• Title, Summary, Keyword: soy isoflavones

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Effects of a Selective COX-2 Inhibitor Celecoxib and Soy-Isoflavones on Molecular Markers Related to Apoptosis, and COX-2 and Mapkinase Expression in Estrogen-Fed Rats

  • Kim, Tae-Kyung;Park, Ock Jin
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 2005
  • The present study examined the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib or soy-isoflavones in the presence of estrogen on apoptosis related gene expression, COX-2 and mapkinase in 48-week old female rats. Expressions of bel-2 and bax proteins, which are known to be involved in the regulation of apoptosis, were investigated in mammary glands and heart tissues. The elevated expression of bel-2 expression was observed in mammary glands of celecoxib supplemented rats as well as soy-isoflavones. The mammary glands bel-2/bax ratio was found to be higher in celecoxib or soy-isoflavones supplemented rats. However, in heart tissues, expression of bel-2 and bax was in the order of control, celecoxib and soy-isoflavones. The up-regulation of COX-2 was observed in celecoxib or soy-isoflavones in mammary glands. 'The similar trend was not displayed with the mapkinase expression. In heart tissues, the down-regulation of COX-2 as well as mapkinase was observed in celecoxib or soy-isoflavones supplemented rats. Soy-isoflavones and celecoxib both had a similar regulatory pattern of bel-2, bax and COX-2 in mammary glands, and in heart tissues, only COX-2 exhibited a similar down-regulatory properly. These findings revealed that in estrogen sufficient state, celecoxib and soy-isoflavones might not exhibit proapoptotic potential or COX-2 inhibition in normal mammary glands.

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Mineral Density in Crowing Female Rats (콩단백질과 이소플라본이 성장기 암컷 쥐의 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.359-367
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of soy protein and soy isoflavones on bone and mineral density in young female Sprague-Dawley rats. Fifty eight rats (body Weight 75 $\pm$ 5 g) were randomly assigned to one of four groups, consuming casein, soy protein concentrate, soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet) or casein added isoflavones (57 mg isoflavones /100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were measured using PIXImus (GE Lunar Co, Wisconsin, USA) in spine and femur on 3, 6, 9 weeks after feeding. The serum and urine concentrations of Ca and P were determined. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower In soy protein groups. The serum concentration of Ca and P were not changed by soy protein and isoflavones. Urinary Ca and P excretion were not significantly different. Spine BMD was significantly increased by soy protein isolate on 3 and 6 weeks after feeding. Femur BMD was significantly increased in the groups of soy protein isolate and isoflavones adding on after 9 weeks. Therefore, soy protein with rich isoflavones may be beneficial on spine and femur BMD increasement in growing female rats.

A Study on Isoflavones Intake From Soy Foods and Perimenstrual Symptoms (콩 이소플라본 식품 섭취와 월경 전후기 증상에 대한 조사연구)

  • Kim, Hae-Won;Khil, Jin-Mo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.276-285
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the relationship between isoflavones intake from soy foods and perimenstrual symptoms among women. Methods: The research design was a cross sectional study. Subjects consisted of 245 women living in Korea, aged 19-49 years. The measurement tools were MDQ and FFQ. Results: Frequently consumed soy isoflavones foods were rice with soybeans, soybean paste stew, and soy paste with tofu. The amounts of soy isoflavones foods consumed in order from highest to lowest were rice with soybeans, soybean paste stew, seasoned soybean sprouts, and soy paste with tofu. Subjects were divided into three groups by isoflavones intake levels; the small intake group, moderate intake group, and large intake group. There were significant differences in some menstrual symptoms, and postmenstrual symptoms by isoflavones intake levels. In general, the moderate isoflavones intake group showed lower scores in some menstrual symptoms and postmenstrual periods compared to the small and large intake groups. Conclusions: These results suggest some positive health effects of isoflavones from soy foods on perimenstrual symptoms. More accurate, objective measurement needs to be applied and more investigation of soy isoflavones effects on many aspects of women's health need to be done in a future study.

