• Title, Summary, Keyword: special nursing units

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Estimation of nursing cost for selected special nursing services;operative nursing, emergency nursing, and ambulatory nursing (임상특수분야 간호원가 산정;응급실, 수술실, 외래를 중심으로)

  • Park, Jung-Ho;Sung, Young-Hee;Kim, Eul-Soon;Park, Kwang-Ok;Park, Jung-Sook;Sung, Il-Soon;Song, Mi-Sook;Cho, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.309-321
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: A cost analysis for nursing services in operative nursing unit, emergency nursing unit, and ambulatory nursing unit was performed using patient classification system by nursing intensity in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee schedule. Method: The data were collected from 4 secondary hospitals and 5 tertiary hospitals from November 14th 2000 to January 15th 2001. The study was conducted through four phases as follows: 1) Nursing hours of each nursing service in special nursing units were measured using three kinds of patient classification systems by nursing intensity. 2) The nursing cost of nursing services in operative nursing unit, emergency nursing unit, and ambulatory nursing units was estimated based on patient classification system by nursing intensity. Results: As a result, nursing hours by nursing intensity of each special nursing unit were measured, and every nursing cost by nursing intensity in operation room and emergency room was estimated, meanwhile, the cost of nursing services in ambulatory care units was estimated only per visit as shown in chapter 4. Conclusion: Future research on nursing cost should be extended to other special nursing units such as various intensive nursing care units, delivery room, and so on. In addition, the patient classification system should be refined for its appropriateness to apply all levels of medical institutions.

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Analysis of Nursing Interventions Performed by Chosunjok Nurses in Yanbian Using NIC (연변조선족 간호사가 수행하는 간호중재 분석)

  • ;;;;Li, Chun-Yu;Kim, Kyung-Yun;Huang, Zhen-Yu;Yuk, Moon-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.793-806
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    • 2001
  • To identify nursing interventions performed by Chosunjok nurses in Yanbian using NIC. Methods: The sample consisted of 36 nurses working in 2 hospitals. The Nursing Interventions Use Questionnaire developed by the Iowa Intervention Project team was used for data collection. The instrument was translated to Korean using the method of back-translation. Results: Twenty-eight interventions were performed at least daily. Interventions in the Physiological: Basic domain were most frequently used at least daily. The most frequently used interventions was Positioning, followed by the interventions Pressure Ulcer Prevention, Intravenous (IV) Therapy, Hypothermia Treatment and Intravenous (IV) Insertion. The least frequently used interventions was Electronic Fetal Monitoring: Antepartum. Nurses working in special medical care units performed interventions most often, while nurses working in general surgical units performed them least. Nurses working in general medical, special medical and other care units performed interventions in the Physiological domain more often than the nurses working in general surgical units. Conclusion: Chosunjok nurses in Yanbian performed physiological interventions frequently. Further studies will be needed to compare interventions performed by nurses in two countries.

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Relationships among Nursing Activities, the Use of Body Mechanics, and Job Stress in Nurses with Low Back Pain (종합병원에 근무하는 요통 간호사의 간호업무활동, 신체역학원리 및 직무 스트레스와의 관련성)

  • Jung, Keunja;Suh, Soonrim
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify relationships among nursing activities, the use of body mechanics, and job stress in nurses with low back pain. Methods: Participants were 225 nurses with low back pain working at an university hospital. The data were collected with self-reported questionnaires at March, 2012 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$e test and multiple regression analyses. Results: There was significantly a higher degree of pain in subjects who working at special units including intensive care units and emergency room than at general wards. Low back pain was negatively correlated with the use of body mechanical principles while it was positively associated with the degree of job stress. According to results of multiple regression analyses, low back pain was significantly associated with the use of body mechanics and job stress in nurses working at general ward and special units including intensive care units and emergency room. Conclusion: The use of the principles of body mechanics and reducing job stress are important to prevent low back pain in nurses. It is necessary to develop and apply stress management and education program about the use of the principles of body mechanics.

