• Title/Summary/Keyword: sorption

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Sorption of Np(IV) on MX-80 in Ca-Na-Cl Type Reference Water of Crystalline Rock

  • Nagasaki, Shinya
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2021
  • The pH dependence of sorption distribution coefficient (Kd) of Np(IV) on MX-80 in Ca-Na-Cl type solution with the ionic strength of 0.3 M, which was similar to one of the reference groundwaters in crystalline rock, was experimentally investigated under the reducing conditions. The overall trend of Kd on MX-80 was independent of pH at 5 ≤ pH ≤ 10 but increased as pH increased at pH ≤ 5. The 2-site protolysis non-electrostatic surface complexation and cation exchange model was applied to the experimentally measured pH dependence of Kd and the optimized surface complexation constants of Np(IV) sorption on MX-80 were estimated. The values of surface complexation constants in this work agreed relatively well with those in the Na-Ca-Cl solution previously evaluated, suggesting that compared to Na+, the competition of Ca2+ with Np(IV) for surface complexation on MX-80 was not much strong in Ca-Na-Cl solution. The sorption model well predicted the pH dependence of Kd values but slightly overestimated the sorption at the low pH region.

The Relationship between $^{129}Xe$ NMR Chemical Shifts and Nanostructure of Polymers

  • Yoshimizu, Hiroaki;Suzuki, Tomoyuki;Asano, Tomoko;Tsujita, Yoshiharu
    • Proceedings of the Polymer Society of Korea Conference
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    • 2006.10a
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    • pp.339-339
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    • 2006
  • In this study, the microvoids in glassy polymers were investigated by Xe sorption and $^{129}Xe$ NMR measurements. Xe sorption isotherms of glassy polymers have been successfully interpreted by the dual-mode sorption model. $^{129}Xe$ NMR chemical shift of the $^{129}Xe$ in the samples show nonlinear low-field shift with increasing sorption amount of Xe because of a fast exchange of Xe atoms between Henry and Langmuir sites, whereas it has showed linear shift against sorption amount of Xe into the Langmuir site. From this Xe-density dependence of the $^{129}Xe$ NMR chemical shift, it has been able to estimate mean size of the microvoids in glassy polymer. It is confirmed that there is correlation between ${C_H}'$ and volume or number of microvoids. From these findings, it is demonstrated that $^{129}Xe$ NMR spectroscopy is a powerful technique to determine the mean size and number of microvoids in glassy polymers.

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Comparison of Dynamic Sorption and Hygroexpansion of Wood by Different Cyclic Hygrothermal Changing Effects

  • Yang, Tiantian;Ma, Erni
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2016
  • To investigate the dynamic sorptive and hygroexpansive behaviors of wood by different cyclic hygrothermal changing effects, poplar (populus euramericana Cv.) specimens, were exposed to dynamic sorption processes where relative humidity (RH) and temperature changed simultaneously in sinusoidal waves at 75-45% and $5-35^{\circ}C$ (condition A) and where RH changed sinusoidally at 75-45% but temperature was controlled at $20^{\circ}C$ (condition B), both for three cyclic periods of 1, 6, and 24 h. Moisture and dimensional changes measured during the cycling gave the following results: Moisture and transverse dimensional changes were generally sinusoidal. Moisture and dimensional amplitude increased with increasing cyclic period but all were lower for thicker specimens. The amplitude ratio of condition A to condition B ranged from 1.0 to 1.6 with the maximum value of 1.57 occurring at the shortest cyclic period, not as much as expected. T/R increased as cyclic period increased or specimen thickness decreased. T/R from condition B was weaker than that from condition A. Sorption and swelling hysteresis existed in both conditions. Sorption hysteresis was negatively related to cyclic period but in positive correlation with specimen thickness. Sorption hysteresis was found more obvious in condition B, while moisture sorption coefficient and humidity expansion coefficient showed the opposite results.