Effects of Soy Protein and Isoflavones on Bone Markers and Hormones in Growing Male Rats (콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 성장기 수컷 흰쥐에서 골 지표와 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.452-458
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    • 2003
  • Soybean is a rich source of isoflavones such as genistein and daidzein. Soy isoflavones have both weak estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects and are structurally similar to tamoxifen, an agent that has an effect similar to that of estrogen in terms of reducing postmenopausal bone loss. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of differences in protein source (casein vs soy) and isoflavone levels (reduced vs higher levels) on selected bone markers and hormones in growing male rats. Thirty weanling Sprague-Dawley young rats were divided into 3 groups: The control group was fed a casein-based diet, the soy concentrate group was fed soy protein with totally reduced isoflavones content (isoflavones 0.07 mg/g protein), and the soy isolate group was fed soy protein with a higher than normal isoflavones content (isoflavones 3.4 mg/g protein). The degree of bone formation was estimated by measuring serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphoatase (ALP). By determining collagen cross-linkage by immunoassay and correcting with creatinine values, the bone resorption rate was compared. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radio immunoassay kits. The bone formation marker and ALP activity were differentiated by protein source, showing higher values than casein in feeding either soy isolate or soy concentrate. In this study using growing rats, the differences in isoflavone contents were not a significant factor in either bone formation or bone reaborption markers. Moreover, the soy isolate group had significantly higher levels of growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that growth hormone is partially responsible for its bone-formation effects in young growing rats. Soy protein and the isoflavones in soy protein are beneficial for bone-formation in growing male rats. Therefore, exposure to soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have long-term health benefits in preventing bone diseases such as osteoporosis. Further study to evaluate the mechanism of action of isoflavones on bones is warranted. (Korean J Nutrition 36(5): 452∼458, 2003)

Effects of Soy and Isoflavones on Bone Metabolism in Growing Female Rats (성장기 암컷 쥐에서 콩 단백질과 Isoflavones가 골 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자;조현주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.549-558
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to determine which differences in the source of protein (soy vs casein) and isoflavones in soy protein are responsible for the differential effects of bone marks and hormones in growing female rats. Forty-two 21-day-old Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups, consuming casein (control group), soy protein isolate (57 mg isoflavones/100 g diet), or soy protein concentrate (about 1.2 mg isoflavones/100 g diet). All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 9 weeks. Bone formation was measured by serum osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentrations. And bone resorption rate was measured by deoxypyridinoline (DPD) crosslinks immunoassay and corrected for creatinine. Serum osteocalcin, growth hormone, estrogen and calcitonin were analyzed using radioimmunoassay kits. Diet did not affect weight gain and mean food intake. Food efficiency ratio was lower in the soy protein groups. The soy isolate group had a higher ALP and osteocalcin concentration and lower crosslinks value than the casein group. Therefore, the soy isolate groups had a higher bone formation/resorption ratio than the casein group. And, the soy group had significantly higher growth hormone than the casein group. The findings of this study suggest that soy protein and isoflavones are beneficial for bone formation in growing female rats. Therefore, exposure to these soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have benefits for osteoporosis prevention.

Effects of Soy Isoflavones on Lipid Profiles and Hepatic LDL Receptor mRNA Level in Growing Female Rats

  • Jo, Hyun-Ju;Choi, Mi-Ja;Yoo, Min
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.74-81
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    • 2006
  • The present study examined the effect of soy isoflavones on lipid metabolism in growing female rats. Rats were randomly assigned to three different groups and provided experimental diets for 9 weeks. The experimental groups were classified into 1) a control group, 2) a soy protein isolate group: soy (+)) group and 3) a soy protein concentration group: soy (-)) group. Diets contained either casein or one of two soy proteins with (soy (+)) or without isoflavones (soy (-)). Serum triglyceride concentration showed no significant differences among the experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in both the soy (+) and soy (-) groups than in the control group and LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly lower in the soy (+). Serum HDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in the control group than in the soy protein groups but the HDL-cholesterol share rate in total cholesterol tended to be lower in the control group than in the soy protein groups, insignificant as it was. Hepatic IDL receptor mRNA level was significantly increased in the soy (+) group when compared to the other two groups to be 20% higher than the control group. In conclusion, soy protein isolate, soy protein rich with isoflavones reduced serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentration and increased hepatic IDL receptor mRNA expression in growing female rats. Therefore, it is considered that the intake of soy isoflvones during puberty can be advantageous in terms of the long-tenn control of serum lipid.

