• Title/Summary/Keyword: soy protein

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Effect of Protein Sources on Rumen Microbial Protein Synthesis Using Rumen Simulated Continuous Culture System

  • Joo, J.W.;Bae, G.S.;Min, W.K.;Choi, H.S.;Maeng, W.J.;Chung, Y.H.;Chang, M.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.326-331
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    • 2005
  • A rumen simulated continuous culture (RSCC) system was used to study the influence of supplementation of the three different types of protein sources such as urea, casein and soy protein on rumen microbial synthesis in terms of rumen microbial synchronization. The urea treatment showed the highest pH value. Ammonia nitrogen concentration was rapidly increased after feeding and not significantly different in the urea treatment (13.53 mg/100 ml). Protozoa numbers were not significantly different for soy protein and casein treatment compared to urea treatments during incubation. The average concentration of total VFA (mMol) was not detected with significant difference among treatments, but iso-butyrate production showed the highest for soy protein treatment among treatments (p<0.001). The lowest concentration in total iso-acids (iso-butyrate and iso-valerate) production was observed in urea treatment. The soy protein treatment showed no significantly change in acetate/propionate. The amounts of dry matter (DM) out flow showed no significant difference among treatments. Organic matter (OM) flow was the highest for urea treatments and the lowest for casein treatment (p<0.03). The nitrogen flow for casein treatment was not significantly different from other treatments. The efficiency of microbial protein synthesis in terms of microbial nitrogen (MN) synthesis (g MN/kg ADOM) digested in the rumen was highest for casein treatment (58.53 g MN/kg ADOM) compared to soy protein and urea (p<0.05). This result suggests that rumen ammonia releasing rate may influence on microbial protein synthesis in the rumen.

Effects of The Soy Protein Level on Plasma Glucose, Lipids, and Hormones in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

  • Choi, Mi Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.883-891
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    • 1994
  • The number of diabetics in Korea is about 3 to 5 percent of the population, and the incidence is increasing yearly due to changes of life style and food intake. Diet is a key element in the management of diabetes, yet the appropriate diet for diabetes remains controversial. We have recently shown that a diet rich in protein of animal origin(casein) seems beneficial to controling plasma glucose and lipids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. It therefore seemed desirable to find out whether the beneficial effect of high casein diet in experimental diabetes could also be reproduced with a vegetable source of protein(soy). The purpose of this study is to compare these results with the results of our previous study. In the present study, non-diabetic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were studied in order to examine the effects of altering the level(20% vs 60%) of dietary soy protein on blood glucose, lipids, and hormones. Results of the present study showed that a high soy protein diet decreased triglyceride concentration in diabetic rats. However, diabetic rats fed a high soy protein diet were not hypocholesterolemic compared to rats fed a control diet. Moreover, diabetic rats fed a high soy protein diet had significantly increased plasma glucose concentration compared to rats fed a control diet. This study was not able to discern a specific effect of dietary protein level on insulin, glucagon, or insulin/glucagon ratio. Except for the hypotriglyceridemic effect, the results were not similar to the findings of our previous study which showed a beneficial effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats fed a high casein diet.

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Effects of Dietary Mixed Protein and L-Carnitine Supplementation on Lipid Metabolism in Rats fed High Fat Diet (고지방식에 혼합단백질과 L-카르니틴을 첨가했을 때 흰쥐의 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Won Hyang Rye;Kim Min Sun;Rhie Seung Gyo
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2004
  • This study is to investigate the effect of dietary mixed protein and L-carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism in the rats fed high fat diet. Six experimental groups were organized and each group had eight Sprague-Dawley male white rats with the initial weight of around 180g. The six experimental groups were CO(supplemented with casein), CC(supplementedwith casein and cartinine), ISO(supplemented with isolated soy protein), ISC(supplemented with isolated soy protein and cartinine), CIM(supplemented with casein and isolated soy protein), and CIC(supplemented with casein, isolated soy protein and cartinine). Each group was supplemented with the experimental diet for four weeks, and carnitine contained 3efo of the diet. The results were as follows; 1. There was no significant difference in food intake among the experimental groups. The weight increased more significantly in the group supplemented with the mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein(p<0.05).2. There was weight reduction effect by the supplementation of carnitine(p<0.05), however no weight reduction effect by the supplementation of carnitine was observed in the group supplemented with the mixed protein and isolated soy protein. 3. Food efficiency was lower in the group supplemented with the mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein (p<0.05), however it was similar in the group supplemented with isolated soy protein.4. Serum total lipid and se겨m total cholesterol were lower in the group supplemented with mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein(p<0.05). 5. There was no significant difference of serum triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol among the experimental groups. 6. Liver triglyceride was the highest in the group supplemented with mixed protein (p<0.05), and there was no significant difference of liver total lipid and total cholesterol among the experimental groups. 7. In the groups supplemented with mixed protein, the level of liver TBARS showed the lowest when casein was supplemented(p<0.05), and there was no significant difference of GSH-Px activities among the experimental groups. In summary, when mixed protein was supplemented to the rats weight gain and food efficiency were similar with those in the group supplemented with isolated soy protein, however they were lower than those in the group supplemented with casein. The effect of carnitine on weight was not observed in the group supplemented with mixed protein and isolated soy protein, however it was observed in the group supplemented with casein. Serum Total lipid and total cholesterol were lower than those in the group supplemented with casein. Liver total triglyceride was high in the group supplemented with mixed protein, and the antioxidant effect was observed in the group supplemented with mixed protein.

