• Title, Summary, Keyword: son

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The Attachment Between Mother and Married Son and Mother's Marital Relationship to Son's Marital Satisfaction: A Path Model (모자간의 애착 및 모의 결혼관계에 따른 아들 부부의 결혼만족도 : 인과적 모형)

  • 유은희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.149-162
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    • 1989
  • Based on attachment theory and family system theory, this study was attempted to construct a path model in which showed how adult son-mother relationship and mother's marital relationship influence son's marital satifaction. Predictor variables examined were the attachment between mother and married son, mother's dependency, mother's marital relationship, son's filial obligation, son's marriage years. Data were analyzed from survey and structured interviews conducted with 111 families including married son, his wife and his mother. Results indicated that the attachment between mother and married son influenced directly to son's marital satisfaction while the other variables had an indirect influence via the attachment between mother and son. The importance of the relationship between mother and married son to son's marital satisfaction received string support.

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Father-son Communication Across the Developmental Stages (발달단계에 따른 아버지와 아들의 의사소통)

  • Yeo, Chin-Kyeong;Chun, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the relationships between father and son through son's developmental stages focusing on the father-son communication. The researcher conducted the survey among 600 male students including the 5th grade elementary students, the 2nd grade middle school students and the 2nd grade high school students residing new areas of town Pusan. The results of this study are as follows. It showed that there are some differences in function and content of father-son communication. Also it develomental stages was revealed that there is the quality differences in father-son communication through son's develomental stages. Elementary students was higher levels of father-son communication quality than those of middle and high schools. In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the relationship between father and son is changing through son's developmental stages. If father can recognize the characteristics of the developmental stages of their son's, they would be more effectively cope their sons' development demand.

A Study on the Dynamics and the Related Factors of Son Preference in Chon-buk and Chung-nam Area (전북 .충남지역 거주자의 남아선호 현상과 관련변인에 대한 연구)

  • 김용미
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.58-67
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the level and the reasons of son preference. and the relative importance of related variables among middle-and old-aged Koreans in Chon-buk and Chung-nam area. Subjects were 487 parents of high school girls(243 fathers and 244 mothers). with a mean age of 45.7 years. It was revealed that more than a half of the respondents(52.293) preferred'a son'for the first child, followed by'either nx'(32.6%) and'a daughter'(14.8%). For the second child, a son was preferred nlost(43.7%) , followed by'a daughter'(31.4%) and'either sex'(23.4%) . As the reasons of son preference,'to continue tradition and name of family'marked the highest score (3.42) , followed by'parents prefer son for various reasons'(3.37) , 'should have at least one son'(3.32). and'feel obliged to produce a son for in-law's sake'(3.06). It appeared that sociocultural background was more important for son Preference than individual, economic factors. The most important factors related to a strong son preference were the number of sons at the present, son preference for the first child, parental attitudes and expectations toward children. and income. Suggestions wire made in regard to efforts for gender equality in family and society. and the needs for parent education and population education.

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Analysis of Automatic Neighbor Relation Technology in Self Organization Networks of LTE (LTE 네트워크에서 SON ANR 기술 분석)

  • Ahn, Ho-Jun;Yang, Mo-Chan
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.893-900
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    • 2019
  • This paper deals with the analysis of SON (Self Organization Network) technology in LTE networks. SON is a unique LTE feature compared to previous cellular systems UMTS and GSM, and is a cost-effective tool for achieving the best performance in a changing environment. In addition, SON has the function of automating the settings of the network, enabling centralized planning and reducing the need for manual tasks. SON is largely divided into three categories: Self-Configuration, Self-Optimization, and Self-Healing. Each large category has a detailed description, and all the technologies in each category come together to complete the technology called SON. In this paper, we analyzed intensively about ANR among the techniques of Self-Configuration in each of the three categories.

The Effect of Relationship Variables between Mother-in-Law and Son-in-Law on Son-in-Law's Relation-Satisfaction and Negative Perception (장모-사위 간 관계 변인이 사위의 관계 만족도 및 부정적 지각에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Se-Song;Kim, Sue-Kyung;Jeon, Gwee-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.7
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relationship variables between mother-in-law and son-inlaw on a son-in-law's relation-satisfaction and negative perception. The son-in-law subjects were 319 married men aged 20-70 years, who were living their mother-in-laws in Daegu, Kyungpook, the Seoul National Capital Area(Seoul, Kyeonggy, Incheon), Busan or Kyungnam. The major findings of this study are as follows: (1) there was a significant difference in a son-in-law's relation-satisfaction of his relationship with his mother-in-law according to the number of children and (2) mutual support and a mother-in-law's conflicting attitude toward her son-in-law affected the son-in-law's relation-satisfaction and negative perception of his relationship with his mother-in-law.

