• Title, Summary, Keyword: spectral characteristics

Search Result 1,395, Processing Time 0.078 seconds

Spectral Characteristics and Formant Bandwidths of English Vowels by American Males with Different Speaking Styles (발화방식에 따른 미국인 남성 영어모음의 스펙트럼 특성과 포먼트 대역)

  • Yang, Byunggon
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.91-99
    • /
    • 2014
  • Speaking styles tend to have an influence on spectral characteristics of produced speech. There are not many studies on the spectral characteristics of speech because of complicated processing of too much spectral data. The purpose of this study was to examine spectral characteristics and formant bandwidths of English vowels produced by nine American males with different speaking styles: clear or conversational styles; high- or low-pitched voices. Praat was used to collect pitch-corrected long-term averaged spectra and bandwidths of the first two formants of eleven vowels in the speaking styles. Results showed that the spectral characteristics of the vowels varied systematically according to the speaking styles. The clear speech showed higher spectral energy of the vowels than that of the conversational speech while the high-pitched voice did the same over the low-pitched voice. In addition, front and back vowel groups showed different spectral characteristics. Secondly, there was no statistically significant difference between B1 and B2 in the speaking styles. B1 was generally lower than B2 when reflecting the source spectrum and radiation effect. However, there was a statistically significant difference in B2 between the front and back vowel groups. The author concluded that spectral characteristics reflect speaking styles systematically while bandwidths measured at a few formant frequency points do not reveal style differences properly. Further studies would be desirable to examine how people would evaluate different sets of synthetic vowels with spectral characteristics or with bandwidths modified.

A Fast Algorithm for Target Detection in High Spatial Resolution Imagery

  • Kim Kwang-Eun
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.7-14
    • /
    • 2006
  • Detection and identification of targets from remotely sensed imagery are of great interest for civilian and military application. This paper presents an algorithm for target detection in high spatial resolution imagery based on the spectral and the dimensional characteristics of the reference target. In this algorithm, the spectral and the dimensional information of the reference target is extracted automatically from the sample image of the reference target. Then in the entire image, the candidate target pixels are extracted based on the spectral characteristics of the reference target. Finally, groups of candidate pixels which form isolated spatial objects of similar size to that of the reference target are extracted as detected targets. The experimental test results showed that even though the algorithm detected spatial objects which has different shape as targets if the spectral and the dimensional characteristics are similar to that of the reference target, it could detect 97.5% of the targets in the image. Using hyperspectral image and utilizing the shape information are expected to increase the performance of the proposed algorithm.

  • PDF

A Fast Algorithm for Target Detection in High Spatial Resolution Imagery

  • Kim Kwang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-47
    • /
    • 2006
  • Detection and identification of targets from remotely sensed imagery are of great interest for civilian and military application. This paper presents an algorithm for target detection in high spatial resolution imagery based on the spectral and the dimensional characteristics of the reference target. In this algorithm, the spectral and the dimensional information of the reference target is extracted automatically from the sample image of the reference target. Then in the entire image, the candidate target pixels are extracted based on the spectral characteristics of the reference target. Finally, groups of candidate pixels which form isolated spatial objects of similar size to that of the reference target are extracted as detected targets. The experimental test results showed that even though the algorithm detected spatial objects which has different shape as targets if the spectral and the dimensional characteristics are similar to that of the reference target, it could detect 97.5% of the targets in the image. Using hyperspectral image and utilizing the shape information are expected to increase the performance of the proposed algorithm.

EVALUATION OF THE RADIOMETRIC AND SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAISS

  • Lee, Kwang-Jae;Yong, Sang-Soon;Kim, Yong-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.243-246
    • /
    • 2008
  • The Compact Airborne Imaging Spectrometer System (CAISS) was jointly designed and developed as the hyperspectral imaging system by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and ELOP inc., Israel. The primary mission of the CAISS is to acquire and provide full contiguous spectral information with high quality spectral and high spatial resolution for advanced applications in the field of remote sensing. The CAISS consists of six physical units; the camera system, the gyro-stabilized mount, the jig, the GPS/INS, the power inverter and distributor, and the operating system. These subsystems shall be tested and verified in the laboratory before the flight. Especially the camera system of the CAISS shall be calibrated and validated with the calibration equipments such as the integrated sphere and spectral lamps. To improve data quality and availability, it is the most important to understand the mechanism of hyperspectral imaging system and the radiometric and spectral characteristics. This paper presents the major characteristics of camera system on the CAISS and summarizes the results of radiometric and spectral experiment during preliminary system verification.