Determination of Nursing Costs for Hospitalized Patients Based on the Patient Classification System (종합병원에 입원한 환자의 간호원가 산정에 관한 연구)

  • 박정호;송미숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.16-37
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    • 1990
  • A cost analysis for hospitalized patients was carried out based upon Patient Classification System(PCS) in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee. The data were collected from 21 nursing units of three teaching hospitals from April 1 to June 30, 1989. first, all of the 22,056 inpatients were classified into mildly ill(Class Ⅰ), moderately ill(Class Ⅱ), acutely ill(Class Ⅲ), and critically ill(Class Ⅳ) by the PCS which had been carefully developed to be suitable for the Korean nursing units. Second. PCS cost accounting was applied to the above data. The distribution of inpatients, nursing costs, and nursing productivity were as follows : 1) Patient distribution ranged from 45% to class Ⅰ, 36% to class Ⅱ, 15% to class Ⅲ, and 4% to class Ⅳ, the proportion of class Ⅳ in ‘H’ Hospital was greater than that of the other two hospitals. 2) The proportion of Class Ⅲ and Ⅳ in the medical nursing units was greater than that of surgical nursing units. 3) The number of inpatients was greatest on Tuesdays, and least on Sundays. 4) The average nursing cost per hour was W 3,164 for ‘S’ hospital, W 3,511 for ‘H’ hospital and W 4,824 for ‘K’ hospital. The average nursing cost per patient per day was W 14,126 for ‘S’ Hospital, W 15,842 for ‘H’ hospital and W 21,525 for ‘K’ hospital. 5) The average nursing cost calculated by the PCS was W 13,232 for class Ⅰ, W 18,478 for class Ⅱ, W 23,000 for class Ⅲ, and W 25,469 for class Ⅳ. 6) The average nursing cost for the medical and surgical nursing units was W 13,180 and W 13,303 respetively for class Ⅰ, W 18,248 and W 18,707 for class Ⅱ, W 22,303 and W 23,696 for class Ⅲ, and W 24,331 and W 26,606 for class Ⅳ. 7) The nursing costs were composed of 85% for wages and fringe benefits, 3% for material supplies and 12% for overhead. The proportion of wages and fringe benefits among the three Hospitals ranged from 75%, 92% and 98% for the ‘S’, ‘H’, ‘K’ hospitals respectively These findings explain why the average nursing cost of ‘K’ hospital was higher than the others. 8) According to a multi- regression analysis, wages and fringe benefits, material supplies, and overhead had an equal influence on determining the nursing cost while the nursing hours had less influence. 9) The productivity of the medical nursing units were higher than the surgical nursing units, productivity of the D(TS) - nursing units was the lowest while the K(Med) - nursing unit was the highest in 'S' hospital. In ‘H’ hospital, productivity was related to the number of inpatients rather than to the characteristics of the nursing units. The ‘K’ hospital showed the same trend as ‘S’ hospital, that the productivity of the medical nursing unit was higher than the surgical nursing unit. The productivity of ‘S’ hospital was evaluated the highest followed by ‘H’ hospital and ‘K’ hospital. Future research on nursing costs should be extended to the other special nursing areas such as pediatric and psychiatric nursing units, and to ICU or operating rooms. Further, the PCS tool should be carefully evaluated for its appropriateness to all levels of institutions(primary, secondary, tertiary). This study took account only of the quantity of nursing services when developing the PCS tool for evaluating the productivity of nursing units. Future research should also consider the quality of nursing services including the appropriateness of nursing activities.

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Estimation of Nursing Costs by a Patient Classification System(PCS) in ICU (중환자 간호단위의 환자분류군별 간호원가 산정연구)

  • Sung, Young-Hee;Song, Mi-Sook;Park, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The objective of our study was to figure out costs of nursing services in ICU based on the PCS in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee schedule. Method: Data was collected from 2 hospitals from April 15-16 to April 22-23, 2003. The costs of nursing services in the ICU were analyzed by nursing time based on the nursing intensity. The inpatients in the ICU were classified by a PCS tool developed by the Korean Clinical Nurses Association(2000). Results: The distribution of patients by PCS in the ICU ranged from class IV to Class VI. The higher PCS in ICU consumed more nursing time. As a result, the higher nursing intensity, the more the daily average nursing costs in the ICU. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence to refine the current nursing fee schedule that does not differentiate from the volume of nursing services based on nursing time. We strongly recommend that the current reimbursement system for nursing services should be applied not only to the general nursing units but also to the ICU or other special nursing units.

