• 제목, 요약, 키워드: son

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모자간의 애착 및 모의 결혼관계에 따른 아들 부부의 결혼만족도 : 인과적 모형 (The Attachment Between Mother and Married Son and Mother's Marital Relationship to Son's Marital Satisfaction: A Path Model)

  • 유은희
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.149-162
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    • 1989
  • Based on attachment theory and family system theory, this study was attempted to construct a path model in which showed how adult son-mother relationship and mother's marital relationship influence son's marital satifaction. Predictor variables examined were the attachment between mother and married son, mother's dependency, mother's marital relationship, son's filial obligation, son's marriage years. Data were analyzed from survey and structured interviews conducted with 111 families including married son, his wife and his mother. Results indicated that the attachment between mother and married son influenced directly to son's marital satisfaction while the other variables had an indirect influence via the attachment between mother and son. The importance of the relationship between mother and married son to son's marital satisfaction received string support.

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발달단계에 따른 아버지와 아들의 의사소통 (Father-son Communication Across the Developmental Stages)

  • 여진경;전영주
    • 한국가정관리학회지
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the relationships between father and son through son's developmental stages focusing on the father-son communication. The researcher conducted the survey among 600 male students including the 5th grade elementary students, the 2nd grade middle school students and the 2nd grade high school students residing new areas of town Pusan. The results of this study are as follows. It showed that there are some differences in function and content of father-son communication. Also it develomental stages was revealed that there is the quality differences in father-son communication through son's develomental stages. Elementary students was higher levels of father-son communication quality than those of middle and high schools. In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the relationship between father and son is changing through son's developmental stages. If father can recognize the characteristics of the developmental stages of their son's, they would be more effectively cope their sons' development demand.

전북 .충남지역 거주자의 남아선호 현상과 관련변인에 대한 연구 (A Study on the Dynamics and the Related Factors of Son Preference in Chon-buk and Chung-nam Area)

  • 김용미
    • 한국가정과학회지
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.58-67
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the level and the reasons of son preference. and the relative importance of related variables among middle-and old-aged Koreans in Chon-buk and Chung-nam area. Subjects were 487 parents of high school girls(243 fathers and 244 mothers). with a mean age of 45.7 years. It was revealed that more than a half of the respondents(52.293) preferred'a son'for the first child, followed by'either nx'(32.6%) and'a daughter'(14.8%). For the second child, a son was preferred nlost(43.7%) , followed by'a daughter'(31.4%) and'either sex'(23.4%) . As the reasons of son preference,'to continue tradition and name of family'marked the highest score (3.42) , followed by'parents prefer son for various reasons'(3.37) , 'should have at least one son'(3.32). and'feel obliged to produce a son for in-law's sake'(3.06). It appeared that sociocultural background was more important for son Preference than individual, economic factors. The most important factors related to a strong son preference were the number of sons at the present, son preference for the first child, parental attitudes and expectations toward children. and income. Suggestions wire made in regard to efforts for gender equality in family and society. and the needs for parent education and population education.

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LTE 네트워크에서 SON ANR 기술 분석 (Analysis of Automatic Neighbor Relation Technology in Self Organization Networks of LTE)

  • 안호준;양모찬
    • 한국전자통신학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.893-900
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    • 2019
  • 본 논문에서는 LTE 네트워크에서 SON(: Self Organization Networks) 기술 분석을 다룬다. SON은 이전 셀룰러 시스템인 UMTS, GSM과 비교되는 LTE 만의 차별적인 기능이고, 무선 라디오가 변화하는 환경에서 비용 효율적으로 최고의 성능을 도출하는 도구이다. 또한, SON은 운영자가 네트워크의 설정들을 자동화하는 기능이 있으며, 중앙 집중적 계획이 가능하여 수작업에 대한 요구를 감소시켰다. SON은 크게 Self-Configuration, Self-Optimization, Self-Healing의 3가지 범주로 나누어진다. 각각의 큰 범주는 세부적인 기술 내용을 가지고 있고 각 범주의 기술들이 모두 모여서 SON이라는 기술을 완성시키게 된다. 본 논문에서는 각 3가지 범주에서 Self-Configuration의 기술 중 ANR에 대해서 집중적으로 분석하였다.