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Effect of Protein in Diet-induced Hypercholesterolemia Rats (단백질 종류와 급여수준이 흰쥐의 혈중 지질함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 김명주;이미경;장주연;김대곤
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.246-253
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of protein kinds and levels on lipid metabolism in hypercholesterolemia rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were administrated 1% cholesterol and 0.25% sodium cholate to induce hypercholesterolemia and were fed on diet containing two levels(7, 20%) of casein and soy protein respectively. The rats were sacrified after 5 weeks of feeding periods. Total lipid content in serum was decreased in proportion to level of protein and soy protein was more effective than casein in lipid-lowering effect. Serum triglyceride content was significantly decreased in proportion to level of protein and did not show significance by protein kind. Serum phospholipid content was more significantly decreased in 20% protein groups than that of 7% protein groups. Total cholesterol content in serum was significantly decreased by protein and were decreased in proportion to level of soy protein. Free cholesterol content did not show significance by protein level. The degree of decrease predominated in soy protein groups. Serum HDL-cholesterol content and RL-cholesterol were increased in proportion to level of protein and effect of soy protein was not more significantly than that of casein. Atherogenic index was significantly decreased in proportion to level of protein and soy protein groups were more effective. Serum LDL-, VLDL-cholesterol contents were more significantly decreased in 20% protein groups than that of 7% protein groups. Serum $\beta$-lipoprotein and chylomicrone-cholesterol contents also showed significantly decrease by soy protein.

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Effects of Soy Protein, its Hydrolysate and Peptide Fraction on Lipid Metabolism and Appetite-Related Hormones in Rats (대두단백질과 그의 가수분해물 및 펩타이드 분획물이 흰쥐의 지질대사 및 식욕 관련 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ji-Hye;Park, Mi-Na;Lee, Im-Sik;Kim, Yong-Ki;Kim, Wan-Sik;Lee, Yeon-Sook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.342-350
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    • 2010
  • This study was aimed to investigate whether soy protein hydrolysates had beneficial effects on serum and tissue lipid contents and appetite-related hormones as compared with intact soy protein. Four-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed AIN-93M diet containing high fat (18% w/w) with low protein (10% w/w). After four weeks, the rats were divided into four groups (n = 8/group) and fed experimental diets with different nitrogen sources and levels, respectively; 10% soy protein isolate (10SPI), 25% soy protein isolate (25SPI), 25% soy protein hydrolysates (25SPH) and 25% soy macro-peptide fractions (25SPP, MW $\geq$ 10,000) for six weeks. Weight gain was significantly higher in 25% nitrogen sources-fed groups than in 10% group (10SPI). In 25SPP, perirenal fat mass and serum total lipid were significantly lower than in other groups. As for appetite-related hormones, serum ghrelin concentration was not shown to be different among groups but leptin concentration was significantly decreased in 25SPP. It can be concluded that soy macro-peptide fractions as compared with intact soy protein may have beneficial effects on reducing fat mass and serum lipid.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidative Activities of Acorn Starch Mook Added Spirulina and Soy Protein (스피루리나와 대두단백을 첨가한 도토리묵의 품질특성 및 항산화성)

  • Oh, Hye Lim;Yang, Kee Heun;Park, Song Yi;Yoon, Jun Hwa;Shim, Eun Kyoung;Lee, Kun Jong;Kim, Mee Ree
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.11
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    • pp.1515-1520
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    • 2012
  • This study evaluate the quality characteristics and antioxidative properties of acorn starch mook containing spirulina (0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%) and soy protein (3%). The pH of acorn starch mook containing the spirulina and soy protein decreased with increasing amount of spirulina decrease in pH means an increase in acidity. In addition, the moisture content was 87%. The lightness of acorn starch mook containing spirulina and soy protein decreased with increasing amount of spirulina and soy protein. The L and a values of the Hunter color system were decreased significantly increasing spirulina content, and the b value increased. In contrast, with increasing spirulina and soy protein content, the L and a increased significantly and the b value. Texture analysis revealed higher hardness and springiness of acorn starch mook containing spirulina than the control. The total phenol content was highest in the acorn starch mook containing 1.5% spirulina and 3% soy protein. The antioxidant activities of the acorn starch mook containing spirulina and soy protein increased with increasing amount of spirulina and soy protein. The $IC_{50}$ value of 1.5% spirulina and 3% soy protein was 166.2 mg/mL for DPPH. The results of the sensory test were best in the acorn starch mook containing 1% spirulina.

