• Title, Summary, Keyword: spectral mixture

Search Result 146, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Automatic Cross-calibration of Multispectral Imagery with Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery Using Spectral Mixture Analysis

  • Yeji, Kim;Jaewan, Choi;Anjin, Chang;Yongil, Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.211-218
    • /
    • 2015
  • The analysis of remote sensing data depends on sensor specifications that provide accurate and consistent measurements. However, it is not easy to establish confidence and consistency in data that are analyzed by different sensors using various radiometric scales. For this reason, the cross-calibration method is used to calibrate remote sensing data with reference image data. In this study, we used an airborne hyperspectral image in order to calibrate a multispectral image. We presented an automatic cross-calibration method to calibrate a multispectral image using hyperspectral data and spectral mixture analysis. The spectral characteristics of the multispectral image were adjusted by linear regression analysis. Optimal endmember sets between two images were estimated by spectral mixture analysis for the linear regression analysis, and bands of hyperspectral image were aggregated based on the spectral response function of the two images. The results were evaluated by comparing the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), the Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM), and average percentage differences. The results of this study showed that the proposed method corrected the spectral information in the multispectral data by using hyperspectral data, and its performance was similar to the manual cross-calibration. The proposed method demonstrated the possibility of automatic cross-calibration based on spectral mixture analysis.

Application of Spectral Mixture Analysis to Geological Mapping using LANDSAT 7 ETM+ and ASTER Images: Mineral Potential Mapping of Mongolian Plateau

  • Kim Seung Tae;Lee Kiwon
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.425-427
    • /
    • 2004
  • Motivation of this study is based on these two aspects: geologic uses of ASTER and application scheme of Spectral Mixture Analysis. This study aims at geologic mapping for mineral exploration using ASTER and LANDSAT 7 ETM+ at Mongolian plateau region by SMA. After basic pre-processing such as the normalization, geometric corrections and calibration of reflectance, related to endmembers selection and spectral signature deviation, both methods using spectral library and using PPI(Pixel Purity Index) are performed and compared on a given task. Based on these schemes, SMA is performed using LANDSAT 7 ETM+ and ASTER image. As the results, fraction map showing geologic rock types are enough to meet purposes such as geologic mapping and mineral potential mapping in the case of both uses of these different types of remotely sensed images. It concluded that this approach based on SMA with LANDSAT and ASTER is regarded as one of effective schemes for geologic remote sensing.

  • PDF

Analysis of Forest Cover Information Extracted by Spectral Mixture Analysis (분광혼합분석 기법에 의한 산림피복 정보의 특성 분석)

  • 이지민;이규성
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.411-419
    • /
    • 2003
  • An area corresponding to the spatial resolution of optical remote sensor imagery often includes more than one pure surface material. In such case, a pixel value represents a mixture of spectral reflectance of several materials within it. This study attempts to apply the spectral mixture analysis on forest and to evaluate the information content of endmember fractions resulted from the spectral unmixing. Landsat-7 ETM+ image obtained over the study area in the Kwangneung Experimental Forest was initially geo-referenced and radiometrically corrected to reduce the atmospheric and topographic attenuations. Linear mixture model was applied to separate each pixel by the fraction of six endmember: deciduous, coniferous, soil, built-up, shadow, and rice/grass. The fractional values of six endmember could be used to separate forest cover in more detailed spatial scale. In addition, the soil fraction can be further used to extract the information related to the canopy closure. We also found that the shadow effect is more distinctive at coniferous stands.

Error Analysis of Linear Mixture Model using Laboratory Spectral Measurements (실내 분광 측정자료를 이용한 선형혼합모델의 오차 분석)

  • Kim, Sun-Hwa;Shin, Jung-Il;Shin, Sang-Min;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.537-546
    • /
    • 2007
  • In hyperspectral remote sensing, linear spectral mixture model is a common procedure decomposing into the components of a mixed pixel and estimating the fraction of each end-member. Although linear spectral mixture model is frequently used in geology and mineral mapping because this model is simple and easy to apply, this model is not always valid in forest and urban area having rather complex structure. This study aims to analyze possible error for applying linear spectral mixture model. For the study, we measured laboratory spectra of mixture sample, having various materials, fractions, distributions. The accuracy of linear mixture model is low with the mixture sample having similar fraction because the multi-scattering between components is maximum. Additionally, this multi-scattering is related to the types, fraction, and distribution of components. Further analysis is necessary to quantify errors from linear spectral mixture model.