장모-사위 간 관계 변인이 사위의 관계 만족도 및 부정적 지각에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Relationship Variables between Mother-in-Law and Son-in-Law on Son-in-Law's Relation-Satisfaction and Negative Perception)

  • 전세송;김수경;전귀연
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.49 no.7
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relationship variables between mother-in-law and son-inlaw on a son-in-law's relation-satisfaction and negative perception. The son-in-law subjects were 319 married men aged 20-70 years, who were living their mother-in-laws in Daegu, Kyungpook, the Seoul National Capital Area(Seoul, Kyeonggy, Incheon), Busan or Kyungnam. The major findings of this study are as follows: (1) there was a significant difference in a son-in-law's relation-satisfaction of his relationship with his mother-in-law according to the number of children and (2) mutual support and a mother-in-law's conflicting attitude toward her son-in-law affected the son-in-law's relation-satisfaction and negative perception of his relationship with his mother-in-law.

Design of silicon-on-nothing structure based on multi-physics analysis

  • Song, Jihwan;Zhang, Linan;Kim, Dongchoul
    • Multiscale and Multiphysics Mechanics
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2016
  • The formation of silicon-on-nothing (SON) structure during an annealing process from the silicon substrate including the trench structures has been considered as an effective technique to construct the structure that has an empty space under the closed flat surface. Previous studies have demonstrated the mechanism of the formation of SON structure, which is based on the surface diffusion driven by the minimization of their surface energy. Also, it has been fragmentarily shown that the morphology of SON structure can be affected by the initial design of trench (e.g., size, number) and the annealing conditions (e.g., temperature, pressure). Based on the previous studies, here, we report a comprehensive study for the design of the cavity-embedded structure (i.e., SON structure). To do this, a dynamic model has been developed with the phase field approach. The simulation results represent that the morphology of SON structures could be detailedly designed, for example the position and thickness of cavity, the thickness of top and bottom layer, according to the design parameters. This study will give us an advantage in the effective design of SON structures.

교수 자료에 나타난 버선 제도의 적합성 연구 (A study on the Adoptability of the Bo-Son Construction Method Based on Teachng Materials)

  • 정옥임
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 1996
  • This paper pursues a comparative study on the design and function of the ready-made Bo-Son and the Bo-Son Pattern based on teaching and learning materials. It intends to investigate whether the Bo-Son is designed to suit to Kinetics of foot or to give the ease of wearing and taking off. The following results came out through trial wearing. 1) The Bo-Son pattern suggested in teaching materials can not satisfy the wearers with partial modification due to design problem. On the other hand, the ready-made Bo-Son can satisfy them with partial modification. 2) The important factor in designing the pattern of Bo-Son is the posture of foot when putting on it, that is, the height of the heel of the foot from the floor, the length of the heel, the length of toe and the bending angle of toe. 3) As a result of this study, in the design of the improved Bo-Son pattern, it is most suitable when the size of foot is 230mm, the height of the heel of the foot is 12.5cm, and and angle of the front toe of a sock is 35$^{\circ}C$.

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Performance Investigation of Insulated Shallow Extension Silicon On Nothing (ISE-SON) MOSFET for Low Volatge Digital Applications

  • Kumari, Vandana;Saxena, Manoj;Gupta, R.S.;Gupta, Mridula
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.622-634
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    • 2013
  • The circuit level implementation of nanoscale Insulated Shallow Extension Silicon On Nothing (ISE-SON) MOSFET has been investigated and compared with the other conventional devices i.e. Insulated Shallow Extension (ISE) and Silicon On Nothing (SON) using the ATLAS 3D device simulator. It can be observed that ISE-SON based inverter shows better performance in terms of Voltage Transfer Characteristics, noise margin, switching current, inverter gain and propagation delay. The reliability issues of the various devices in terms of supply voltage, temperature and channel length variation has also been studied in the present work. Logic circuits (such as NAND and NOR gate) and ring oscillator are also implemented using different architectures to illustrate the capabilities of ISE-SON architecture for high speed logic circuits as compared to other devices. Results also illustrates that ISE-SON is much more temperature resistant than SON and ISE MOSFET. Hence, ISE-SON enables more aggressive device scaling for low-voltage applications.

