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Korean's Value of Children and Perception of Parenting Difficulty Investigated through Agreement to the Proverbs (속담을 통해 본 한국인의 자녀의 가치와 양육의 어려움에 관한 인식)

  • Cho, Bok-Hee;Han, You-Me
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the Korean's value of children and perception of parenting difficulty through the agreement to the three kinds of Korean proverbs: difficulty of parenting, preference of son and value of daughter. Also, this study attempted to identify whether the value of children and the perceived difficulty of parenting measured by the agreement of the proverb is related to the number of children they thought as ideal before marriage and the number of children they actually have. Total 385 married men and women who have a job participated in the survey. Main result is as follows. 1) In most cases, the ideal number of children was at least equal or more than the actual number of children. 2) The subjects showed higher degree of agreement to the proverbs regarding the difficulty of parenting than the preference of son or the value of daughter. 3) The degree of agreement to each kind of proverbs were different in terms of some demographic variables such as age and sex. 4) When the age effect controlled, the ideal number of son had correlation with the agreement to the son-preference proverbs while the ideal number of daughter or total children had no correlation with agreement to any kinds of proverb. The actual number of son was positively correlated with agreement to the son-preference proverbs while actual number of daughter was negatively correlated with it. In conclusion, this study suggests the Korean's value of children has been rapidly changing and it has, in part, an effect on the number of children they want to have or they actually have.

Effects of siblings characteristics on living arrangements between married children and their parents (기혼자녀와 부모의 거주형태에 영향을 미치는 형제자매의 특성)

  • Choi, Heejeong
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.129-147
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study examined the role of siblings with respect to living arrangements between married children and their parents. Previous studies have rarely considered the possibility that family context such as siblings may be associated with intergenerational residential proximity. Method: Using data from first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (2006), I investigated if, among married children, their sibling characteristics may be associated with the probability of their coresiding with the parent(s), living nearby (within a 30-minute distance from parent(s) by public transportation), or living further away. Specifically, the total numbers of sisters and brothers, the numbers of siblings coresiding with the parent(s) and living nearby, their relative position in the sibling network (first-born son, later-born son, first-born daughter, later-born daughter), and sibship existence and gender configurations (only child, son with brother(s) only, son with sister(s) only, son with both brother(s) and sister(s), daughter with brother(s) only, daughter with sister(s) only, daughter with both brother(s) and sister(s)) were evaluated in the study. For data analysis, multinomial logit models with robust standard errors were estimated using the Stata mlogit procedure. Results: Results suggest that the probability of a married child living together with the parent(s), relative to living close by, was significantly higher the more sisters he or she has. Being a son, especially first-born son, was associated with a higher probability of intergenerational coresidence compared to near residence, respectively. Also, the numbers of siblings coresiding with the parent(s) and living in close proximity were linked to a higher risk of intergenerational coresidence and near residence. Supplementary analyses revealed that the last finding was held over and above the total number of siblings, their relative position in the sibling network, as well as sibling existence and gender configurations. Conclusion: Overall, the study findings indicate that sibling characteristics have significant impacts on intergenerational living arrangement. The influence of traditional patrilineal norm of intergenerational coresidence and a trend towards modified extended family have emerged when siblings characteristics are taken into consideration as determinants of intergenerational living arrangement.

The Legitimate and Eldest Son Complex in Changseongameirok (<창선감의록>의 적장자 콤플렉스)

  • Jo, Kwangkuk
    • Journal of Korean Classical Literature and Education
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    • no.38
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    • pp.65-101
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    • 2018
  • In the late Joseon Dynasty, patriarchal ideology became central to the family and the clan, and once again became acutely felt with "the familism of clan rules that centered around a legitimate and eldest son." The establishment of the family-clan system, though somewhat complex, was largely aimed at the family line of "a paternalist-a legitimate and eldest son." The trend was not limited to a particular family, but rather, was a historical and social trend. Changseonggameirok showed how to solve the family crisis by setting up a problem for the next generation's patriarch. This paper tries to explain the issue of Hwachun's complex as the legitimate and eldest son complex. First, it suggests that Hwachun's complex is as universal as the Cain complex, also known as the eldest son complex, and that Hwachun's complex is a special instance of the legitimate and eldest son complex in Changseonggameirok. Next this paper studies the aspects of Hwachun's legitimate and eldest son complex combined with Mrs. Sim's complex, as well as her daughter-in-law's complex, and eventually tracks the development of the family-clan complex. As a result, we've come to a new conclusion that the legitimate and eldest son complex was found in Changseonggameirok for the first time in Korean literary history. This paper also examines the fact that when the legitimate and eldest son complex was transferred to Hwajin, it became a family complex that Hwajin had to contend with; this paper tracks the process wherein Hwajin's filial piety solved the legitimate and eldest son complex. As a result, we realized that Hwajin's filial duty and brotherly love went beyond his feelings for Mrs. Sim and Hwachun, and supported the substantiation for "the familism of a clan that is based on rules of the legitimate and eldest son" in the course of public opinion. However the familism of these rules was not embodied in the absolute; in the royal family, for example, it was rather flexibly implemented when the characters admitted to breaking the law. In addition, this paper provides the room for a critical reading of Changseonggameirok, reflecting back on the underlying guilt and psychological pain of the characters who are affected by the particular rules, and concluding that guilt and suffering are fundamentally insoluble. This is because the two ideas, "the legitimate and eldest son complex" and "the familism of a clan rules centered on a legitimate and eldest son" are two sides of the same coin.