Spectral Mixture Analysis for Desertification Detection in North-Eastern China

  • Yoon Bo-Yeol;Jung Tae-Woong;Yoo Jae-Wook;Kim Choen
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.419-422
    • /
    • 2004
  • This paper was carried out desertification area change detection from 1980s to 2000s per unit decade using by multitemporal satellite images (Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+). This study aims to use Spectral Mixture Analysis (SMA) to identify and classify study area. Endmembers is selected bare soil, green vegetation (GV), water body using by Minimum Noise Fraction (MNF). Endmembers used to generate increase and decrease images respective from 1980s to 1990s and from 1990s to 2000s. From the analysis of multitemporal change detection for three periods, it was apparent that the area of bare soil increased significantly, with simultaneous decrease of GV and water body. The multitemporal fraction images can be effectively used for change detection. Though there is no field survey dataset, SMA is reliable result of change detection in desertification in China.

  • PDF

Spectral Mixture Analysis Using Modified IEA Algorithm for Forest Classification (수정된 IEA 기반의 분광혼합분석 기법을 이용한 임상분류)

  • Song, Ahram;Han, Youkyung;Kim, Younghyun;Kim, Yongil
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.219-226
    • /
    • 2014
  • Fractional values resulted from the spectral mixture analysis could be used to classify not only urban area with various materials but also forest area in more detailed spatial scale. Especially South Korea is largely consist of mixed forest, so the spectral mixture analysis is suitable as a classification method. For the successful classification using spectral mixture analysis, extraction of optimal endmembers is prerequisite process. Though geometric endmember selection has been widely used, it is barely suitable for forest area. Therefore, in this study, we modified Iterative Error Analysis (IEA), one of the most famous algorithms of image endmember selection which extracts pure pixel directly from the image. The endmembers which represent deciduous and coniferous trees are automatically extracted. The experiments were implemented on two sites of Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager (CASI) and classified forest area into two types. Accuracies of each classification results were 86% and 90%, which mean proposed algorithm effectively extracted proper endmembers. For the more accurate classification, another substances like forest gap should be considered.

Vegetation Change Detection in the Sihwa Embankment using Multi-Temporal Satellite Data (다중시기 위성영상을 이용한 시화 방조제 내만 식생변화탐지)

  • Jeong, Jong-Chul;Suh, Young-Sang;Kim, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.373-378
    • /
    • 2006
  • The western coast of South Korea is famous for its large and broad tidal lands. Nevertheless, land reclamation, which has been conducted on a large scale, such as Sihwa embankment construction project has accelerated coastal environmental changes in the embankment inland. For monitoring of environmental change, vegetation change detecting of the embankment inland were carried out and field survey data compared with Landsat TM, ETM+, IKONOS, and EOC satellite remotely sensed data. In order to utilize multi-temporal remotely sensed images effectively, all data set with pixel size were analyzed by same geometric correction method. To detect the tidal land vegetation change, the spectral characteristics and spatial resolution of Landsat TM and ETM+ images were analyzed by SMA(spectral mixture analysis). We obtained the 78.96% classification accuracy and Kappa index 0.2376 using March 2000 Landsat data. The SMA(spectral mixture analysis) results were considered with comparing of vegetation seasonal change detection method.