Comparison of water sorption / solubility of Biodentine, composite resin and glass ionomer cement (Biodentine과 복합레진, 글래스아이오노머의 물흡수도, 물용해도에 관한 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Ui-Jung;Hong, Jung-Min;Min, Jeong-Bum
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.57 no.5
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    • pp.264-268
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to measure the water sorption / solubility of Biodentine, composite resin and glass ionomer cement. Materials and Methods: The materials used in this study were Biodentine(BD), Filtek Z250(FZ) and Ketac Molar(KM). Twenty disc-shaped specimens of each material were prepared of 6mm diameter and 1mm thickness. All specimens were desiccated for 24 hours and weighed(m1). After then, They were immersed in distilled water and stored at $37^{\circ}C$. 1 week later, They were washed with running water, wiped with absorbent paper and weighed(m2). Finally, They were dried for 24 hours and weighed(m3). Water sorption and solubility, net water uptake were calculated. Results: KM and BD showed high water sorption than FZ(P<0.05). KM and BD exhibited similar water sorption(P<0.05). BD exhibited high solubility than KM(P=0.012). BD exhibited high net water uptake than FZ(P=0.008). Conclusion: Biodentine showed higher water sorption, solubility and net water uptake than Filtek Z250 and Ketac Molar. Within limitation of this study, it is not recommended to use Biodentine for permanent restoration.

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Statistical Modeling on the Sorption of Heavy Metals by Clay Minerals (점토의 중금속 흡착에 대한 통계모델링)

  • 정찬호;김수진
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2003
  • The statistical modeling was introduced to satisfy various experimental conditions on the sorption of heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, and Zn) by clay minerals, i.e. kaolinite, illite and chlorite. The Box-Behnken model designed statistically was applied to determine a relative impact among three variables such as pH, HCO3(or K) concentration and initial concentration of heavy metals. The SAS program was used to obtain the statistical solution by surface response analysis. The results of a statistical sorption modelling indicated that pH is a strong impact of the variables influencing the sorption of heavy metals. A relative effect between an initial concentration of heavy metals and bicarbonate(or K) concentration is dependent on solution condition. The sorption edge of heavy metals as function of pH shows sigmoidal curve, and a great increase in the range of pH 6~8. The sorption sequence among heavy metals is Cu>Pb>>Zn>Cd. The solution chemistry exerts greater influence on the sorption of heavy metals rather than the crystal chemistry of clay minerals. The potassium exerts some effect into a sorption competition with heavy metals. The research suggests that the statistical modeling is an effective method to demonstrate sorption results in three dimension and to reduce the effort of batch sorption experiment.

Anomalous Fading Mechanism(Part 2) Sorption Isotherm of Congo Red on Cellophane Film in Absence of Salt (이상 퇴색의 Mechanism(제 2 보) Congo Red의 셀로판 막에의 염 부재하에서의 등온 흡착)

  • 하완식
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.36-39
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    • 1973
  • For the purpose of determining the quantity of dyes sorbed in monomolecular and aggregate state in the substrate, the sorption isotherm for Congo Red on cellophane film was determined at 97$^{\circ}C$ in absence of salt. A modification of existing sorption isotherm was attempted through discussion of the fading behavior of Congo Red sorbed only monomolecularly in the substrate. The data showed considerable correlation much more with the proposed sorption isotherm than with the generally used one. (Received Feb. 28, 1973)

A method for properties evaluation of activated charcoal sorbents in iodine capture under dynamic conditions

  • Magomedbekov, Eldar P.;Obruchikov, Alexander V.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.641-645
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    • 2019
  • Experimental equipment for studying the sorption properties of iodine sorbents using radioactive methyliodide has been developed. The sorption capacity index ${\alpha}$ is proposed as a criterion parameter for assessing the quality of impregnated activated charcoals. It was found that this parameter does not depend on the dynamic conditions during the sorbent test. It was shown that values of the sorption capacity index allow to recommend iodine sorbents for industrial gas cleaning processes.