Differentiated Packet Transmission Methods for Underwater Sensor Communication Using SON Technique (SON (Self Organizing Network) 기술을 이용한 해양 수중 센서 간 통신에 있어서 데이터 중요도에 따른 패킷 차별화 전송 기법)

  • Park, Kyung-Min;Kim, Young-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.36 no.4B
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    • pp.399-404
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    • 2011
  • For the underwater wireless sensor networks, we propose the packet transmission method which distinguishes more important packet than others. Because the ocean underwater transmission environments are extremely unstable, we use SON(Self Organizing Network) techniques to adapt to the constantly varying underwater acoustic communication channels and randomly deployed sensor nodes. Especially we suppose two kinds of packets which have different priorities, and through the simulations we show that high priority packets arrive at the source node faster than lower priority packets with a proposed scheme.

Prevalence and Strength of Son Preference in Korea (한국의 남아선호관 변화추세)

  • Lee, Hung-Tak
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.17-53
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    • 1982
  • Focusing on the strength of son preference obtained from two surveys of the same area, an attempt has been made to measure the change on the IS value scale that many have occurred over the last seven-year period, the underlying assumption here being that the strength of son preference wanes in inverse proportion to the level of society's socio-economic development. Various methodological approaches have been put to test to weigh the importance of the sex preference as a dependent variable, as an independent variable, and as an intermediate variable. A few methodological issues are suggested.

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SON(Self Organizing Network) 기술 동향

  • Park, Gyeong-Min;Go, Jeong-Ha;Yun, Gang-Jin;Kim, Yeong-Yong
    • Information and Communications Magazine
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.30-36
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    • 2010
  • 본고에서는 통신 기술 발전에 따라 다양화되고 복잡화되는 통신시스템을 효율적으로 관리할 수 있는 SON 기술에 대하여 기본적인 개념을 파악하고, 최근 각 표준화 그룹에서 진행되고 있는 관련 연구내용들을 구체적으로 조사 및 분석한다. 또한 이들 중 주목할 만한 몇 가지 기술들에 관하여 기술함으로써 향후 이동통신 시스템을 위한 SON 기술개발에 있어 기초적인 연구 방향을 제시한다.

A Technical Trend Analysis of LTE SON (LTE SON 기술 동향 분석)

  • Kim, H.S.;Lee, C.Y.;Park, N.H.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.144-156
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    • 2010
  • 기존 2G/3G 무선 네트워크에서 많은 네트워크 요소들과 관련된 파라미터들이 수동으로 설정되었다. 네트워크 구성 요소들과 이와 관련된 파라미터들의 설계, 설정, 통합 및 관리 기능은 효율적이고 신뢰성 있는 네트워크 운용을 위하여 매우 중요하다. 그러나, 이들 네트워크 파라미터 조정에는 전문적인 엔지니어의 수작업이 필요하다. 이러한 수작업 과정은 시간이 많이 걸리고 잠재적으로 수작업에 따른 오류 발생 가능성이 있다. 이동 통신 시스템에서 펨토셀 및 차세대 4G 도입이 가시화됨에 따라, 기지국의 설치 및 운용 과정에서 Self-Configuration, Self-Optimization 및 Self-Healing과 같은 자동화 기능을 포함하는 SON 기술에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 본 고에서는 LTE에서의 SON 기술 관련 주요 기술적 내용을 정리하고, 표준화 동향 및 업체 기술 동향에 대하여 살펴보고자 한다.