Performance of Zoysia spp. and Axonopus compressus Turf on Turf-Paver Complex under Simulated Traffic

  • Chin, Siew-Wai;Ow, Lai-Fern
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.88-94
    • /
    • 2016
  • Vehicular traffic on turf results in loss of green cover due to direct tearing of shoots and indirect long-term soil compaction. Protection of turfgrass crowns from wear could increase the ability of turf to recover from heavy traffic. Plastic turfpavers have been installed in trafficked areas to reduce soil compaction and to protect turfgrass crowns from wear. The objectives of this study were to evaluate traffic performance of turfgrasses (Zoysia matrella and Axonopus compressus) and soil mixture (high, medium and low sand mix) combinations on turf-paver complex. The traffic performance of turf and recovery was evaluated based on percent green cover determined by digital image analysis and spectral reflectance responses by NDVI-meter. Bulk density cores indicated significant increase in soil compaction from medium and low sand mixtures compared to high sand mixture. Higher reduction of percent green cover was observed from A. compressus (30-40%) than Z. matrella (10-20%) across soil mixtures. Both turf species displayed higher wear tolerance when established on higher sand (>50% sand) than low sand mixture. Positive turf recovery was also supported by complementary spectral responses. Establishment of Zoysia matrella turf on turfpaver complex using high sand mixture will result in improved wear tolerance.

Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis of Landsat Imagery for Wetland land-Cover Classification in Paldang Reservoir and Vicinity

  • Kim, Sang-Wook;Park, Chong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.197-205
    • /
    • 2004
  • Wetlands are lands with a mixture of water, herbaceous or woody vegetation and wet soil. And linear spectral mixture analysis (LSMA) is one of the most often used methods in handling the spectral mixture problem. This study aims to test LSMA is an enhanced routine for classification of wetland land-covers in Paldang reservoir and vicinity (paldang Reservoir) using Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery. In the LSMA process, reference endmembers were driven from scatter-plots of Landsat bands 3, 4 and 5, and a series of endmember models were developed based on green vegetation (GV), soil and water endmembers which are the main indicators of wetlands. To consider phenological characteristics of Paldang Reservoir, a soil endmember was subdivided into bright and dark soil endmembers in spring and a green vegetation (GV) endmember was subdivided into GV tree and GV herbaceous endmembers in fall. We found that LSMA fractions improved the classification accuracy of the wetland land-cover. Four endmember models provided better GV and soil discrimination and the root mean squared (RMS) errors were 0.011 and 0.0039, in spring and fall respectively. Phenologically, a fall image is more appropriate to classify wetland land-cover than spring's. The classification result using 4 endmember fractions of a fall image reached 85.2 and 74.2 percent of the producer's and user's accuracy respectively. This study shows that this routine will be an useful tool for identifying and monitoring the status of wetlands in Paldang Reservoir.

Estimating Chlorophyll-a Concentration using Spectral Mixture Analysis from RapidEye Imagery in Nak-dong River Basin (RapidEye영상과 선형분광혼합화소분석 기법을 이용한 낙동강 유역의 클로로필-a 농도 추정)

  • Lee, Hyuk;Nam, Gibeom;Kang, Taegu;Yoon, Seungjoon
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.329-339
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study aims to estimate chlorophyll-a concentration in rivers using multi-spectral RapidEye imagery and Spectral Mixture Analysis (SMA) and assess the applicability of SMA for multi-temporal imagery analysis. Comparison between images (acquired on Oct. and Nov., 2013) predicted and ground reference chlorophyll-a concentration showed significant performance statistically with determination coefficients of 0.49 and 0.51, respectively. Two band (Red-RE) model for the October and November 2013 RapidEye images showed low performance with coefficient of determinations ($R^2$) of 0.26 and 0.16, respectively. Also Three band (Red-RE-NIR) model showed different performance with $R^2$ of 0.016 and 0.304, respectively. SMA derived Chlorophyll-a concentrations showed relatively higher accuracy than band ratio models based values. SMA was the most appropriate method to calculate Chlorophyll-a concentration using images which were acquired on period of low Chlorophyll-a concentrations. The results of SMA for multi-temporal imagery showed low performance because of the spatio-temporal variation of each end members. This approach provides the potential of providing a cost effective method of monitoring river water quality and management using multi-spectral imagery. In addition, the calculated Chlorophyll-a concentrations using multi-spectral RapidEye imagery can be applied to water quality modeling, enhancing the predicting accuracy.