  • PDF

OBSERVATION OF SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR SOIL CONTAMINANTS

  • Choe Eun-Young;Kim Kyoung-Woong;Lee Sung-Soon;Chi Kwang-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.422-425
    • /
    • 2005
  • Spectral characteristics depending on soil constituents and their proportion in a soil were firstly studied for monitoring of soil contamination using hyperspectral remote sensing. The reflectance spectra of heavy metals in soils were investigated in the VIS-NIR-SWIR regions (400-2500 nm) to observe spectral variation as a function of constituents and concentrations. Commercial kaolinite soils mixed with lead, copper, arsenic, and cadmium were used as synthetic soil samples for spectral measurement. In case of copper, relatively spectrally active regions was observed with some band shift whereas other heavy metals had only simple spectral variations expected to be related to the sorption phase and the amount of metal onto kaolinite. The reflectance spectrum of each metal on kaolinite could be identified in VIS-NIR region.

  • PDF

A Study on the Photon Energy Spectrums of Backlight for the Analysis of the Photoelectric Characteristics of a-Si:H TFT (비정질 실리콘 박막 트랜지스터의 광특성 분석을 위한 백라이트의 광자 에너지 스펙트럼에 대한 연구)

  • Jeong, Kyung-Seo;Kwon, Sang-Jik;Cho, Eou-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
    • /
    • v.22 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1058-1062
    • /
    • 2009
  • For the investigation of the mechanism of photoelectric characteristics of a hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film transistor(a-Si:H TFT), spectral characteristics of various backlights were analyzed in terms of the photon energy at each wavelength. Photon energy spectral characteristics were obtained through the multiplication of each photon energy and spectral intensities of backlights at each wavelength and the total photon energies were obtained by the integration of the photon energy spectrums. From the comparison of the experimental photo leakage current and the calculated photon energy, it was possible to conclude that the absorption of illuminated backlight to a-Si:H layer and the generation of electrons and holes are mainly carried out at the wavelength less than 500 nm as described in previous reports.

Multi-Temporal Spectral Analysis of Rice Fields in South Korea Using MODIS and RapidEye Satellite Imagery

  • Kim, Hyun Ok;Yeom, Jong Min
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.407-411
    • /
    • 2012
  • Space-borne remote sensing is an effective and inexpensive way to identify crop fields and detect the crop condition. We examined the multi-temporal spectral characteristics of rice fields in South Korea to detect their phenological development and condition. These rice fields are compact, small-scale parcels of land. For the analysis, moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) and RapidEye images acquired in 2011 were used. The annual spectral tendencies of different crop types could be detected using MODIS data because of its high temporal resolution, despite its relatively low spatial resolution. A comparison between MODIS and RapidEye showed that the spectral characteristics changed with the spatial resolution. The vegetation index (VI) derived from MODIS revealed more moderate values among different land-cover types than the index derived from RapidEye. Additionally, an analysis of various VIs using RapidEye satellite data showed that the VI adopting the red edge band reflected crop conditions better than the traditionally used normalized difference VI.

Dynamics of an Axially Moving Bernoulli-Euler Beam: Spectral Element Modeling and Analysis

  • Hyungmi Oh;Lee, Usik;Park, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.395-406
    • /
    • 2004
  • The spectral element model is known to provide very accurate structural dynamic characteristics, while reducing the number of degree-of-freedom to resolve the computational and cost problems. Thus, the spectral element model for an axially moving Bernoulli-Euler beam subjected to axial tension is developed in the present paper. The high accuracy of the spectral element model is then verified by comparing its solutions with the conventional finite element solutions and exact analytical solutions. The effects of the moving speed and axial tension on the vibration characteristics, wave characteristics, and the static and dynamic stabilities of a moving beam are investigated.

Use of Terrestrial Hyperspectral Sensors for Analyzing Spectral Reflectance Characteristics of Concrete

  • Lee, Jin Duk;Lee, Sung Soon;Sim, Jung Bo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.185-190
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this research is to extract spectral reflectance characteristics of concretes through basic experiment on concrete specimens and site experiment on actual concrete structures using a field portable spectrometer and a VNIR hyperspectral sensor. A spectrometer (GER-3700) and a VNIR hyperspectral camera (AisaEagle VNIR Hyperspectral Camera) were utilized for extracting spectral characteristics of concrete specimens. Concretes normally show similar patterns that have correlation above 80%, while the high-strengthened concretes display very different results from the normal-strength concretes. We also made a certain conclusion in the laboratory experiment on concrete specimens that both the spectrometer and the VNIR camera vary in spectral reflectance depending on concrete strengths.

A Study on the Measurement of Spectral Response Characteristics of Color Image Sensor (칼라영상센서의 분광감도 측정에 관한 연구)

  • 박승옥;김홍석
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.266-273
    • /
    • 1995
  • Colors reproduced by color imaging system are affected by various physical factors. The spectral response of the color image sensor is one of the important factors. We developed a spectral response characteristics measurement system which is composed of optical part and color analyzing part. The data from the optical part was analyzed by the color analyzing part and spectral response characteristics of R, G, B three color sensors were obtained. Using this system, the spectral response characteristics of a CCD color camera was measured. From this result, color rendition and linearity of the camera could be analyzed. This measurement system is $.$considered to be very useful for the evaluation of color image sensor characteristics. stics.

  • PDF