A STUDY ON THE SOLUBILITY AND THE WATER SORPTION OF VARIOUS RESIN CEMENTS (수종의 레진 시멘트의 용해도와 수분흡착에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang Yu-Jin;Cho In-Ho;Lim Ju-Hwan;Lim Heon-Song
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2005
  • Statement of problem. Among the physical properties of adhesion luting cement, the aspect that requires the most important factor is the degree of solubility and water sorption. Dissolution or an inadequate due to excessive water sorption inside the oral cavity compromises the while concurrently increasing the susceptibility to secondary dental caries. Susceptibility to dissolution and difficulty of removing remnant cement from the gingival sulcus have hindered the use of dental resin cement in the clinical practice, but the improved characteristics of newer generation resin cements have interest in and enabled resin cements to be widely used in adhesion of fixed prosthesis, such as laminate veneers and all-ceramic crowns. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the degrees of solubility and water sorption of a variety of resin cements widely used for clinical purposes with different curing methods. Material and methods. Self-curing resin cements, $Avanto^{(R)}$, $C&B^{TM}$ CEMENT and Superbond C&B cements comprised group 1, 2 and 3. The dual-curing resin cements $Panavian^{TM}$ F, $Calibra^{(R)}$ and $Variolink^{(R)}$ II were divided into groups 4, 5, and 6, respectively. The investigation was carried out using disc-shaped specimens as specified by ANSI/ADA Specification No. 27. The degree of water sorption, water solubility and lactic acid solubility of each test group was analyzed statistically leading to the following conclusion. Results. The degree of water sorption was shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. There were significant differences between the water sorption of each group. Results of the degree of water solubility were shown to increase in the following order : group 6, 5, 4, 2, 1 and 3. Statistically significant differences were found between each group, with the exception of groups 1 and 3. Finally, the degree of lactic acid solubility was found to increase in the following order : group 6,5,4,2,3 and 1. Significant differences were found between each group. In general dual-curing resin cements displayed substantially lower values than self-curing resin cements with regard to water sorption, water solubility, and lactic acid solubility. Conclusions. From the results of this study, dual-curing resin cements show a significantly lower degree of water sorption and solubility than their self-curing counterparts. Clinically, when selecting resin cements, the product with a lower degree of water sorption and solubility are preferred. The results of this study indicate that the use-of dual-curing resin cements is preferable to self-curing cements.

Aging Effects on Sorption and Desorption of Atrazine in Soils (Atrazine의 토양 흡착 및 탈착에 미치는 접촉시간의 영향)

  • Park Jeong-Hun
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 2005
  • The effects of soil-chemical contact time (aging) on sorption and desorption of atrazine were studied in soil slurries because aging is an important determinant affecting on the sorption and desorption characteristics of organic contaminants in the environment. Sorption isotherm and desorption kinetic experiments were performed, and soilwater distribution coefficients and desorption rate parameters were evaluated using linear and non-linear sorption equations and a three-site desorption model, respectively. Aging time for sorption of atrazine in sterilized soil slurries ranged from 2 days to 8 months. Atrazine sorption isotherms were nearly linear $(r^2\;>\;0.97)$ and sorption coefficients were strongly correlated to soil organic carbon content. Sorption distribution coefficients $(K_d)$ increased with increasing aging in all soils studied. Sorption non-linearity did not increase with increased aging except for the Houghton muck soil. Desorption profiles were well described by the three-site desorption model. The equilibrium site fraction $(f_{eq})$ decreased and the non-desorbable site fraction $(f_{nd})$ increased as a function of aging time in all soils. In all soils studied, it was found that when normalized to soil organic matter content the concentration of atrazine in desorbable sites was comparatively constant, whereas that in non-desorbable site increased as aging increased.

Numerical Analysis for Contaminant Transport using a Dual Reactive Domain Model

  • 정대인;최종근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • 2002.04a
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    • pp.122-126
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    • 2002
  • Contaminant transport in porous media is characterized by solving an advection-dispersion equation(ADE). The ADE can cover equilibrium phenomena of interest, which include sorption, decay, and chemical reactions. Among these phenomena, sorption mechanism is described by several types of sorption isotherm. If we assume the sorption isotherm as linear, the solution of ADE can be easily procured. However, if we consider the sorption isotherm as non-linear isotherm like a Dual Reactive Domain Model (DRDM), the resulting differential equation becomes non-linear. In this case, the solution of ADE cannot be easily acquired by an analytic method. In this paper, we present the numerical analysis of ADE using a DRDM. The results reveal that even if sorption data may be fitted well using linear or non-linear isotherm, the characteristics of contaminant transport of the two cases are different from each other. To be concrete, the retardation of linear isotherm has stronger effect than that of the DRDM. As the non-linearity of sorption isotherm increases, the difference of retardation effects of the two cases becomes larger. For a pulse source, the maximum concentration of the linear model is higher than that of the DRDM, but the plume of the DRDM moves faster than that of the linear model. Behaviors of contaminant transport using the DRDM are consistent with common features of a linear model. For instance, biodegradation effect becomes larger as time goes by The faster the seepage velocity is, the faster the plume of contaminant moves. The plume of the contaminant is distributed evenly over overall domain in the event of high dispersion coefficient.

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