LTE 자가구성 네트워크에서 MRO 기술 분석 (Analysis of Mobility Robustness Optimization Technology in LTE Self Organization Networks)

  • 양모찬
    • 한국전자통신학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1025-1030
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    • 2019
  • 본 논문에서는 LTE 네트워크에서 SON(: Self Organization Networks) 기술 분석을 다룬다. SON은 이전 셀룰러 시스템인 UMTS, GSM과 비교되는 LTE 만의 차별적인 기능이고, 무선 라디오가 변화하는 환경에서 비용 효율적으로 최고의 성능을 도출하는 도구이다. 또한, SON은 운영자가 네트워크의 설정들을 자동화하는 기능이 있으며, 중앙 집중적 계획이 가능하고 수작업에 대한 요구를 감소시켰다. SON은 크게 Self-Configuration, Self-Optimization, Self-Healing의 3가지 범주로 나누어진다. 각각의 큰 범주는 세부적인 기술 내용을 가지고 있고 각 범주의 기술들이 모두 모여서 SON이라는 기술을 완성시키게 된다. 본 논문에서는 각 3가지 범주에서 Self-Optimization의 기술 중 MRO(: Mobility Robustness Optimization)에 대해서 집중적으로 분석하였다.

남아 선호와 출산력간의 관계 (The Relationship Between Son Preference and Fertility)

  • 이성용
    • 한국인구학
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.31-57
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 다음의 두 가지를 분석하였다. 하나는 전통사회에서 남아선호를 야기했던 아들의 가치, 즉 노후보장과 가계계승이 개인적인 차원에서 설명될 수 있는지 여부이고, 다른 하나는 사회적 차원의 출산율에 영향을 미치는 남아선호의 요소의 하나-즉 강한 남아 선호를 가진 전통사회에서 여성들이 연속 평균 몇 명의 딸을 낳아야 아들에 대한 욕구를 포기하는가에 대한 포기수준-를 밝히는 것이다. 위의 목적을 수행하기 위해, 이중곡선 위험율 모형을 사용하여 1974년 출산력 자료를 분석하였다. 위험율 모형은 일반회귀분석모형보다 모수 추정치가 어긋날 가능성이 더 크기 때문에, 헥크만과 싱어(Heckman and Singer)가 개발한 혼합분포를 사용하여 추정된 계수들의 버팀성(robustness)를 점검하였다. 본 연구의 분석 결과에 따르면, 남아선호에 영향을 미치는 아들의 가치는 개인적인 차원이 아니라, 사회적 차원에서 설명되고 분석되어야 한다. 또 남아선호가 강한 전통사회에서 여성들은 일반적으로 아들을 낳을 때까지 무한정 출산행위를 계속하지 않았다. 평균적으로 볼 때, 1960년대 여성들은 내리 6명의 딸을 낳으면 아들에 대한 욕구를 포기하였다. 즉 아들이 없는 경우 기존 자녀의 수는 그 수가 6명이 될 때까지 부모의 출산행위에 영향을 미치지 않았다. 그러나 아들이 있으면 자녀의 수는 기존 자녀의 수에 상관없이 영향을 미쳤다. 이는 자녀의 수보다 기존자녀의 성구조가 과거 전통사회 여성의 출산행위에 더 큰 영향을 미쳤다는 사실을 의미한다. 오늘날에는 아들을 낳기 위해 내리 5-6명의 딸을 낳는 여성은 거의 없다. 또 우리는 딸만 2-3명 낳고 출산 행위를 멈춘 여성들을 흔히 볼 수 있다. 이는 포기수준이 30-40년 전보다 급격히 감소했음을 말해준다. 이런 포기 수준의 급격한 감소는 사회적 차원의 출산율에 영향을 미치는 남아선호의 영향을 급격히 감소시켰고, 그 결과 전형적인 아들선호국인 우리나라의 출산율이 1980년대 후반이래 대체수준이하에서 머물 수 있었을 것이다. 만약 사회적 차원의 출산율에 영향을 미치는 남아선호의 강도가 약화되지 않았더라면, 2001년도 합계출산율인 1.3과 같은 수준으로는 결코 떨어지지 않았을 것이다.