workplace violence. Research indicates that the fate of people in an emergency situation involving one or more hazards depends not only on the design of the space (e.g., residential building, industrial facility, shopping mall, sports stadium, school, concert hall) in which the incident occurs, but also on a host of other factors including but not limited to (a) occupants' characteristics, (b) level of familiarity with and cognition of the surroundings, and (c) effectiveness of hazard intervention systems. In this paper, we present EVAQ, a simulation framework for modeling large crowd evacuation by taking into account occupants' behaviors and interactions during an emergency. In particular, human's personal (i.e., age, gender, disability) and interpersonal (i.e., group behavior and interactions) attributes are parameterized in a hazard-impacted environment. In addition, different hazard types (e.g., fire, lone wolf attacker) and propagation patterns, as well as intervention schemes (simulating building repellent systems, firefighters, law enforcement) are modeled. Next, the application of EVAQ to crowd egress planning in an airport terminal under human attack, and a shopping mall in fire emergency are presented and results are discussed. Finally, a validation test is performed using real world data from a past building fire incident to assess the reliability and integrity of EVAQ in comparison with existing evacuation modeling tools.

Development of the Risk Assessment Systems for Management of Sunken Ships (침몰선박의 관리를 위한 위해도 평가시스템 개발)

  • Choi, H.J.;Lew, J.M.;Kim, H.;Lee, S.H.;Kang, C.G.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.193-202
    • /
    • 2005
  • Marine risk assessment considers events such as collision/grounding, sinking/capsize, fire/explosion and flooding, developing relationships between their causes and effects. In addition, risk assessment of previously sunken ships are also necessary since they continuously have possibility for further oil spill or can cause other marine accidents. The objective of this paper is to develop the risk assessment systems for sunken ships to prevent oil spill and further marine causalities in order to preserve safe and clean oceans around Korea peninsula. The risk assessment systems for sunken ships comprise of database management sub-system for sunken ships, qualitative risk assessment sub-system, quantitative risk assessment sub-system, and cost-benefit analysis subsystem.

  • PDF

Research of Accelerated Aging According to Long-term Stability of Vegetable Oil (식물성절연유의 가속열화에 따른 장기적 안정성 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.61 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1148-1152
    • /
    • 2012
  • The vegetable-based insulating oils are substitutes for mineral oils in oil-filled transformer. The important properties of vegetable insulating oil is their higher flash/fire point and biodegradability than conventional mineral oils. The large oil-filled transformer eliminate the risk of explosion and fire should the transformer fail and oil ignite owing to high flash/fire point of vegetable insulating oil. In addition, higher biodegradability of vegetable insulating oils can let the oil spill damage reduced. In this experiment, the real oil-filled transformers using mineral oil and vegetable oil have accelerated aging. After working on the 100% accelerated aging experiment were conducted comparing the transformer. The hottest-spot temperature using thermal coefficients were calculated to determin the degree of accelerated aging. As a result, apply mineral oil transformer in accordance with the accelerated aging life come to an end. In contrast, vegetable insulating oils showed the opposite characteristics. Vegetable insulating oil compared to the mineral oil are found to be an long life. As a result, the vegetable oil has a long-term stability.