A Comparison of Clinical Nurses' Nursing Ethical Values according to Career and Characteristics of Nursing Unit in General Hospital. (일개 종합병원 임상 간호사의 경력별, 근무부서별 간호윤리관 비교)

  • Song, Kyung-Ja;Yoo, Cheong-Suk;Yu, Mi
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore and compare the level and type of nursing ethical values according to career and nursing units of clinical nurses, Methods: The subjects were 944 nurses working in General Hospital in Seoul and the data were collected from March 8 to August, 2007 using the nursing ethical values questionnaire, The collected data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 10.0 program. Results: The results were as follows; The level of clinical nurses' ethical values were significantly different according to career and nursing units (p<.01) and it was found that most clinical nurses had deontological ethics in the areas of professional nursing domain ($2.77{\pm}.31$), cooperative relations domain ($2.90{\pm}.26$) and customer relation domain ($3.03{\pm}.32$). but that they had utilitarian ethics in human life domain ($2.53{\pm}.32$). Conclusion: Different approaches are needed to develop to establish clinical nurses' ethical values based on career, characteristics of nursing unit and various clinical situations.

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A Study on the Budget and Management of the Nursing Service Equipment (병원 간호업무를 위한 예산과 간호용품의 관리에 관한 조사연구)

  • 황복녀;윤은자;조규숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.34-49
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    • 1984
  • This study was carried out to collect basic information of the budget and management of the nursing service equipment A survey was conducted with charge nurses (72), head nurses (400), supervisors (93), nursing directors (43) in 134 Hospitals The questionnaire was consisted of 34 questions related to management of budget, facility, supplies, and equipment We investigated from l0th to 22nd, Oct 1983. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1) A budget for the department of nursing was 65.4% (51/78) 2) A budget commitee was 43.6% (34/78) 3) 51.3% took corrective action for the deviation from the budget, if indicated (40/78) 4) An established lost conciousness program in the hospital was 87.2% (64/68) 5) A formalized system for the maintenance of supplies for the patient care units was 87.2% 6) 87.9% had stocks level which was established for patient care units. 7) 64.6% had safeguards for the storage of special equipment which was investigated regularly in 54.7%. 8) The director of nursing or her representative, participates in the selection was 72.4%, 9) 58.2% was provided instruction in the use of equipment by manufacturers of technical equipment.

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An Analysis of Nursing Practice in an Oriental Medicine Hospital (일 대학부속 한방병원 간호사의 직무내용 및 직무량분석)

  • Ahn, Yang-Heui
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 1997
  • This study was directed at analysing nursing practice in one oriental medicine hospital. In this study, the nurses were chosen from two units at one oriental medicine hospital. Using the worksampling method, a total of 780 series of nursing actions were collected over thirteen days. this study had two findings. First, the percentage for the amount of actual nursing practice was 79.5% which is lower than the amount of actual nursing practice in other western style general hospitals. Second, the content of nursing practice included nursing actions(43.8%), nursing management (35.5%), and education /research (0.1%), indicating that only the special care of oriental nursing and education /research were not observed in nursing practice. These findings indicate a deficit knowledge in oriental medicine and oriental nursing care by nurses in oriental medicine hospitals. Since Oriental Nursing has not been included in Nursing curriculum, there is a need for research to develop basic education in Oriental Medicine and pharmacology as well as the development of a sgstematized approach to Oriental Nursing so as to provide an appropriate background for nurses working in this field. Further research is needed to define nursing in the Oriental Medicine system.

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A. Model for the Elderly Health Care Management (노인보건의료 관리모형)

  • Rhee Seonja
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 1994
  • The article reviewed the elderly health care management problems in policy development issue of the nation. Policy of Korean government on elderly health care has still not yet developed. The main stream of policy which is effective on elderly welfare policy is 'Elderly care are responsible by their families'. Now only those aged whose family members are not able to take care of their parents are receive custodial care at the non-profit nursing homes. This article examined the main stream policy in pro and cons aspects in relation to social changes such as: demographic changes. family structure changes. attitude changes. health care delivery system. and political settlement view points in connection with medical insurance program. Finally. a model for the elderly health care management was proposed which will provide chronic care services at the community level. such as nursing homes. day care centers. day hospitals, respite care units, and special care institute for dementia.

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A Study on Characteristics of the Behavior Setting and the Special Needs In Common Space of Nursing Home in Japan (일본 노인전문요양시설 공용공간의 행동장면특성과 공간적요구에 관한 연구)

  • 윤영선
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia and user oriented spatial needs of the staff in the common space of nursing home in Japan. Data was taken from six units of the 2 skilled facilities. The results revealed as follows; 4 types of elderly activities were founded, and physical environmental characteristics affected residents' space usage. And it was perceived like as living oriented space, social interaction space, facility space, staff oriented space. Conclusively it was suggested to plan dining space as semi-private space, day corner as semi-public space.

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