Soy Isoflavones and Soyasaponins: Characteristics and Physiological Functions

  • Lee, Yoon-Bok;Lee, Hyong-Joo;Kim, Chung-Ho;Lee, Soo-Bok;Sohn, Heon-Soo
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2005
  • Soy is an important food in Asia and many studies have suggested that the low incidences of chronic diseases in Asian countries are associated with diets that are rich in soy. Soy contains many kinds of phytochemicals, and soy isoflavones and soyasaponins have received considerable attention. Twelve isoflavone components have been isolated from soy: three aglycones (daidzein, genistein, and glycitein), and their respective nine glucosidic conjugates. Soy isoflavones are similar in structure to estrogen and exhibit both estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities. Soy isoflavones exhibit anticancer activity, can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and are beneficial to brain and bone health. Soyasaponins are divided into three groups (A, B, and E saponins), and they exhibit hypocholesterolemic, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antioxidative, and anti-human-immunodeficiency-virus effects. Despite the abundant literature suggesting that soy isoflavones and soyasaponins have potential applications in preventive medicine, further research is needed to standardize dosages and ensure their efficacy.

Cyclooxygenase-2 Can Modulate ICAM-1 Expression in Aorta or Heart Tissues of Rats Treated with Synthetic Estrogen or Soy-isoflavones

  • Kim Young Min;Lee Sung-Ok;Park Ock Jin
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2005
  • The identification of COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2) has led to potential novel insights on disease pathogenesis (atherosclerosis, cancer, Alzheimer's disease) and the regulation of normal organ function. The present in vivo study with estrogen or soy-isoflavones has provided evidence for the association between COX-2 and ICAM-1 (Intercellular adhersion molecule-1). In the system of mature female rats, soy-isoflavones exerted more pronounced effect on ICAM-1 inhibitory and COX-2 stimulatory effect than estrogen. In the system of ovariectomized estrogen deficient rats, the down-regulatory properties of soy-isoflavones on ICAM-1 was less evident, whereas estrogen exerted the inhibitory activity. These results demonstrate that COX-2 limits adhersion molecule expression on rat aorta cells and suggest that COX-2 may play a protective role in cardiovascular system in mature female rats. Soy-isoflavones appear to have beneficial effect on vascular systems through modulation of ICAM-1 and COX-2, and these molecules appeared to be closely associated.

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Variation of the antioxidant activity of squid jeotgal by altering the level of added soy isoflavones and storage duration

  • Le, Bao;Ngoc, Anh Pham Thi;Yang, Seung Hwan
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we propose a squid jeotgal, Korean fermented seafood, supplement with different soy isoflavones supplements, followed by fermentation for different time intervals at $4^{\circ}C$ to increase the antioxidant activity and improve the food value. In the first month, fermented jeotgals with at lowconcentration ($2mg\;g^{-1}$) of added soy isoflavones showed a significant increase in the activity of up to 55%, whereas, at high concentration ($10mg\;g^{-1}$), the activity almost doubled compared to that of the sample without isoflavones. Moreover, the squid enriched with isoflavones also exhibited significantly decreased total volatile base nitrogen, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, and biogenic amines, indicative of higher inhibition of the formation of these substances. The changes in the microbial profile were also evaluated. This use of soy isoflavanones as an additive could aid in improving the nutritional value of fermented seafood to reduce the incidence of age-related and chronic disorders.

Optimization of Isoflavone Extraction from Soy Germ - Research Note-

  • Bae, Sang-Moon;Jang, Chan-Ho;Kim, Jang-Hoon;Lim, Hyun-Ae;Kim, Joo-Ryong;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.290-293
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    • 2005
  • Soy isoflavones have drawn much attention due to their potential to prevent breast and prostate cancers, osteoporosis, heart disease, and other postmenopausal symptoms. Soy germ is one of the richest sources of isoflavones, and thus has good potential to be used as the ingredient of health foods. This study examined the extraction rate of isoflavones from soy germ at various conditions. After the effect of extraction temperature and duration on isoflavones extraction from soy germ was examined, the optimum concentration of ethanol as extraction solvent was determined. When ethanol concentration was fixed at $60\%\;(v/v)$, the maximum isoflavone extraction was achieved at 2 hrs and $30^{\circ}C$. Among various concentrations of ethanol tested, $80\%\;(v/v)$ ethanol showed the highest extraction efficiency. In conclusion, the maximum extraction of isoflavones was obtained using $80\%\;(v/v)$ ethanol as a solvent, at $30^{\circ}C$ of temperature, and 2 hrs of extraction time.