Design of silicon-on-nothing structure based on multi-physics analysis

  • Song, Jihwan;Zhang, Linan;Kim, Dongchoul
    • Multiscale and Multiphysics Mechanics
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2016
  • The formation of silicon-on-nothing (SON) structure during an annealing process from the silicon substrate including the trench structures has been considered as an effective technique to construct the structure that has an empty space under the closed flat surface. Previous studies have demonstrated the mechanism of the formation of SON structure, which is based on the surface diffusion driven by the minimization of their surface energy. Also, it has been fragmentarily shown that the morphology of SON structure can be affected by the initial design of trench (e.g., size, number) and the annealing conditions (e.g., temperature, pressure). Based on the previous studies, here, we report a comprehensive study for the design of the cavity-embedded structure (i.e., SON structure). To do this, a dynamic model has been developed with the phase field approach. The simulation results represent that the morphology of SON structures could be detailedly designed, for example the position and thickness of cavity, the thickness of top and bottom layer, according to the design parameters. This study will give us an advantage in the effective design of SON structures.

A study on the Adoptability of the Bo-Son Construction Method Based on Teachng Materials (교수 자료에 나타난 버선 제도의 적합성 연구)

  • 정옥임
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 1996
  • This paper pursues a comparative study on the design and function of the ready-made Bo-Son and the Bo-Son Pattern based on teaching and learning materials. It intends to investigate whether the Bo-Son is designed to suit to Kinetics of foot or to give the ease of wearing and taking off. The following results came out through trial wearing. 1) The Bo-Son pattern suggested in teaching materials can not satisfy the wearers with partial modification due to design problem. On the other hand, the ready-made Bo-Son can satisfy them with partial modification. 2) The important factor in designing the pattern of Bo-Son is the posture of foot when putting on it, that is, the height of the heel of the foot from the floor, the length of the heel, the length of toe and the bending angle of toe. 3) As a result of this study, in the design of the improved Bo-Son pattern, it is most suitable when the size of foot is 230mm, the height of the heel of the foot is 12.5cm, and and angle of the front toe of a sock is 35$^{\circ}C$.

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Performance Investigation of Insulated Shallow Extension Silicon On Nothing (ISE-SON) MOSFET for Low Volatge Digital Applications

  • Kumari, Vandana;Saxena, Manoj;Gupta, R.S.;Gupta, Mridula
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.622-634
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    • 2013
  • The circuit level implementation of nanoscale Insulated Shallow Extension Silicon On Nothing (ISE-SON) MOSFET has been investigated and compared with the other conventional devices i.e. Insulated Shallow Extension (ISE) and Silicon On Nothing (SON) using the ATLAS 3D device simulator. It can be observed that ISE-SON based inverter shows better performance in terms of Voltage Transfer Characteristics, noise margin, switching current, inverter gain and propagation delay. The reliability issues of the various devices in terms of supply voltage, temperature and channel length variation has also been studied in the present work. Logic circuits (such as NAND and NOR gate) and ring oscillator are also implemented using different architectures to illustrate the capabilities of ISE-SON architecture for high speed logic circuits as compared to other devices. Results also illustrates that ISE-SON is much more temperature resistant than SON and ISE MOSFET. Hence, ISE-SON enables more aggressive device scaling for low-voltage applications.

Analysis of Mobility Robustness Optimization Technology in LTE Self Organization Networks (LTE 자가구성 네트워크에서 MRO 기술 분석)

  • Yang, Mo-Chan
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1025-1030
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    • 2019
  • This paper describes SON(: Self Organization Network) technology in LTE networks. The SON is a unique feature of LTE compared to previous cellular systems such as UMTS and GSM, and it is a tool that effectively derives the best performance in the time-varying wireless radio environment. Also, the SON has the ability for the operator to automate the setting of the network, allowing for centralized planning and reducing the need for manual work. The SON is largely divided into three categories: Self-Configuration, Self-Optimization, and Self-Healing. Each large categories has a detailed description of technology, and the technologies in each categories are gathered to complete the technology called the SON. In this paper, we focus on MRO which is one of the Self-Optimization technique in each of the three categories.

The Relationship Between Son Preference and Fertility (남아 선호와 출산력간의 관계)

  • 이성용
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.31-57
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    • 2003
  • This study is intended to examine (l)whether the value of son-for example, old age security and succession of family lineage- causing son preference in the traditional society can be explained at the individual level, (2)whether women without son in the son preference country continue her childbearing until having at least one son or give up the desire of having a son at a certain level. To accomplish these purposes, the 1974 Korean National Fertility Survey data are analyzed by the quadratic hazard models controlling unobserved heterogeneity. Unlike ordinary regression model, even omitted variables that affect hazard rates and are uncorrelated with the included independent variables can distort the parameter estimates in the hazard model. Therefore the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator(NPMLE) of a mixing distribution developed by Heckman and Singer is used to control unobserved heterogeneity. Based on the statistical result in this study, the value of son causing son preference is determined at the societal level, not at the individual level. And Korean women without a son did not continue endlessly childbearing during child bearing ages until having a son. In general, they gave up the desire having a son when she had born six daughters continuously. Thus, 30-40 years ago, the number of daughters that women without a son giving up the desire of son was six, which is about the level of total fertility rate during 1960s. In these days, we can often see many women who have only two or three daughters and do not any son. This means that the level of giving up the desire of son, which is one factor representing the strength of son preference, becomes lower. If the strength of son preference did not become much weaker, then the fertility rates in Korea could not reach the below replacement level.