Development of Immunoassay Systems for the Assay of Soy Protein in Meat Products; Antibody Production and Properties for the Assay of Soy Protein (육제품에 첨가된 대두단백 정량을 위한 면역분석법 개발에 관한 연구: 대두단백 정량을 위한 항체생산 및 특성조사)

  • Kim, Cheon-Jei;Kim, Jong-Bae;Kim, Byung-Cheol;Lee, Seoung-Bae;Jung, Sung-Won;Shin, Hyun-Kil;Ko, Won-Sick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.204-208
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to develop a practical enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) for the determination of soy protein in processed meat products as a preliminary study. The titer of antiserum raised in rabbit by injection of SDS-treated whole buffer extract(WBE) from isolates soy protein(ISP) was above 1:10,000 in indirect ELISA. When the SDS concentration was higher than 0.03% the antibody-antigen reaction was inhibited significantly. However, the antibody-antigen reaction inhibition was not observed when the SDS concentration was less than 0.02%. The antibodies used in this experiment also reacted with renatured antigen after removing SDS by dialysis, though not better than with SDS-denatured antigen(immunogen). The calibration curve with $100\;{\mu}g/100\;ml$ of sensitivity was obtained in indirect competitive ELISA.

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Comparison of Pork Patty Quality Characteristics with Various Binding Agents (결착제 첨가 종류에 따른 돈육 패티의 품질 특성 비교)

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Jeon, Ki-Hong;Park, Jong-Dae;Sung, Jung-Min;Seo, Dong-Ho;Ku, Su-Kyung;Oh, Nam-Su;Kim, Young-Boong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.588-595
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of binding agents (carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber) on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of pork patties. One percent of each pork patty formulation was prepared with one of the following carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, or wheat fiber. The lightness and redness values of raw and cooked pork patties with carrageenan, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05). The water holding capacity, cooking yield, and moisture content of pork patties containing carrageenan, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05). However, the reduction in diameter and thickness was lower than the control (p<0.05). The protein and fat content of the pork patties were not significantly different between the control and patties with binding agent addition. The shear forces of the pork patties with transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05), while the pork patties with carrageenan were significantly lower than control (p<0.05). Among the sensory characteristics, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptability of pork patties containing carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were slightly higher, although there was no significant difference. Therefore, pork patties containing binding agents are useful in making new ground meat products with desirable quality characteristics.

Effects of Soy Protein on Bone Mineral Content and Bone Mineral Density in Growing Male Rats (콩단백질이 성장기 수컷흰쥐에서 골함량과 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.409-413
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to determine to which differences in the source of protein (soy vs casein) and of isoflavones in soy protein are responsible for differential effects of bone mineral density and bone mineral content. Thirty 21-d-old Sprague-Dawley young rats were divided into 3 groups: the control group was find a casein-based diet, the soy concentrate group was fed soy protein with totally reduced isoflavones content (isoflavone 0.07 mg/g protein), and soy isolate group was fed with a higher isoflavone content (isoflavone 3.4 mg/g protein) than normal. The animal was scanned to determine the BMD and BMC using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA, Lunar Corporation, Madison, WI). The soy concentrate group had significantly higher total body calcium/weight and total mineral content/weight than the casein group. The soy isolate group had significantly greater total bone mineral density/weight, spine bone mineral density/weight, and femoral bone mineral density (in g/$\textrm{cm}^2$ than the control and soy concentrate group. The findings of this study suggest that soy protein and isoflavones in soy protein are beneficial for bone-formation in growing male rats. Therefore exposure to these soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have long-term health benefits for bone diseases such as osteoporosis.

Bio-film Composites Composed of Soy Protein Isolate and Silk Fiber: Effect of Concentration of Silk Fiber on Mechanical and Thermal Properties

  • Prabhakar, M.N.;Song, Jung Il
    • Composites Research
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.196-200
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    • 2014
  • A novel, simple and totally recyclable method has been developed for the synthesis of nontoxic, biocompatible and biodegradable bio-composite films from soy protein and silk protein. Bio films are defined as flexible films prepared from biological materials such as protein. These materials have potential application in medical and food as a packaging material. Their use depends on various parameters such as mechanical (strength and modulus), thermal, among others. In this study, prepare and characterization of bio films made from Soy Protein Isolate (SPI) (matrix) and Silk Fiber (SF) (reinforcement) through solution casting method by the addition of plasticizer and crosslinking agent. The obtained SPI and SPI/SF composites were subsequently subjected to evaluate their mechanical and thermal properties by using Universal Testing Machine and Thermal Gravimetric Analyzer respectively. The tensile testing showed significant improvements in strength with increasing amount of SF content and the % elongation at break of the composites of the SPI/SF was lower than that of the matrix. Though the interfacial bonding was moderate, the improvement in tensile strength and modulus was attributed to the higher tensile properties of the silk fiber.